वन महोत्सव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

van mahotsav
van mahotsav ka logo
vivaran 'van mahotsav' prativarsh bharat men julaee mah men manaya jata hai. san 1960 ke dashak men yah paryavaran snrakshan aur prakritik parivesh ke prati snvedanashilata ko abhivyakt karane vala ek andolan tha.
desh bharat
tithi julaee ka pratham saptah
sootrapat kanhaiyalal manikalal munshi
any janakari san 1947 men javaharalal neharoo, rajendr prasad evn maulana abdul qalam azad ke snyukt prayason se desh ki rajadhani dilli men julaee ke pratham saptah ko van mahotsav ke roop men manaya gaya tha.

van mahotsav (angrezi: Van Mahotsav) bharat men prativarsh julaee mah ke pratham saptah men ayojit kiya jane vala mahotsav hai. yah mahotsav bharat sarakar dvara vriksharopan ko protsahan dene ke lie ayojit kiya jata hai. san 1960 ke dashak men yah paryavaran snrakshan aur prakritik parivesh ke prati snvedanashilata ko abhivyakt karane vala ek andolan tha. tatkalin krishimntri kanhaiyalal manikalal munshi ne isaka sootrapat kiya tha.

itihas

vanon ko vinash se bachane evn vriksharopan yojana ko van mahotsav ka nam dekar adhik-se-adhik logon ko isase jodakar bhoo-avaran ko vanon se achchhadit karana ek achchha naya prayas hai. yadyapi yah kary evn nam donon hi ne nahin hai. hamare pavitr vedon men bhi isaka ullekh hai. gupt vnsh, maury vnsh, mugal vnsh men bhi is disha men sarthak prayas kie ge the. isaka varnan itihas men ullikhit hai. san 1947 men sv. javaharalal neharoo, sv. daau. rajendr prasad evn maulana abdul qalam azad ke snyukt prayason se desh ki rajadhani dilli men julaee ke pratham saptah ko van mahotsav ke roop men manaya gaya, kintu yah kary men vidhivatta nahin rakh sake. yah punit kary san 1950 men kanhaiyalal manikalal munshi dvara snpann hua, jo aj bhi prativarsh ham van mahotsav ke roop men manate a rahe hain. van mahotsav samanyatah julaee-agast mah men manakar adhik-se-adhik vriksharopan kiya jata hai. varsha kal men ye char mah ke paudhe thode se prayas se apani jaden jama lete hain.

van mahotsav ki avashyakata kyon

yah vichar bhi man men ata hai ki van mahotsav manane ki avashyakata hi kyon huee? ve kya paristhitiyan thin ki sadharan se vriksharopan ko mahotsav ka roop dena pada? snbhavatah badhati abadi ki avashyakata poorti ke lie katate jngal, prakriti ke prati udasinata ne hi prakritik sntulan bigad diya. anajane men huee bhool ya laparavahi ke dushparinam samane ate hi manav-man men chetana ka snchar hua aur manav kriyashil ho utha. sabhi ye janate hain ki hamare dvara kate ge vrikshon par nana prakar ke pakshiyon ka basera hota tha. shakhaon, patton, jadon evn tanon par anek kit-patngon, parajivi apana jivan jite the evn betahasha vanon ki kataee se nasht hue prakritavas ke karan kee vany prani lupt ho ge evn anek vilopan ke kagar par hain. bhoomi ke katav ko rokane men vriksh-jaden hi hamari madad karati hain. varsha ki tej boondon ke sidhe jamini takarav ko pedon ke patte svayn par jhelakar boondon ki marak kshamata ko lagabhag shoony kar dete hain. van mahotsav manane ki avashyakata hamen kyon pad rahi hai? is prashn ke mool men di-pharesteshan (gairavanikaran) mukhy karan hai- gair vanikaran manaviy ho ya prakritik. yoon to prakriti svayn ko sada se hi sahejati aee hai. is dhara par vanon ka avaran kitana badha ya ghata hai. is ksharan men bhoomi, kit, patnge, vriksh pashu-pakshi sabhi a jate hain.

bharatiy van sarvekshan snsthan, deharadoon ki bhoomika mahatvapoorn hai ki vah apane sarvekshan se vanon ki vastusthiti hamare samane lata hai, tabhi hamen pata chalata hai ki poorv men vanon ki sthiti kya thi aur aj kya hai? van niti, 1988 ke anusar bhoomi ke kul kshetraphal ka 33 pratishat bhag van-achchhadit hona chahie. tabhi prakritik sntulan rah sakega, kintu san 2001 ke rimot sensing dvara ekatrit kie ge akadon ke anusar desh ka kul kshetraphal 32,87,263 varg ki.mi. hai. inamen van bhag 6,75,538 varg ki.mi. hai, jisase van avaran matr 20 pratishat hi hota hai aur ye ankade bhi purane hain. yadi madhy pradesh ki charcha karen to madhy pradesh ka kul kshetraphal 308445 varg ki.mi hai evn van bhoomi 76265 varg ki.mi. hai yani 24 pratishat van pradesh bhoomi par hai, jabaki vastavikata yah ki pradesh ka van-avaran ab lagabhag 19 pratishat hi shesh bacha hai. vanon ka ksharan anek prakar se hota hai. inamen vrikshon ko katana, sukhana, jalana, avaidh utkhanan pramukh hain. ganvon, nagaron, mahanagaron ka kshetraphal badh raha hai aur jngal snkuchit ho rahe hain. dainik avashyakataon ke lie lakadi ke prayog ki mang badhi hai. bade-bade bandhon ka nirman hone se as-pas ke bahut bade van kshetr jalamagan hokar doob chuke hain aur sadaiv ke lie apana astitv kho chuke hain.[1]

