शानी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shani
gulasher khan shani
poora nam gulasher khan shani
janm 16 mee, 1933
janm bhoomi jagadalapur, madhy pradesh (ab chhattisagadh)
mrityu 10 faravari, 1995
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr kathakar, upanyasakar
mukhy rachanaen upanyas - 'sanp aur sidhi', 'phool todana mana hai', 'ek ladaki ki dayari' aur 'kala jal' adi.
bhasha hindi, angrezi, urdoo
puraskar-upadhi shikhar samman
prasiddhi kathakar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari gulasher khan shani, sahity akadami ki patrika 'samakalin bharatiy sahity' aur 'sakshatkar' ke snsthapak-snpadak the.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

shani (angrezi: Shani, poora nam: gulasher khan shani, janm: 16 mee, 1933; mrityu: 10 faravari, 1995) prasiddh kathakar evn sahity akadami ki patrika 'samakalin bharatiy sahity' aur 'sakshatkar' ke snsthapak-snpadak the. 'navabharat taims' men bhi unhonne kuchh samay kam kiya. anek bharatiy bhashaon ke alava roosi, lithuvani, chek aur angrezi men bhi unaki rachanaen anoodit hueen. ve madhy pradesh ke 'shikhar samman' se alnkrit aur uttar pradesh sarakar dvara puraskrit hain.[1]

jivan parichay

gulasher khan shani ka janm 16 mee, 1933 ko jagadalapur men hua tha. unhonne apani lekhani ka safar jagadalapur se arnbh kar gvaliyar aur phir bhopal, dilli tak tay kiya. ve 'madhh‍y pradesh sahith‍y parishad', bhopal ke sachiv aur parishad ki sahityik patrika 'sakshatkar' ke snsh‍thapak-snpadak rahe. dilh‍li men ve 'navabharat taims' ke sahayak snpadak bhi rahe aur sahity akadami se snbaddh ho ge. sahith‍y akadami ki patrika 'samakalin bharatiy sahith‍y' ke bhi ve snsh‍thapak snpadak rahe the. is snpoorn yatra men shani sahith‍y aur prashasanik padon ki unchaeeyon ko nirntar chhoote rahe.

lekhan kary

maitrik tak shiksha praph‍t shani bastar jaise adivasi ilake men rahane ke bavajood angrezi, urdoo, hinh‍di ke achh‍chhe gyata the. unh‍honne ek videshi samaj vigyani ke adivasiyon par kie ja rahe shodh par bharapoor sahayog kiya aur shodh avadhi tak unake sath soodoor bash‍tar ke andarooni ilakon men ghoomate rahe. kaha jata hai ki unaki doosari kriti 'salavano ka dvip' isi yatra ke snsh‍maran ke anubhavon men piroee gee hai. unaki is kriti ki prash‍tavana usi videshi ne likhi aur shani ne is kriti ko prasiddh sahith‍yakar prophesar kanti kumar jain jo us samay 'jagadalapur mahavidyalay' men hi padash‍th the, ko samarpit kiya hai.

'shalavanon ke dvip' ek aupanh‍yasik yatravrit hai. manh‍yata hai ki bash‍tar ka jaisa antarng chitr is kriti men hai, vaisa hinh‍di men anh‍yatr nahin hai. shani ne 'sanp aur sidhi', 'phool todana mana hai', 'ek ladaki ki dayari' aur 'kala jal' jaise upanh‍yas likhe. lagatar vibhinh‍n patr-patrikaon men chhapate hue 'bnbool ki chhanv', 'dali nahin phoolati', 'chhote ghere ka vidroh', 'ek se makanon ka nagar', 'yuddh', 'shart kh‍ya hua ?', 'biradari' aur 'sadak par karate hue' nam se kahani sngrah v prasiddh snsh‍maran 'shalavano ka dvip' likha. shani ne apani yah samash‍t lekhani jagadalapur men rahate hue hi lagabhag chh:-sat varshon men hi ki. jagadalapur se nikalane ke bad unh‍honnen apani ulh‍lekhaniy lekhani ko viram de diya.

