विश्व ब्रेन ट्यूमर दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv bren tyoomar divas
vishv bren tyoomar divas
vivaran 'vishv bren tyoomar divas' prativarsh '8 joon' ko manaya jata hai. is divas ko sabase pahale 'jarman bren tyoomar esosieshan (daauyache hiranatyoomarahilf)' dvara manaya gaya tha.
tithi 8 joon
uddeshy 'bren tyoomar divas' par vishv ke anek deshon men karyakram ayojit kiye jate hain, jinamen is bimari ke lakshanon aur isake upachar ke bare men avashyak janakariyan di jati hain.
shuruat varsh 2000 se
any janakari 'mastishk kainsar' yani 'bren tyoomar' ek khataranak rog hai. samay rahate isaka uchit ilaj nahin karaya jaye to yah janaleva sabit hota hai.

vishv bren tyoomar divas (angrezi: World Brain Tumor Day) prativarsh '8 joon' ko manaya jata hai. chikitsa visheshgyon ka yah manana hai ki vishv bhar men har din ek lakh men se das log bren tyoomar ke karan marate hain. 'bren tyoomar divas' par vishv ke anek deshon men karyakram ayojit kiye jate hain, jinamen is bimari ke lakshanon aur isake upachar ke bare men avashyak janakariyan di jati hain. bren tyoomar sabase ghatak bimariyon men gini jati hai.

bren tyoomar kya hai?

'mastishk kainsar' yani 'bren tyoomar' ek khataranak rog hai. samay rahate isaka uchit ilaj nahin karaya gaya to yah janaleva sabit hota hai. jab manav sharir men koshikaon ki anavashyak vriddhi ho, lekin sharir ko in anavashyak vriddhi vali koshikaon ki avashyakata n ho, tab is avastha ko hi kainsar ke nam se jana jata hai. bren ke kisi hisse men paida hone vali asamany koshikaon ki vriddhi bren tyoomar ke roop men prakat hoti hai.

shuruat

'vishv bren tyoomar divas' varsh 2000 se prativarsh 8 joon ko manaya jata hai. is divas ko sabase pahale jarman bren tyoomar esosieshan (daauyache hiranatyoomarahilf) dvara manaya gaya tha. yah bren tyoomar ke bare men logon ke bich shiksha aur jan-jagarookata prasarit karane vala ek gair labhakari sngathan hai. jarmani men ghatak bren tyoomar samanyat: paya jata hai. is bimari se akele jarmani men ath hazar se adhik log pidit hain. vishv bhar men pratidin bren tyoomar se pidit hone vale panch sau se adhik ne mamalon ki janakari prapt hoti hai. adhikansh tyoomar se pidit hone vale rogiyon ki snkhya tyoomar ki tulana men bren metastesis ke karan adhik hoti hai. yah bachchon men kainsar ka sabase samany prakar hota hai.[1]

bharat men bren tyoomar

bharat men bren tyoomar ki vyapakata aur prasar badhata ja raha hai. bachapan men hone vale kainsar ke adhyayan ke anusar, bren tyoomar ladakiyon men samanyat: paya jata hai. yahan tak ki yah vayask stri aur purush donon lingon men bhi paya jata hai. halanki sthitiyon ke bich kuchh bhinnata ho sakati hai. bharat sarakar ne bren tyoomar ki rokatham, skrining, rog ka jaldi pata lagane, nidan aur antim charan men upashamak dekhabhal upachar pradan karane ke lie anek uddeshyon ki poorti ke sath 'rashtriy kainsar niyntran karyakram' shuruat ki hai.

bren tyoomar ke bare men kuchh tathy

  • bren tyoomar kisi bhi umr men ho sakata hai.
  • bren tyoomar hone ke sahi karan spasht nahin hai.
  • bren tyoomar ke lakshan unake akar, prakar aur sthan par nirbhar karate hain.
  • vayaskon ke bich prathamik bren tyoomar ka sabase samany prakar estrosaitoma, mastishkavaranarbud aur oligodendrogliyoma hain.
  • bachchon men pae jane vale bren tyoomar ka sabase samany prakar meduloblastoma, gred ek ya gred do estrosaitoma, (ya tntrikabndharbud) epindaimoma aur bren stem gliyoma hain.
  • bren tyoomar se pidit hone vale zokhim ke karakon men parivarik itihas evn adhik se adhik snkhya men eksare karana ho sakate hain.
  • chikitsak dvara bren tyoomar se pidit hone ka nirdharan, chikitsiy itihas, sharirik parikshan tatha bren evn tntrika tntr ke vibhinn mahatvapoorn parikshanon ke adhar par kiya jata hain.
  • bren tyoomar ke vaikalpit upacharon men shaly chikitsa, vikiran chikitsa aur kimotherepi ya upacharon ka samanvay shamil hain.

bren tyoomar ke lakshan

bren tyoomar ke lakshan bren ke hisse men hone vale badalav ke adhar par paida hote hain. kuchh samany lakshanon men siradard, daura, drishti samasya, ulti aur manasik parivartan jaise lakshan ho sakate hain. rogi subah siradard aur ulti mahasoos kar sakata hai. atyadhik vishisht samasyaen jaise ki chalane, bolane aur indriyabodh men pareshani ho sakati hain.

upachar

chikitsak bren tyoomar ke prakar, gred aur tyoomar ki sthiti tatha rogi ke samany svasthy ke adhar par upachar ki salah de sakata hai-

  • sarjari/shaly-chikitsa
  • rediyotherepi
  • kimotherapi
  • steraauyad
  • enti-sizar davaen
  • ventrikular peritoniyal shant


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vishv bren tyoomar divas (hindi) en.ech.pi. indiya. abhigaman tithi: 24 mee, 2016.

snbndhit lekh