वी. वी. गिरि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vi. vi. giri
varahagiri venkat giri
poora nam varahagiri venkat giri
janm 10 agast, 1894
janm bhoomi beharamapur, odisha
mrityu 23 joon, 1980
mrityu sthan madras
abhibhavak pita- vi.vi. jogiah pntulu
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi bharat ke chauthe rashtrapati
parti kangres
pad rashtrapati, uparashtrapati, rajyapal (uttar pradesh, keral, karnatak)
shiksha vidhi snatak
vidyalay dablin yoonivarsiti
bhasha telugu, angrezi
puraskar-upadhi bharat ratn
vishesh yogadan 1916 men bharat lautane ke bad vi. vi. giri 'shramik andolan' ka avashyak hissa ban ge the. unhonne relave karmachariyon ke hiton ki raksha karane ke uddeshy se 'bngal-nagapur relave esosieshan' ki bhi sthapana ki thi.
snbndhit lekh rashtrapati, uparashtrapati, rajyapal, indira gandhi
any janakari 'dak vibhag' ne vi. vi. giri ke samman men ek 25 paise ka naya dak tikat jari kiya tha. vi. vi. giri ne "audyogik snbndh aur bharatiy udyogon men shramikon ki samasyaen" jaisi kitaben bhi likhi thin. unamen lekhan kshamata bahut adhik aur uchch koti ki thi.

varahagiri venkat giri (angrezi: Varahagiri Venkata Giri, janm- 10 agast, 1894; mrityu- 23 joon, 1980) bharat ke chauthe rashtrapati the. 'bharat ratn' se sammanit vi. vi. giri bharat ke karyavahak rashtrapati (karyakal- 3 mee, 196920 julaee, 1969) ke atirikt uparashtrapati (karyakal- 13 mee, 19673 mee, 1969), uttar pradesh ke rajyapal (karyakal- 10 joon, 195630 joon, 1960), keral ke rajyapal (karyakal- 1 julaee, 19602 aprail, 1965) aur karnatak ke rajyapal (karyakal- 2 aprail, 196513 mee, 1967) bhi rahe.

jivan parichay

vi. vi. giri ke nam se vikhyat bharat ke chauthe rashtrapati 'varahagiri venkat giri' ka janm 10 agast, 1894 ko beharamapur, odisha men hua tha. inaka snbndh ek telugu bhashi brahman parivar se tha. vi. vi. giri ke pita vi. vi. jogiah pntulu, beharamapur ke ek lokapriy vakil aur sthaniy bar kaunsil ke neta bhi the. vi. vi. giri ki prarnbhik shiksha inake grihanagar beharamapur men hi snpann huee. isake bad yah 'dablin yoonivarsiti' men qanoon ki padhaee karane ke lie ayaralaind chale ge. vahan vah di valera jaise prasiddh british vidrohi ke snpark men ane aur unase prabhavit hone ke bad ayaralaind ki svatntrata ke lie chal rahe 'sin phin andolan' se jud ge. parinamasvaroop ayaralaind se unhen nishkasit kar diya gaya. pratham vishv yuddh ke samay san 1916 men vi. vi. giri vapas bharat laut ae. bharat lautane ke turnt bad vah 'shramik andolan' se jud ge. itana hi nahin relave karmachariyon ke hiton ki raksha karane ke uddeshy se unhonne bngal-nagapur relave esosieshan ki bhi sthapana ki.[1]

rajanitik parichay

san 1916 men bharat lautane ke bad vi. vi. giri shramik aur mazadooron ke chal rahe andolan ka hissa ban ge the. halanki unaka rajanitik safar ayaralaind men padhaee ke dauran hi shuroo ho gaya tha, lekin 'bharatiy svatntrata sngram' ka hissa banakar vah poorn roop se svatntrata ke lie sakriy ho ge. vi. vi. giri 'akhil bharatiy relave karmachari sngh' aur 'akhil bharatiy vyapar sngh' (kangres) ke adhyaksh bhi rahe. san 1934 men vah impiriyal vidhanasabha ke bhi sadasy niyukt hue. san 1937 men madras (vartaman chennee) ke am chunavon men vi. vi. giri ko kaaugres pratyashi ke roop men bobali men sthaniy raja ke viruddh utara gaya, jisamen unhen vijay prapt huee. san 1937 men madras presidensi men kangres parti ke lie banae ge 'shram evn udyog mntralay' men mntri niyukt kie ge. san 1942 men jab kangres ne is mntralay se istipha de diya, to vi. vi. giri bhi vapas shramikon ke lie chal rahe andolanon men laut ae.

