लोकसभा अध्यक्ष  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ganesh vasudev mavalnkar
bharat ke pratham lokasabha adhyaksh

lokasabha ka adhyaksh snsad ke nimn sadan ka sabhapati hota hai. 'lokasabha adhyaksh' ka pad bharatiy lokatntr men ek mahattvapoorn sthan rakhata hai. adhyaksh pad ke bare men kaha gaya hai ki snsad sadasy apane-apane nirvachan kshetr ka pratinidhitv karate hain, adhyaksh sadan ke hi poorn pradhikar ka pratinidhitv karata hai. vah us sadan ki garima aur shakti ka pratik hai jisaki vah adhyakshata karata hai. atah yah apeksha ki jati hai ki is uchch garima vale pad ka padadhikari ek aisa vyakti ho, jo sadan ke sabhi avirbhavon men usaka pratinidhitv kar sake. adhyaksh ko saunpa gaya dayitv hai ki vah snsadiy jivan ke kisi bhi pahaloo ko najarandaj nahin kar sakata hai. sabha men usake karyakalapon ki bariki se snviksha hoti hai aur janasnchar madhyamon men inaka vyapak roop se bakhan kiya jata hai. snsad ki karyavahi ka dooradarshan par prasaran arnbh kiye jane se yah sabha ki din-pratidin ke karyakalapon ko desh men lakhon-karodon gharon tak pahuncha deta hai jisase adhyaksh ki bhoomika aur adhik mahattvapoorn ho jati hai. yadyapi, adhyaksh sabha men kabhi-kabhar hi bolata hai, parantu vah jab bhi kuchh bolata hai to sampoorn sadan ke lie bolata hai.

snsadiy lokatntr ka snrakshak

adhyaksh ko snsadiy lokatntr ki paramparaon ka vastavik snrakshak mana jata hai. usaki anany sthiti ka chitran isi tathy se ho jata hai ki use hamare desh ke poorvata-adhipatr men ek atyadhik ooncha sthan diya gaya hai aur usaka nam rashtrapati, up-rashtrapati aur pradhan mntri ke tatkal pashchath rakha gaya hai. bharat men adhyaksh ke pad ko desh ke snvidhan ke dvara lok sabha ke prakriya tatha kary snchalan niyamon tatha prathaon aur paripatiyon ke dvara snsadiy karyavahi ka sucharoo snchalan men usaki sahayata karane aur apane pad ki svatntrata aur nishpakshata ki raksha karane hetu paryapt shaktiyan di gee hain. bharat ke snvidhan men yah pravadhan hai ki adhyaksh ke vetan tatha bhatton par snsad men matadan nahin kiya jaega aur ye bharat ki snchit nidhi par bharit honge.

adhyaksh ka karyakal

adhyaksh, is pad par nirvachit kiye jane ki tarikh se lekar jis lok sabha men usaka nirvachan kiya gaya ho, usake bhng hone ke bad nee lok sabha ki pratham baithak ke thik pahale tak is par asin rahata hai. vah punah is pad par nirvachit ho sakata hai. lok sabha bhng hone ki sthiti men yadyapi adhyaksh snsad sadasy nahin rahata hai parantu use apana pad nahin chhodana padata hai. adhyaksh kisi bhi samay upadhyaksh ko likhit soochana dekar apane pad se tyag-patr de sakata hai. adhyaksh ko usake pad se lok sabha men upasthit sadasyon dvara bahumat se parit snkalp dvara hi hataya ja sakata hai. is ashay se prastut snkalp men kuchh sharten anivaryatah poori karani hoti hain jaise ki isamen lagae ge arop suspasht hone chahiye, isamen tark-vitark, nishkarsh, vyngyokti, lanchhan aur manahani snbndhi koee kathan adi nahin hona chahie. yahi nahin, balki charcha bhi snkalp men lagaye gaye aropon tak hi simit rahani chahie. aise kisi snkalp ko prastut kiye jane ke kam se kam 14 din pahale is ashay ki soochana deni bhi avashyak hai.

