संसद भवन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snsad bhavan, dilli

nee dilli men sthit snsad bhavan sarvadhik bhavy bhavanon men se ek hai, jahan vishv men kisi bhi desh men maujood vastukala ke utkrisht namoonon ki ujjval chhavi milati hai. rajadhani men ane vale bhramanarthi is bhavan ko dekhane zaroor ate hain jaisa ki snsad ke donon sabhaen lok sabha aur rajy sabha isi bhavan ke ahate men sthit hain.[1]

bhavan snpada

snsad bhavan snpada ke antargat snsad bhavan, svagat karyalay bhavan, snsadiy gyanapith (snsad grnthalay bhavan) snsadiy saudh aur isake as-pas ke vistrit laaun, jahan favvare vale talab hain, shamil hain. snsad ke satron ke dauran aur any mahattvapoorn avasaron par bhavan men mahattvapoorn sthalon ko vishesh roop se pushpon se susajjit kiya jata hai. vidyaman vyavastha ke anusar snpoorn snsad bhavan snpada aur visheshakar donon sabhaon ke chaimbars men poore varsh kadi suraksha rahati hai. snpoorn snsad bhavan snpada sajavati lal patthar ki divar ya lohe ki jaliyon se ghira hai tatha lauh dvaron ko avashyakata padane par bnd kiya ja sakata hai. snsad bhavan snpada se hokar gujarane vale pahunch marg snpada ka hissa hai aur unaka upayog am raste ke roop men karane ki anumati nahin hai.[1]

bhavan ka nirman

snsad bhavan ki abhikalpana do mashahoor vastukaron - sar edavin lutay़ns aur sar harbart bekar ne taiyar ki thi jo nee dilli ki ayojana aur nirman ke lie uttaradayi the. snsad bhavan ki adharashila 12 faravari, 1921 ko mahamahim d day़ook aauph kanat ne rakhi thi . is bhavan ke nirman men chhah varsh lage aur isaka udghatan samaroh bharat ke tatkalin gavarnar janaral laaurd irvin ne 18 janavari, 1927 ko ayojit kiya. isake nirman par 83 lakh rupaye ki lagat aee.[1]

bhavan ka akar

snsad bhavan ek vishal vrittakar bhavan hai jisaka vyas 560 phut (170.69 mitar) hai aur isaki paridhi ek mil ki ek tihaee 536.33 mitar hai tatha yah lagabhag chhah ekad (24281.16 varg mitar) kshetraphal men phaila hua hai . isake pratham tal par khule baramade ke kinare-kinare krim rng ke baluee patthar ke 144 stnbh hain aur pratyek stnbh ki oonchaee 27 phut (8.23 mitar) hai. bhavan ke 12 dvar hain jinamen se snsad marg par sthit dvara sn. 1 mukhy dvar hai.[1]

vastu abhikalpana

is tathy ke bavajood ki bhavan ka nirman svadeshi samagri se aur bharatiy shramikon dvara kiya gaya hai, bhavan ke vastushilp men bharatiy parnpara ki gahari chhap milati hai. bhavan ke bhitar aur bahar phavvaron ki banavat, bharatiy pratikon "chhajjon" ke prayog jo divaron aur khidakiyon par chhaya ka kam karate hain aur sngamaramar se bani tarah-tarah ki "jali " prachin imaraton aur smarakon men jhalakate shilp kaushal ka smaran karate hain . isamen bharatiy kala ki prachin visheshataon ke sath dhvani vyavastha, vatanukoolan, sath-sath bhashantaran aur svachalit matadan adi jaisi adhunik vaigyanik upalabdhiyan shamil hain.[1]

samany rooparekha

  • bhavan ka kendriy tatha pramukh bhag usaka vishal vrittakar kendriy kaksh hai.
  • isake tin or tin kaksh lok sabha, rajy sabha aur poorvavarti grnthalay kaksh (jise pahale prinses chaimbar kaha jata tha) hain aur inake madhy udyan prangan hai. in tinon kakshon ke charon or ek char mnjila vrittakar bhavan hai, jisamen mntriyon, snsadiy samitiyon ke sabhapatiyon ke kaksh, dalon ke karyalay, lok sabha tatha rajy sabha sachivalayon ke mahattvapoorn karyalay aur sath hi snsadiy kary mntralay ke karyalay hain.
snsad bhavan, dilli
  • pratham tal par tin samiti kaksh snsadiy samitiyon ki baithakon ke lie prayog kie jate hain. isi tal par tin any kakshon ka prayog pres snvadadata karate hain jo lok sabha aur rajy sabha ki pres dirghaon men ate hain.
  • bhavan men chhah lipht prachalanarat hain jo kakshon ke praveshadvaron ke donon or ek-ek hain. kendriy kaksh shital vayuyukt hai aur kaksh (chaimbar) vatanukoolit hain.
  • bhavan ke bhoomi tal par galiyare ki bahari divar prachin bharat ke itihas aur apane padosi deshon se bharat ke sanskritik snbndhon ko darshane vali chitramalaon se susajjit hai .

kendriy kaksh

  • kendriy kaksh golakar hai aur isaka gumbad jisaka vyas 98 phut (29.87 mitar) hai, ko vishv ke bhavyatam gumbadon men se ek mana jata hai .
  • kendriy kaksh aitihasik mahatv ka sthan hai. 15 agast, 1947 ko british shasan dvara bharat ko satta ka hastantaran isi kaksh men hua tha. bharatiy snvidhan ki rachana bhi kendriy kaksh men hi huee thi.
  • shuroo men kendriy kaksh ka upayog poorvavarti kendriy vidhan sabha aur rajy sabha ke granthagar ke roop men kiya jata tha. 1946 men isaka svaroop parivartit kar ise snvidhan sabha kaksh men badal diya gaya. 9 disambar, 1946 se 24 janavari, 1950 tak vahan snvidhan sabha ki baithaken huee.
  • vartaman men, kendriy kaksh ka upayog donon sabhaon ki snyukt baithaken ayojit karane ke lie kiya jata hai. lok sabha ke pratyek am chunav ke bad pratham satr ke arnbh hone par aur pratyek varsh pahala satr arnbh hone par rashtrapati kendriy kaksh men samavet snsad ki donon sabhaon ko snbodhit karate hain. jab donon sabhaon ka satr chal raha ho, kendriy kaksh ka upayog sadasyon dvara apas men anaupacharik baten karane ke lie kiya jata hai.
  • kendriy kaksh ka upayog videshi ganamany rashtradhyakshon dvara snsad sadasyon ko snbodhan ke lie bhi kiya jata hai. kaksh men samanantar bhashantaran pranali ki suvidha bhi upalabdh hai.[1]

lok sabha kaksh

lok sabha kaksh ka akar arddh-vrittakar hai jisaka phlor eriya lagabhag 4800 vargaphut (446 vargamitar) hai. adhyakshapith dayamitar ke kendr men oonche pletapharm par banaya gaya hai jo arddh-vritt ke donon chhoron se jude hain. adhyaksh ki pith ke thik oopar lakadi se bane painal par jisaka mool abhikalp ek prasiddh vastukar sar irabart bekar dvara taiyar kiya gaya tha, bijali ki roshani se yukt snskrit bhasha men likhit adarsh vaky ankit hai. adhyakshapith ki dahini or adhikarik dirgha hai jo un adhikariyon ke upayog ke lie hota hai jinhen sabha ki karyavahi ke snbndh men mntriyon ke sath upasthit hona padata hai. adhyakshapith ke bayin or ek vishesh baauks hota hai jo rashtrapati, rajyon ke rajyapal, videshi rashtron ke rashtradhyakshon aur pradhanamntriyon ke parivar ke sadasyon v atithigan evn adhyaksh ke vivekadhin any ganamany vyaktiyon ke lie arakshit hota hai. adhyakshapith ke thik niche sabha ke mahasachiv ki mej hoti hai. usake samane ek bada patal hota hai jo sabha ka patal hota hai jis par mntriyon dvara aupacharik taur par patr rakhe jate hain, sabha ke adhikarigan tatha sarakari riportar is patal ke sath baithate hain. kaksh men 550 sadasyon ke baithane ki vyavastha hai. siten chhah khndon men bnte hote hain, pratyek khnd men gyarah kataren hain. adhyakshapith ke dahini or khnd snkhya 1 aur bayin or khnd snkhya 6 men pratyek men 97 siten hain. shesh pratyek 4 khndon men 89 siten hain. kaksh men pratyek sadasy, jisamen mntrigan jo lok sabha ke sadasy hain, ek sit avntit kiya jata hai. adhyakshapith ki dahini taraph satta paksh ke sadasy aur bayin taraph vipakshi dal/samoohon ke sadasy sthan grahan karate hain. upadhyaksh bayin taraph agali pnkti men sthan grahan karate hain.