angrezon ke khilaf chal rahe 'bharat chhodo andolan' men sakriy bhoomika nibhane ke lie, angrezon dvara inhen jel bhej diya gaya. 1947 men bharat ko svatntrata milane ke bad vah silon men bharat ke uchchayukt niyukt kie ge. san 1952 men vah pathapatanam sit se lokasabha ka chunav jit snsad pahunche. san 1954 tak vah shramamntri ke taur par apani sevaen dete rahe. vi. vi. giri uttar pradesh, keral, maisoor men rajyapal bhi niyukt kie ge the. vi. vi. giri san 1967 men zakir husain ke kal men bharat ke uparashtrapati bhi rah chuke the. isake alava jab zakir husain ke nidhan ke samay bharat ke rashtrapati ka pad khali rah gaya, to varahagiri venkatagiri ko karyavahak rashtrapati ka sthan diya gaya. san 1969 men jab rashtrapati ke chunav ae to indira gandhi ke samarthan se vi. vi. giri desh ke chauthe rashtrapati banae ge.[1]

rashtrapati pad

24 agast, 1969 ko vi. vi. giri ne bharat ke chauthe rashtrapati ke roop men prat: nau baje pad aur gopaniyata ki shapath li. prasiddh itihasakar aur patrakar daau. khushavnt sinh ne inhen tab tak ke sare rashtrapatiyon men sarvadhik durbal rashtrapati kahakar ullekhit kiya hai. lekin yahan rashtrapatiyon ki tulana karana uchit nahin hoga. itana avashy tha ki kangres ki antarkalah ke karan giri ki nishtha pradhanamntri indira gandhi ke prati thi aur vahi unhonne banaye bhi rakhi. unhonne apane pahale snbodhan men indira gandhi ko apani putri ke roop men snbodhit kiya tha, jis par kee logon ne apatti aur ashchary vyakt kiya tha. lekin vi. vi. giri ne yah bhali-bhanti spasht kar diya tha ki snvaidhanik parnparaen alag hain aur unaka nirvah karana bhi ek alag paksh hai. jabaki vyaktigat snbndh aur maryadaen ek alag chij hai. indira gandhi ne vi. vi. giri ke nirvachan ke lie tab kangresiyon ko apani antaratma ki avaj par vot karane ke lie kaha tha. vi. vi giri ko 50.2 pratishat vot mile the aur lagabhag nagany antar se hi vah jit paye the. unake viruddh nilam snjiva reddi chunav maidan men the. yadi reddi jite gaye hote to indira gandhi aur vi. vi. giri ki takadir ki tasvir hi doosari ho sakati thi. isalie vastusthiti ko samajhakar giri indira gandhi ke prati abhari rahe to isamen galat to kuchh ho sakata hai, par nindaniy nahin. 24 agast, 1974 ko inhonne rashtrapati pad chhoda. usi din dak vibhag ne inake samman men ek 25 paise ka naya dak tikat jari kiya tha. ve ek videshi shiksha prapt vidhivetta, saphal chhatr neta, ek atulaniy shramik neta, nirbhik svatntrata sainani, ek jel yatri, ek pramukh vakta, ek tyagi purush the, jisane kendriy mntri pad ko tyag diya tha, apane sidghanton par adig rahane vale ve naishthik purush the.[2]

rashtrapati chunav men vivad

daau. zakir husain ke nidhan ke karan 24 agast, 1969 men varahagiri venkat giri bharat ke chauthe rashtrapati chune ge. inhonne isase pahale 3 mee, 1969 se 20 julaee, 1969 tak karyavahak rashtrapati ke roop men yah pad snbhala. tatkalin pradhanamntri lalabahadur shastri ke akasmik nidhan ke bad us samay ke kangres parti adhyaksh ke. kamaraj ne aham bhoomika nibhaee aur indira gandhi ko pradhanamntri pad tak pahuncha diya. indira gandhi ne shighr hi chunav jitane ke sath-sath janapriyata ke madhyam se virodhiyon ke oopar havi hone ki yogyata darshayi. isi bich rashtrapati ke chunav a ge. indira ne is pad ke lie pahale nilam snjiv reddi ka nam sujhaya. par bad men unhen laga ki reddi svatntr vichar ke vyakti hain aur unaki har bat nahin manenge, isalie nirdaliy ummidavar vi. vi. giri ka samarthan kar diya. indira gandhi ne apane dal ke sansadon aur vidhayakon yani matadataon se apil kar di ki ve apani antaratma ki avaz par vot den. is saval par kangres men phoot pad gayi aur kuchh any dalon ki madad se indira gandhi ne giri ko jit dila di. mamala itana badha ki giri ke chunav ko chunauti dete hue yachika dayar kar di gayi.

mamale ki sunavaee

yachika men mukhy arop yah laga ki rashtrapati ke chunav prachar ke dauran aise parache chhape aur vitarit kie ge, jo reddi ke charitr ko lanchhit karate the. vivadit dhng se chune jane ke bavajood giri ke samay tak rashtrapati vakee desh ke pahale nagarik hua karate the. is mamale ki sunavaee ke lie suprim kort ke nyayamoorti es.em. sikari ki adhyakshata men panch sadasyiy pith ka gathan kiya gaya. mukadama solah saptah tak chala. si.ke. daphtari giri ke vakil the. mukadame men 116 gavahon ke bayan hue. ikkis dastavej pesh kiye gaye. antat: suprim kort ne giri ke khilaf pesh yachikaen kharij kar din. isase pahale suprim kort rashtrapati ka bayan darj karane ke lie kamishnar bahal kar diya tha, par shri giri ne khud hajir hokar bayan dena uchit samajha. suprim kort ne rashtrapati ke baithane ki sammanajanak vyavastha kar di thi. si.ke. daphtari giri ke vakil the. is kes men suprim kort ke samane jo mudde the, unamen mukhyat vah vivadaspad parcha tha, jo reddi ke khilaf vidhayakon v sansadon ke bich vitarit kiye gaye the.

