विश्व सतत ऊर्जा दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishv satat oorja divas
vishv satat oorja divas 2015
vivaran vishv satat oorja divas ke avasar par oorja ki ghatanaon par ek bahut bada varshik sammelan hota hai.
tithi 25 faravari se 27 faravari tak (2015)
desh aaustriya
uddeshy sasti v satat oorja ke utpadan aur upayog par sajagata
snbndhit lekh vishv paryavaran divas
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait (vishv satat oorja divas)
adyatan‎

vishv satat oorja divas (angrezi:World Sustainable Energy Days) ke avasar par oorja ki ghatanaon par ek bahut bada varshik sammelan hota hai. yah sammelan prativarsh aaustriya men ayojit hota hai. varsh 2015 men vishv satat oorja divas ka sammelan 25 faravari se 27 faravari tak prastavit hai.[1]

oorja suraksha aur vishv

sasti v satat oorja ki apoorti kisi bhi desh ki tarakki ke lie sabase jyada zaroori hai. parnparagat oorja ke srot sookhate ja rahe hain. isalie zaroori hai ki oorja ke ne srot vikasit kie jae jo paryavaran hitaishi bhi hon. sasti aur satat oorja ki upalabdhata adhunik udyogon aur sabhyata ki moolabhoot avashyakata hai. oorja adhunik sabhyata ka injan hai jise adhikanshat: jivashm eendhanon se prapt kiya jata hai. pratidin poore vishv men bhari matra men oorja ki khapat hoti hai aur mukhy roop se yah oorja koyala, gais, petroliyam aur nyookliyar eendhan se prapt hoti hai. pashchimi duniya men audyogikikaran ki shuruat men keval koyale ka hi prayog kiya jata tha. lekin 19vin shatabdi se manav sabhyata ki atmanirbharata koyale par se ghati aur petroliyam v gais ka prayog hone laga. tab se lagatar vikas ke injan ko jari rakhane ke lie manav ne jivashmiy eendhanon ka jamakar dohan kiya hai. ab sthiti breking pvaint par pahunch chuki hai aur duniya par oorja snkat ke badal mndara rahe hain. petroliyam aur gais ka itana jyada dohan hua hai ki unake bhndar teji se kam ho rahe hain. petroliyam v gais ke dohan se grinahaus gaison ka utsarjan hota hai jisaki vajah se hamari dharati ka astitv hi khatare men dikhaee pad raha hai. ek anuman ke anusar, san 2030 tak oorja ki vaishvik mang vartaman ki tulana men 50 se 60 phisadi tak badh jaegi. is samasya ka hal khojana behad zaroori hai. hamen aj oorja ke satat akshay sroton ke vikas ki zaroorat hai jisamen haidrojan phyool selon se lekar vind tarbain tak shamil hain jisase am jindagi ka kamakaj sucharoo roop se chal sake.[2]

petroliyam ki badhati mang

bhap shakti par adharit audyogik kranti ke poorv lakadi jalakar adhikansh oorja zarooraton ki poorti kar li jati thi. isake bad koyala ek am eendhan ban gaya. petroliyam aur prakritik gais ki upalabdhata ke bavajood duniya ki ek-chauthaee oorja avashyakataon ki aj bhi poorti koyale ke dvara hi ki jati hai. lekin jab se petroliyam ka prayog arnbh hua hai tab se koyale ka prayog kam hota ja raha hai. oorja samathry ke drishtikon se koyale koee achchha vikalp nahin hai. paryavaran v svasthy ke lihaj se yah sabase jyada khataranak jivashmiy eendhan hai, lekin prachur matra men upalabdh hone ki vajah se aj bhi isaki mang hai. aj petroliyam se duniya ki 40 phisadi oorja avashyakataon ki poorti hoti hai jisamen se aautomobail pramukh hai. isamen se bhi ek-chauthaee petroliyam ka upabhog akele snyukt rajy amerika dvara kiya jata hai.

prakritik gais

prakritik gais petroliyam ka ek achchha vikalp sabit ho sakati hai lekin inake bhndar bhi 21vin shatabdi ke ant tak hi samapt ho jaenge. vartaman men poori duniya ki ek-tihaee bijali ka utpadan prakritik gais ke dvara hi kiya jata hai. prakritik gais jo ki adhikanshat: mithen hai, shayad sabase jyada saph-suthara jivashmiy eendhan hai. yah koyale ki tulana men matr 40 phisadi v petroliyam ki tulana men matr 25 phisadi grinahaus gaison ka utsarjan hi karati hai. petrol ki tulana men adhik paryavaran hitaishi eendhan hone ki vajah se isaka prayog adhik se adhik aautomobail men kaimpresd nechural gais athava haidrojan phyool selon ko pavar karane ke lie kiya ja raha hai.