sadasy laaubi

chaimbar se sate aur isaki divaron se snlagn do kavard galiyare hain jinhen bhitari laaubi aur bahy laaubi kaha jata hai. ye laaubiyan poornatah susajjit hain aur sadasyon ke baithane aur apas men anaupacharik charcha karane ke lie suvidhajanak sthal hai .

darshak dirgha

lok sabha chaimbar ke pahale tal men kee sarvajanik dirghaen aur pres dirgha hai. pres dirgha asan ke thik oopar hai aur isake bayin or adhyaksh dirgha (adhyaksh ke atithiyon ke lie) rajy sabha dirgha (rajy sabha ke sadasyon ke lie) aur vishesh dirgha hai. sarvajanik dirgha pres dirgha ke sammukh hai. pres gailari ke dayin or rajanayik aur ganamany agntukon ki vishisht dirgha hai.

svachalit matadan rikaaurding pranali

snsad bhavan, dilli

sabha men mat vibhajan ke dauran mat rikard karane ke lie lok sabha chaimbar men maikrophon prabndh, sath-sath bhashantaran tatha svachalit matadan rikarding snbndhi ek samekit pranali ki vyavastha ki gee hai. sadasy svachalit mat abhilekhan yntr ka snchalan apane-apane niyat sthanon (vahin jo unaki vibhajan snkhyaen hain) se karate hain. svachalit mat rikarding yntr ka snchalan karane ke lie chaimbar men mahasachiv ki mej par ek voting knsol lagaya gaya hai. adhyaksh ke nirdesh par mahasachiv matadan prakriya ko shuroo karate hain. mahasachiv dvara apani mej par lage batan ko dabate hi aaudiyo-alarm bajata hai aur pratyek sadasy ke push-batan-set par lagi "ab matadan karen" snketak prakash dyotak batti chamakane lagati hai aur is prakar sadasyon ko apana mat dalane ke lie snket diya jata hai. matadan ke lie sabha men pratyek sadasy ko pahala aaudiyo-alarm bajane ke sath hi matadan prakriya arambhak svich ko dabana hota hai aur sath hi sath apani ichchhanusar tinon push batanon men se kisi ek ko dabana hota hai arthath hara batan ""han"" ke lie, lal batan ""na"" ke lie tatha pila batan "matadan men bhag n lene" ke lie. matadan arambhak svich aur snbndhit push-batan (ichchhanusar) donon ko tab tak dabae rakhana chahie jab tak ki das seknd ke pashchath doosari ghnti nahin bajati. das seknd ka samay bitane ki soochana sakal parinam soochak bord par avarohi kram men 10, 9, 8 se 0 tak darshaee jati hai . mat vibhajan ke dauran embar rng vala batan n dabaya jae. matadan men koee galati hone par sadasy doosari ghnti bajane se pahale vanchhit push-batan aur matadan arambhak svich ko ek sath dabakar thik kar sakata hai. batan dabate hi sadasy ki sit par lage "push-batan-set" se kie ge matadan ke sath hi snbndhit prakash dyotak batti jalati hai. is batti ka jalana is bat ka snket hota hai ki mat ko yntr dvara rikard kiya ja raha hai. uparyukt se yah spasht hota hai ki sabha men adhyaksh pith dvara mat-vibhajan ki ghoshana kie jane par sadasy ko nimnalikhit baton ka dhyan rakhana hota hai-

  1. ve apani niyat sit se hi pranali ko snchalit karen;
  2. ghnti bajane tatha pratyek sadasy ki sit par lage "ab matadan karen" prakash dyotak batti, ke jalane ka intajar karen;
  3. matadan arambhak svich ko aur sath hi sath apani ichchhanusar tinon push- batanon men se kisi ek arthath ""han"" ke lie hare batan ("e"), "na" ke lie lal batan ("en") tatha "matadan men bhag n lene" ke lie pile batan ("o") ko dabana hota hai ;
  4. yah sunishchit karana ki matadan arambhak svich aur apani pasnd ka push-batan ek sath tab tak dabae rakha jae jab tak ki das sekand ke pashchath doosari bar ghnti nahin bajati hai; aur
  5. mat vibhajan ke dauran embar rng vala batan ("pi") n dabaen . yadi koee sadasy apane matadan men sudhar karana chahata hai to vah doosari ghnti bajane se pahale das seknd ke bhitar vanchhit push-batan aur matadan arambhak svich ko ek sath dabakar aisa kar sakata hai.[1]

