वल्लभाचार्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vallabhachary
vallabhachary
poora nam vallabhachary
janm snvat 1530
mrityu snvat 1588
sntan do putr- gopinath v vitthalanath
karm bhoomi braj
prasiddhi pushtimarg ke praneta
vishesh yogadan shuddhadvait ke sndarbh men vallabhachary dvara bhagavat par rachit subodhini tika ka mahattv bahut adhik hai.
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh advaitavad, vallabh sampraday, brahmasootr
any janakari vallabhachary ne darshanik samasyaon ke samadhan men anuman ko anupayukt manakar shabd praman ko variyata di hai.

vallabhachary (janm: snvat 1530[1] - mrityu: snvat 1588[2])[3] bhaktikalin sagunadhara ki krishnabhakti shakha ke adhar stnbh evn pushtimarg ke praneta mane jate hain. jinaka pradurbhav eeah sanh 1479, vaishakh krishn ekadashi ko dakshin bharat ke kankaravad gramavasi tailng brahman shri lakshmanabhatt ji ki patni ilammagaroo ke garbh se kashi ke samip hua. unhen 'vaishvanaravatar agni ka avatar' kaha gaya hai. ve ved shastr men parngat the. shri rudrasnpraday ke shri vilvamngalachary ji dvara inhen 'ashtadashakshar gopal mantr' ki diksha di gee. tridnd sannyas ki diksha svami narayanendr tirth se prapt huee. vivah pndit shridev bhatt ji ki kanya mahalakshmi se hua, aur yathasamay do putr hue- shri gopinath v vitthalanath.

jivan parichay

shri vallabhachary ji vishnusvami snpraday ki parnpara men ek svatntr bhakti-pnth ke pratishthata, shuddhadvait darshanik siddhant ke samarthak pracharak aur bhagavat-anugrah pradhan evn bhakti-seva samanvit 'pushti marg' ke pravarttak the. ve jis kal men utpann hue the, vah rajanitik, dharmik aur samajik sabhi drishtiyon se bade snkat ka tha

poorvaj aur mata-pita

shri vallabhachary ji ke poorvaj andhr rajy men godavari tatavarti kankaravad namak sthan ke nivasi the. ve bharaddhaj gotriy tailng brahman the unake pita shri lakshman bhatt dikshit prakand vidvan aur dharmik mahapurush the. unaka vivah vidyanagar (vijayanagar) ke rajapurohit susharma ki gunavati kanya illammagaroo ke sath hua tha; jisase ramakrishn namak putr aur sarasvati evn subhadra nam ki do kanyaon ki utpatti huee thi.

janm

shri lakshman bhatt apane sngi-sathiyon ke sath yatra ke kashton ko sahan karate hue jab vartaman madhy pradesh men rayapur zile ke chnparany namak van men hokar ja rahe the, tab unaki patni ko akasmat prasav-pida hone lagi. sanyakal ka samay tha. sab log pas ke chauda nagar men ratri ko vishram karana chahate the; kintu illama ji vahan tak pahunchane men bhi asamarth thin. nidan lakshman bhatt apani patni sahit us nirjnn van men rah gaye aur unake sathi age badh kar chauda nagar men pahunch gaye. usi ratri ko illammagaroo ne us nirjan van ke ek vishal shami vriksh ke niche athamase shishu ko janm diya. balak paida hote hi nishchesht aur sngyahin sa gyat hua, isalie illammagaroo ne apane pati ko soochit kiya ki mrit balak utpann hua hai. ratri ke andhakar men lakshman bhatt bhi shishu ki thik tarah se pariksha nahin kar sake. unhonne daivechchha par sntosh manate hue balak ko vastr men lapet kar shami vriksh ke niche ek gadadhe men rakh diya aur use sookhe patton se dhak diya. taduparant use vahin chhod kar ap apani patni sahit chauda nagar men jakar ratri men vishram karane lage.

doosare din prat:kal agat yatriyon ne batalaya ki kashi par yavanon ki chadhaee ka snkat door ho gaya. us samachar ko sun kar unake kuchh sathi kashi vapis jane ka vichar karane lage aur shesh dakshin ki or jane lage. lakshman bhatt kashi jane vale dal ke sath ho liye. jab ve gat ratri ke sthan par pahunche, to vahan par unhonne apane putr ko jivit avastha men paya. aisa kaha jata hai us gadadhe ke chahun or prajjavalit agni ka ek mndal sa bana hua tha aur usake bich men vah navajat balak khel raha tha. us adbhut drishy ko dekh kar dampati ko bada ashchary aur harsh hua. illamma ji ne tatkal shishu ko apani god men utha liya aur sneh se stanapan karaya. usi nirjan van men balak ke jatakarm aur namakaran ke snskar kiye gaye. balak ka nam 'vallabh' rakha gaya, jo bada hone par suprasiddh mahaprabhu vallabhachary hua. unhen agnikund se utpann aur bhagavan ki mukhagni svaroop 'vaishvanar ka avatar' mana jata hai.

