वर्गीज़ कुरियन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vargiz kuriyan
daau. vargiz kuriyan
poora nam daau. vargiz kuriyan
any nam amool main, milk main aauf indiya
janm 26 navnbar, 1921
janm bhoomi madras (ab chennee)
mrityu 9 sitambar, 2012
mrityu sthan nadiyad, gujarat
pati/patni maauli kuriyan
karm bhoomi bharat
puraskar-upadhi 'padm shri', 'padm bhooshan', 'padm vibhooshan', 'reman maigsese puraskar'.
vishesh yogadan bharat men dugdh kranti, jise 'shvet kranti' bhi kaha jata hai, ke janak mane jate hain.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari vargiz kuriyan aur shyam benegal ne milakar rashtriy puraskar vijeta film 'mnthan' ki kahani bhi likhi, jise qarib 5 lakh kisanon ne vittiy sahayata di. vishv baink ne garibi unmoolan ke lie amool maaudal ko chinhit kiya hai. amool maaudal ko vyapak aur lokapriy banane men vargiz ki badi bhoomika rahi hai.

vargiz kuriyan (angrezi: Verghese Kurien, janm: 26 navnbar, 1921; mrityu: 9 sitambar, 2012) bharat men dugdh kranti, jise 'shvet kranti' bhi kaha jata hai, ke janak mane jate hain. bharat ko duniya ka sarvadhik dugdh utpadak desh banane ke lie shvet kranti lane vale vargiz kuriyan ko desh men sahakari dugdh udyog ke maaudal ki adharashila rakhane ka shrey jata hai.

jivan parichay

desh men 'shvet kranti ke janak' aur 'milkamain' ke nam se mashahoor vargiz kuriyan ki athak mehanat ka hi natija tha ki doodh ki kami vala yah desh duniya ke sabase bade doodh utpadak deshon men shumar hua. 'shvet kranti' aur doodh ke kshetr men sahakari maaudal ke zariye lakhon garib kisanon ki zindagi snvarane vali shakhsiyat daau. vargiz kuriyan ka janm 26 navnbar, 1921 ko madras (ab chennee) men hua. unake parivar men patni maauli kuriyan aur ek beti hai.

shiksha

jamashedapur sthit 'tisko' men kuchh samay kam karane ke bad kuriyan ko deyari injiniyaring men adhyayan karane ke lie bharat sarakar ki or se chhatravritti di gee. bengaluru ke 'inpiriyal instityoot aauph enimal hajabendri end deyaring' men vishesh prashikshan prapt karane ke bad kuriyan amerika ge, jahan unhonne 'mishigan stet yoonivarsiti' se 1948 men maikenikal injiniyaring men apani mastar digri hasil ki, jisamen deyari injiniyaring bhi ek vishay tha. bharat lautane par kuriyan ko apane band ki avadhi ki seva poori karane ke lie gujarat ke annd sthit sarakari krimari men kam karane ka mauka mila. 1949 ke ant tak kuriyan ko krimari se karyamukt karane ka adesh de diya gaya.[1]

shvet kranti ke janak

vargiz kuriyan ne 1949 men 'kaira zila sahakari dugdh utpadak sngh limited' ke adhyaksh tribhuvan das patel ke anurodh par deyari ka kam snbhala. saradar vallabhabhaee patel ki pahal par is deyari ki sthapana ki gayi thi. vargiz kuriyan ne maharashtr ke 60 lakh kisanon ki 60 hazar koaauparetiv sosayatiyan banaeen, jo pratidin tin lakh tan doodh saplaee karati hain. isi ko shvet kranti aur ‘opareshan flad’ ke nam se bhi pukara jata hai. is mahanh kary se jahan kisanon ka bhala hua, vahin par am logon ko doodh ki upalabdhi men bhi suvidha huee. in karyon ke karan inhen anek puraskaron se sammanit kiya gaya. daau. kuriyan ne sal 1973 men 'gujarat koaauparetiv milk marketing phedareshan' ki sthapana ki aur 34 sal tak isake adhyaksh rahe. isi karan inhen shvet kranti ka janak kaha jata hai.

