श्रावण सोमवार व्रत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shravan somavar vrat
shiv pratima
vivaran hindoo dharm men shravan mah men padane vale somavar ka vishesh mahattv hai. is din bhagavan shiv ke nimitt pooja-archana tatha vrat adi kiye jate hain.
anuyayi hindoo
devi-devata shiv-parvati
mah shravan
any lekh 'hariyali tij', 'rakshabandhan', 'nagapnchami', 'kamida ekadashi', 'putrada ekadashi'.
any janakari prachin shastron ke anusar somavar ke vrat tin tarah ke hote hain- somavar, solah somavar, saumy pradosh.

shravan mas ke pratyek somavar ko bhagavan shiv ke nimitt vrat kie jate hain. is mas men shiv ki pooja ka vishesh vidhan hai. kuchh bhakt to poore mas hi bhagavan shiv ki pooja-aradhana aur vrat karate hain. adhikansh vyakti keval shravan mas men padane vale somavar ka hi vrat karate hain. shravan mas ke somavaron men shiv ke vraton, pooja aur shiv ji ki arati ka vishesh mahattv hai. shiv ke ye vrat shubhadayi aur phaladayi hote hain. in vraton ko karane vale sabhi bhakton se bhagavan shiv bahut prasann hote hain. yah vrat bhagavan shiv ki prasannata ke lie kiye jate hain. vrat men bhagavan shiv ka poojan karake ek samay hi bhojan kiya jata hai. vrat men bhagavan shiv aur mata parvati ka dhyan kar 'shiv pnchakshar mantr' ka jap karate hue poojan karana chahie.

katha

shravan somavar ki katha ke anusar, amarapur nagar men ek dhani vyapari rahata tha. door-door tak usaka vyapar phaila hua tha. nagar men us vyapari ka sabhi log man-samman karate the. itana sab kuchh hone par bhi vah vyapari antarman se bahut du:khi tha, kyonki us vyapari ka koee putr nahin tha. din-rat use yahi ek chinta satati rahati thi. usaki mrityu ke bad usake itane bade vyapar aur dhan-snpatti ko kaun snbhalega. putr pane ki ichchha se vah vyapari prati somavar bhagavan shiv ki vrat-pooja kiya karata tha. saynkal ko vyapari shiv mndir men jakar bhagavan shiv ke samane ghi ka dipak jalaya karata tha.[1]

us vyapari ki bhakti dekhakar ek din parvati ne bhagavan shiv se kaha- "he prananath, yah vyapari apaka sachcha bhakt hai. kitane dinon se yah somavar ka vrat aur pooja niyamit kar raha hai. bhagavan, ap is vyapari ki manokamana avashy poorn karen." bhagavan shiv ne muskarate hue kaha- "he parvati! is snsar men sabako usake karm ke anusar phal ki prapti hoti hai. prani jaisa karm karate hain, unhen vaisa hi phal prapt hota hai." isake bavajood parvati ji nahin manin. unhonne agrah karate hue kaha- "nahin prananath! apako is vyapari ki ichchha poori karani hi padegi. yah apaka anany bhakt hai. prati somavar apaka vidhivat vrat rakhata hai aur pooja-archana ke bad apako bhog lagakar ek samay bhojan grahan karata hai. apako ise putr-prapti ka varadan dena hi hoga."

parvati ka itana agrah dekhakar bhagavan shiv ne kaha- "tumhare agrah par main is vyapari ko putr-prapti ka varadan deta hoon. lekin isaka putr 16 varsh se adhik jivit nahin rahega." usi rat bhagavan shiv ne svapn men us vyapari ko darshan dekar use putr-prapti ka varadan diya aur usake putr ke 16 varsh tak jivit rahane ki bat bhi bataee. bhagavan ke varadan se vyapari ko khushi to huee, lekin putr ki alpayu ki chinta ne us khushi ko nasht kar diya. vyapari pahale ki tarah somavar ka vidhivat vrat karata raha. kuchh mahine pashchath usake ghar ati sundar putr utpann hua. putr janm se vyapari ke ghar men khushiyan bhar geen. bahut dhoomadham se putr-janm ka samaroh manaya gaya. vyapari ko putr-janm ki adhik khushi nahin huee, kyonki use putr ki alp ayu ke rahasy ka pata tha. yah rahasy ghar men kisi ko nahin maloom tha. vidvan brahmanon ne us putr ka nam amar rakha.[1]

