विद्यारण्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vidyarany chaudahavin shatabdi men dakshin bharat ke mahanh dharmik aur rajanitik neta the. inake bachapan ka nam 'madhav' tha. apani balyavastha ke bad jab vidyarany ne hosh snbhala to inhonne dekha ki desh par videshiyon ke akraman lagatar ho rahe hain, aur aisi sthiti men bhi bharatiy raja apane apasi kalah aur yuddhon men ulajhe hue hain. aisa mana jata hai ki vidyarany ke snrakshan men hi sngam putron ne vijayanagar samrajy ki sthapana ki. inake prayason se hi dakshin men bharatiy snskriti punarjivit huee aur vijayanagar ke rajy ka vistar hua.

shiksha

vidyarany ka ghar ka nam 'madhav' tha. unake pita ka nam mayan tha, jinake sayan aur bhoganath nam ke do any putr aur the. madhav ne arambhik shiksha apane pita se prapt ki. usake bad vidyatirth, bharatitirth aur shriknth ko unhonne apana guru banaya. vidyatirth shrringeri math ke svami the aur bharatitirth vedant ke upadeshak.

tatkalin paristhitiyan

madhav ne jis samay hosh sambhala, desh rajanitik aur sanskritik drishti se badi kathin paristhitiyon men pada hua tha. 712 ee. men sindh par arabon ke adhikar ke bad videshi akraman hote rahe, jo desh ko nukasan pahuncha rahe the aur use khokhala kar rahe the, kintu is sthiti men bhi bharat ke rajaon ne parasparik kalah aur yuddhon men phnse rahane ke karan in videshi akrantaon ka milakar samana nahin kiya. isake phalasvaroop dhire-dhire uttar bharat par muslim shasakon ka adhikar ho gaya. dakshin bharat ki bhi yahi dasha huee. raja is bhram men pade rahe ki vindhy aur satapuda ki pahadiyon tatha ghane vanon ke karan ve videshi akramanon se surakshit hain. ve apas men apani shreshtata ke lie ladate rahe aur videshi akramakon ne un par adhikar kar liya.

vijayanagar ki sthapana

madhav ne dekha ki rajyon par videshi adhikar ka logon ke dharmik jivan par bhi prabhav pada hai. log chidambaram ke tirth ko chhodakar bhag ge the. mndir ya to gir ge ya gira diye ge. unake mndapon aur garbhagrihon men ghas ug aee. hindoo rajy men janme aur bharatiy snskriti men dikshit madhav ka hriday is sthiti ko dekhakar udvelit ho utha. manyata hai ki 'madhav' ya madhavachary ke snrakshan men hi 1336 ee. men sngamaraj ke putron ne vijayanagar rajy ki sthapana ki. madhav ke chhote bhaee sayan vidvan aur achchhe senapati the. in donon bhaiyon ki sahayata se dakshin men bharatiy snskriti punarjivit huee aur vijayanagar ke rajy ka vistar hua.

rachanaen

1377 ee. ke lagabhag madhav ne sannyas le liya. is samay ve 'vidyarany' ke nam se vikhyat hue. unhonne anek granthon ki rachana bhi ki. unake granth 'parasharamadhaviy' ka 'manusmriti' ke saman hi samman hai. unake any prasiddh granth hain- 'jivan mukti vivekapnchadashi' aur 'jaiminiy nyayamala'.

vichar

vidyarany yah manate the ki paramabrahm ke siva kahin bhi koee vastu nahin hai aur atma usase bhinn hai. vidyarany ke prayatnon se hi dakshin men bharatiy snskriti bach gee aur snskrit sahity tatha darshan ko naya vatavaran mila.  

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bharatiy charit kosh |lekhak: liladhar sharma 'parvatiy' |prakashak: shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli |prishth snkhya: 792 |


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