लॉर्ड ऑकलैण्ड  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

laaurd aaukalaind

laaurd aaukalaind 1836 ee. men bharat ka gavarnar-janaral banakar aya tha. usake shasan kal ki mahattvapoorn ghatana thi- 'pratham angl-afagan yuddh'. dost muhammad dvara roos se sandhi karate hi laaurd aaukalaind satark ho gaya. afaganistan ki samasya ke samadhan ke lie eest indiya kampani ne maharaja ranajit sinh evn shahashuja, jo us samay ludhiyana men angrez penshan par rah raha tha, ke sath julaee, 1836 ee. men ek 'tripakshiy sandhi' ki. sandhi ki sharton ke anusar ranajit sinh ko sandhi ke sath apane vivadon ko nipatane ke lie angrezon ki madhyasthata svikar karani padi.

bharat ke vikas men yogadan

laaurd aaukalaind ke prashasan men koee ullekhaniy kary nahin hua. yah sahi hai ki, usane bharatiyon ke lie shiksha prasar aur bharat men pashchimi chikitsa paddhati ki shiksha ko protsahan diya. usane kampani ke dayaraiktaron ke us adesh ko karyaroop men parinat kiya, jisake adhin tirthayatriyon aur dharmik snsthaon se kar lena band kar diya gaya.

sandhi

1837-1838 ee. men uttar bharat men pade vikaral akal ke samay logon ke kashton ko door karane ke lie paryapt qadam uthane men aaukalaind asaphal raha. aaukalaind ne 1837 ee. men padashah begam ke vidroh ka daman kiya aur avadh ke naye navab (badashah) nasiruddin haidar ko badhy karake nee sandhi ke lie razi kiya, jisake dvara usase adhik varshik dhanarashi vasool ki jane lagi. is sandhi ko kampani ke prabandhakon ne namnzoor kar diya, lekin aaukalaind ne is bat ki soochana avadh ke badashah ko nahin di. dost muhammad dvara roos se sandhi karate hi aaukalaind satark ho gaya. afaganistan ki samasya ke samadhan ke lie kampani ne ranajit sinh evn shahashuja, jo us samay ludhiyana men angrezi penshan par rah raha tha, ke sath julaee, 1836 ee. men ek tripakshiy sandhi ki. sandhi ki sharto ke anusar ranajit sinh ko sandhi ke sath apane vivadon ko nipatane ke lie angrezon ki madhyasthata svikar karani padi, doosari or shahashuja ke adhikar ko vapas le liya. kalantar men yahi sandhi pratham angl-afagan yuddh ka karan bani.

niti

laaurd aaukalaind ne satara ke raja ko gaddi se utar diya, kyonki usane purtagaliyon se milakar rajadroh ka prayatn kiya tha. apadasth raja ke bhaee ko usane gaddi par baithaya. usane karanool ke navab ko bhi kampani ke viruddh yuddh karane ka prayas karane ke arop men gaddi se hata diya aur usake rajy ko angrezi rajy men mila liya.

nirman kary

1839 ee. men aaukalaind ne kalakatta se dilli tak grand trnk rod ka nirman shuroo karavaya tha.

angl-afagan yuddh

laaurd aaukalaind ka sabase badanami vala kam usaka pratham angl-afagan yuddh (1838-1842 ee.) shuroo karana tha. jisaka lakshy dost muhammad ko afaganistan ki gaddi se hatana tha, kyonki vah roos ka samarthak tha aur usake sthan par shahashuja ko vahan ka amir banana tha, jise angrezon ka samarthak samajha jata tha. yah yuddh anuchit tha aur isake dvara sindh ke amiron se ki gee sandhi ko use todana pada tha. is yuddh ka snchalan itane galat dhng se hua ki vah ek dukhant ghatana ban gee aur laaurd aaukalaind ko vapas inglaind bula liya gaya aur usake sthan par laaurd elanabaro ko bharat ka gavarnar-janaral banakar bheja gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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