jab amar 12 varsh ka hua to shiksha ke lie use varanasi bhejane ka nishchay hua. vyapari ne amar ke mama dipachnd ko bulaya aur kaha ki amar ko shiksha prapt karane ke lie varanasi chhod ao. amar apane mama ke sath shiksha prapt karane ke lie chal diya. raste men jahan bhi amar aur dipachnd ratri vishram ke lie thaharate, vahin ygy karate aur brahmanon ko bhojan karate the. lnbi yatra ke bad amar aur dipachnd ek nagar men pahunche. us nagar ke raja ki kanya ke vivah ki khushi men poore nagar ko sajaya gaya tha. nishchit samay par barat a gee, lekin var ka pita apane bete ke ek ankh se kane hone ke karan bahut chintit tha. use is bat ka bhay sata raha tha ki raja ko is bat ka pata chalane par kahin vah vivah se inakar n kar den. isase usaki badanami hogi. var ke pita ne amar ko dekha to usake mastishk men ek vichar aya. usane socha kyon n is ladake ko doolha banakar rajakumari se vivah kara doon. vivah ke bad isako dhan dekar vida kar doonga aur rajakumari ko apane nagar men le jaoonga.

var ke pita ne isi snbndh men amar aur dipachnd se bat ki. dipachnd ne dhan milane ke lalach men var ke pita ki bat svikar kar li. amar ko doolhe ke vastr pahanakar rajakumari chndrika se vivah kara diya gaya. raja ne bahut-sa dhan dekar rajakumari ko vida kiya. amar jab laut raha tha to sach nahin chhipa saka aur usane rajakumari ki odhani par likh diya- "rajakumari chndrika, tumhara vivah to mere sath hua tha, main to varanasi men shiksha prapt karane ja raha hoon. ab tumhen jis navayuvak ki patni banana padega, vah kana hai." jab rajakumari ne apani odhani par likha hua padha to usane kane ladake ke sath jane se inakar kar diya. raja ne sab baten janakar rajakumari ko mahal men rakh liya. udhar amar apane mama dipachnd ke sath varanasi pahunch gaya. amar ne gurukul men padhana shuroo kar diya.

jab amar ki ayu 16 varsh poori huee to usane ek ygy kiya. ygy ki samapti par brahmanon ko bhojan karaya aur khoob ann, vastr dan kie. rat ko amar apane shayanakaksh men so gaya. shiv ke varadan ke anusar shayanavastha men hi amar ke pran-pakheroo ud ge. sooryoday par mama amar ko mrit dekhakar rone-pitane laga. asapas ke log bhi ekatr hokar duahkh prakat karane lage. mama ke rone, vilap karane ke svar samip se gujarate hue bhagavan shiv aur mata parvati ne bhi sune. parvati ji ne bhagavan se kaha- "prananath! mujhase isake rone ke svar sahan nahin ho rahe. ap is vyakti ke kasht avashy door karen." bhagavan shiv ne parvati ji ke sath adrishy roop men samip jakar amar ko dekha to parvati ji se bole- "parvati! yah to usi vyapari ka putr hai. mainne ise 16 varsh ki ayu ka varadan diya tha. isaki ayu to poori ho gee." parvati ji ne phir bhagavan shiv se nivedan kiya- "he prananath! ap is ladake ko jivit karen. nahin to isake mata-pita putr ki mrityu ke karan ro-rokar apane pranon ka tyag kar denge. is ladake ka pita to apaka param bhakt hai. varshon se somavar ka vrat karate hue apako bhog laga raha hai." parvati ke agrah karane par bhagavan shiv ne us ladake ko jivit hone ka varadan diya aur kuchh hi pal men vah jivit hokar uth baitha.[1]

