विश्व गौरैया दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv gauraiya divas
vishv gauraiya divas
vivaran 'vishv gauraiya divas' sampoorn vishv men manaya jane vala mahattvapoorn divas hai. yah divas vilupt hote gauraiya pakshi se juda hai.
tithi 20 march
shuruat varsh 2010 se
snbndhit lekh gauraiya
any janakari 'andhr vishvavidyalay' dvara kie ge adhyayan ke anusar bharat men gauraiya ki snkhya men karib 60 phisadi ki kami aee hai. yah kami gramin aur shahari, donon hi kshetron men huee hai.

vishv gauraiya divas (World Sparrow Day) pratyek varsh '20 march' ko manaya jata hai. yah divas poori duniya men gauraiya pakshi ke snrakshan ke prati logon ko jagarook karane ke lie manaya jata hai. gharon ko apani chin-chin se chahakane vali gauraiya ab dikhaee nahin deti. is chhote akar vale khoobasoorat pakshi ka kabhi insan ke gharon men basera hua karata tha aur bachche bachapan se ise dekhate bade hua karate the. ab sthiti badal gee hai. gauraiya ke astitv par chhae snkat ke badalon ne isaki snkhya kafi kam kar di hai aur kahin-kahin to ab yah bilkul dikhaee nahin deti.

shuruat

'vishv gauraiya divas' pahali bar varsh 2010 men manaya gaya tha. yah divas pratyek varsh 20 march ko poori duniya men gauraiya pakshi ke snrakshan ke prati logon ko jagarook karane ke lie manaya jata hai.

uddeshy

ek-do dashak pahale hamare ghar-angan men phudakane vali gauraiya aj vilupti ke kagar par hai. is nanhen se parinde ko bachane ke lie hi pichhale tin salon se pratyek 20 march ko 'vishv gauraiya divas' ke roop men manate a rahe hain, taki log is nanhin-si chidiya ke snrakshan ke prati jagarook ho saken. bharat men gauraiya ki snkhya lagatar ghatati hi ja rahi hai. kuchh varshon pahale asani se dikh jane vala yah pakshi ab tezi se vilupt ho raha hai. dilli men to gauraiya is kadar durlabh ho gee hai ki dhoondhe se bhi ye pakshi nahin milata, isalie varsh 2012 men dilli sarakar ne ise rajy-pakshi ghoshit kar diya.[1]

snkatagrast pakshi 'gauraiya'

pahale yah chidiya jab apane bachchon ko chugga khilaya karati thi to insani bachche ise bade kautoohal se dekhate the, lekin ab to isake darshan bhi mushkil ho ge hain aur yah vilupt ho rahi prajatiyon ki soochi men a gee hai. pakshi vigyani hemnt sinh ke anusar gauraiya ki abadi men 60 se 80 phisadi tak ki kami aee hai. yadi isake snrakshan ke uchit prayas nahin kie ge to ho sakata hai ki gauraiya itihas ka prani ban jae aur bhavishy ki pidhiyon ko yah dekhane ko hi n mile. briten ki ‘raauyal sosayati aauf protekshan aauf bardas’ ne bharat se lekar vishv ke vibhinn hisson men anusndhanakartaon dvara kie ge adhyayanon ke adhar par gauraiya ko ‘red list’ men dala hai.[2]

'andhr vishvavidyalay' dvara kie ge adhyayan ke mutabik gauraiya ki abadi men karib 60 phisadi ki kami aee hai. yah hras gramin aur shahari, donon hi kshetron men hua hai. pashchimi deshon men hue adhyayanon ke anusar gauraiya ki abadi ghatakar khataranak star tak pahunch gee hai. gauraiya par mndara rahe khatare ke karan hi suprasiddh paryavaranavid mohammad ee dilavar jaise logon ke prayason se aj duniya bhar men 20 march ko 'vishv gauraiya divas' manaya jata hai, taki log is pakshi ke snrakshan ke prati jagarook ho saken. dilavar dvara shuroo ki gee pahal par hi aj bahut se log gauraiya bachane ki koshishon men jut rahe hain.

