विन्ध्याचल पर्वत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vindhyachal parvat
vindhyachal parvat
vivaran 'vindhyachal parvat shrinkhala' bharat ke pashchim-madhy men sthit prachin golakar parvaton ki shrinkhala hai, jo bharat upakhnd ko uttari bharat v dakshini bharat men bantati hai.
desh bharat
rajy uttar pradesh, madhy pradesh, gujarat, bihar
uchchatam bindu amarakntak
vistar lagabhag 1,086 ki.mi. tak vistrit.
nadiyan chnbal, betava, ken aur tons, tamasa, kali sindh, son, parvati.
any janakari vindhyachal parvat shrinkhala ka pashchimi ant gujarat men poorv men vartaman rajasthan v madhy pradesh ki simaon ke najadik hai. yah shrinkhala bharat ke madhy se hote hue poorv v uttar se hote hue mirzapur men gnga nadi tak jati hai.

vindhyachal parvat ya vindhyan parvatashreni pahadiyon ki tooti-phooti shrinkhala hai, jo bharat ki madhyavarti uchch bhoomi ka dakshini kagar banati hai. pashchim men gujarat se lagabhag 1,086 ki.mi. tak vistrit yah shreni madhy pradesh ko par kar varanasi (banaras) ki gnga nadi ghati se milati hai. vindhyachal parvat malava pathar ka dakshini chhor banate hain aur isake bad do shakhaon men bnt jate hain- kaimoor shreni, jo son nadi ke uttar se pashchimi bihar rajy tak phaili hai tatha dakshini shakha, jo son aur narmada nadi ke oopari kshetr ke bich maikal shreni (ya amarakntak pathar) men satapuda parvatashreni se milati hai. malava pathar ke dakshin se arambh hokar yah shreni poorv ki or madhy pradesh tak vistrit hain. yah bharat ko dakshin bharat se alag karati hai.

vindhy shabd ki vyutpatti

'vindhy' shabd ki vyutpatti 'vidhh' dhatu[1] se kahi jati hai. bhoomi ko bedh kar yah parvatamala bharat ke madhy men sthit hai. yahi mool kalpana is nam men nihit jan padati hai. vindhy ki ganana saptakul parvaton men hai. vindhy ka nam poorv vaidik sahity men nahin hai.

pauranik ullekh

‘asy vindhasy shikhare patitoasmi puranady sooryatapaparitango nidagdhah sooryarashmibhiah, tatastu sagarashailannadiah sarvaah saransi ch, vanani ch pradeshanshch nirikshy matiragata hrishtapakshiganakirnah kndaradarakootavanh dakshinasyodadhestire vindhyoayamiti nishchitah.'
‘varidharo vindhyaah shuktimanrikshagiri pariyatro dronashchitrakooto govardhano raivatakah.'
  • kalidas ne kush ki rajadhani kushavati ko vindhy ke dakshin men bataya hai. kushavati ko chhodakar ayodhya vapis ate samay kush ne vindhy ko par kiya tha-
‘vyalnnghayadvindhyamupayanani pashyanmulindairupapaditani.'[6]
‘narmada surasadyashch nadyo vindhyadvinirgataah.'
  • puranon ke prasiddh adhyeta parjitar ke anusar[8] markandey puran[9] men jin nadiyon aur parvaton ke nam hain, unake parikshan se soochit hota hai ki prachin kal men vindhy, vartaman vindhyachal ke poorvi bhag ka hi nam tha, jisaka vistar narmada ke uttar ki or bhoopal se lekar dakshin bihar tak tha. isake pashchimi bhag aur aravali ki pahadiyon ka snyukt nam paripatr[10] tha.
  • pauranik kathaon se soochit hota hai ki vindhyachal ko par karake agatsy rishi sarvapratham dakshin disha ge the aur vahan jakar unhonne ary snskriti ka prachar kiya tha.[11]

nadiyan

450 mitar se 1100 mitar oonchaee par vindhy shreni se gnga-yamuna pranali ki mukhy dakshini sahayak nadiyan nikalati hain, jinamen chnbal, betava, ken aur tons shamil hain. apani samataliy balua patthar snrachana ke karan ye parvat samatal shikhar yukt aur pathar jaise lagate hain. doosari shatabdi ke yoonani bhoogolavetta taaulmi ne is shreni ko uttari aur pray:dvip bharat ke bich sima mana tha. isake adhikansh parvat choona patthar se nirmit hain. in shreniyon men bahumooly hire yukt ek bhrnshiy parvat bhi hain.[4]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bedhan karana
  2. kishkindha kand 60, 4-6
  3. bhishmaparv 9, 11
  4. 4.0 4.1 aitihasik sthanavali |lekhak: vijayendr kumar mathur |prakashak: rajasthan hindi grnth akadami, jayapur |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 848 |
  5. shrimadbhagavat 5, 19 16
  6. raghuvnsh 16, 32
  7. vishnupuran 3,11
  8. jarnal aauv di rayal eshiyatik sosayati 1894, pri. 258
  9. markandey puran 57
  10. =pariyatr
  11. brahmapuran-‘agastayo dakshinamashamashritay nabhasi sthitah, varunasyatmajo yogi vindhyavatapimardanah

snbndhit lekh