uddeshy

van mahotsav par paudhe lagakar kee uddeshyon ko sadha jata hai, jaise- vaikalpik eedhan vyavastha, khadyann snsadhan badhana, utpadan kshamata badhane ke liye kheton ke charon or sheltar belt banana, pashuon ke liye chara utpadan, chhaya v saundaryakaran, bhoomi snrakshan adi. yah logon men pedon ke prati jagarukata ki shiksha ka utsav hai aur yah batata hai ki ped lagana v unaka rakharakhav karana global varming v pradooshan ko rokane men sabase achchha rasta hai. van mahotsav jivan ke utsav tarah manaya jata hai.

saphalata

van mahotsav ko rashtriy star par kafi sarahana v saphalata mili hai. van mahotsav saptah ke dauran desh bhar men lakhon paudhe lagaye jate hain. pratyek nagarik se yah apeksha ki jati hai ki vah van mahotsav saptah men ek paudha zaroor lagaye. van mahotsav logon men pedon ko katane se hone vale nukasan ke prati sajagata phailane men sahayak hai. yah mahotsav logon dvara gharon, aauphison, skool, kaaulej adi men paudhon ka paudharopan kar manaya jata hai. is avasar par alag-alag star par jagarukata abhiyan chalaye jate hain. logon ko protsahit karane ke liye vibhinn sngathanon v vaaulntiyars dvara nishulk paudhon ka vitaran bhi kiya jata hai.

bharat ke pradhanamntri narendr modi ko bhi 15 agast, 2014 ko dilli ke lal qile se savachchhata abhiyan ka ahvan karana pada. eeko frendali bajat ki baten ani shuroo ho chuki hain. ye chijen van mahotsav ke uddeshy ki gnbhirata ko spasht rekhankit karati hain. paryavaran ki suraksha keval sarakar ya sarakari amale ke balaboote par nahin ho sakati hai. yah keval aur keval am janata ki jan bhagidari se hi snbhav hai. van mahotsav ko prabhavi banane ke lie vidyalayon ke chhatron ke sath prabhat pheri ka ayojan kar ganv-ganv, gali-gali men van mahotsav ke nare lagavana avashyak hai, jisase logon men jagarookata sandesh asani prasarit ho sake.[2]

nare

  1. bnjar dharati kare pukar, ped lagakar karo singar.
  2. van upavan kar rahe pukar, dete ham varsha ki bochhar.
  3. sar sate rookh rahe, to bhi sasto jan.
  4. kahate he sab ved-puran, ek vriksh das putr saman.
  5. dharati par svarg hai vahan, hare bhare vriksh hai jahan.
  6. jahan harayali hai, vahin khushahali hai.
  7. vriksh pradooshan-vish pi jate, paryavaran pavitr banate.
  8. ped lagaen, pran bachaen.
  9. kadi dhoop men jalate hain panv, hote ped to milati chhanv.
  10. pedon se vayu, vayu se ayu.

pedon se labh

ped hava ke jhonke, varsha, dhoop aur pala sab kuchh sahate hain, phoolon, patton aur phalon ka bhar vahan karate hain. sab kuchh sahan karake bhi ped edi se choti tak jivan paryant doosaron ko samarpit rahate hain. hamare sukh ke liye ped apana tan bhi samarpit kar dete hain. yah kisi-n-kisi roop men hamare liye labhadayak hi rahate hain-

  1. sans ke liye aauksijan banate hain.
  2. dhoop ki pida aur thnd ke kasht se bachate hain.
  3. dharati ka shrringar kar sundar prakriti ka nirman karate hain.
  4. pathikon ko vishram-sthal, pakshiyon ko nid, jiv-jantuon ko ashray sthal dete hain.
  5. ped apana tan samarpit kar grihasthon ko eedhan, imarati lakadi, patton-jadon tatha chhalon se samast jivon ko aushadhi dete hain.
  6. patte, phool, phal, jad, chhal, lakadi, gandh, gond, rakh, koyala, ankur aur konpalon se bhi praniyon ki any anekanek kamanaen poorn karate hain.


kul milakar ped hamari pahali sans se lekar antim snskar tak madad karate hain. aise paropakari snsar men sachche snt hi ho sakate hain, jo sari badhaen svayn jhelakar doosaron ki sahayata karate hain. hamare pauranik sahity se do uddharan : das kuon ke barabar ek bavadi, das bavadiyon ke barabar ek talab, das talabon ke barabar ek putr tatha das putron ke barabar ek vriksh hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. van mahotsav (hindi) sahisamay.com. abhigaman tithi: 16 aprail, 2017.
  2. van mahotsav (hindi) sahisamay.com. abhigaman tithi: 16 aprail, 2017.

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