arnbhik jivan

vallabhachary ji ka arnbhik jivan kashi men vyatit hua tha, jahan unaki shiksha-diksha tatha unake adhyayanadi ki samuchit vyavastha ki gee thi. unake pita shri lakshman bhatt ne unhen gopal mantr ki diksha di thi aur shri madhavendr puri ke atirikt sarvashri vishnuchit tiroomal aur gurunarayan dikshit ke nam bhi milate hain. ve arnbh se hi atynt kushagr buddhi aur adbhut pratibhashali the. unhonne chhoti ayu men hi ved, vedang, darshan, puran, kavyadi men tatha vividh dharmik grnthon men abhootapoorv nipunata prapt ki thi. ve vaishnav dharm ke atirikt jain, bauddh, shaiv, shakt, shankar adi dharm-snpradayon ke advitiy vidvan the. unhonne apane gyan aur pandity ke karan kashi ke vidvat samaj men adaraniy sthan prapt kiya tha.

kutumb-parivar

unaka kutumb parivar kafi bada aur samriddh tha, jisake adhikansh vyakti dakshin ke andhr pradesh men nivas karate the. unaki do bahinen aur tin bhaee the. bade bhaee ka nam ramakrishn bhatt tha. ve madhavendr puri ke shishy aur dakshin ke kisi math ke adhipati the. unhonne tapasya dvara badi siddhi prapt ki thi. snvat 1568 men ve vallabhachary ji ke sath badarinath dham ki yatra ko gaye the. apane uttar jivan men ve snnyasi ho gaye the. unaki sannyasavastha ka nam keshavapuri tha. vallabhachary ji ke chhote bhaee ramachandr aur vishvanath the. ramachndr bhatt bade vidvan aur anek shastron ke gyata the. unake ek pitrivy ne unhen god le liya tha aur ve apane palak pita ke sath ayodhya men nivas karate the. unhonne anek grntho ki rachana ki thi, jinamen 'shrringar romavali shatak' (rachana-kal snvat 1574), 'kripa-kutoohal', 'gopal lila' mahakavy aur 'shrringar vedant' ke nam milate hain.

vallabhachary ji ka adhyayan sn. 1545 men samapt ho gaya tha. tab unake mata-pita unhen lekar tirth yatra ko chale gaye the. ve kashi se chal kar vividh tirthon ki yatra karate hue jagadish puri gaye aur vahan se dakshin chale gaye. dakshin ke shri venkateshvar bala ji men snvat 1546 ki chaitr krishn 9 ko unaka dehavasan hua tha. us samay vallabhachary ji ki ayu keval 11-12 varsh ki thi, kintu tab tak ve prakand vidvan aur advitiy dharm-vetta ke roop men prasiddh ho chuke the. unhonne kashi aur jagadish puri men anek vidvanon se shastrarth kar vijay prapt ki thi. vallabhachary ji ke do putr hue the. bade putr gopinath ji ka janm snvat 1568 ki ashvin krishn dvadashi ko adail men aur chhote putr vitthalanath ji ka janm snvat 1572 ki paush krishn 9 ko charanat men hua tha. donon putr apane pita ke saman vidvan aur dharmanishth the.

advaitavad

advait vedant ki pratikriyasvaroop hi vedant ke any sampradayon ka pradurbhav hua. ramanuj, nimbark, madhv aur vallabh ne gyan ke sthan par bhakti ko adhik prashray dekar vedant ko janasamany ki pahunch ke yogy banane ka prayas kiya. upanishad, gita aur brahmasootr ke vishleshan par hi shnkar ke advaitavad ka bhavan khada hua tha. isi karan any acharyon ne bhi prasthanatrayi ke sath sath bhagavat ko bhi apane mat ka adhar banaya. yadyapi vallabhachary ne ved, upanishad, brahmasootr tatha shrimadbhagavat ki vyakhyaon ke madhyam se apane mat ka upasthan kiya, kintu unaka yah bhi vichar raha hai ki uparyukt srot granthon men se uttarottar ka pramany adhik hai. is prakar yah bhi kaha ja sakata hai ki shuddhadvait ke sndarbh men vallabhachary dvara bhagavat par rachit subodhini tika ka mahattv bahut adhik hai. darshan men bhakti ka put shrimadbhagavat se adhik shayad hi kisi any granth men upalabdh hota ho. at: vallabhachary ke lie yah svabhavik hi tha ki vah shrimadbhagavat ko adhik mahattv dete.[3]