shiksha samapt karake amar mama ke sath apane nagar ki or chal diya. donon chalate hue usi nagar men pahunche, jahan amar ka vivah hua tha. us nagar men bhi amar ne ygy ka ayojan kiya. samip se gujarate hue nagar ke raja ne ygy ka ayojan dekha. raja ne amar ko turnt pahachan liya. ygy samapt hone par raja amar aur usake mama ko mahal men le gaya aur kuchh din unhen mahal men rakhakar bahut-sa dhan, vastr dekar rajakumari ke sath vida kiya. raste men suraksha ke lie raja ne bahut se sainikon ko bhi sath bheja. dipachnd ne nagar men pahunchate hi ek doot ko ghar bhejakar apane agaman ki soochana bheji. apane bete amar ke jivit vapas lautane ki soochana se vyapari bahut prasann hua. vyapari ne apani patni ke sath svayn ko ek kamare men bnd kar rakha tha. bhookhe-pyase rahakar vyapari aur usaki patni bete ki pratiksha kar rahe the. unhonne pratigya kar rakhi thi ki yadi unhen apane bete ki mrityu ka samachar mila to donon apane pran tyag denge. vyapari apani patni aur mitron ke sath nagar ke dvar par pahuncha. apane bete ke vivah ka samachar sunakar, putravadhoo rajakumari chndrika ko dekhakar usaki khushi ka thikana n raha. usi rat bhagavan shiv ne vyapari ke svapn men akar kaha- "he shreshthi! mainne tere somavar ke vrat karane aur vratakatha sunane se prasann hokar tere putr ko lnbi ayu pradan ki hai." vyapari bahut prasann hua. somavar ka vrat karane se vyapari ke ghar men khushiyan laut aeen. shastron men likha hai ki jo stri-purush somavar ka vidhivat vrat karate aur vratakatha sunate hain, unaki sabhi ichchhaen poori hoti hain.

vrat vidhi

shravan somavar ke vrat men bhagavan shiv aur devi parvati ki pooja ki jati hai. prachin shastron ke anusar somavar ke vrat tin tarah ke hote hain[1]-

  1. somavar
  2. solah somavar
  3. saumy pradosh


somavar vrat ki vidhi sabhi vraton men saman hoti hai. is vrat ko shravan mah men arnbh karana shubh mana jata hai. savan somavar vrat sooryoday se prarnbh kar tisare pahar tak kiya jata hai. shiv pooja ke bad somavar vrat ki katha sunani avashyak hai. vrat karane vale ko din men ek bar bhojan karana chahie. savan somavar ko brahm muhoort men sokar uthen. poore ghar ki saphaee kar snanadi se nivritt ho jaen. gnga jal ya pavitr jal poore ghar men chhidaken. ghar men hi kisi pavitr sthan par bhagavan shiv ki moorti ya chitr sthapit karen. poori poojan taiyari ke bad nimn mntr se snkalp len-

'mam kshemasthairyavijayarogyaishvaryabhivriddhayarthn somavratn karishye'

isake pashchath nimn mntr se dhyan karen-

'dhyayennitynmaheshn rajatagirinibhn charuchndravatnsn ratnakalpojjvalang parashumrigavarabhitihastn prasannamh‌.
padmasinn samntatstutamamaraganairvyaghrakrittin vasann vishvadyn vishvavndyn nikhilabhayaharn pnchavaktrn trinetramh‌॥'


Om namah shivay' se shiv ka tatha 'Om shivayai' namah se parvati ka shodashopachar poojan karen. poojan ke pashchath vrat katha sunen. arati kar prasad vitaran karen. isake bad bhojan ya phalahar grahan karen.

vrat ka phal

  1. somavar vrat niyamit roop se karane par bhagavan shiv tatha devi parvati ki anukampa bani rahati hai.
  2. jivan dhan-dhany se bhar jata hai.
  3. bhagavan shiv sabhi anishton ka haran kar bhakton ke kasht door karate hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 shravan somavar vrat katha (hindi) webdunia.com. abhigaman tithi: 08 julaee, 2017.

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