संत ज्ञानेश्वर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snt gyaneshvar
snt gyaneshvar
poora nam snt gyaneshvar
janm 1275 ee.
janm bhoomi maharashtr
mrityu 1296 ee.
abhibhavak vitthal pnt
guru nivrittinath
karm bhoomi maharashtr
karm-kshetr darshanik
mukhy rachanaen gyaneshvari, amritanubhav
bhasha marathi
any janakari gyaneshvar ne bhagavadagita ke oopar marathi bhasha men ek 'gyaneshvari' namak 10,000 padyon ka grnth likha hai.

snt gyaneshvar ki ganana bharat ke mahanh snton evn marathi kaviyon men hoti hai. inaka janm 1275 ee. men maharashtr ke ahamadanagar zile men paithan ke pas apeganv men bhadrapad ke krishn paksh ki ashtami ko hua tha. inake pita ka nam vitthal pnt tatha mata ka nam rukmini baee tha. vivah ke kee varshon bad bhi koee santan n hone par vitthal pnt ne sannyas grahan kar liya aur svami ramannd ko apana guru bana liya. bad men guru ke adesh par hi inhonne phir se grihasth jivan ko apanaya. inake is kary ko samaj ne manyata pradan nahin ki aur samaj se inaka bahishkar kar diya aur inaka bada apaman kiya. gyaneshvar ke mata-pita is apaman ke bojh ko sah n sake aur unhonne triveni men doobakar pran tyag kar die. snt gyaneshvar ne bhi 21 varsh ki ayu men hi snsar ka tyagakar samadhi grahan kar li.

parivarik prishthabhoomi

snt gyaneshvar ke poorvaj paithan ke pas godavari tat ke nivasi the aur bad men 'alndi' namak ganv men bas ge the. gyaneshvar ke pitamah 'trynbak pnt' gorakhanath ke shishy aur param bhakt the. gyaneshvar ke pita vitthal pnt inhin trynbak pnt ke putr the. vitthal pnt bade vidvan aur bhakt the. unhonne deshatan karake shastron ka adhyayan kiya tha. unake vivah ke kee varsh ho ge the par koee sntan nahin huee. is par unhonne sannyas lene ka nishchay kiya, par stri isake paksh men nahin thi. isalie ve chupachap ghar se nikalakar kashi men svami ramannd ke pas pahunche aur yah kahakar ki snsar men main akela hoon, unase sannyas ki diksha le li.

janm

kuchh samay bad svami ramannd dakshin bharat ki yatra karate hue alndi ganv pahunche. vahan jab vitthal pnt ki patni ne unhen pranam kiya, to svami ji ne use putravati hone ka ashirvad de diya. is par vitthal pnt ki patni rookmini baee ne kaha- mujhe ap putravati hone ka ashirvad de rahe hain, par mere pati ko to apane pahale hi snnyasi bana liya hai. is ghatana ke bad svami ji ne kashi akar vitthal pnt ko phir grihasy jivan apanane ki agya di. usake bad hi unake tin putr aur kanya paida huee. gyaneshvar inhin men se ek the. snt gyaneshvar ke donnon bhaee 'nivrittinath' evn 'sopanadev' bhi snt svabhav ke the. inaki bahin ka nam 'muktabaee' tha.

mata-pita ki mrityu

sannyas chhodakar grihasth banane ke karan samaj ne gyaneshvar ke pita vitthal pnt ka bahishkar kar diya. ve koee bhi prayashchit karane ke lie taiyar the, par shastrakaron ne bataya ki unake lie deh tyagane ke atirikt koee aur prayashchit nahin hai aur unake putr bhi janeoo dharan nahin kar sakate. is par vitthal pnt ne prayag men triveni men jakar apani patni ke sath sngam men doobakar pran de die. bachche anath ho ge. logon ne unhen ganv ke apane ghar men bhi nahin rahane diya. ab unake samane bhikh mangakar pet palane ke atirikt koee chara nahin rah gaya.

shuddhipatr ki prapti

bad ke dinon men gyaneshvar ke bade bhaee nivrittinath ki guru gaiginath se bhent ho gee. ve vitthal pnt ke guru rah chuke the. unhonne nivrittinath ko yogamarg ki diksha aur krishn upasana ka upadesh diya. bad men nivrittinath ne gyaneshvar ko bhi dikshit kiya. phir ye log pnditon se shuddhipatr lene ke uddeshy se paithan pahunche. vahan rahane ke dinon ki gyaneshvar ki kee chamatkarik kathaen prachalit hain. kahate hain, unhonne bhains ke sir par hath rakhakar usake munh se ved mntron ka uchcharan karaya. bhains ko jo dnde mare ge, usake nishan gyaneshvar ke sharir par ubhar ae. yah sab dekhakar paithan ke pnditon ne gyaneshvar aur unake bhaee ko shuddhipatr de diya. ab unaki khyati apane ganv tak pahunch chuki thi. vahan bhi unaka bade prem se svagat hua.

rachanaen

pndrah varsh ki umr men hi gyaneshvar krishnabhakt aur yogi ban chuke the. bade bhaee nivrittinath ke kahane par unhonne ek varsh ke andar hi bhagavadgita par tika likh dali. ‘gyaneshvari’ nam ka yah grnth marathi bhasha ka advitiy grnth mana jata hai. yah grnth 10,000 padyon men likha gaya hai. yah bhi advait-vadi rachana hai, kintu yah yog par bhi bal deti hai. 28 abhngon (chhndon) ki inhonne 'haripath' namak ek pustika likhi hai, jis par bhagavatamat ka prabhav hai. bhakti ka udagar isamen atyadhik hai. marathi snton men ye pramukh samajhe jate hain. inaki kavita darshanik tathyon se poorn hai tatha shikshit janata par apana gahara prabhav dalati hai. isake atirikt snt gyaneshvar ke rachit kuchh any grnth hain- ‘amritanubhav’, ‘changadevapasashti’, ‘yogavasishth tika’ adi. gyaneshvar ne ujjayini, prayag, kashi, gaya, ayodhya, vrindavan, dvaraka, pndarapur adi tirth sthanon ki yatra ki.

mrityu

snt gyaneshvar ki mrityu 1296 ee. men huee. inhonne matr 21 varsh ki umr men is nashvar snsar ka parityagakar samadhi grahan kar li.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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