शंख लिपि  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shnkh lipi

shnkh lipi prachin lipiyon men se ek hai, jo aj bhi ek anasulajhi paheli bani huee hai. inamen likhit abhilekh aj tak nahin padhe ja sake hain. bharat tatha java aur borniya men prapt bahut se shilalekh shnkh lipi men hain. is lipi ke varn 'shnkh' se milate-julate kalatmak hote hain. isilie ise shnkh lipi kahate hain.

vistar

shnkh lipi ko viratanagar se snbndhit mana jata hai. udayagiri ki guphaon ke shilalekhon aur stnbhon par yah lipi khudi huee hai. is lipi ke aksharon ki akriti shnkh ke akar ki hai. pratyek akshar is prakar likha gaya hai ki usase shnkhakriti ubharakar samane dikhaee padati hai. isalie ise shnkh lipi kaha jane laga. rajasthan ke jayapur men sthit bijar athava bijak ki pahadiyon men badi snkhya men aisi kndaraen hain, jinamen ek rahasyamay lipi utkirn hai. is lipi ko abhi tak padha nahin ja saka hai. shnkh lipi ke nam se jani jane vali is lipi ke lekh badi snkhya men bijak ki pahadi, bhim ki doongari tatha ganesh doongari men bani guphaon men ankit hain. in lekhon ke akshar shnkh ki akriti ke hain. vaigyanikon ko is lipi ke abhilekh bharatiy upamahadvip ke bharat, indoneshiya, java tatha borniya adi deshon se mile hain, jinase yah dharana banati hai ki jis tarah kisi kalakhnd men sindhu lipi janane vali sabhyata bharatiy upamahadvip men vikasit huee thi, usi tarah shnkh lipi janane vali koee sabhyata kisi kal khand men bharatiy upamahadvip men phali-phooli. ye log kaun the? inaka kalakhnd kya tha? adi prashnon ka uttar abhi tak nahin diya ja saka hai. bharat men shnkh lipi ke abhilekh uttar men jammoo-kashmir ke akhanoor se lekar dakshin men sudoor karnatak tatha pashchimi bngal ke susuniya se lekar pashchim men gujarat ke joonagadh tak upalabdh hain. ye abhilekh is lipi ke ab tak gyat vishalatam bhandar hain.

rajagir ki prasiddh sonabhnda ki guphaon men lage daravajon ki prastar chaukhaton par evn bhittiyon par shnkh lipi men kuchh sndesh likhe hain, jinhen padha nahin ja saka hai. bihar men mundeshvari mndir tatha any kee sthanon par yah lipi dekhane ko milati hai. madhy pradesh men udayagiri ki guphaon men, maharashtr men manasar se tatha bngal evn karnatak se bhi is lipi ke lekh mile hain. is lipi ke lekh mndiron evn chaityon ke bhitar, shail guphaon men tatha svatntr roop se bane stambhon par utkirn milate hain.

kalakhand

utkirn abhilekhon men lipi ko atynt susajjit vidhi se likha gaya hai. kuchh vidvan is lipi ko brahmi lipi ke nikat manate hain. viratanagar se prapt abhilekhon ki tithi tisari shatabdi eesvi mani gee hai. ek lekh men ‘chail-chaitara’ padha gaya hai, jo snskrit ka ‘shail-chaity’ mana gaya hai. isaka arth hota hai- ‘pahadi par sthit chaity.’ isase anuman lagaya jata hai ki eesa ki tisari shatabdi men yahan koee pahadi bauddh chaity tha. viratanagar tisari shatabdi ke asapas tak bauddh dharm ka bada kendr tha. maury samrat ashok ke bhabroo tatha viratanagar abhilekh isi sthan se mile hain. in pahadiyon men anek chaity evn viharon ke avashesh prapt hue hain.

prachin bauddh grnth 'lalitavistar men un 64 lipiyon ke nam ginae ge hain, jo buddh ko sikhaee gee thin. unamen nagari lipi ka nam nahin hai, brahmi lipi ka nam hai. 'lalit vistar' ka chini bhasha men anuvad eesvi 308 men hua tha. jainon ke pannavana sootr aur samavayang sootr men 18 lipiyon ke nam die ge hain, jinamen pahala nam bnbhi (brahmi) lipi ka hai. bhagavatisootr ka arnbh 'namo bnbhi libie' (brahmi lipi ko namaskar) se hota hai. yadyapi in lipiyon ka kal nirdharan nahin kiya ja saka hai, kintu ye lipiyan mahavir svami evn gautam buddh ke yug men prachalan men thin. shnkh lipi bhi unamen se ek hai. is lipi ke lekh aj tak padhe nahin ja sake hain.

prachalan samay

brahmi lipi uttar bharat men eesa se char sau sal pahale prachalan men aee, kintu dakshin bharat tatha shrilnka men yah lipi eesa se 600 sal pahale prachalan men thi. shnkh lipi ka udbhav bhi usi kal men mana jana chahie. bharahut stambhon par mile is lipi ke abhilekh eesa se 300 varsh purane hain. udayagiri ki guphaon men shnkh lipi ke lekh gupt kalin hain, jinake panchavin shatabdi eesvi ka hona anumanit hai. devagadh ke stambhon ki tithi panchavin shatabdi eesvi ki hai. atah is par lekhon ke utkirnan ki tithi panchavin-chhathi shatabdi eesvi ki honi chahie. soloman ne gujarat ke pathari namak sthan se shnkh lipi ka ek aisa shilalekh dhoondha tha, jise pratihar kalin mana jata hai. isase anuman kiya ja sakata hai ki shnkh lipi pratihar kal men bhi maujood thi.

ek akhyan ke anusar gautam buddh apane jivan kal ke prarambh men jain dharm ke pravartak mahavir svami ke shishy the. jab ve mahavir svami se alag hokar udayagiri ae to mahavir ke lie shnkh lipi men sndesh chhodakar ae. yah ek akhyan hai, jisaki vishvasaniyata adhik nahin hai.

akshar

prapt shilalekhon ke adhar par anuman lagaya gaya hai ki is lipi men 12 akshar hain. is lipi ke lekhon men bahut chhote-chhote sndesh khude hue hain. arthath in lekhon men pavitr shabd, eeshvariy nam, ‘shubhaste pnthanah sntu’ evn ‘aaul di baist’ jaise mngal kamana karane vale shabd utkirn ho sakate hain. soloman namak ek vidvan ne siddh kiya hai ki is lipi men utane akshar maujood hain, jinamen snskrit bhasha ke samast shabdon ko vyakt kiya ja sake. uttar pradesh ke devagadh men is lipi ke aksharon ka akar brahmi lipi ke aksharon se kuchh hi bada hai, jabaki udayagiri ki guphaon men shnkh lipi ke aksharon ko kee mitar ki oonchaee vala banaya gaya hai. kuchh vidvan is lipi ka kal chauthi se naunvi shatabdi eesvi nirdharit karate hain; kintu yah kal nirdharan sahi nahin lagata. is lipi ko brahmi lipi ki samakalin mana ja sakata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah