विश्वामित्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snkshipt parichay
vishvamitr
vishvamitr
any nam vishvarath
vnsh-gotr kushik gotrotpann 'kaushik'[1]
pita gadhi
samay-kal ramayan kal
sntan sau putron ke pita the.
vidya parngat dhanurvidya
rachanaen 'vishvamitrakalp', 'vishvamitrasnhita', 'vishvamitrasmriti'
prasiddh ghatanaen vasishth rishi se kamadhenu mangana, apsara menaka se prem, trishnku ki svarg jane ki ichchha.
yashakirti rigved ke das mandalon men tritiy mandal, jisamen 62 sookt hain, in sabhi sookton ke drashta rishi vishvamitr hi hain.
apakirti vasishth dvara kamadhenu n dene par unase yuddh aur phir parajay.
snbndhit lekh vasishth, menaka, shriram
any janakari vishvamitr tapasya ke dhani the. inhen gayatri-mata siddh thin aur inaki poorn kripa inhonne prapt ki thi. navin srishti tatha trishnku ko sasharir svarg adi bhejane aur brahmarshi pad prapt karane jaise asambhav kary vishvamitr ne kiye.

vishvamitr gadhi ke putr the. pauranik dharm grnthon aur hindoo dharmik manyataon ke anusar yah mana jata hai ki unhonne kee varsh tak saphalatapoorvak rajy kiya tha. vishvamitr apane samay ke vir aur khyatiprapt rajaon men gine jate the. lambe samay tak rajy karane ke bad ve prithvi ki parikrama ke lie nikale. purusharth, sachchi lagan, udyam aur tap ki garima ke roop men maharshi vishvamitr ke saman shayad hi koee ho. inhonne apane purusharth se, apani tapasya ke bal se kshatriyatv se brahmatv prapt kiya, rajarshi se brahmarshi bane, devataon aur rishiyon ke liye poojy ban gaye. vishvamitr ko saptarshiyon men anyatam sthan prapt hua tha. apani tapasya ke bal aur yog se ve sabhi ke lie vandaniy bhi ban gay the.

rishi vashishth ka athity

mithila ke rajapurohit shatanand ram se vishesh roop se prabhavit hue the. shatanand ne shriram se kaha- "he ram! apaka bada saubhagy hai ki apako vishvamitr ji guru ke roop men prapt huye hain. rishi vishvamitr bade hi pratapi aur tejasvi mahapurush hain. rishi dharm grahan karane ke poorv ye bade parakrami aur prajavatsal naresh the. prajapati ke putr kush, kush ke putr kushanabh aur kushanabh ke putr raja gadhi the. ye sabhi shooravir, parakrami aur dharmaparayan the. vishvamitr ji unhin gadhi ke putr hain. ek din raja vishvamitr apani sena ko lekar vashishth rishi ke ashram men gaye. us samay vashishth eeshvar bhakti men lin hokar ygy kar rahe the. vishvamitr unhen pranam karake vahin baith gaye. ygy kriya se nivrit hokar vashishth ne vishvamitr ka khoob adar satkar kiya aur unase kuchh din ashram men hi rah kar atithy grahan karane ka anurodh kiya. is par yah vichar karake ki mere sath vishal sena hai aur sena sahit mera atithy karane men vashishth ji ko kasht hoga, vishvamitr ne namrata poorvak apane jane ki anumati mangi, kintu vashishth ke atyadhik anurodh karane par thode dinon ke liye unaka atithy svikar kar liya. vashishth rishi ne kamadhenu gau ka ahvan karake usase vishvamitr tatha unaki sena ke liye chhah prakar ke vynjan tatha samast prakar ke sukh-suvidha ki vyavastha karane ki prarthana ki. unaki is prarthana ko svikar karake kamadhenu gau ne sari vyavastha kar di. vashishth ke atithy se vishvamitr aur unake sath aye sabhi log bahut prasann huye.[2]

kamadhenu ko mangana

kamadhenu gau ka chamatkar dekhakar raja vishvamitr ne us gau ko prapt karane ke vichar se vashishth se kaha- "munivar! kamadhenu jaisi gau vanavasiyon ke pas nahin, raja maharajaon ke pas shobha deti hain. atah ap ise mujhe de dijiye. isake badale men main apako sahastron svarn mudrayen de sakata hoon." is par vashishth rishi bole- "rajan! yah gau mera jivan hai aur ise main kisi bhi kimat par kisi ko nahin de sakata." vashishth ke is prakar kahane par vishvamitr ne balath us gau ko pakad lene ka adesh de diya aur unake sainik us gau ko dande se mar-mar kar hankane lage. kamadhenu gau ne krodhit hokar un sainikon se apana bandhan chhuda liya aur vashishth ke pas akar vilap karane lagi. vashishth bole- "he kamadhenu! yah raja mera atithi hai, isaliye main isako shap bhi nahin de sakata aur isake pas vishal sena hone ke karan isase yuddh men bhi vijay prapt nahin kar sakata. main svayn ko vivash anubhav kar raha hoon." unake in vachanon ko sun kar kamadhenu ne kaha- "he brahmarshi! ek brahman ke bal ke samane kshatriy ka bal kabhi shreshth nahin ho sakata. ap mujhe agya dijiye, main ek kshan men is kshatriy raja ko usaki vishal sena sahit nasht kar doongi." koee upay n dekh kar vashishth rishi ne kamadhenu ko anumati de di.

divy shakti tatha dhanurvidya ki prapti

agya pate hi kamadhenu ne yogabal se pahnav sainikon ki ek sena utpann kar di. vah sena vishvamitr ki sena ke sath yuddh karane lagi. vishvamitr ne apane parakram se samast pahnav sena ka vinash kar dala. apani sena ka nash hote dekhakar kamadhenu ne sahastron shak, hoon, barvar, yavan aur kamboj sainik utpann kar diye. jab vishvamitr ne un sainikon ka bhi vadh kar dala to kamadhenu ne atynt parakrami marak shastrastron se yukt parakrami yoddhaon ko utpann kiya, jinhonne shighr hi shatru sena ko gajar-mooli ki bhanti katana arambh kar diya. apani sena ka nash hote dekh vishvamitr ke sau putr atyant kupit ho vashishth ko marane daude. vashishth ne unamen se ek putr ko chhod kar shesh sabhi ko bhasm kar diya." apani sena tatha putron ke nasht ho jane se vishvamitr bade duahkhi huye. apane bache huye putr ko raj sinhasan saunp kar ve tapasya karane ke liye himalay ki kandaraon men chale gaye. kathor tapasya karake vishvamitr ne mahadev ko prasann kar liya or unase divy shaktiyon ke sath sampoorn dhanurvidya ke gyan ka varadan prapt kar liya.[2]

vasishth se parajay

is prakar sampoorn dhanurvidya ka gyan prapt karake vishvamitr pratishodh lene ke liye vashishth rishi ke ashram men pahunche. unhen lalakar kar vishvamitr ne agni ban chala diya. agni ban se samast ashram men ag lag gee aur ashramavasi bhayabhit hokar idhar-udhar bhagane lage. vashishth ne bhi apana dhanush snbhal liya aur bole- "main tere samane khada hoon, too mujh par var kar. aj main tere abhiman ko choor-choor karake bata doonga ki kshatr bal se brahm bal shreshth hai." kruddh hokar vishvamitr ne ek ke bad ek 'agneyastr', 'varunastr', 'rudrastr', 'aindrastr' tatha 'pashupatastr' ek sath chhod diye, jinhen vashishth ne apane marak astron se marg men hi nasht kar diya. is par vishvamitr ne aur bhi adhik krodhit hokar 'manav', 'mohan', 'gandharv', 'joonbhan', 'daran', 'vajr', 'brahmapash', 'kalapash', 'varunapash', 'pinak', 'dand', 'paishach', 'kraunch', 'dharmachakr', 'kalachakr', 'vishnuchakr', 'vayavy', 'mnthan', 'knkal', 'moosal', 'vidyadhar', 'kalastr' adi sabhi astron ka prayog kar dala. vashishth ne un sabako nasht karake brahmastr chhodane ke liye jab apana dhanush uthaya to sab dev-kinnar adi bhayabhit ho gaye, kintu vashishth to us samay atyant kruddh ho rahe the. unhonne brahmastr chhod hi diya. brahmastr ke bhaynkar jyoti aur gaganabhedi nad se sara snsar pida se tadapane laga. sab rishi-muni unase prarthana karane lage ki apane vishvamitr ko parast kar diya hai. ab ajap brahmastr se utpann huee jvala ko shant karen. is prarthana se dravit hokar unhonne brahmastr ko vapas bulaya aur mantron se use shant kiya.[2]

tapasya

parajit hokar vishvamitr manihin sarp ki bhanti prithvi par baith gaye aur sochane lage ki niahsandey kshatr bal se brahm bal hi shreshth hai. ab main tapasya karake brahman ki padavi aur usaka tej prapt karoonga. is prakar vichar karake ve apani patni sahit dakshin disha ki aur chal diye. unhonne tapasya karate huye ann ka tyag kar keval phalon par jivan-yapan karana arambh kar diya. ek hazar varsh tak tapasya karane ke pashchath brahma ne prakat hokar kaha- "he rajarshi, tumane apane tap se sab lok jit liye hain." brahma ke munh se 'rajarshi' shabd sunakar unhen bahut bura laga aur vishvamitr ne socha ki unaki tapasya men abhi bhi kuchh kami hai.[3]

menaka aur vishvamitr

tapasya karate hue sabase pahale menaka apsara ke madhyam se vishvamitr ke jivan men kam ka vighn aya. ye sab kuchh chhodakar menaka ke prem men doob gaye. jab inhen hosh aya to inake man men pashchattap ka uday hua. ye pun: kathor tapasya men lage aur siddh ho gaye. kam ke bad krodh ne bhi vishvamitr ko parajit kiya.

trishnku aur vishvamitr

raja trishnku sadeh svarg jana chahate the. yah prakriti ke niyamon ke viruddh hone ke karan vasishth ji ne unaka kamanatmak ygy karana svikar nahin kiya. vishvamitr ke tap ka tez us samay sarvadhik tha. trishnku vishvamitr ke pas gaye. vasishth ne purane bair ko smaran karake vishvamitr ne unaka ygy karana svikar kar liya. sabhi rishi is ygy men aye, kintu vasishth ke sau putr nahin aye. is par krodh ke vashibhoot hokar vishvamitr ne unhen mar dala. apani bhaynkar bhool ka gyan hone par vishvamitr ne pun: tap kiya aur krodh par vijay karake brahmarshi hue. sachchi lagan aur satat udyog se sab kuchh sambhav hai, vishvamitr ne ise siddh kar diya.

ramachandr aur vishvamitr

shri vishvamitr ji ko bhagavan shriram ka doosara guru hone ka saubhagy prapt hua. ye dandakarany men ygy kar rahe the. ravan ke dvara vahan niyukt tadaka subahu aur marich jaise- rakshas inake ygy men bar-bar vighn upasthit kar dete the. vishvamitr ji ne apane tapobal se jan liya ki trailoky ko bhay se tran dilane vale parabrahm shriram ka avatar ayodhya men ho gaya hai. phir ye apani ygy raksha ke liye shri ram ko maharaj dasharath se mang le aye. vishvamitr ke ygy ki raksha huee. inhonne bhagavan shri ram ko apani vidyaen pradan kin aur unaka mithila men shri sita ji se vivah sampann karaya. maharshi vishvamitr ajivan purusharth aur tapasya ke moortiman pratik rahe. saptrishi mandal men ye aj bhi vidyaman hain.

kshatriyatv se brahmatv

purusharth, sachchi lagan, udyam aur tap ki garima ke roop men maharshi vishvamitr ke saman shayad hi koee ho. inhonne apane purusharth se, apani tapasya ke bal se kshatriyatv se brahmatv prapt kiya, rajarshi se brahmarshi bane, devataon aur rishiyon ke liye poojy ban gaye aur unhen saptarshiyon men anyatam sthan prapt hua. sath hi sabake liye ve vandaniy bhi ban gaye. inaki apar mahima hai. inhen apani samadhija prgya se anek mantrasvaroopon ka darshan hua, isaliye ye 'mantradrashta rishi' kahalate hain.