vallabhachary ke pramukh grnth

  • brahmasootr ka 'anu bhashy' aur vrihad bhashy'
  • bhagavat ki 'subodhini' tika
  • bhagavat tatvadip nibndh
  • poorv mimansa bhashy
  • gayatri bhashy
  • patravalnvan
  • purushottam sahastranam
  • dashamaskndh anukramanika
  • trividh namavali
  • shiksha shlok
  • 11 se 26 shodas grnth, (1.yamunashtak,2.bal bodh,3.siddhant muktavali,4.pushti pravah maryada bhed, 5.siddhant 6.navaratn, 7.ant:karan prabodh, 8. vivekadhaiyashriy, 9.krishnashray, 10.chatushloki, 11.bhaktivardhini, 12.jalabhed, 13.pnchapady, 14.snnsas nirnay, 15.nirodh lakshan 16.sevaphal)
  • bhagavatpithika
  • nyayadesh
  • seva phal vivaran
  • premamrit tatha
  • vividh ashtak (1.madhurashtak, 2.parivridhashtak, 3. nndakumar ashtak, 4.shri krishnashtak, 5. gopijanaballabhashtak adi.)

anubhashy

brahmasootr par vallabhachary ne anubhashy likha. anu shabd ka prayog achary ne kyon kiya. aisi manyata hai ki vallabhachary ne brahmasootr par do bhashy likhe the, ek brihadabhashy (ya bhashy) aur doosara anu (chhota) bhashy. aisa pratit hota hai ki brihadabhashy ab upalabdh nahin hota, kintu anubhashy usi ka laghu snskaran hai. isaki pushti is tathy se hoti hai ki shrimadbhagavat par bhi vallabhachary ne ek brihad tika (subodhini) likhi aur ek laghu tika (sookshm tika, jo ki ab upalabdh nahin hoti). ek hi granth ki tikaon ke ekadhik snskaran any acharyon ne bhi likhe hain. udaharanataya madhvachary ne brahmasootr par hi char tikaen likhi thin-

  1. bhashy
  2. anubhashy (athava anuvyakhyan)
  3. anuvyakhyan vivaran
  4. anuvyakhyan.

ye charon hi snskaran upalabdh hain. at: madhvachary ka anukaran karake vallabhachary ne bhi brahmasootr ke bhashy ke do snskaran (ek badha aur ek sookshm) likhe hon to isamen koee ashchary nahin hai. vallabhachary ne darshanik samasyaon ke samadhan men anuman ko anupayukt manakar shabd praman ko variyata di hai. unake matanusar brahm maya se alipat hone ke karan nitant shuddh hai. vah sath, chith, anand ras se yukt hai. brahm apani sndhini shakti ke sath ka, snchith shakti dvara chith ka, aur hladini shakti dvara anand ka avarbhav karata hai. vah poorn purushottam shashvat tatha sarvavyapak hone ke sath sath karta aur bhokta donon hai. jagath ko vah apane men se avirbhoot karata hai. aur is prakar vah jagath ka nimittakaran tatha upadan karan bhi hai. vah avikrit parinamavad ke anusar apane ko jagath ke roop men avirbhoot karata hai, at: usake mool svaroop men koee parivartan ya vikar nahin ata hai.[3]

brahm ke tin roop

srishti kram ke sndarbh men vallabhachary ne brahm ke tin roop batae hain-

  1. adhibhautik-par brahm
  2. adhyatmik-akshar brahm
  3. adhibhautik-jagath brahm.

brahm raman karane ki ichchha se jiv aur jad ka avirbhav karata hai. is vyapar men usaki krida karane ki ichchha ka hi pradhany hai, n ki maya ka. jis prakar ek hi sarp kundal adi banakar anek roopon men dikhaee padata hai, kintu sarp aur usake kundaladi roop abhinn hain, usi prakar brahm anek roopon men sphurit hote hue bhi shuddh advait roop hi hai.