adhyaksh ka chunav

bharatiy snsad ke nichale sadan, lok sabha men, donon pithasin adhikariyon, adhyaksh aur upadhyaksh ka nirvachan, isake sadasyon men se sabha men upasthit tatha matadan karane vale sadasyon ke sadharan bahumat dvara kiya jata hai. vaise to adhyaksh ke nirvachan ke lie koee vishesh yogyata nirdharit nahin ki gee hai aur snvidhan men matr yah apekshit hai ki vah sabha ka sadasy hona chahie. parantu adhyaksh ka pad dharan karane vale vyakti ke lie snvidhan, desh ke qanoon, prakriya niyamon aur snsad ki paripatiyon ki samajh hona ek mahattvapoorn gun mana jata hai. lok sabha adhyaksh ka nirvachan sabha ke jivan ki ek mahattvapoorn ghatana hoti hai. nav-gathit sabha ke pratham karyon men se ek kary adhyaksh ka nirvachan karana hota hai. samanyatah sattaroodh dal ke sadasy ko hi adhyaksh nirvachit kiya jata hai. tathapi, kee varshon se ek svasth paripati vikasit huee hai jisake antargat sattaroodh dal sadan men any dalon aur samoohon ke netaon ke sath anaupacharik vichar-vimarsh karane ke pashchath hi apana ummidavar ghoshit karata hai. is paripati se yah bat sunishchit hoti hai ki nirvachit hone ke bad adhyaksh sadan ke sabhi vargon ka samman prapt karata hai. aise bhi udaharan hain jab koee sadasy sattaroodh dal athava sattaroodh gathabndhan men se kisi ka bhi sadasy nahin tha, kintu phir bhi use adhyaksh pad hetu nirvachit kiya gaya tha. ummidavar ke snbndh men ek bar nirnay le lie jane par amataur par pradhan mntri tatha snsadiy kary mntri dvara usake nam ka prastav kiya jata hai. yadi ek se adhik prastav prapt hote hain to unaki kramabaddh roop men pravishti ki jati hai. yadi ek se adhik prastav prapt hote hain to unaki kramabaddh roop men pravishti ki jati hai. yadi nav-gathit sabha ho to samayik adhyaksh us baithak ki adhyakshata karata hai jisamen adhyaksh ka chunav kiya jata hai. yadi lok sabha ke bad ke karyakal ke dauran adhyaksh ka chunav hota hai to upadhyaksh sabha ki adhyakshata karata hai. aise prastavon ko jo prastut kiye jate hain aur jo vidhivat anumodit hon, ek-ek karake usi kram men rakha jata hai jis kram men ve prastut kiye gaye hon aur yadi avashyak ho to sabha men mat vibhajan dvara phaisala kiya jata hai. yadi koee prastav svikrit ho jata hai to pithasin adhikari bad ke prastavon ko rakhe bina hi ghoshana karega ki svikrit prastav men prastavit sadasy ko sabha ka adhyaksh chun liya gaya hai. parinam ghoshit kie jane ke pashchath navanirvachit adhyaksh ko pradhan mntri aur vipaksh ke neta dvara adhyaksh asan tak le jaya jata hai. tatpashchath sabha men sabhi rajanitik dalon aur samoohon ke netaon dvara adhyaksh ko badhaee di jati hai aur usake pratyuttar men vah sabha men dhanyavad bhashan deta hai aur isake bad naya adhyaksh apana karyabhar grahan karata hai

pithasin adhyaksh

lok sabha kaksh men adhyaksh ka asan is prakar rakha gaya hai ki vah sabase alag dikhayi de aur apane is asan se adhyaksh samooche sadan par prabhavi drishti rakh sake. jahan tak sabha ki karyavahi ka snbndh hai, vah snvidhan ke upabndhon aur lok sabha ke prakriya tatha kary snchalan niyamon ke anusar karyavahi ka snchalan karata hai. vah poorv adhyakshon dvara die ge nirdeshon, jinhen samay-samay par snkalit kiya jata hai, se bhi labhanvit hota hai. isake atirikt, lok sabha ke mahasachiv aur sachivalay ke varishth adhikari snsadiy karyakalapon aur prakriya snbndhi mamalon men adhyaksh ki sahayata karate hain. adhyaksh ki anupasthiti men upadhyaksh unake karyon ka nirvahan karata hai. adhyaksh aur upadhyaksh ki anupasthiti men sabhapati talika ka koee sadasy sabha ki adhyakshata karata hai. adhyaksh ko apane adhikar kshetr ke antargat ane vale prashasanik, nyayik aur viniyaman snbndhi mamalon men anek karyon ka nishpadan karana padata hai. use snvidhan aur niyamon ke antargat tatha antarnihit roop se vyapak adhikar prapt hain. lok sabha ka paramparagat mukhiya aur usaka pramukh pravakta hone ke nate adhyaksh samast sadan ki samoohik ray ko abhivyakt karata hai. vastav men sabha ke karyon se snbndhit pravadhanon par unaka nirnay aur unaki vyakhya antim hoti hai. unaka nirnay antim aur badhyakari hota hai tatha amataur par usake nirnay par n to koee prashn chihn lagaya ja sakata hai, aur n hi koee chunauti di ja sakati hai athava usaki alochana ki ja sakati hai.