amool main

unhonne apani pratibha ke bal par sarakari chhatravriti arjit karane ke sath-sath amerika ke 'michigan stet vishvavidyalay' se 1948 men vigyan men snatakottar ki upadyi grahan ki. isake bad amerika se bharat vapas ane ke bad unhonne bharat sarakar ke deyari vibhag men deyari injiniyar ke pad par gujarat ke anand men 1949 asin hue. 7 mah ke sarakari seva ke bad unaka man vahan nahin rama. unake dilo-dimag men kuchh vishesh karane ki laharen rah rah kar unako sarakari bndhan se mukt hone ke lie uddellit kar rahi thi. isake bad ve 'kedisiemapiyool' ke mainejar ban gaye jo aj amool ke nam se vishvavikhyat hai.

amool ki saphalata

bharat men kuriyan aur unaki tim ne bhains ke doodh se milk paudar aur kndesd milk banane ki takanik vikasit ki. is takanik ko amool ki kamayabi ki pramukh vajahon men shumar kiya jata hai. knpani ne isake balaboote 'nesle' jaisi shirsh knpani ko kadi takkar di, jo milk paudar aur kndesd milk banane ke lie sirph gay ke doodh ka prayog karati thi. yoorop men gay ke doodh ke viparit bharat men bhains ka doodh adhik upayog hota hai. amool ne varsh 2011 men do arab daaular ka kul karobar kiya. jabaki usane apane 50 sal ke itihas men kabhi kisi selebriti ko prachar men istemal nahin kiya.[2]

rashtriy deyari vikas bord

amool ki saphalata se abhibhoot hokar tatkalin pradhanamntri lal bahadur shastri ne 'rashtriy dugdh vikas bord' (enadidibi) ka gathan kiya. jisase poore desh men amool maaudal ko samajha aur apanaya gaya. kuriyan ko bord ka adhyaksh banaya gaya. enadidibi ne 1970 men ‘aaupareshan phlad’ ki shurooat ki jisase bharat duniya ka sabase bada dugdh utpadak desh ban gaya. kuriyan ne 1965 se 1998 tak 33 sal enadidibi ke adhyaksh ke taur par sevaen din. ve 'vikasit bharat phaundeshan' ke pramukh rahe. unhonne asngathit gramin bharat ke dugdh utpadakon ko jahan arthik majabooti dila kar samman dilaya vahin poore vishv ko ek disha dikhaee.

60 ke dashak men bharat men doodh ki khapat jahan do karod tan thi vahin 2011 men yah 12.2 karod tan pahunch gayi. kuriyan ke niji jivan se judi ek rochak aur dilachasp bat yah hai ki desh men ‘shvet kranti’ lane vala aur ‘milkamain aauph indiya’ ke nam se mashahoor yah shakhs khud doodh nahin pita tha.

samman aur puraskar

bharat sarakar ne vargiz kuriyan ko padm shri (1965), padm bhooshan (1966), padm vibhooshan (1999) se sammanit kiya tha. unhen samudayik netritv ke lie reman maigsese puraskar (1963), 'karnegi vatalar vishv shanti puraskar', 'varld food praiz' (1989),'vishv khady puraskar' (1989), 'krishi ratn' (1986), aur amerika ke 'intaraneshanal parasan aauph d eeyar samman' se bhi navaja gaya. isake atirikt 'mishigan stet yoonivarsiti' aur 'tamilanadu krishi vishvavidyalay' samet kee snsthanon ne daauktaret ki upadhi di.
vargiz kuriyan aur shyam benegal ne milakar rashtriy puraskar vijeta film 'mnthan' ki kahani bhi likhi, jise qarib 5 lakh kisanon ne vittiy sahayata di. vishv baink ne garibi unmoolan ke lie amool maaudal ko chinhit kiya hai. amool maaudal ko vyapak aur lokapriy banane men vargiz ki badi bhoomika rahi hai. ‘amool’ ke mahattv ka andaza isi se lagaya ja sakata hai ki svayn javaharalal neharoo isake udghatan ke avasar par ae the.[3]

nidhan

arabon rupe vale brand ‘amool’ ko janm dene vale kuriyan ka 9 sitambar 2012 ko subah 90 varsh ki ayu men nadiyad, gujarat men nidhan ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharat men sahakari dugdh udyog ke janak rahe kuriyan (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) laiv hindustan. abhigaman tithi: 10 sitambar, 2012.
  2. abhar- hindustan (dainik samachar patr), dinank- 10 sitambar 2012, pri. 13
  3. sarakari naukari chhod isane bharat ke har ghar men doodh pahunchaya aur ban gaya dugdh-kranti ka janak (hindi) jagaran jnkshan. abhigaman tithi: 1 faravari, 2015.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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