brahm ka doosara roop akshar brahm hai. vah bhi sath, chith tatha anandamay hai, kintu parabrahm men anand asimit matra men hai, jabaki akshar brahm men vah simit hota hai. yah akshar brahm hi avatar ke roop men avirbhoot hota hai. akshar brahm ek prakar se adhivaidik parabrahm ka adhyatmik (kayik) roop hai. kahin kahin akshar brahm ko parabrahm ka puchchh bhi kaha gaya hai. akshar brahm ke atirikt kal, karm aur svabhav bhi parabrahm ke hi roopantar hain. srishti ke arambh men, akshar brahm prakriti aur purush ke roop men avirbhoot hota hai. prakriti hi vibhinn sopanon men parinat hoti huee jagath ka srijan karati hai. isalie prakriti ko karanon ka karan kaha jata hai. kal, karm aur svabhav is srishti prakriya men apani apani bhoomika ka nirvah karate hain. yadyapi akshar, kal, karm aur svabhav srishti se poorv vidyaman rahate hain, kintu inaki ginati un 28 tatvon men nahin ki jati, jinaka ullekh tatvarthadip men is prakar kiya gaya hai- satv, rajash, purush, prakriti, mahath, ahnkar, pnchatanmatr, pnchamahabhoot, pnchakarmendriyan, pnchgyanendriyan tatha manash. yah gyatavy hai ki nam samy hone par bhi tatvarthadip men ginae ge tatv sankhy ke tatvon se bhinn hain.[3]

jiv brahm

vallabhachary ke anusar jiv brahm hi hai. yah bhagavatsvaroop hi hai, kintu unaka anandansh-avrit rahata hai. jiv brahm se abhinn hai, jab parabrahm ki yah ichchha huee ki vah ek se anek ho jaye to akshar brahm hazaron ki snkhya men lakhon jiv usi tarah se udbhoot hue, jaise ki ag men se hazaron sphuling nikalate hain. kuchh vishesh jiv akshar brahm ki apeksha sidhe hi parabrahm se avirbhoot hote hain. jiv ka vyuchcharan hota hai utpatti nahin. jiv is prakar brahm ka ansh hai aur nity hai. lila ke lie jiv men se anand ka ansh nikal jata hai, jisase ki jiv bndhan aur agyan men pad jata hai. jiv ka janm aur vinash nahin hota, sharir ki utpatti aur nash hota hai. shnkar jivatma ko gyanasvaroop manate hain. vallabhachary ke anusar vah gyata hai. jiv anu hai kintu vah sarvavyapak aur sarvgy nahin hai, chaitany ke karan vah bhog karata hai. lila ke uddeshy se jagath men vaividhy lane ke lie jivon ki tin kotiyan bataee gee hain-

  1. shuddh, jis jiv men anandansh ka tirobhav rahata hai, par avidya se jisaka sambandh nahin rahata, vah shuddh kahalata hai.
  2. snchari, jab jiv ka avidya se sambandh ho jata hai aur vah janmadi kriyaon ke bandhan ka vishay ho jata hai to vah snchari kahalata hai, snchari jiv bhi dev aur asurabhed do prakar ke hote hain.
  3. mukt, jo jiv eeshvar ke anugrah se sachchidannd roop ka prapt karate hain aur eeshvaramay ho jate hain, ve mukt kahalate hain.

pati roop ya svami roop men shrikrishn ki seva karana jiv ka dharm hai. jivon ka jivatv, eeshvar ki avirbhav evn tirobhav kriyaon ka parinam hai. in kriyaon ke dvara hi eeshvar ki kuchh shaktiyan evn gun jiv men tirobhoot aur kuchh avirbhoot ho jate hain. vallabhachary ke matanusar jagath nity hai. vah brahm ka adhibhautik roop hai. usamen sath to vidyaman hai, kintu chith aur annd prachchhann ya adrishy rahate hain. jagath brahm ki avirbhav dasha hai. at: karanaroop brahm aur kary roop jagath men koee bhed nahin hai. vallabhachary ke anusar jagath brahmaroop hi hai. karyaroop jagath karanaroop brahm se avirbhoot hua hai. srishti brahm ki atmakriti hai. brahm se jagath avirbhoot hua, phir bhi brahm men koee vikriti nahin ati. yahi avikrit parinamavad hai. jagath ki n to utpatti hoti hai aur n hi vinash. usaka avirbhav-tirobhav hota hai.

avirbhav ka ashay

avirbhav ka ashay hai- anubhav ka vishay banana aur tirobhav ka arth hai- anubhav ka vishay n banana.