  • rigved ke das mandalon men tritiy mandal, jisamen 62 sookt hain, in sabhi sookton (mantron ka samooh) ke drashta rishi vishvamitr hi hain. isiliye tritiy mandal 'vaishvamitr-mandal' kahalata hai. is mandal men indr, aditi, agnidev, usha, ashvini tatha ribhu adi devataon ki stutiyan hain aur anek gyan-vigyan, adhyatm adi ki baten vistrit hain, anek mantron men gau-mahima ka varnan hai. tritiy mandal ke sath hi pratham, navam tatha dasham mandal ki katipay richaon ke drashta vishvamitr ke madhuchchhanda adi anek putr hue hain.
  • vaise to ved ki mahima anant hai hi, kintu maharshi vishvamitr ji ke dvara drisht yah tritiy mandal vishesh mahattv ka hai, kyonki isi tritiy mandal men brahm-gayatri ka jo mool mantr hai, vah upalabdh hota hai. is brahm-gayatri-mantr ke mukhy drashta tatha upadeshta achary maharshi vishvamitr hi hain. rigved ke tritiy mandal ke 62ven sookt ka dasavan mantr 'gayatri-mantr' ke nam se vikhyat hai, jo is prakar hai-

tatsaviturvarenyn bhargo devasy dhimahi. dhiyo yo n: prachodayath॥

  • yadi maharshi vishvamitr n hote to yah mantr hamen upalabdh n hota, unhin ki kripa se, sadhana se yah gayatri-mantr prapt hua hai. yah mantr sabhi vedamantron ka mool hai- bij hai, isi se sabhi mantron ka pradurbhav hua. isiliye gayatri ko 'vedamata' kaha jata hai. yah mantr sanatan parampara ke jivan men kis tarah anusyoot hai tatha isaki kitani mahima hai, yah to svanubhav-siddh hai. upanayan-snskar men gurumukh dvara isi mantr ke upadesh se dvijatv prapt hota hai aur nity-sandhyakarm men mukhy roop se pranayam, sooryopasthan adi dvara gayatri-mantr ke jap ki siddhi men hi sahayata prapt hoti hai. is prakar yah gayatri-mantr maharshi vishvamitr ki hi den hai aur ve isake adi achary hain. at: gayatri-upasana men inaki kripa prapt karana bhi avashyak hai. inhonne gayatri-sadhana tatha dirghakalin sndhyopasana ki tap:shakti se kam-krodhadi vikaron par vijay prapt ki aur ye tapasya ke adarsh ban gaye.
  • maharshi ne keval vaidik mantron ke madhyam se hi gayatri-upasana par bal diya, apitu unhonne any jin granthon ka pranayan kiya, unamen bhi mukhy roop se gayatri-sadhana ka hi upadesh prapt hota hai.
  1. 'vishvamitrakalp,'
  2. 'vishvamitrasnhita' tatha
  3. 'vishvamitrasmriti' adi unake mukhy granth hain. inamen bhi sarvatr gayatri devi ki aradhana ka varnan diya gaya hai aur yah nirdesh hai ki apane adhikaranusar gayatri-mantr ke jap se sabhi siddhiyan to prapt ho hi jati hain. isiliye keval is mantr ke jap kar lene se sabhi mantron ka jap siddh ho jata hai.
  • mahamuni vishvamitr tapasya ke dhani hain. inhen gayatri-mata siddh thin aur inaki poorn kripa inhonne prapt thi. inhonne navin srishti tatha trishnku ko sasharir svarg adi bhejane aur brahmarshi pad prapt karane-sambandhi jo bhi asambhav kary kiye, un sabake pichhe gayatri-jap evn sndhyopasana ka hi prabhav tha.
