विश्व मधुमेह दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv madhumeh divas
vishv madhumeh divas ka pratik chihn
vivaran phredarik beting ke yogadan ko yad rakhane ke lie intaraneshanal dayabetik phedareshan dvara 14 navnbar ko duniya ke 140 deshon men madhumeh divas manaya jata hai.
tithi 14 navnbar
shuruat 1991
any janakari bharat ko 'madhumeh ki rajadhani' kaha jata hai. khanapan ki kharabi aur sharirik shram ki kami ke karan pichhale dashak men madhumeh hone ki dar duniya ke har desh men badhi hai.

vishv madhumeh divas (angrezi: World Diabetes Day) pratyek varsh 14 navnbar ko manaya jata hai. nirantar madhumeh rogiyon ki snkhya men ho rahi vriddhi ko dekhate hue 1991 men antarrashtriy madhumeh sngh evn vishv svasthy sngathan ne snyukt roop se is bimari ke prati logon ko jagarook karane hetu prati varsh vishv madhumeh divas ayojit karane ka vichar kiya. is hetu unhonne 14 navnbar ka din chayanit kiya. 14 navnbar vishv madhumeh divas ke roop men varsh 1991 se manaya ja raha hai. prati varsh vishv madhume‍h divas ka alag dhyey hota hai.[1] is varsh madhume‍h divas ka dhyey hai 'madhume‍h ke vishay men logon ko shikshit karana' v 'bachchon evn kishoravastha men madhumeh'.

khoj

madhumeh rog ke karan evn isake vibhinn pahaluon ko samajhane hetu kee log prayasarat the. inamen se ek jodi phredarik baiting evn charls best ki bhi thi, jo painakriyaj granthi dvara stravit tattv ke rasayanik snrachana ki khoj men lage hue the. is tattv ko alag kar unhonne aktoobar, 1921 men pradarshit kiya ki yah tattv sharir men glookoz ka nistaran karane men aham bhoomika nibhata hai aur isaki kami hone se madhumeh rog ho jata hai. is tattv ko insulin ka nam diya gaya. isaki khoj madhumeh ke itihas men ek mil ka patthar hai. is kary hetu inhen nobel puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya.

itihas

14 navnbar ko phredarik baiting ka janm divas hai. atah vishv madhumeh divas hetu is tithi ka chayan kiya gaya. phredarik beting ke yogadan ko yad rakhane ke lie intaraneshanal dayabetik phedareshan dvara 14 navnbar ko duniya ke 140 deshon men madhumeh divas manaya jata hai. prarambh men “vishv madhumeh divas” hetu “yin aur yang” ko pratik chihn ke liye chuna gaya tha.
ekva chek
Aqua cheque
chini snskriti men “yin aur yang” ko dvaitavat ke anusar prakriti men sntulan ka pratik mana jata hai. yah pahachan chihn is bat ki or ingit karata hai ki is bimari par samuchit lagam kasane hetu rogi, chikitsak, samajik jagarookata adi vibhinn tatvon ke bich sntulan hona avashyak hai.

antarrashtriy madhumeh sngh ke satat prayas ke phalasvaroop snyukt rashtr sngh ne antatah madhumeh ki chunauti ko svikara aur disambar, 2006 men ise apane svasth karyakramon ki soochi men shamil kiya. sanh 2007 se ab yah snyukt rashtr ke karyakram ke roop men manaya jata hai. snyukt rashtr ke soochi men shamil hone ka sabase bada labh yah hua ki ab snyukt rasht sngh ke sadasy desh apani svasthy snbndhi niti-nirdharan men ise mahattv de rahen hain.

pratik chihn

san 2007 men snyukt rashtr dvara is divas ko angikar karane ke bad is ka pratik chihn nila chhalla chuna gaya hai. chhalla ya vritt, nirntarata ka pratik hai. vritt is bat ka pratik hai vishv ke sabhi log is par kaboo pane ke liye ekajut hon. nila rng akash, sahayog aur vyapakata ka pratik hai. is pratik chihn ke sath jo sootr vaky diya gaya hai vah hai- madhumeh ke lie ekajutata.