mrityu

bastar ke bailadila khadan karmiyon ke jivan par tath‍kalin paristhitiyon par upanyas likhane ki unaki kamana man men hi rahi aur 10 faravari, 1995 ko ve is duniya se rukhasat ho ge.[2]

kritiyan

shani ki rachanaen[3]
upanyas
  • kala jal
  • kastoori
  • pattharon men bnd avaz
  • ek ladaki ki dayari
  • sanp aur sidhi
  • nadi aur sipiyan
kahani sngrah
  • babool ki chhanv
  • chhote ghere ka vidroh
  • ek se makanon ka nagar
  • ek nav ke yatri
  • yuddh
  • shart ka kya hua ?
  • biradari
  • sadak par karate hue
  • jahanpanah jngal
snpadan (sahityik patrika)
  • sakshatkar
  • samakalin bharatiy sahity
  • kahani
snsmaran
  • shal vanon ka dvip
nibndh sngrah
  • ek shahar men sapane bikate hain

sahityik parichay

shani ek aise katha lekhak hai jo apani samasamayik vishay ki prishthabhoomi ko apane lekhan se prabhavit karate rahe hain. unhonne samakalin shailigat prabhav ko poornaroopen prayog karate hue apane upanyas men nayi shailigat manyataon ko prakshepit kiya hai. jo apane ap men shaili ki drishti se vishisht hain. shani ne apani anubhootiyon aur vicharon ko abhivyakti dene ke lie achchhi shaili ka prayog kiya hai. inake upanyas sahity ke patr jitana kuchh bolate hai usase kahin adhik apane bhitar ki pida aur vedana ko abhivyakt bhi karate hain. shani ke upanyas sahity ke shaili tatv inaki lekhani ka sparsh pakar pathakon ko abhibhoot karate hain. inake upanyas pathakon ke hriday tatha buddhi ko saman roop se avisht karane ki kshamata rakhate hain. inaki shaili ka kshetr atyant vyapak evn vistrit hai. vishay vistar ki jahan avashyakata hoti hai vahan lekhan apani bat spasht roop se kah dete hai. isi prakar nari patr 'sallo apa' jo ki kisi navayuvak se prem karati hai kintu vah apane parivar ke dar ke karan kuchh kah nahin pati hai aur jab usake ghar valon ko pata chalata hai ki vah avivahit hi garbhavati ho gee hai to use jahar dekar mar dita jata hai.

bhasha-shaili

shani ne parivesh ke anukool hi bhasha shaili ko apanaya hai. jaisa parivesh evn mahaul hota hai usi prakar abhivyakti ki shaili nirmit ho jati hai. yah rachanakar ki sambhavanashilata ko dikhati hai. rachanakar par hindustani aur urdoo donon bhashaon ka prabhav dikhayi deta hai. isalie theth hindustani shaili ka prayog bhi unake upanyas men dikhayi deta hai. kathatmak shaili ka bhi prayog shani ke upanyas men dekhane ko milati hai. kathatmak shaili se tatpary upanyas ke bich men kahi jane vali laghu kathaon se yukt shaili se hai jo ki upanyas men kahi jane vali baton ki vastavikata siddh karati hai. laghu kathaen upanyas ko yatharthata se jodati hai. sath hi sath vartaman samay men jis baton ko nakar diya jata hai , tab lok prachalit laghukathaen unaki sarthakata siddh karati hai. kathatmak shaili ka prayog upanyas men zyadatar ke madhyam se kiya gaya hai. bich -bich men nairetar ka kary karata hai-

lekin usake bad achanak sunarin ki avaz band ho gee thi jaise kisi ne kasakar munh hi moond liya ho. phir ekaek daba hua svar badi jor se chirata hua muhalle-bhar men goonj gaya tha, man goo o o ! man go o o !

shani dvara rachit upanyas 'kala jal' men snvadatmak shaili bhi dekhane ko milati hai. ise vartalap ya kathopakathan kaha jata hai. natakon men jitana snvadon ka mahatvapoorn sthan hota hai, utana hi mahatv upanyas men bhi hai. katha ko age badhane ke lie tatha patron ke gatividhiyon ko spasht karane men snvad mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhate hain. shani ke upanyas sahity ki shaili men vividhata dekhane ko milati hai jo ki inake sahity men kalatmak evn rochakata ki vriddhi karata hai. lekhak ke shaili ka saundary bhasha evn bhashagat ya bhasha ikaiyon ka suvyavasthit se vishayanukool chayan hai.[4]

samman


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. shani (hindi) hindi bhavan. abhigaman tithi: 9 march, 2015.
  2. bash‍tar ke paryay : gulasher ahamad khaaun ‘shani’ (hindi) arambh (blaaug chhattisagadh). abhigaman tithi: 9 march, 2015.
  3. shani (hindi) hindi samay. abhigaman tithi: 9 march, 2015.
  4. shani (hindi) upama sharma (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 9 march, 2015.

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