  • bhagavati gayatri kaisi hain, unaka kya svaroop hai, unaki aradhana kaise karani chahiye, yah sarvapratham achary vishvamitr ji ne hi hamen bataya hai. unhonne bhagavati gayatri ko sarvasvaroopa bataya hai aur kaha hai ki yah charachar jagat sthool-sookshm bhed se bhagavati ka hi vigrah hai, tathapi upasana aur dhyan ki drishti se unaka mool svaroop kaisa hai- is vishay men unake dvara rachit nimn shlok drashtavy hai, jo aj bhi gayatri ke upasakon tatha nity sandhya- vandanadi karane valon ke dvara dhyey hota rahata hai- [4]'jo moti moonga, suvarn, nilamani tatha ujjval prabha ke saman varnavale panch mukhon se sushobhit hain. tin netron se jinake mukh ki anupam shobha hoti hai. jinake ratnamay mukut men chandrama jade hue hain, jo chaubis varnon se yukt hain tatha jo varadayini gayatri apane hathon men abhay aur varamudraen, ankush, pash, shubhrakapal, rassi, shnkh, chakr aur do kamal dharan karati hain, ham unaka dhyan karate hain'.
  • is prakar maharshi vishvamitr ka is jagat par mahanh upakar hi hai. mahima ke vishay men isase adhik kya kaha ja sakata hai ki sakshat bhagavan jinhen apana guru manakar unaki seva karate the. maharshi ne sabhi shastron tatha dhanurvidya ke achary shriram ko bala, atibala adi vidyaen pradan kin, sabhi shastron ka gyan pradan kiya aur bhagavan shriram ki chinmay lilaon ke ve mool-prerak rahe tatha lila-sahachar bhi bane.
  • kshama ki moorti vasishth ke sath vishvamitr ka jo vivad hua, pratispardha huee, vah bhi lokashiksha ka hi ek roop hai. is akhyan se gau-mahima, tyag ka adarsh, kshama ki shakti, tapasya ki shakti, udyam ki mahima, purusharth evn prayatn ki dridhata, karmayog, sachchi lagan aur nishtha evn dridhatapoorvak karm karane ki prerana milati hai. is akhyan se lok ko yah shiksha leni chahiye ki kam, krodh adi sadhana ke mahanh badhak hain, jab tak vyakti inake mohapash men rahata hai; usaka abhyuday sambhav nahin, kintu jab vah in asuri sampadaon ka parityag kar daivi-sampada ka ashray leta hai to vah sarvapoojy, sarvamany tatha bhagavan ka priyapatr ho jata hai. maharshi vasishth se jab ve parast ho gaye, tab unhonne tapobal ka ashray liya, kam-krodh ke vashibhoot hone ka unhen anubhav hua, ant men sarvasv tyag kar ve anasakt path ke pathik ban gaye aur jagadvandy ho gaye. brahma ji svayn upasthit hue, unhonne unhen bade adar se brahmarshipad pradan kiya. maharshi vasishth ne unaki mahima ka sthapan kiya aur unhen hriday se laga liya. do mahanh snton ka adbhut milan hua. devataon ne pushpavrishti ki.
  • satyadharm ke adarsh rajarshi harishchandr maharshi vishvamitr ki darun pariksha se hi harishchandr ki satyata men nikhar aya, us vrittant men maharshi atyant nishthur se pratit hote hain, kintu maharshi ne harishchandr ko satyadharm ki raksha ka adarsh banane tatha unaki kirti ko sarvashrut evn akhand banane ke liye hi unaki itani kathor pariksha li. ant men unhonne unaka rajaishvary unhen lauta diya, rohitashv ko jivit kar diya aur maharshi vishvamitr ki pariksha roopi kripa prasad se hi harishchandr raja se rajarshi ho gaye, sabake liye adarsh ban gaye.
  • aitarey brahman adi men bhi harishchandr ke akhyan men maharshi vishvamitr ki mahima ka varnan aya hai.
  • rigved ke tritiy mandal men 30ven, 33ven tatha 53ven sookt men maharshi vishvamitr ka parichayatmak vivaran aya hai. vahan se gyan hota hai ki ye kushik gotrotpann kaushik the. [5] ye kaushik log mahanh gyani the, sare snsar ka rahasy janate the. [6]
  • rigved 53ven sookt ke 9ven mantr se gyat hota hai ki maharshi vishvamitr atishay samarthyashali, atindriyarthadrashta, dedipyaman tejon ke janayita aur adhvaryu adi men upadeshta hain tatha raja sudas ke ygy ke achary rahe hain.

mahabharat aur puranon men vishvamitr

maharshi vishvamitr ke avirbhav ka vistrit akhyan puranon tatha mahabharat adi men aya hai. bharat vnsh ki parnpara raja ajamidh, jahnu, sindhudvip, balashv, ballabh, kushik se hoti huee gadhi tak pahunchi. gadhi dirghakal tak putrahin rahe tatha anek punyakarm karane ke uparant unhen satyavati namak kanya ki prapti huee. chyavan ke putr bhriguvnshi richik ne satyavati ki yachana ki to gadhi ne use daridr samajhakar shulk roop men usase ek sahastr shvet varn tatha ek or se kale kanon vale ek sahastr ghode mange. richik ne varunadev ki kripa se shulk dekar satyavati se vivah kar liya. kalantar men patni se prasann hokar richik ne var mangane ko kaha. satyavati ne apani man ki salah se man ke tatha apane lie ek-ek putr ki kamana ki. *richik ne satyavati ko donon ke khane ke lie ek-ek mantrapoot charu diya tatha ritusnan ke uparant man ko pipal ke vriksh ka alingan tatha satyavati ko goolar ka alingan karane ko kaha. man ne yah sochakar ki apane lie nishchay hi richik ne adhik achchhe balak ki yojana ki hogi, beti par adhikar jamakar charoo badal lie tatha svayn goolar ka aur satyavati ko pipal ka alingan karavaya. garbhavati satyavati ko dekhakar richik par yah bhed khul gaya. usane kaha-'satyavati, mainne tumhare lie brahman putr tatha man ke lie kshatriyaputr ki yojana ki thi.' satyavati yah janakar bahut dukhi huee. usane richik se prarthana ki ki usaka pautr bhale hi kshatriy ho jay, par putr brahman ho. yathasamay satyavati ki parampara men putr roop men jamadagni paida hue aur unhin ke putr parashuram hue. jamadagni tatha gadhi namak vikhyat raja ko vishvamitr namak putr ki prapti huee. gadhi ne apane putr ka rajyabhishek kar apane sharir ka tyag kar diya. praja ke man men pahale se hi snshay tha ki vishvamitr praja ki raksha kar payenge ki nahin. kalantar men spasht ho gaya ki ve gadhi jitane samarth raja nahin hain. praja rakshason se bhayabhit thi, at: vishvamitr apani sena lekar nikale.

  • ve vasishth ke ashram ke nikat pahunche. vasishth unake sainikon ko anyay adi karate dekh unase rusht ho gaye tatha apani gau nndini se unhonne bhayanak purushon ki srishti karane ke lie kaha. un bhayanak purushon ne rajasainikon ko mar bhagaya. apani parajay dekhakar vishvamitr ne tap ko adhik prabal manakar tapasya men apana man lagaya. ve brahmaji ke sarovar se utpann huee sarasvati nadi ke tat par chale gaye. vahan unhonne arshtishen tirth ka sevan kar brahma se brahmanatv prapt kiya. kalantar men tapasya karate hue unako vasishth se spardha tadanntar bair ho gaya. sarasvati ke poorvi tat par vasishth tatha pashchimi tat par vishvamitr tapasya men lage the. ek din unhonne sarasvati ko bulakar kaha ki vah vasishth ko bahakar unake pas le aye taki ve vasishth ka vadh kar payen. sarasvati donon men se kisi ka bhi ahit karane se shap ki snbhavana ka anubhav kar rahi thi, at: usane vasishth se jakar sab kah sunaya. unhonne use vishvamitr ki agya ka palan karane ke lie kaha. sarasvati ne poorvi tat ko todakar bahaya tatha us tat ko vasishth sahit vishvamitr ke pas pahuncha diya. vishvamitr jap aur hom kar rahe the. ve vasishth ko marane ke lie koee astr dhoondh hi rahe the ki sarasvati ne pun: bahakar unhen doosare tat par pahuncha diya. vasishth ko phir se poorvi tat par dekh vishvamitr sarasvati se rusht ho gaye. unhonne shap diya ki vahan usaka jal raktamishrit ho jaye. us sthal par sarasvati ka jal rakt ki dhara ban gaya tatha usaka pan vibhinn rakshas ityadi karane lage. kalantar men kuchh muni tirthatan karate hue vahan pahunche. vahan rakt dekh tatha sarasvati se samast ghatana ke vishay men janakar un logon ne shiv ki upasana ki. unaki kripa se shapamukt hokar sarasvati pun: svachchh jal-yukt ho gayi. jo rakshas nirntar pravahit rakt ka pan kar rahe the, ve atript aur bhookhe hone ke karan muniyon ki sharan men gaye. unhonne apane papon ko mukt knth se svikar kiya tatha unase chhutakara prapt karane ki ichchha prakat ki. unhen papamukt karane ki muniyon ki ichchha janakar sarasvati apani hi svaroopabhoota 'aruna' ko le ayi. usake jal men snan karake rakshas apane sharir ka tyag kar svarg chale gaye. aruna brahmahatya ka nivaran karane vali nadi hai.
  • treta yug aur dvapar yug ki sndhi ke samay barah varsh tak anavrishti rahi. vishvamitr bhookh se pidit ho apane parivar ko janasamuday men chhodakar bhakshy-abhakshy dhoondhane nikal pade. unhen ek chandal ke ghar men kutte ki jangh ka mans dikhayi diya. ve use churane ki ichchha se vahin rah gaye. ratri ke samay yah sochakar ki sab so rahe hain, ve ghar men ghuse. chandal jaga hua tha. at: usane poochha, kaun hai. parichay pakar tatha prayojan janakar usane unhen is kukarm se virakt hone ke lie kaha. yah bhi kaha ki muni ke lie kutte ki jangh ka mans abhakshy hai. vishvamitr ne apatdharm manakar vah mans vahan se le liya tatha apane parivar ke sath bhakshan karane ka vichar kiya. marg men unhen dhyan aya ki isamen se ygyadi ke dvara devataon ka bhag bhi nikal dena chahie. unake ygy karate-karate hi varsha prarnbh ho gayi tatha durbhiksh door ho gaya. [7]
  • vishvamitr ne apane saton ladakon se rusht hokar unhen apane ashram se nikal diya tatha shap diya. ve garg muni ko guru banakar rahane lage. muni ke pas ek gay thi. vah har sal ek bachcha deti thi. ek din use jngal se lane gaye to saton ne sabase chhote ki salah se pitaron ka avahan karake shraddh nimitt us gay ko marakar kha liya tatha muni se yah kah diya ki sinh use kha gaya hai. muni ne man liya. gay marate hue pitaron ka avahan karane ke karan ve gyan se chyut nahin hue. pap karm ke karan ve marakar vyadh ke ghar men paida hue. isi prakar ve kramash: harin, chakava-chakavi, hns hue, tadanntar unamen se char brahman ghar men utpann hue aur jo raja banane ke lobhi the, ve raja brahmadatt aur usake do mantriyon ke roop men janme. govadh karate hue bhi pitaron ka avahan karane ke karan ve apane poorvgyan ko bhoole nahin. raja brahmadatt ki patni raja se kam-snbndh sthapit nahin karati thi. use sab gyat tha aur vah raja ko dharm ke marg ki or agrasar karana chahati thi. snyog se char brahman bhaee tirthatan ke lie udyat hue to unhonne apane boodhe pita ke hath raja aur mantriyon ko poorvajanm ka akhyan likh bheja. raja ne brahman ko dhan dekar vida kiya tatha apane putron ko rajy saunpakar vah yog ki or pravritt hua. mantriyon ne bhi vahi marg apanakar mukti prapt ki. is prakar vishvamitr ke saton putron ki ihalok se mukti huee. isaka shrey pitaron ki bhakti ko diya gaya hai. [8]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. rigved(3.26.2-3).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 vishvamitr ki katha (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 10 mee, 2013.
  3. balmiki ramayan, bal kand,sarg 52 1-23, sarg 53, 1-25, sarg 54,1-23, sarg 55, 1-28, sarg 56, 1-24, sarg 57 shlok 1-9,
  4. muktavidrumahemaniladhavalachchhayairmukhaistrikshanairyuktamindunibaddharatnamukutan tattvarthavarnatmikamh.
    gayatrin varadabhayankushakasha: subhrn kapaln gunn shnkh chakramatharavindayugaln hastairvahantin bhaje॥ (devibhagavat 12.3
  5. rigved(3.26.2-3).
  6. rigved(3.29.15).
  7. mahabharat, shalyaparv, 40.13-32.–42, 43. 1-31, shantiparv, 141.–, danadharmaparv, 4.
  8. shiv puran, 11. 25-26

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