gaureya aj snkatagrast pakshi hai, jo poore vishv men tezi se durlabh ho rahi hai. das-bis sal pahale tak gaureya ke jhund sarvajanik sthalon par bhi dekhe ja sakate the, lekin khud ko paristhitiyon ke anukool bana lene vali yah chidiya ab bharat hi nahin, yoorop ke kee bade hisson men bhi kafi kam rah gee hai. briten, itali, frans, jarmani aur chek ganarajy jaise deshon men inaki snkhya jahan tezi se gir rahi hai, to nidaralaind men to inhen 'durlabh prajati' ke varg men rakha gaya hai.[3]

gaureya ka snkshipt parichay

gaureya 'paseradeee' parivar ki sadasy hai, lekin kuchh log ise 'vivar phinch' parivar ki sadasy manate hain. inaki lambaee 14 se 16 sentimitar hoti hai tatha inaka vajan 25 se 32 gram tak hota hai. ek samay men isake kam se kam tin bachche hote hain. gaureya adhikatar jhund men hi rahati hai. bhojan talashane ke lie gaureya ka ek jhund adhikatar do mil ki doori tay karata hai. yah pakshi koode men bhi apana bhojan dhoondh lete hain.

ghatati snkhya ke karan

gauraiya ki ghatati snkhya ke kuchh mukhy karan nimnalikhit hain-

  1. bhojan aur jal ki kami
  2. ghosalon ke lie uchit sthanon ki kami
  3. tezi se katate ped-paudhe
  4. gauraiya ke bachchon ka bhojan shurooati das-pandrah dinon men sirph kide-makode hi hote hai, lekin ajakal log kheton se lekar apane gamale ke ped-paudhon men bhi rasayanik padarthon ka upayog karate hain, jisase na to paudhon ko kide lagate hain aur na hi is pakshi ka samuchit bhojan panap pata hai. isalie gauraiya samet duniya bhar ke hazaron pakshi aj ya to vilupt ho chuke hain ya phir kisi kone men apani antim sanse gin rahe hain.[4]
  5. avasiy hras, anaj men kitanashakon ke istemal, ahar ki kami aur mobail phon tatha mobail taauvaron se nikalane vali sookshm tarngen gauraiya ke astitv ke lie khatara ban rahi hain.
  6. aj logon men gauraiya ko lekar jagarookata paida kie jane ki zaroorat hai, kyonki kee bar log apane gharon men is pakshi ke ghonsale ko basane se pahale hi ujad dete hain.
  7. kee bar bachche inhen pakadakar pahachan ke lie inake pair men dhaga bandhakar inhen chhod dete hain. isase kee bar kisi ped ki tahani ya shakhaon men atak kar is pakshi ki jan chali jati hai. itana hi nahin kee bar bachche gauraiya ko pakadakar isake pnkhon ko rng dete hain, jisase use udane men dikkat hoti hai aur usake svasthy par bhi viparit asar padata hai.[2]

pakshi vigyaniyon ki salah

pakshi vigyaniyon ke anusar gauraiya ko phir se bulane ke lie logon ko apane gharon men kuchh aise sthan upalabdh karane chahie, jahan ve asani se apane ghonsale bana saken aur unake ande tatha bachche hamalavar pakshiyon se surakshit rah saken. vaigyanikon ka manana hai ki gauraiya ki abadi men hras ka ek bada karan yah bhi hai ki kee bar unake ghonsale surakshit jagahon par n hone ke karan kaue jaise hamalavar pakshi unake andon tatha bachchon ko kha jate hain.

gauraiya ajakal apane astitv ke lie manushyon aur apane asapas ke vatavaran se kafi jaddojahad kar rahi hai. aise samay men hamen in pakshiyon ke lie vatavaran ko inake prati anukool banane men sahayata pradan karani chahie. tabhi ye hamare bich chah chahayenge. manushyon ko gauraiya ke lie kuchh na kuchh to karana hi hoga, varana yah bhi maaurishas ke 'dodo' pakshi aur giddh ki tarah poori tarah se vilupt ho jayenge. isalie sabhi ko milakar gauraiya ka snrakshan karana hoga.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vishv gauraiya divas par vishesh (gauraiya) gauraiya. abhigaman tithi: 25 janavari, 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 gauraiya:vilupt prajatiyon ki soochi men (hindi) vebaduniya. abhigaman tithi: 25 janavari, 2015.
  3. ek janakari gauraiya ke bare men (hindi) gauraiya. abhigaman tithi: 25 janavari, 2015.
  4. vishv gauraiya divas (gauraiya) gauraiya. abhigaman tithi: 25 janavari, 2015.

snbndhit lekh