शिलांग  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shilang

shilang shahar meghalay rajy ki rajadhani, poorvottar bharat men hai. shilang 1,520 mitar ki oonchaee par shilang pathar par sthit hai. 1864 men yah pahali bar mahattvapoorn bana, jab ise cherapoonji ki jagah zila mukhyalay banaya gaya. 1874 men ise asam ke ne prant ki rajadhani banaya gaya. isane poorv-kainbriyan kal ke ek pramukh patitashm samooh par anoothi sthiti hasil ki hai; yah ek giri pind ke madhy bhag men sthit hai, jo bhrnshon aur any visheshataon se yukt hai. shahar ke charon or anek jalaprapat hain.

itihas

1897 men ae bhooknp ne is shahar ko poori tarah tabah kar ise bilkul ne dhng se nirmit karane ke lie vivash kar diya. 1972 men is kshetr ke arunachal pradesh ke kendr shasit pradesh banane tak naaurth eest fntiyar ejensi (nefa) ka mukhyalay shilang men hi tha. isi varsh yah meghalay rajy ki rajadhani bana. yah naya rajy pahale asam rajy ka ek hissa tha. 20vin sadi ke poorvarddh men motaragadi ke pravesh tak yahan paidal yatra hi avagaman ka ek matr zariya tha. 1906 men yahan motaragadi chalani shuroo huee.

hathi jharana, shilang

atyadhik oonchaee par base hone ke karan ise 'dakshin ka skaautalaind' kaha jata hai shilang ka nam shillong devata ke nam par pada hai. aisa mana jata hai ki is nagar ke oopar shillong choti par is devata ka nivas hai. navambar, 1823 men is nagar par eest indiya kampani ka qabza ho gaya. shilang par siyemon se poorv ahom rajaon ka shasan tha. meghalay banane tak shilang asam rajy ki rajadhani bana raha. meghalay rajy ki sthapana 2 aprail, 1970 ko huee. tab isaki rajadhani shilang ko banaya gaya tatha asam ki nee rajadhani disapur men sthapit ki gee.

adhunik shilang men vahan achchhi-khasi snkhya men hai. jo shahar men bhid-bhad rasta jam aur pradooshan phailate hain. bhid ki ek vajah yah bhi hai ki asam ke vibhinn sthanon se mizoram aur tripura jaise poorvottar rajyon ko jodane vala rashtriy rajamarg shahar se hokar gujarata hai.

krishi aur khanij

shilang poorvottar rajyon ke bade shaharon men se ek aur krishi utpadon ka mahattvapoorn vyapar kendr hain. yahan ke anek anusndhan kendron men deri vigyan udyan vigyan resham utpadan snsthan shamil hain. shahar se kuchh mil ki doori par uttar disha men barapani jal vidyut ghar sthit hai.

shikshan snsthan

vardas jhil, shilang

yahan par pashchar snsthan medikal risarch instityoot aur do aspatal hain. julaee 1973 men yahan narth-eestarn parvatiy vishvavidyalay jo ek kendriy vishvavidyalay hai, ke mukhy parisar ki sthapana ki gee. yahan par poorvottar parishad aur indiyan kausing aauph soshal sains risarch ke kshetriy kendr ke mukhyalay bhi hain.

sanskritik kriyakalap

yahan par kushti, phutabaaul rassakashi, bharottolan aur gaaulf jaise khel lokapriy hain. nrity tyohar shahari jivan ka mahattvapoorn hissa hain. yahan par pratyek varsh shilang mahotsav ka ayojan hota hai. is kshetr ki khasi janajati ke logon ne apani snskriti v parnpara ko surakshit rakha hai.

pravas

shahari aur mahanagariy prabhavon ke bavajood yahan matrivnshiy vyavastha abhi bhi qayam hai. 1947 men bharat ke vibhajan ke samay shilang ki taraph bade paimane par pravas hua. zyadatar pravasi silhat zile ke the, jise poorvi pakistan (vartaman bangladesh) men shamil kar liya gaya tha.

janasnkhya

2001 ki janaganana ke anusar shilang shahar ki kul janasnkhya 1,32,876 hai; aur chhavani kshetr ki kul janasnkhya 12,385 hai.


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