adhyaksh ki prashasanik bhoomika

adhyaksh, lok sabha sachivalay ka pramukh hai aur yah sachivalay usake niyntran aur nideshon ke adhin kary karata hai. sabha ke sachivalay karmiyon, snsad parisar aur isake suraksha prabndhan men adhyaksh ka pradhikar sarvopari hai. sabhi atithi, agntuk aur pres snvadadata usake anushasan snbndhi niyamon aur adesh ke adhin hote hain tatha inamen se kisi ka bhi ullnghan karane par ullndhanakartta ko snsad bhavan parisar se nishkasan ya dirghaon men ane par nishchit ya anishchit avadhi ke lie rok lagae jane jaisi saja di ja sakati hai athava mamala adhik gnbhir hone par ise avamanana ya visheshadhikar hanan ka mamala manakar upayukt saja di ja sakati hai. adhyaksh ki anumati ke bina snsad bhavan men koee bhi parivartan aur parivarddhan nahin kiya ja sakata tatha snsadiy snpada men kisi ne bhavan ka nirman nahin kiya ja sakata.

mahattv

bharat men adhyaksh ka pad ek jivnt aur gatishil snstha hai jise snsad ke apane karttavyon ke nirvahan men ane vali vastavik avashyakataon tatha samasyaon ka samadhan karana padata hai. adhyaksh sabha ka snvaidhanik aur aupacharik pramukh hota hai. vah sabha ka pramukh pravakta hota hai. pratinidhik lokatntr men is snstha ke mahattvapoorn sthan ke anuroop sabha ki karyavahi ke snchalan ka uttaradayitv adhyaksh par hi hota hai. hamare snvidhan-nirmataon ne hamari lokatantrik vyavastha men is pad ke mahatv ko svikar karake hi desh ki shasan pranali men pramukh evn pratishthit padon men se ek ke roop men is pad ko manyata pradan ki thi. bharat ke svatntrata andolan ke ek agrani neta evn bharatiy snvidhan ke preranasrot, pndit javahar lal neharoo ne bharat men adhyaksh pad ka sahi sndarbh dete hue kaha thaah

"adhyaksh sabha ka pratinidhi hai. vah sabha ki garima, sabha ki svatntrata ka pratinidhitv karata hai aur choonki, sabha rashtr ka pratinidhitv karati hai isalie ek prakar se adhyaksh rashtr ki svatntrata aur svadhinata ka pratik ban jata hai. atev, yah uchit hi hai ki is pad ka samman evn svatntrata qayam rahe aur is par sadaiv asadharan yogyata evn nishpakshata vala vyakti hi asin ho."

isase spasht hai ki pratyek lok sabha ke kary-kal men yah pad sarvadhik mahattvapoorn padon men se ek kyon raha hai.

