श्यामजी कृष्ण वर्मा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shyamaji krishn varma
shyamaji krishn varma
poora nam shyamaji krishn varma
janm 4 aktoobar, 1857
janm bhoomi mandavi ganv, gujarat
mrityu 31 march, 1930
mrityu sthan jeneva, svitzaralaind
pati/patni bhanumati krishn varma
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata senani, lekhak, vakil, patrakar
vidyalay vilsan haeeskool, mumbee; aauksaford vishvavidyalay
shiksha bi.e.
vishesh yogadan inglaind se masik 'd indiyan soshiolaaujist' prakashit kiya, jisaka prakashan bad men jineva men bhi kiya gaya.
any janakari svami dayannd sarasvati ke sannidhy men rahakar mukhar hue snskrit v vedashastron ke moordhany vidvan ke roop men pratishtha prapt shyamaji krishn varma 1885 men tatkalin ratalam rajy ke 1889 tak divan pad par asin rahe.

shyamaji krishn varma (angrezi: Shyamji Krishna Varma, janm: 4 aktoobar, 1857; mrityu: 31 march, 1930) bharat ke un amar sapooton men hain, jinhonne apana sampoorn jivan bharat ki azadi ke lie laga diya. british sarakar ke atyacharon se trast hokar bharat se inglaind chale gaye shyamaji krishn varma ne apana sara jivan bharat ki svatantrata ke lie mahaul banane men aur navayuvakon ko prerit karane men lagaya. svami dayannd sarasvati ke sannidhy men rahakar mukhar hue snskrit v vedashastron ke moordhany vidvan ke roop men pratishtha prapt shyamaji krishn varma 1885 men tatkalin ratalam rajy ke 1889 tak divan pad par asin rahe.

jivan parichay

shyamaji krishn varma ka janm 4 aktoobar, 1857 ko gujarat ke mandavi ganv men hua tha. shyamaji krishn varma ne sanh 1888 men ajamer men vakalat ke dauran svaraj ke lie kam karana shuroo kar diya tha. madhy pradesh men ratalam aur gujarat men joonagadh men divan rahakar unhonne janahit ke kam kie. sanh 1897 men ve punah inglaind ge. 1905 men laaurd karzan ki zyadatiyon ke viruddh sngharsharat rahe. isi varsh inglaind se masik 'd indiyan soshiolaaujist' prakashit kiya, jisaka prakashan bad men jineva men bhi kiya gaya. inglaind men rahakar unhonne indiya haus ki sthapana ki. bharat lautane ke bad 1905 men unhonne krantikari chhatron ko lekar indiyan homarool sosayati ki sthapana ki. shyamaji krishn varma lokamany bal gngadhar tilak aur svami dayannd sarasvati se prerit the. 1918 ke barlin aur inglaind men hue vidya sammelanon men unhonne bharat ka pratinidhitv kiya tha. krantikari gatividhiyon ke madhyam se azadi ke snkalp ko gatishil karane vale shyamaji krishn varma pahale bharatiy the, jinhen aauksaphord se em.e. aur bairistar ki upadhiyan milin thin. pune men die ge unake snskrit ke bhashan se prabhavit hokar moniyar viliyams ne varmaji ko aauksaphord men snskrit ka sahayak prophesar bana diya tha.[1]

shiksha evn karyakshetr

shyamaji krishn varma aauksaphord vishvavidyalay se 1883 ee. men bi.e. ki digri prapt karane vale pratham bharatiy hone ke atirikt angrezi rajy ko hatane ke lie videshon men bharatiy navayuvakon ko prerana dene vale, krantikariyon ka sngathan karane vale pahale hindustani the. pn. shyamaji krishn varma ko deshabhakti ka pahala path padhane vale ary samaj ke snsthapak maharshi dayannd sarasvati the. 1875 ee. men jab svami dayannd ji ne bambee (ab munbee‌) men ary samaj ki sthapana ki to shyamaji krishn varma usake pahale sadasy banane valon men se the. svami ji ke charanon men baith kar inhonne snskrit grnthon ka svadhyay kiya. ve maharshi dayannd dvara sthapit paropakarini sabha ke bhi sadasy the. bambee se chhapane vale maharshi dayannd ke vedabhashy ke prabndhak bhi rahe. 1885 ee. men snskrit ki uchchatam digri ke sath bairistari ki pariksha pas karake bharat laute. inglaind men svadhinata andolan ke prayason ko sabal banane ki drishti se shyamaji krishn varma ji ne angrezi men janavari 1905 ee. se 'indiyan soshiyolojist' namak masik patr nikala. 18 faravari, 1905 ee. ko unhonne inglaind men hi 'indiyan homarool sosayati' ki sthapana ki aur ghoshana ki ki hamara uddeshy "bharatiyon ke lie bharatiyon ke dvara bharatiyon ki sarakar sthapit karana hai" ghoshana ko kriyatmak roop dene ke lie landan men 'indiya haus' ki sthapana ki, jo ki inglaind men bharatiy rajanitik gatividhiyon tatha karyakalapon ka sabase bada kendr raha.[2]