upadanasy kary ya vyavaharanocharn karoti, sashaktiravirbhanvika, tirobhavashch tadayogyatvamh[4]

jagath aur snsar

vallabhachary ke matanusar jagath aur snsar men antar hai. jagath use kahate hain, jo eeshvar ki ichchha v vilas se avirbhoot ho. isake viparit, jiv avidya ke prabhav se kalpana tatha mamata dvara arthath avidya ke svaroopgyan, dehadhyas, indriyadhyas, pranadhyas tatha ant:karanadhyas- in 'parvi' dvara jivon ki buddhi men jo dvaitamoolak bhram utpann hota hai, usase jis padarth varg ki srishti karata hai vah snsar kahalata hai. gyan hone par snsar ka nash ho jata hai, kintu jagath brahmaroop hone ke karan nasht nahin hota. shuddhadvaitavad ke anusar jagath brahm aur jiv ke saman nity hai. doosare shabdon men kaha jaye to vishv do prakar ka hota hai, ek prithvi, soory, chndr adi se bana hua jad jagath, jisamen chetan jiv rahate hain aur doosara jivon ke mamatv se utpann hua snsar. brahm jagath ka nimitt karan sharir aur upadan karan donon hai. brahm ko samavayikaran bhi kaha gaya hai, kyonki vah sath, chith aur annd roop men sarvavyapak hai.

moksh aur maya

advaitavad men maya ko upadan karan mana gaya hai. vallabhachary ne maya ke do bhed bataye hain- avidya maya aur vidya maya. avidya maya jiv men bhranti utpann karati hai, jisase ki vah apane chith roop ko bhool jata hai. vidya maya agyan nashini hoti hai. moksh prapti ke sndarbh men pray: tin margon ka ullekh kiya jata hai- karmamarg, gyanamarg aur bhaktimarg. vedant ke vibhinn sampradayon men inake sambandh men paryapt matabhed raha hai. shuddh dvaitavad ke anusar agnihotr, darshapaurnamas, pashuyag, chaturmasy aur somayag karane se moksh prapt hota hai. kintu aisa moksh devayan marg ka anusaran karake hi prapt hota hai. jo vyakti gyan marg ka anusaran karata hai yani yah gyan prapt kar leta hai ki jagath men jo kuchh hai, vah sab brahm hi hai, vah akshar brahm men vilin hota hai, n ki parabrahm men, kyonki gyanamargi ki sima akshar brahm tak hi hai. gyanamargi akshar brahm ka hi antim satta samajhata hai. han, yadi brahmgyan men bhakti ka samnjasy ho jaye to vyakti parabrahm men lin ho sakata hai. isase bhi uttam sthiti vah hai, jisamen parabrahm apani hi ichchha se kisi jiv ka apane andar se avirbhav karake usake sath svayn nityalila karata hai. yahi bhajanannd ya svaroopannd ki sthiti hai. shnkar ne matanusar jiv brahmaky roop mukti ka pratipadan kiya tha, kintu vallabhachary ke matanusar bhagavad mahatmygyanapoorvika bhakti hi mukti ka karan hai. yadyapi bhakti mukti ka sadhan, parantu usaka mahattv mukti se bhi adhik hai. vallabhachary ke shuddhadvaitavad ko spasht roop se samajhane ke lie yah bhi avashyak hai ki vedant ke any sampradayon aur vishesh roop se shnkar ke siddhanton ke pariprekshy men usaki sarasari samiksha kar li jaye.

shuddhadvaitavad ka tulanatmak vishleshan

vallabhachary ka darshanik siddhant shuddhadvait nam se prachalit hua. shnkarachary ne advaitavad ka pravartan karate hue yah kaha tha ki brahm aur jiv men paramarthik amed hai. madhvachary ne shnkar ke advaitavad ke ekadam viparit dvaitavad ki sthapana ki aur yah pratipadit kiya ki brahm, jiv evn jad jagath men paramarthik amed hai. in paraspar virodhi maton ke bich samnjasy sthapit karane ka prayas karate hue ramanujachary ne vishishtadvaitavad ka pravartan kiya, jisake anusar brahm, jiv evn jagath ki prithakh satta to hai aur tinon nity bhi hain, kintu jiv aur jagath brahm ke visheshan hain. doosare shabdon men yah kaha ja sakata hai ki shnkar ke anusar jiv ekadam bhinn sattayen hain, jabaki ramanuj ke anusar jiv ki prithakh satta to hai, kintu vah brahm ka ek prakar (visheshan) hai. unamen anshashibhav hai. nimbark ke dvaitadvaitavad ke anusar brahm, jiv aur jagath men ashrayashrayibhav sambandh hai. eeshvar ashray hai aur jiv tatha jagath ki satta ashray roop eeshvar ke bina snbhav nahin hai. at: eeshvar, jiv aur jagath men bhed bhi hai aur abhed bhi. vallabhachary ke anusar jagat men brahm ki avirbhav dasha hai. jiv anu hai aur eeshvar ka ansh hai (agni aur sphuling ke saman) jiv sarvavyapak hai, kintu sarvgy nahin hai, phir bhi jiv aur brahm men abhinnatv hai. jiv ke saman jagat bhi eeshvar ka hi roop hai. at: vah bhi eeshvar se abhinn hai. vallabh ne maya ke sambandh men alipt hone ke karan brahm ko shuddh kaha hai. at: unaka siddhant shuddhadvaitavad ke roop men prachalit hua hai. shuddhadvait par ka vigrah do prakar se kiya ja sakata hai- (k) shuddhn chedamh advaitn ch (karmadharay) (kh) shuddhayo: advaitamh (shashthi tatpurush).