  • saval utha ki kya giri ya kisi any vyakti ne unaki sahamati se ve parache prakashit, mudrit aur vitarit kiye the?
  • kya us parache men aise jhoothe tathy aur kutathy the, jisase reddi ka niji charitr lanchhit hota hai?
  • kya usaka prakashan kangres ke rashtrapati ke adhikarik ummidavar ko parajit karane ke lie kiya gaya tha?
  • kya parache ko prakashit karane ke jimmedar vyakti yah vishvas karate hain ki usamen likhi gayi baten sach hain?
  • kya giri ya any vyakti ne unaki sahamati se ghoos dene ka aparadh kiya jisaka chunav par bura asar pada?
  • kya rashtrapati pad ke any ummidavar shiv kripal sinh, charanalal sahoo ya yogiraj ke namankan patr galat tarike se kharij kar diye gaye?
  • kya giri aur pien bhogaraj ke namankan patr galat tarike se svikrit kiye gaye?
  • kya yachika men lagaye gaye arop yah siddh karate hain ki dhara-18/1 e/ke antargat chunav men anuchit prabhav ka istemal kiya gaya tha?
  • kya giri ke karyakartaon ne anuchit prabhav dalane ka aparadh kiya tha? yadi han, to kya usake lie giri ne apani sahamati di thi?
  • kya any logon dvara anuchit prabhav dalane ke karan chunav natije par koee asar pada?

suprim kort ka nirnay

sike daphtari ne kaha ki yah sahi hai ki reddi ke khilaf paracha chhapa gaya tha, par us parache men yah nahin bataya gaya tha ki ise kisane chhapa. doosari or yachikakarta ke vakil suyash malik ne kaha ki giri par arop banata hai. ek any vakil em.si. sharma ne kaha ki snsadiy chunav aur rashh‍trapati ke chunav men bhrasht karravaee ke antar ko dhyan men rakha jana chahie. chunav men bhrasht acharan siddh karane ke lie keval yah siddh karana zaroori hai ki vijayi pratyashi ne bhrasht acharan ke bare men janaboojh kar khamoshi barati. suprim kort ne donon pakshon ko sunane ke bad giri ke chunav ko sahi thaharaya aur is snbndh men dayar charon yachikaon ko kharij karate hue nyayamoorti sikari ne kaha ki ham sabhi nyayadhish is nirnay par ekamat hain.

faisale ke vakt suprim kort men bhari bhid thi. logon men nirnay sunane ki utsukata thi. yah apane dhng ka pahala chunav mukadama tha. jab faisala aya, us samay giri dakshin bharat ke daure par the. unhen tatkal isaki soochana de di gayi. is nirnay par koee tippani karane se unhonne inakar kar diya. rashtrapati pad ke parajit ummidavar reddi ne bhi is par tatkal kuchh kahane se inakar kar diya tha, par kuchh doosare netaon ne is par apani pratikriyaen zaroor din. indira kangres ke adhyaksh jagajivan ram ne kaha ki- "sachchaee ki jit huee hai". bhakapa ke pramukh neta bhoopesh gupt ne kaha ki- "yah faisala n keval snsad balki poore desh ke pragatishil vyaktiyon ki naitik aur rajanitik donon tarah ki vijay ki pratik hai." sngathan kangres ke adhyaksh nijalingappa ne kaha ki- "hamen nyayik faisalon ko svikar karane aur usaki prashnsa karane ki sikh leni chahie."[3] 

samman aur puraskar

varahagiri venkatagiri ko shramikon ke utthan aur desh ke svatntrata sngram men apane utkrisht yogadan ke lie desh ke sarvochch nagarik samman ‘bharat ratn’ se navaja gaya.

nidhan

85 varsh ki ayu men varahagiri venkat giri ka 23 joon, 1980 ko madras men nidhan ho gaya. vi. vi. giri ek achchhe vakta hone ke sath-sath ek kushal rajanitigy bhi the. unamen lekhan kshamata bhi bahut adhik aur uchch koti ki thi. vi. vi. giri ne "audyogik snbndh aur bharatiy udyogon men shramikon ki samasyaen" jaisi kitaben bhi likhi thin.



bharat ke rashtrapati
Arrow-left.png poorvadhikari
zakir husain
vi. vi. giri uttaradhikari
fakharuddin ali ahamad
Arrow-right.png


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 varahagiri venkatagiri (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) jagaran jnkshan. abhigaman tithi: 7 faravari, 2013.
  2. varahagiri venkat giri (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) hindi in daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 7 faravari, 2013.
  3. rashtrapati padah vivadon ki antahin katha (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) patrakar anil dikshit. abhigaman tithi: 7 faravari, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah