विजय तेंदुलकर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vijay tendulakar
vijay tendulakar
poora nam vijay tendulakar
janm 6 janavari 1928
janm bhoomi kolhapur, maharashtr
mrityu 19 mee 2008
mrityu sthan pune, maharashtr
pati/patni nirmala tendulakar
sntan priya tendulakar, raja tendulakar, sushama aur tanooja
karm bhoomi maharashtr
karm-kshetr natakakar
mukhy rachanaen ‘gidve-gidv’, 'khamosh, adalat jari hai',‘sakharam baindar’, ‘ghasiram kotaval’, ‘gidhade’, ‘kamala’, ‘kanyadan’ adi.
bhasha marathi
puraskar-upadhi sngit natak akadami puraskar, kalidas samman, padm bhooshan, maharashtr rajy sarakar samman, sngit natak akadami avaaurd, 'philm pheyar avaaurd, maharashtr gaurav adi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari inake likhe bahucharchit natak 'ghasiram kotaval' ka 6 hazar se zyada bar mnchan ho chuka hai. itani badi snkhya men kisi aur bharatiy natak ka abhi tak mnchan nahin ho saka hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

vijay tendulakar (angrezi: Vijay Tendulkar, janm: 6 janavari 1928 - mrityu: 19 mee 2008) ka nam adhunik bharatiy natak aur rngamnch ke vikas men agrani hai. panch dashak se zyada samay tak sakriy rahe tendulakar ne rnmagnch aur filmon ke lie likhane ke alava kahaniyan aur upanyas bhi likhe.

parichay

maharashtr ke kolhapur men 6 janavari, 1928 ko ek brahman parivar men paida hue vijay dhondopnt tendulakar ne mahaz chhah sal ki umr men apani pahali kahani likhi thi. unake pita naukari ke sath hi prakashan ka bhi chhota-mota vyavasay karate the isalie padhane-likhane ka mahaul unhen ghar men hi mil gaya. pashchimi natakon ko dekhate hue bade hue vijay ne matr 11 sal ki umr men pahala natak likha, usamen kam kiya aur use nirdeshit bhi kiya. unhen manav svabhav ki gahari samajh thi. shuruati dinon men vijay ne akhabaron men kam kiya tha. bad men bhi ve akhabaron ke lie likhate rahe.[1] san bayalis ke daur men unhonne padhaee chhod kar ajadi ke andolan men koodane ka phaisala kiya. vastav men unake lekhan ki shurooat akhabaron ke lie likhane se huee. bis sal ki umr men unhonne do natak likhe, ‘amayachar kon prem karen’ (hamen kaun pyar karega) evn ‘grihasth’. lekin in natakon ko koee saphalata nahin mili. isase yuva tendulakar ka utsah toot gaya aur unhonne natak nahin likhane ka phaisala kiya. lekin unaki lekhani ne ek bar phir jor mara aur san 1956 men unh‍honne ‘shrimnt tak’ likha. is natak men ek bin byahi man ke amir pita ke mana karane ke bavajood apane bachche ko janm dene ke phaisale ko darshaya gaya tha. natak jagat men ise khoob saraha gaya. is natak ki tatkalin roodhivadiyon ne kadi alochana ki, lekin tendulakar par isaka koee asar nahin hua. [2]

marathi patrika aur rngamnch

marathi ki patrakarita se sakriy jivan shuroo karane ke bad sataven dashak ke uttarardh men bharatiy rngamnch par ek dhoomaketu ki bhanti unaka uday hua. unaka natak shantata kort chaloo ahe apani krantikari vastu aur snrachana ke karan itana lokapriy hua, ki dekhate-dekhate anek bhashaon men[3] usake anuvad hue aur desh-videsh men shatadhik usaki prastutiyan ho chuki hain. 'shantata! kort chaloo ahe', 'ghasiram kotaval' aur 'sakharam baindar' unake likhe bahucharchit natak hain. sattar ke dashak men unake kuchh natakon ko virodh bhi jhelana pada lekin vastavikata se jude in natakon ka mnchan aj bhi hona unaki svikaryata ka praman hai.

thiyetar rngayan

  • vijay tendulakar ne apane thiyetar samooh ‘rngayan’ ke jariye natakon men ne prayog karane shuroo kie. is kam men unhen sahayog mila shriram lagoo, mohan agashe aur sulabha deshapande se. in ne kalakaron ne tendulakar ki rachanaon ko rngamnchiy sh‍varoop pradan kiya.
  • san 1961 men unh‍honne ‘gidve-gidv’ natak likha, lekin is natak ke ekadam ne vishay hone ki vajah se isaka pradarshan nau sal bad san 1970 men snbhav ho saka. is natak men naitik roop se parivar ke tootate dhanche aur hinsa ke chhipe hue svaroopon ko rng ki bhasha men dikhaya gaya. tendulakar ne is natak men ghareloo ling adharit sanpradayik aur rajanitik hinsa ko ne tarah se paribhashit kiya. is natak ne unhen rng jagat men oonchaiyon par pahuncha diya.
  • drig dyooramar ki laghu kahani ‘ traips’ ko adhar bana kar unhonne ek natak likha ‘shantata kort chaloo ahe' (khamosh adalat jari hai). san 1967 men likhe aur khele ge is natak ne natyajagat men dhoom macha di aur unhen ek siddhahast lekhak ke roop men sthapit kar diya. is natak ki lokapriyata aj chalis sal bad bhi utani hi bani huee hai. aj bhi isake mnchan men logo ki bhari bhid is bat ko sabit karati hai.
  • san 1972 men tendulakar ki kalam se ek aur natak aya ‘sakharam baindar’. naitikata aur moolyon ke dvandvon ko ubharata yah natak alochako ke sath-sath darshakon ko bhi kafi pasnd aya. lekin isi sal unhonne ek aur natak likha ‘ghasiram kotaval’. atharavin sadi ke maratha shasan men aee kamazoriyon ko darshata yah natak amarata ka tatv lie hue tha.[4]

rachanaen

tendulakar ke ‘gidhade’, ‘kamala’, ‘kanyadan’, adi natak bhi bahucharchit hue. vijay tendulakar ne pachas se bhi adhik natakon ki rachana ki hai. hindi men unake tis natakon ka anuvad aur mnchan kiya ja chuka hai. varsh 2007 men ‘bhoot’ aur varsh 2008 men ‘vitthala’ aur ‘ek jiddi ladaki’ ka hindi anuvad bhi prakashit ho gaya hai. ‘khamosh adalat jari hai’, ’ giddh’ ‘,sakharam baindar’ ,‘jati hi poochho sadhu ki’,‘ ghasiram kotaval’,‘ kanyadan’,‘ kamala’ adi natakon ke jarie tendulakar ki jo chhavi naty jagat men svikrit huee vah marathi natakakar ki sima men bndhakar nahin rah saki.[5]

anuvad aur mnchan

unake bahucharchit natak 'ghasiram kotaval' ka chhah hazar se zyada bar mnchan ho chuka hai. itani badi snkhya men kisi aur bharatiy natak ka abhi tak mnchan nahin ho saka hai. unake likhe kee natakon ka angrezi samet doosari bhashaon men anuvad aur mnchan hua hai.

samantar sinema

‘nishant’ adi kee, ‘samantar sinema’ andolan se judi, filmon ki patakatha unhonne likhin. maharashtr ke sanskritik jivan men unaka vyaktitv alag se pahachana jata hai.

samman aur puraskar

unhen sngit natak akadami puraskar, kalidas samman tatha padmabhooshan adi kee puraskaron se navaja ja chuka hai. padmabhooshan se sammanit tendulakar ko shyam benegal ki film 'mnthan' ki patakatha ke lie varsh 1977 men rashtriy puraskar bhi mila tha. bachapan se hi rngamnch se jude rahe tendulakar ko marathi aur hindi men apane lekhan ke lie 'sngit natak akadami pheloship', 'maharashtr gaurav puraskar' jaise samman bhi mile. apane jivanakal men vijay tendulakar ne padmabhooshan (1984), maharashtr rajy sarakar samman (1956, 69, 72), sngit natak akadami avaaurd (1971), 'philm pheyar avaaurd (1980, 1999) evn maharashtr gaurav (1999) jaise sammanajanak puraskar prapt kie the. [6]

nidhan

19 mee, 2008 ko paramparavadi marathi thiyetar ke purodha vijay tendulakar ka nidhan ho gaya. maharashtr ke pune shahar ke ek aspatal men unhonne antim sans li.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. natakakar vijay tendulakar ka nidhan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 6 janavari, 2014.
  2. vidrohi natakakar the vijay tendulakar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 6 janavari, 2014.
  3. hindi men ‘khamosh, adalat jari hai’
  4. vidrohi natakakar the vijay tendulakar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 6 janavari, 2014.
  5. satta ki vidroopataon ke viruddh vijay tendulakar ke natak (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 6 janavari, 2014.
  6. vijay tendulakar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 6 janavari, 2014.

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