vicharadhara

pn. shyamaji krishn varma bharat ki svatntrata pane ka pramukh sadhan sarakar se asahayog karana samajhate the. apaki manyata rahi aur kaha bhi karate the ki yadi bharatiy angrezon ko sahayog dena bnd kar den to angrezi shasan ek hi rat men dharashayi ho sakata hai. shantipoorn upayon ke samarthak hote hue bhi shyamaji svatntrata prapti ke lie hinsapoorn upayon ka parityag karane ke paksh men nahin the. unaka yah dava tha ki bharatiy janata ki loot aur hatya karane ke lie sabase adhik sngathit giroh angrezon ka hi hai. jab tak angrez svatntrata ke lie andolan karane ki svatntrata pradan karate hain tab tak hinsak upayon ki avashyakata nahin hai, kintu jab sarakar pres aur bhashan ki svatntrata par pabndiyan lagati hai, bhishan daman ke upayon ka prayog karati hai to bharatiy deshabhakton ko adhikar hai ki ve svatntrata pane ke lie sabhi prakar ke sabhi avashyak sadhanon ka prayog karen. unaka manana tha ki hamari karyavahi ka pramukh sadhan raktarnjit nahin hai, kintu bahishkar ka upay hai. jis din angrez bharat men apane naukar nahin rakh sakenge, pulis aur sena men javanon ki bharti karane men asamarth ho jayenge, us din bharat men british shasan atit ki vastu ho jaega. inhonne apani masik patrika indiyan soshiyolojist ke pratham ank men hi likha tha ki atyachari shasak ka pratirodh karana n keval nyayochit hai apitu avashyak bhi hai aur ant men is bat par bhi bal diya ki atyachari, damanakari shasan ka takhta palatane ke lie paradhin jati ko sashastr sngharsh ka marg apanana chahie.[2]

samman

samman men jari dak tikat

ratalam men shyamaji krishn varma srijan pith ki sthapana bhi ki ja chuki hai. shyamaji krishn varma ki janmasthali mandavi gujarat kranti tirth ke roop men vikasit kiya ja raha hai. jahan svadhinata sngram sainaniyon ki pratimaen v 21 hajar vrikshon ka krantivan akar le raha hai. ratalam men hi svatntrata sngram sainaniyon ke parichay gatha ki gailari prastavit hai, taki bharatiy svatntrata ke adharabhoot mool tatvon ka smaran evn unake snbndhit shodh kary ki or age badh sake, lekin isake lie ratalam zila prashasan evn madhyapradesh shasan ki mukharata bhi apekshit hai.[3]

nidhan

krantikari shahid madanalal dhingara inake shishyon men se ek the. unaki shahadat par unhonne chhatravritti bhi shuroo ki thi. vir savarakar ne unake margadarshan men lekhan kary kiya tha. 31 march, 1933 ko jeneva ke aspatal men inaka nidhan hua.

antim ichchha

sat samndar par se angrezon ki dharati se hi bharat mukti ki bat karana samany nahin tha, unaki desh bhakti ki tivrata thi hi, svatntrata ke prati astha itani dridh thi ki pn. shyamaji krishn varma ne apani mrityu se pahale hi yah ichchha vyakt ki thi ki unaki mrityu ke bad asthiyan svatntr bharat ki dharati par le jaee jae. bharatiy svatntrata ke 17 varsh pahale dinank 31 march, 1930 ko unaki mrityu jineva men huee, unaki mrityu ke 73 varsh bad svatntr bharat ke 56 varsh bad 2003 men bharat mata ke sapoot ki asthiyan gujarat ke mukhyamntri narendr modi ki pahal par desh ki dharati par lane ki saphalata mili.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. shyamaji krishn varma (hindi) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 27 march, 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 krantikari shyam ji krishn varma (hindi) krantivir. abhigaman tithi: 27 march, 2014.
  3. 3.0 3.1 joshi, pn. baboolal. svatntrata sngram senani pn. shyam ji krishn varma (hindi) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 27 march, 2014.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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