kendriy vichar

pratyek varsh, 'vishv-madhumeh divas' kisi ek kendriy vichar par bal deta hai. varsh 2008 ka vichar madhumeh evn bachche tha. bachchon men madhumeh prakar-1 evn prakar-2 donon prakar ke ho sakate hain.

bachchon men madhumeh

motapa aur madhumeh ka ausat
Obesity and Diabetes

bachchon men mukhyatah prakar-1 madhumeh hota hai, jisake chikitsa ke lie jivan paryant insulin lena hota hai. kee bar isase pidit bachchen ke lakshanon ko n pahachan pane ke karan unaki maut, dayabitik koma men ho jati hai. bimari ke nidan hone ke bad bhi arthik aur any karanon se in bachchon ko samuchit chikitsa nahin mil pati. badalate jivan shaili aur thos, uchch oorja yukt bhojan ki prachurata ke karan bachchon men motape ki pravritti idhar bahut teji se badh rahi hai. ameriki ankade batate hain ki 7 se 15 varsh ki ayu varg ke bich motape ki dar men 1985 se 1997 ke bich do se char guni vriddhi huee hai. bharat men tamilanadu men da. ramachandran dvara kiye gaye ek sarvekshan men 13 se 18 varsh ke bachcho men 18% men motapa paya gaya. bachchon men badhate motape ki pravritti evn sharirik shram men kami ke karan ab prakar-2 madhumehi bachche bhi badi snkhya men dekhane ko mil rahen hain. inhin baton ko dhyan men lete hue varsh 2008 vishv madhumeh divas ka kendriy vichar 'bachche aur madhumeh' diya gaya. varsh 2008 se 2009 men madhumeh atm dekhabhal snstha ne bachchon ko kendrit kar varsh bhar ke liye ek abhiyan shuroo kiya tha jisaka nam madhumeh vijay diya gaya. is abhiyan ke tahat prati mah vibhinn skoolon men bachchon evn adhyapakon ko is bimari ke prati jagarook karane, svasth bhojan, jivan shaili evn vyayam ki mahatta samajhane ke liye vyakhyan kiye gaye aur vigyapan evn nara pratiyogita ke madhyam se bachchon ke srijanatmak soch ko vikasit kiya gaya.[2]

bharat men mahattv

bharat men madhumeh

bharat ko madhumeh ki rajadhani kaha jata hai. khanapan ki kharabi aur sharirik shram ki kami ke karan pichhale dashak men madhumeh hone ki dar duniya ke har desh men badhi hai. bharat men isaka sabase vikrit svaroop ubhara hai jo bahut bhayavah hai. jivanashaili men aniyamitata madhumeh ka bada karan hai. ek dashak pahale bharat men madhumeh hone ki ausat umr chalis sal ki thi jo ab ghat kar 25 se 30 sal ho chuki hai. 15 sal ke bad hi badi snkhya men logon ko madhumeh ka rog hone laga hai. kam umr men is bimari ke hone ka sidha matalab hai ki chalis ki umr ate-ate hi bimari ke dushparinamon ko jhelana padata hai.

vishv madhumeh divas karyakram 1991 se 2008 tak
varsh shirshak
2009 se 2012 madhumeh ke vishay men logon ko shikshit karana
2008 ab kuchh alag kar dikhane ka samay hai.
bachchon evn kishoron ko madhumeh se bachaie.
2007 264 qadam chalen.
2006 bachchon ko madhumeh se bachaie.
2005 madhumeh men pairon ki dekhabhal zaroori hai.
2004 motapa chhudaen, madhumeh se bachen.
2003 madhumeh rogiyon ko gurde ki kharabi par jagaruk karen.
2002 madhumeh men karen ankhon ki dekhabhal.
2001 madhumeh men karen hrday ki dekhabhal.
2000 sahi jivan shaili se roken madhumeh ko.
1999 madhumeh ke karan rashtriy bajat par khatara hai.
1998 madhumeh mariz़on ke adhikar surakshit hain.
1997 vishvavyapi jagarukata zaruri hai.
1996 insulin hi jivan ka amॄt hai.
1995 bina janakari madhumeh ke rogi ka bhavishy khatare men hoga.
1994 badhati umr madhumeh ka jokhim karak hai ise kam kar sakate hain.
1993 kishoravastha men madhumeh ki dekhabhal.
1992 madhumeh vishvavyapi evn sabhi umr ki samasya hai.
1991 madhumeh par janata ko jagaruk karen.