vallabhachary dvara pravartit shuddhadvait vedant men brahm, jiv, jagath, adi ka svaroop nimnalikhit roop se batalaya gaya hai-

maya sambandharahitn shuddhamityuchyate budhe:.
karyakaranaroopn hi shuddhn n mayikamh..[5]

shuddhadvaitapade gyey: karmadharay:.
shradvaitn shuddhayo: prahu: shashthitatpurushn budha:.[6]

shnkarachary aur vallabhachary

shnkarachary aur vallabhachary donon ne advaitavad ka pratipadan kiya hai. shnkar ne sajatiy-vijatiy bhed rahit advait ekaras brahm ko hi paramatatv kaha hai. aur vallabhachary ka bhi yah kathan hai ki brahm maya sambandh se rahit hone ke karan shuddh hai. shnkar ne jal men pratibimbit soory ke drishtant se jiv ko brahm ka pratibimb mana hai. usi prakar vallabh ne jal men pratibimbit chndr ke drishtant se yah pratipadit kiya hai ki dehadi ka janm, bndh, du:khadi roop dharm jiv ka hi hai, eeshvar ka nahin. [7] shnkar keval dvaitavadi hain, jabaki vallabhachary shuddhadvaitavadi. shnkar ke anusar brahm hi paramarth saty hai. jagath ki vyavaharik satta hone par bhi usaki paramarthik satta nahin hai. mayik hone ke karan vah mithya hai. shnkar vedant men mayashakti avidyatmika evn mithya hai, jabaki shuddhadvait vedant men maya ko hi paramarthik saty mana gaya hai. shnkar ke anusar maya ka mithyatv usaki anirvachaniyata par adharit hai (shnkar ne mayik jagat ko mithya mana hai), jabaki vallabhachary ke anusar karyaroop jagath brahm ki hi avirbhav dasha hone ke karan saty hai. shnkar ne brahm ko jagath ka nimitt karan aur maya ko upadan karan mana hai. doosare shabdon men, shnkar ke matanusar mayashakti ke karan brahm jagath ka nimittakaran aur upadan karan bhi hai, jabaki vallabh brahm ko jagath ka samavayikaran manate hain, kyonki jiv aur jagath ko unhonne brahm ka karyaroop mana hai. shnkar brahm ko adhishthan aur jagath ko adhyarop ka phal jatate hain. ve jagath ko brahm ka vivart kahate hain, jabaki vallabh is sndarbh men avikrit parinamavad ko svikar karate hain.

vallabh ke anusar jiv aur brahm men anshanshibhav hai, jabaki shnkar ke anusar jiv svaroopat: brahm hi hai. shnkar yah manate hain ki jiv ki satta avidyopadhik hone ke karan mithya hai, parantu vallabh jiv ko bhi mithya nahin, apitu saty manate hain. shnkar ka mat hai ki gyan ke bina mukti nahin mil sakati, yani jab tak jiv ko svaroop gyan (ahn brahmasmi, yah gyan) nahin hota, tab tak moksh nahin mil sakata, jabaki vallabh ka yah vichar hai ki bhakti se hi mukti mil sakati hai, gyan se nahin. vallabhachary ka siddhantapaksh shuddhadvait aur achar paksh pushtimarg ke nam se vikhyat hai. yah pushtimarg sevamarg bhi kahalata hai. sevamarg ke do bhag hain- namaseva aur roopaseva. roopaseva ke bhi tin prakar hain- tanuja, vittaja aur manasi. manasi seva ke do marg hain- maryada marg aur pushtimarg.

vallabh ke anusar snsari jiv mamatv aur maya ke vashibhoot hokar brahm se vichchhinn hota hai. patiroop ya svami roop se brahm (shrikrishn) ki seva karana usaka dharm hai. brahm raman karane ki ichchha se jiv aur jad ka avirbhav karata hai. brahm nirgun aur sagun donon hai, at: shrikrishn kahalata hai. agni ke sphulingon ki bhanti jiv anek hain. vyamohika maya se baddh snsari jiv jab bhakti se apane mool svaroop ko prapt kar lete hain, tab mukt kahalate hain. vallabh kahate hain ki avidya ka sambandh hone se snsari jiv do prakar ke hote hain- daiv aur asur. daiv jiv ke bhi do bhed hain-maryada margiy aur pushti margiy.

bhagavat ke kathan 'poshann tadanugrah:' ke anusar is marg ka sadhak bhagavan ke anugrah se poshit hota hai. anugrah ke sambandh men mundokapanishad men bhi ullekh milata hai. achary vallabh ne anubhashy men svayn bhi yah likha hai ki-

'maryada marg men gyan adi se mukti milati hai, par pushtimarg men eeshvar ki kripa ya anugrah se hi. yani manushy ka niji udyog nahin balki bhagavadanugrah hi mukti ka sadhan hai.' any sabhi bhaktisampraday maryada-margi hain. mukti ke sambandh men vallabhachary likhate hain ki-

'muktistu bhaktya iti bhav:. tatha tatr nirupadhipritirev mukhya nanayath.'

pushtimarg

pushtimarg ke anusar pushti char prakar ki hoti hai- (1) pravah pushti- isamen sansarik karyon ke sath hi sadhak bhagavan ki prapti men prayatnashil rahata hai.
(2) maryadapushti- isamen vishay bhagon se snyam karake shravan kirtanadi men agrasar hota hai.
(3) pushti bhakti- isamen anugrah prapt sadhak bhakti ke sath gyan ki prapti men bhi snlagn rahata hai.
(4) shuddh pushti- isamen bhakt bhagavan ke prem men nimagn ho jata hai.
vallabh ke anusar bhakti ki tin bhoomiyan hoti hain-

  1. pravritti (prem),
  2. asakti
  3. vyasan.

vallabh ne bhakti path ke tin saupan mane hain- (k) guru seva- yatha shvetashvatar upanishad men kaha gaya hai-'yasy deve parabhakti: yatha deve tatha guri'. garud puran men bhi yah ullekh hai ki 'smuktiha guruvageka vidya: sarvavidambika. tasmadh gyanenatmatatvn visheshn shri gurormukhath'.
(kh) sant seva- jaise ki garud puran men bhi likha hai- 'satsngashch vivekashch nirmaln nayanadvayamh. yasy nasti nar: soandh: kathn n syadh kumargag:'.
(g) prabhu seva- isamen namasmaran aur svaroop seva donon ki pradhanata hai. svaroop seva kriyatmak aur bhavatmak donon prakar ki hai. bhavatmak seva mananiy hai tatha kriyatmak seva ke do vibhag hai, tanuja aur aur vittaja. is sevasadhana ka pramukh adhar hai prem, jo bhagavan ke anugrah se hi utpann hota hai. isi karan isako prem lakshanasadhana athava pushtimargiy bhakti kahate hain. guru seva aur snt seva ka paryavasan bhi prabhu men hi hai.

pushtimarg seva

pushtimargiy seva men kriyatmak seva ke pashchath bhavanatmak seva ki sambhavana mani gee hai. vallabhachary ne anubhav kiya ki yadi tanuja aur vittaja namak bahy shaktiyan prabhu ki seva men laga di jaen to isamen mamata aur anhakar ka nash hoga aur phir bhavatmak seva bhakt ko prabhu ki or pravritt kar degi. isi ko samarpan kahate hain. sooradas ke shabdon men samarpan ki bhavana is prakar vyakt hoti hai ki-

'sab taji tuv sharanagat ayo nijakar charan gahere.'

shrikrishn ki lila ke dhyan men apane jivan shram ko bhula dena aur inhin ke bhajan men man ko anurakt rakhana pushtimargiy seva ki vishishtata hai. yah seva do prakar ki hoti hai-

  1. nity seva
  2. varshotsav seva.
nity seva ke ath ang
  1. mngala- isake tin ang hain- (k) jagana, (kh) kaleoo, (g) arati.
  2. shrringar
  3. gval
  4. rajabhoj
  5. utthapat
  6. bhog
  7. snkhya
  8. arati aur gayan.
varshotsav seva

varshotsav sevavidhi ke avasar nimnalikhit mane jate hain- 1.phooladol, 2.holi, 3.vratacharcha, 4.rasalila, 5.govardhan-pooja, annakoot. pushtimargiy bhakti premalakshan hai. vallabh ne prem ka adarsh gopikaon ko mana hai.

gopikaen

gopikaen tin prakar ki hain.

  1. kumarikaen- jinhonne katyayani ka vrat rakhakar patiroop men krishn ko kamana ki, unaka prem svakiy prem hai aur maryada pushti ke antargat ata hai.
  2. gopanganaen- gopannaon ne lok aur ved donon ki maryada ka atikraman karake parakiya bhav se prem kiya tha. is prem bhav ko pushti-pushtimargiy kaha jata hai.
  3. vrajanganaen- vrajanganaon ka prem matribhav ka tha. usaka sambandh nity seva vidhi se raha. achary vallabh svayn bhi ek sthan par likhate hain ki-
krishnadhina tu maryada svadhina pushtiruchyate.
pushtimargiy bhakti men bhav

pushtimargiy bhakti men ye bhav upalabdh hote hain-

  1. vatsaly
  2. kantabhav (svakiya aur parakiya)
  3. brahmabhav
  4. sakhyabhav.

adhyatmikata ke sath laukikata ka samnjasy itana kisi any bhakti marg men nahin hua, jitana ki pushtimarg men. uparyukt tathyon ke adhar par yah kahana anupayukt n hoga ki bharatiy chintan dhara aur bhakti paddhati men vallabhachary ne jo yogadan kiya usaka apana vishisht mahattv aur prabhav hai.

achary ji ke pravachan sthal

shri vallabhachary ji ne apani yatraon men jahan shrimadbhagavat ka pravachan kiya tha athava jin sthanon ka unhonne vishesh mahatmy batalaya tha, vahan unaki baithaken bani huee hain, jo 'achary mahaprabhu ji ki baithaken' kahalati hain. vallabh snpraday men ye baithaken mandir devalayon ki bhanti hi pavitr aur darshaniy mani jati hai. in baithakon ki snkhya 84 hai, aur ye samast desh men phaili huee hain. inamen se 24 baithaken brajamndal men hain, jo braj chaurasi kos ki yatra ke vividh sthanon men bani huee hain. braj sthiti baithakon ko vivaran is prakar hain-

  • gokul men – govindaghat par hai, jo snvat 1550 men achary ji ke sarvapratham braj men padharane aur vahan bhagavat ka prachalan karane ke anantar damodaradas harasani ko brahm snbndh ki pratham diksha dene ki smriti men banaee gee hai.
  • gokul men - shri dvarakanath ji ke mandir ke bahar hai, jo 'badi baithak' kahalati hai.
  • gokul men - shaiya mandir ki baithak ke nam se prasiddh hai.
  • mathura men - vishram ghat par hai, jo snvat 1550 men achary ji ke pratham bar mathura padharane aur vahan ki 'yntr-badha' ke nivaran evn shrimadh bhagavat ki katha kahane ki smriti men banaee gee hai.
  • madhuvan men - krishnakund par hai.
  • kumudaban men - bihar kund par hai.
  • bahulaban men - kund par vat vriksh ke niche hai.
  • radhakund men - vallabhaghat par hai.
  • radhakund men - chakaleshvar ke nikat manasi gnga ke gnga ghat par hai.
  • govardhan men - chndrasarovar par chhonkar ke vriksh ke niche hai.
  • govardhan men - anyaur men saddoo pande ke ghar men hai. is sthal par shri achary ji ne snvat 1556 men shrinath ji ki arambhik seva ka ayojan kiya tha.
  • govardhan men - govind kund par hai.
  • govardhan men - jatipura men shri giriraj ji ke mukharavind ke sanmukh hai. yahan par shrinath ji ke prakaty ki smriti men braj-yatra ke avasar par 'kunavada' kiya jata hai.
  • kamavan men - shrikund par hai.
  • barasana men - gahvaravan ke krishnakund par hai.
  • karahala men - krishnakund par hai.
  • snket men - kund par chhonkar ke vriksh ke niche hai.
  • premasarovar men - kund par hai.
  • nandaganv men - pan sarovar par hai.
  • kokilaban men - krishnakund par hain.
  • sheshashayi men - kshirasagar kund par hai.
  • chiraghat men - yamuna tat par katyayani devi ke mandir ke nikat hai.
  • manasarovar - kund par hai.
  • vrindavan men - vnshivat par hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. san 1473
  2. san 1531
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 vishv ke pramukh darshanik |lekhak: si.di. bijalvan |prakashak: vaigyanik tatha takaniki shabdavali ayog |prishth snkhya: 526 |
  4. (prasthan ratnakar, prishth 27 chau.sn.).
  5. - (shuddhadvaitamartand, 28)
  6. - (shuddhadvaitamartand, 27)
  7. -(subodhini, shrimadbhagavat, 3.7.11)

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