शिमला  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shimala
shimala ka ek drishy
vivaran shimala ko simala nam se jana jata tha. shimala himachal pradesh ki rajadhani hai aur shimala zile ka prashasanik mukhyalay bhi hai.
rajy himachal pradesh
zila shimala
bhaugolik sthiti uttar-31° 6′ 12″, poorv-77° 10′ 20″
marg sthiti shimala se himachal pradesh ke vibhinn sthanon ke lie bason ka parichalan kiya jata hai. bason ke alava rashtriy rajamarg 22 se niji vahanon dvara bhi kohima tak pahuncha ja sakata hai.
kab jaen mee se aktoobar
kaise pahunchen havaee jahaj, rel, bas, taiksi
relave steshan relave steshan kalaka, chndigadh aur pathanakot
bas adda shimala bas adda
kya dekhen himalay parvat ki nichali shrinkhalaon men avasthit shimala shahar devadar, chid aur majoo ke jngalon se ghira hai. isake uttar men barf se dhaki parvat shrinkhalaen hai. yahan ghati ka sundar drishh‍y dikhaee deta hai
kahan thaharen hotal, atithi-grah, dharmashala
kya khariden shaaul, topi, hastashilp vastuen
es.ti.di. kod 0177
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif shimala googal manachitr
adyatan‎

shimala ko simala nam se jana jata tha. shimala himachal pradesh ki rajadhani hai aur shimala zile ka prashasanik mukhyalay bhi hai. desh ki azadi ke ek varsh bad tak yah grishmakalin rajadhani ke roop men apani mahatta siddh karata raha. shimala bharat ke sath-sath poori dooniya men apane anupam saundary ke karan sailaniyon ka priy darshaniy sthal raha hai. shimala, romanchak khelon jaise skiing, treking, phishing aur golph ke lie ek suvidhajanak bes ka kam bhi karata hai. yadyapi british samrajy samapt ho chuka hai par isaki chhap abhi bhi shimala men dikhaee padati hai. bharat men britishon ki grishmakalin rajadhani raha yah shahar pahale se hi akarshan ka kendr raha hai. ab himachal pradesh rajy ki rajadhani ke roop men shimala men sabhi suvidhaen maujood hain. shimala ka nam devi shh‍yamala ke nam par rakha gaya hai jo kali ka avatar hai.

sthiti

shimala samudr tal se 6890 phit ooncha, desh ka sarvadhik khoobasoorat hil steshan hai, jo ki 12 kilomitar lambaee men phaila hain. shimala chndigadh se 114 kilomitar uttar men lagabhag 2,200 mitar ki oonchaee par laghu himalay ki ek parvat choti par sthit hai. shimala lagabhag 7267 phit ki oonchaee par sthit hai aur yah ardh chakr akar men basa hua hai. jahan poore varsh thanh‍di havaen bahane ka varadan hai.

shimala (1845)

itihas

  • 1814-16 ke gorakha yuddh ke bad sainik tukadiyon ke surakshit jagah par aram ke liye shimala ki sthapana ki gee thi. shimala thndi jalavayu, suramy prakritik drishyon, himachchhadit pahadi drishyon, chid aur devadar ke jngalon aur aupaniveshik vastu ke akarshak shahari bhoodrishy ke liye vikhyat hai. inhin karanon se yah bharat ki grishmakalin rajadhani hua karata tha.
  • 1864 men shimala ko angrejon ki rajadhani banaya gaya tha. shimala ek paryatak sthal ke roop men bhi mashahoor hai. shimala ki khoj angrejon ne sanh 1819 men ki thi. charls kainedi ne yahan pahala grishh‍makalin ghar banaya tha. jaldi hi shimala laaurd viliyam bentink ki nazaron men a gaya, jo ki 1828 se 1835 tak bharat ke gavarnar janaral the.
  • 19 vin sadi ke atn men yahan british vaisaraauy ke avas (rashtrapati nivas) ka nirman hua tha. ajakal isamen instityoot aauf edavansd stadi hai.

yatayat aur parivahan

nagar nigam, shimala

yah nagar ek chhoti rel lain ka antim padav hai, jo paryatakon ko behad akarshit karata hai.

sadak marg

shimala se himachal pradesh ke vibhinn sthanon ke lie bason ka parichalan kiya jata hai. bason ke alava rashtriy rajamarg 22 se niji vahanon dvara bhi kohima tak pahuncha ja sakata hai.

krishi aur udyog

shimala ek krishi bazar hai aur yahan madyanirman, hastashilp aur hathakaragha udyog jaise laghu udyog hain.

visirejal laauj, shimala

shiksha

  • shimala men anek purane arogyagrih, mahavidyalay aur himalay pradesh vishvavidyalay bhi hai.
  • 1972-73 men punargathan ke samay shimala zile (5,000 varg kimi) ka vistar kiya gaya tha.
  • shimala men 14 anganabadi aur 63 prathamik vidyalay hai. kee british yug ke skool bhi hain.
  • shimala men lokapriy skoolon men bishap kaautan skool, shimala pablik skool, sent edavard skool, tara haaul, dievi skool, dievi nyoo shimala, dayannd pablik skool, aaukalaind skool, lalapani skool pramukh hain.
  • kendriy vidyalay, shimala ke behatarin skoolon men se ek hai. pahale yah harakort batalar skool ke nam se jana jata tha.
  • shimala men medikal snsthanon men indira gandhi medikal kaaulej aur dnt chikitsa mahavidyalay hain.

snskriti

shimala men vibhinn tyoharon ko manaya jata hai. shimala samar phestival, pik paryatan sijan ke dauran har sal rij par ayojit kiya jata hai. isaka mukhy akarshan sabhi desh bhar se lokapriy gayakon dvara pradarshan shamil hai.

paryatan

kraist charch, shimala

shimala men pahunchane ki asani aur anek akarshak sthalon ke karan shimala bharat ka sabase prasiddh hil steshan hai. himalay parvat ki nichali shrinkhalaon men avasthit shimala shahar devadar, chid aur majoo ke jngalon se ghira hai. isake uttar men barf se dhaki parvat shrinkhalaen hai. yahan ghati ka sundar drishh‍y dikhaee deta hai aur mahanh himalay parvati ki chotiyan charon or dikhaee deti hai. 12 kilomitar ki doori men phaile shimala shahar men pahadi dhalanon par bane makanon aur kheton, devadar, chid aur majoo ke jngalon se ghira shimala bahut akarshak dikhaee deta hai. kalaka se dhimi raphtar se chalati chhoti relagadi se yahan ana sukhad mahasoos hota hai. shimala ki ghatiyon men bahate jharane aur maidan shimala ki shobha badhate hain. shahar ke bhitar anoothe kaautej aur shanadar raston men aupaniveshik prabhav dekha ja sakata hai. shimala men kharidari, khelakood aur manornjan ke vibhinn vikalp maujood hain. yahan thanh‍di havaen bahati rahati hai. shimala ka sukhad mausam, asani se pahunch aur dheron akarshan ise uttar bharat ka ek sarvadhik lokapriy parvatiy sh‍than bana dete hain.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar shimala shahar ki janasnkhya 1,42,161 hai.


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