lokasabha adhyaksh ki bhoomika aur adhikar

  • snvidhan dvara di gee shaktiyon ke jariye lokasabha ki prakriya v karyavahi ka snchalan karana.
  • snsadiy karyavahi ke snchalan men niyamon prathaon-paripatiyon dvara sahayata karana.
  • apane adhikar kshetr ke prashasanik nyayik v viniyaman snbndhi mamalon men vibhinn karyon ka ka nishpadan karana.
  • lokasabha ka parnparagat mukhiya hone ke nate samast sadan ki samoohik ray ko abhivyakt karana.
  • lokasabha ke karyon se jude pravadhani par usaka phaisala aur usaki vyakhya antim v badhyakari hoti hai.
  • usake nirnay par n to saval, n hi koee chunauti khadi ki ja sakati. alochana bhi nahin ki ja sakati.
  • lokasabha ka pithasin adhikari hone ke nate pratyek paristhiti men snsadiy shishtachar ka nirvahan karana usaka jimma hai.
  • vah lok sabha sachivalay ka pramukh hai aur yah sachivalay usake niyntran aur nideshon ke adhin kary karata hai.
  • lokasabha ki karyavahi ka viniyaman.
  • pithasin adhyksh hi tay karata hai ki koee prashn svikary hai ya nahin.
  • vahi tay karata hai rashtrapati ke abhibhashan par dhanyavad prastav ke lie snshodhan kis roop men pesh kie jaen.
  • kisi vidheyak par koee bhi snshodhan pesh karane ke lie usaki anumati avashyak hai.
  • sabha men charchaon ke bare men vahi phaisala karata hai ki koee sadasy kab aur kitani der tak bolega.
  • vah yah tay bhi karata hai ki kisi sadasy ki gee koee tippani sabha ki karyavahi men shamil ki jae ya nahin.
  • vah kisi sadasy ko kisi nirdharit avadhi ke lie sabha se chale jane ka nirdesh bhi de sakata hai.
  • vahi sabha, sabha ki samitiyon aur sadasyon ke adhikaron tatha visheshadhikaron ka snrakshan karata hai.
  • vah dhan vidheyakon ka pramanan karata hai aur antim nirnay leta hai ki kaun se mamale der tak bolega
  • lokasabha aur rajyasabha men asahamati hone ki sthiti men snyukt baithak ki adhyakshata lokasabha adhyaksh hi karata hai.
  • snsadiy dalon ko manyata pradan karane ke lie avashyak dishanirdesh nirdharit karata hai.
  • lokasabha men vipaksh ke manyata pradan karane ke bare men nirnay leta hai.
  • usake pas-badal ke adhar par kisi lokasabha sadasy ko ayogy thaharane ki shakti hai.
  • adhyaksh sabha men matadan ke dauran keval tabhi matadan karata hai jab paksh v vipaksh ke mat barabar ho jaen.[1]

bharat ke ab tak lokasabha adhyakshon ki soochi

kramank nam karyakal dal / parti chitr
1 ji.vi. mavalnkar 15 mee 1952 - 27 faravari 1956 bharatiy rashtriy kangres
G.V.Mavalankar.jpg
2 em. e. ayyngar 8 march 1956 - 16 apral 1962 bharatiy rashtriy kangres
M.A-Ayyangar.jpg
3 saradar hukam sinh 17 apral 1962 - 16 march 1967 bharatiy rashtriy kangres
Sardar-hukam-singh.jpg
4 nilam snjiv reddi 17 march 1967 - 19 julaee 1969 bharatiy rashtriy kangres
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy.jpg
5 ji. es. dhilh‍lon 8 agast 1969 - 1 disnbar 1975 bharatiy rashtriy kangres
Gurdial-singh-dhillon.jpg
6 bali ram bhagat 15 janavari 1976 - 25 march 1977 bharatiy rashtriy kangres
Bali-ram-bhagat.jpg
7 nilam snjiv reddi[2] 26 march 1977 - 13 julaee 1977 janata parti
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy.jpg
8 ke. es. hegade 21 julaee 1977 - 21 janavari 1980 janata parti
K.S-Hegage.jpg
9 balaram jakhad 22 janavari 1980 - 18 disnbar 1989 bharatiy rashtriy kangres
Balram-Jakhar.jpg
10 ravi ray 19 disnbar 1989 - 9 julaee 1991 janata parti
Rabi-ray.jpg
11 shivaraj patil 10 julaee 1991 - 22 mee 1996 bharatiy rashtriy kangres
Shivraj-patil.jpg
12 pi. e. sngama 25 mee 1996 - 23 march 1998 bharatiy rashtriy kangres
P.A.Sangma.jpg
13 ji.em.si. balayogi 24 march 1998 - 3 march 2002 telugu desham parti
G.M.C.Balayogi.jpg
14 manohar joshi 10 mee 2002 - 2 joon 2004 shiv sena
Manohar-joshi.jpg
15 somanath chatarji 4 joon 2004 - 30 mee 2009 bharatiy kamyunist parti (marksavadi)
Somnath Chatterjee.jpg
16 mira kumar 4 joon 2009 – 4 joon 2014 bharatiy rashtriy kangres
mira kumar.jpg
17 sumitra mahajan 6 joon 2014 – ab tak bharatiy janata parti
Sumitra-Mahajan.jpg


panne ki pragati avastha
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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sabhar- hindustan samachar patr, 6 joon 2014
  2. doosari bar lokasabha adhyaksh bane

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