शेख़ अहमद सरहिन्दी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shekh ahamad sarahindi (janm- 1564, sarahind, patiyala; mrityu- 1624, sarahind) bharatiy adhyatmavadi aur dharmashastri, jo mugal badashah akabar ke shasan kal men prachalit samanvayavadi dharmik pravrittiyon ke khilaf pratikriya svaroop bharat men roodhivadi sunni islam ko punarjivit aur sashakt banane ke lie mukhy roop se zimmedar the.

parichay

shekh ahamad ne, jo apane paitrik paksh ki or se khalifa umar pratham[1] ke vnshaj the, pahale ghar men aur bad men siyalakot men (vartaman pakistan men) parnparik islami shiksha grahan ki thi. jab shekh ahamad poori tarah paripakv hue, tab prakhyat mugal badashah akabar ne nee samanvayavadi astha (din-e-ilahi), jisamen unake samrajy ke vibhinn snpradayon ke adhyatmik vishvason ke vividh roopon aur dharmik kriyakalapon ke ekikaran ka prayas tha, ke zariye apane samrajy ko sngathit karane ki koshish ki.[2]

yogadan

1593-94 men shekh ahamad bharat ki sabase mahattvapoorn soofi adhyatmavadi 'naqshabndiya' men shamil ho ge. unhonne apana jivan akabar aur unake uttaradhikari jahangir ke 'sarveshvaravad' aur islam ki shiya shakha ke prati jhukav ke khilaf upadesh dete hue bitaya. unaki kee rachanaon men sabase prakhyat 'maktoobat', bharat aur aauksas nadi ke uttar men apane mitron ko farasi bhasha men likhe ge patron ka sngrah hai. in patron ke madhyam se islami chintan men shekh ahamad ke yogadan ka pata chalata hai. unhonne ati ekeshvaravadi sthiti 'vahadat-ul-vajood'[3] ka virodh karate hue 'vahadat ash-shahood'[4] ke vichar ka pratipadan kiya. is mat ke anusar sirph ekata ka vishayanishth anubhav hi astitv men hai, jo keval vishvas karane vale ke mastishk men paida hota hai; vastavik vishv men isake samakaksh kuchh bhi nahin hai.

upadhi

shekh ahamad sarahindi ke matanusar, pahala mat 'sarveshvaravadi' hai, jo islam ki sunni parnpara ke siddhant ke viruddh hai. unhen maranoparant di gee upadhi 'mujahid-e-alf-e-sani'[5] se bharat men islami roodhivad ke vikas men unake mahatv ka pata chalata hai. isase muslim kailendar ke anusar doosari sahasrabdi ke arnbh men unake hone ke tathy ka bhi sndarbh milata hai.[2]

nidhan

sarakari halaqon men unake upadesh bahut lokapriy nahin the. unake dvara shiya vicharon ke akramak virodh se naraz hokar badashah jahangir ne unhen 1619 ee. men kuchh samay ke lie gvaliyar ke qile men bnd karava diya tha. shekh ahamad sarahindi ka nidhan 1624 ee. men sarahind men hua. sarahind men sthit shekh ahamad ka maqabara ab bhi ek tirth sthal hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. islam ke doosare khalifa
  2. 2.0 2.1 bharat gyanakosh, khand-5 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 308 |
  3. eeshvar, snsar tatha manushy ki daiviy astitvatmak ekata ka siddhant
  4. drishti ki ekata ka siddhant
  5. doosari sahasrabdi ke sudharak

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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