nyookliyar oorja

nyookliyar oorja ka prayog lagatar badh raha hai. vartaman men duniya ke 32 deshon ke 440 riektaron ke dvara duniya ki 16 phisadi bijali ka utpadan kiya ja raha hai. paryavaran sngathanon ke lagatar virodh ke bavajood, kee desh jaise japan, amerika aur bharat is takanik ka adhik se adhik prayog kar rahe hain. halanki nyookliyar kachare ka nistaran karana apane ap men ek bhari samasya hai.

akshay oorja vikalp

chiniyon v romanon ne vataramilon ka prayog lagabhag 2000 varsh kiya tha. lekin pahale panabijali bandh ka nirman sarvapratham inglaind men 1870 men kiya gaya tha. panabijali vartaman samay men punarnavikrit oorja ka sabase prachalit prakar hai jisase duniya ki lagabhag 20 phisadi bijali ka utpadan kiya jata hai. kam pradooshan paida karane vale punarnavikrit oorja sroton ke dvara hi dirghavadhi men oorja ki samasya ka vyavaharik hal khoja ja sakata hai.

saur oorja

soory oorja ka akshay srot hai. yadi thik se isaki oorja ka upayog karane ki takanik vikasit ho jae to hamari oorja samasya ka pukhta hal nikal sakata hai. aj saur oorja ka prayog kee tarike se kiya jata hai. ooshmiy saur oorja men soory ki roshani se chhaton par lage saur painalon ke dvara ghareloo prayog ke lie sidhe pani ko garm kiya jata hai, jabaki soory ki roshani ko photovolteik selon ke prayog se bijali men parivartit kiya ja sakata hai. isamen semikndaktaron ka prayog photanon ko bijali men parivartit karane men kiya jata hai. vrihad star par prayog ke lie photovolteik sel kafi mahnge hote hain, phir bhi door-daraj ke ilakon men bijali saplaee ke lie inaka prayog kafi jyada kiya jata hai. solar painalon ka prayog ab spesakrapht, solar karon aur havaee jahajon men bhi kiya jane laga hai.

aautomobail ke lie eendhan

antarik dahan injan ke avishkar ke samay se hi jaiv eendhan ke bare men duniya ko janakari hai. amerika men petrol men ithenaaul milaya jata hai aur duniya bhar men karodon karen ithenaaul mishrit petrol se chalati hain. yoorop men jaiv eendhan ka utpadan bejitebul ke prayog se kiya jata hai. soya tel ka prayog havaee jahajon ko udane men kiya ja sakata hai. haidrojan eendhan selon men bhavishy ki snbhavanaen nihit hain yadi isake prayog men ane vali takaniki pareshaniyon ko door kar liya jae. phyool sel ek prakar ki baitari hote hain jinhen lagatar riphil kiya ja sakata hai. isamen haidrojan, aauksijan ke sath pratikriya karake bijali v jal ka utpadan karate hain. yah eendhan jalane se kahin jyada paryavaran hitaishi tarika hai, kyonki isamen ooshma ka ksharan kafi kam hota hai. lekin yah keval karon ke lie hi upayogi nahin hain. haidrojan ka prayog pavar steshanon aur ilektraaunik aur portebul gajets men bhi kiya ja sakata hai. chhote phyool sel ek din nishchit roop se baitariyon ko bekar kar denge. phyool sel prakritik gais, mithenaaul aur koyale ka bhi prayog kar sakate hain. lekin inake sath ek samasya karban-daee-aauksaid ke utpadan ki hai. haidrojan bhi poori tarah se saph-suthara oorja vikalp nahin hai kyonki isamen haidrojan ke utpadan ke lie jal ko apane avayavon men toda jata hai, jisake lie bijali ka upayog kiya jata hai. yah bijali jivashmiy eendhan se hi paida ki jati hai. rekjavik, aisalaind jaise shaharon men basen chalane ke lie haidrojan ka hi prayog kiya jata hai.

jvariy oorja

2003 men narve men jvariy oorja ko bijali men badalane ke lie pratham kaaumarshiyal pavar steshan ki shuruat ki gee. isaka dijain vind mil ki tarah kiya gaya hai jabaki kee steshan aise hain jinaka nirman tarbainon ke roop men kiya gaya hai.

pavan oorja

akshay oorja sroton men sabase jyada bijali utpadan pavan oorja ke dvara hi kiya ja raha hai. adhunik vind pharmon men bade-bade tarbaeen hote hain jinase bijali utpadan kiya jata hai. yadyapi isase bijali utpadan karana kafi jyada kharchila hai, lekin vayu ki sarvasulabhata ko dekhate hue isaka adhik se adhik prayog kiya ja raha hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. World Sustainable Energy Days (angrezi) Official Website of World Sustainable Energy Days. abhigaman tithi: 26 faravari, 2015.
  2. oorja suraksha aur vishv ka bhavishy (hindi) jagaran josh. abhigaman tithi: 26 faravari, 2015.

snbndhit lekh