bharat men 1995 men madhumeh rogiyon ki snkhya 1 karod 90 lakh thi, jo 2008 men badhakar char karod ho gee hai. anuman hai ki 2030 men madhumeh rogiyon ki snkhya ath karod ke asapas ho jaegi. bharat sarikhe deshon men qarib 340 se 350 lakh vyakti is vyadhi ka shikar hain, jo ek vishv rikard hai. 17% nagaravasi evn 2.5% gramavasi is bimari se pidit hain. dilli madhumeh anusndhan kendr ke adhyaksh daau. e. ke. jhingan ke anusar sabhi tarah ke nichale ang vichchhedan ke mamale men 45 se 75 fisadi madhumeh rogi hote hain. 2030 men madhumeh rogiyon ki anumanit snkhya qarib ath karod hai, jisamen ek karod logon ko dayabitik pairon ka khatara hoga. yah madhumeh rogiyon men sarvadhik gambhir, jatil v kharchili bimari hai. is rog ke parinamasvaroop sharir ke nichale hisse ke angon men vichchhedan ki snkhya badhi hai. madhumeh (dayabitij) ke karan hi kidani ki kharabi, hriday aghat, pairon ka gaingrin aur ankhon ka andhapan ab bharat ki mukhy svasthy samasya ban chuki hai.

galat khanapan evn alasi jivan shaili ke karan din-pratidin kam umr ke logon men yah bimari ho rahi hai. atah bharat men zor-shor se vishv madhumeh divas manane ki zaroorat hai. is lakshy ko lekar kuchh karyakram prastut kiye gaye hain jo is prakar hain.[3]

bachav

khanapan ki kharabi aur sharirik shram ki kami ke karan pichhale dashak men madhumeh hone ki dar duniya ke har desh men badhi hai. bharat men isaka sabase vikrit svaroop ubhara hai jo bahut bhayavah hai. ek dashak pahale bharat men prakar-2 madhumeh hone ki ausat umr chalis sal ki thi jo ab ghat kar 25 se 30 sal ho chuki hai. 15 sal ke bad hi badi snkhya men logon ko madhumeh ka rog hone laga hai. kam umr men is bimari ke hone ka sidha matalab hai ki chalis ki umr ate-ate hi bimari ke dushparinamon ko jhelana padata hai. madhumeh ke karan hi kidani ki kharabi, hriday aghat, pairon ka gaingrin aur ankhon ka andhapan ab bharat ki mukhy svasthy samasya ban chuki hai. isase yah spasht hota hai ki madhumeh se bachav hamari pramukh prathamikata ho gayi hai.

salah

madhumeh ke mariz़on ko ahar ki vishisht salah di jati hai. yah vikar ajivan rahane vala hai. atah-

  • samay-samay par rakt janch karate rahen.
  • niyamit shugar star ki janch karayen.
  • agar apako kisi bhi prakar ka ghav hua ho, to use khula na chhoden.
  • phalon ka ras lene ke bajay, phal khayen.
  • vyayam karen aur apana vazan niyntrit rakhen.
  • glookoz, chini, jaim, gud, mithaeeyan, tale hue ahar, alkohal ka sevan, sookhe meve, badam, moongaphali, aloo, shakaraknd, matar, sem jaisi sabjiyan, kela, sharipha, chikoo, anjir, khajoor jaise phal se parahej karen.
  • salad, kachchi sabji़yan, sabji़yon ke soop, chay, kafi ya niboo pani adi paryapt matra men le sakate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vishh‍v madhumeh़ divas (hindi) aaunali maee helth. abhigaman tithi: 14 navnbar, 2010.
  2. vishv madhumeh divas 14 navnbar (hindi) (ech.ti.em) madhumeh aur ap. abhigaman tithi: 14 navnbar, 2010.
  3. vishv madhumeh divas (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) di. ech. ar. si. indiya. abhigaman tithi: 14 navnbar, 2010.

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