matadan ka parinam

doosare aaudiyo alarm ke bajane ke tunt bad pranali "han" aur "na" ke maton ke atirikt ""matadan men bhag n lene vale"" maton ki ganana karana arnbh kar deti hai aur "total rijalt disple bord" men "han", "na" aur "matadan men bhag n lene" valon ki kul snkhya pradarshit hoti hai. isamen matadan ka prayog karane vale sadasyon ki kul snkhya bhi darshaee jati hai. matadan ke parinam lok sabha adhyaksh, mahasachiv aur dhvani niyntran kaksh men lage maaunitaron par bhi dikhaee dete hain . jaise hi matadan ka parinam pradarshit hota hai, sthayi rikaaurd ke lie matadan ka print aut liya jata hai .

lok sabha kaksh men adhunik svachalit matadan rikarding aur dhvani empaliphaing pranali lagi hai. chune ge sthanon par pedestal staind par baik ap ke roop men shaktishali maikrophon bhi lage hain. pratyek sit men bainch ke pichhe lachile staind par snvedi maikrophon lage hain. gailari men chhote-chhote laudaspikar bhi lage hain. mat vibhajan ke mamale men lok sabha chaimbar men sthapit svachalit matadan pranali se sadasy shighrata se apana mat rikard kar sakenge.

bhashantaran pranali ko is tarah taiyar kiya gaya hai ki sabha ki karyavahi ka bhashantaran angreji se hindi aur vilomatah sath-sath tatha asami, kannad, malayalam, manipuri, marathi, udiya, pnjabi, snskrit, tamil aur telugu se angreji aur hindi men sath-sath ho sake. inamen se kisi bhi bhasha men bolane ki ichchha rakhane vale sadasy ko patal men upasthit adhikari ko isaki agrim soochana deni hogi. prashn kal ke dauran bhi jis sadasy ne mukhy prashn uthaya hai, vah poorv soochana dekar uparyukt men se kisi bhi bhasha men anupoorak prashn poochh sakata hai. sadasy uparyukt bhashaon men niyam 377 ke adhin vaktavy bhi de sakate hain.[1]

rajy sabha kaksh

yah lagabhag usi namoone par bana hai jis par lok sabha kaksh (chaimbar) hai, lekin akar men usase chhota hai. isamen baithane ki kshamata 250 hai. yah adhunik dhvani upakaran, svachalit matadan rikarding aur ek sath bhashantaran pranali se bhi susajjit hai. sarvajanik dirgha, vishisht darshak dirgha, rajanayik dirgha, sabhapati dirgha (sabhapati ke atithiyon ke lie niyat), pres dirgha aur lok sabha sadasyon ke lie dirgha rajy sabha kaksh ke pratham tal par usi tarah avasthit hain jis tarah lok sabha kaksh men ye sab avasthit hain.

svagat karyalay

dvar sn. 1 ke samane bane golakar bhavan men sthit svagat karyalay sadasyon, mntriyon, adi se bhent karane ya snsad ki karyavahi dekhane ke lie bhari snkhya men ane vale agntukon ke lie ek anukool pratiksha sthal hai. isaka pravesh dvar rayasina rod par hai. poornatah vatanukoolit is bhavan ki avadharana anupam hain aur isamen vastukala ke prachin v navin donon roopon ki visheshataon ki jhalak milati hai. bhavan ka bahari bhag lal baloopatthar se bana hai aur bhitari bhag par lakadi ki laining ka kam hai jo sahridayata aur svagat ki bhavana ka soochak hai. agntukon ki suvidha ke lie svagat karyalay ke bhitar kaiphetiriya ki vyavastha hai. sadasyon ki suvidha ke lie svagat karyalay bhavan men besament leval par ek laaunj hai jahan sadasy apane atithiyon se bhent kar unaka satkar kar sakate hain .

snsadiy gyanapith

mee, 2002 tak snsad grnthalay snsad bhavan men hi sthit tha. samay ke sath grnthalay seva ka vistar hua jise ab lardis (grnthalay aur sndarbh, shodh, pralekhan tatha soochana seva) ke nam se jana jata hai. snsad grnthalay aur isaki snbaddh sevaon ke lie snsad bhavan men upalabdh sthan grnthalay dvara ekatr kie ja rahe sahity ki matra ko dekhate hue kafi simit tha. isake alava, snsad sadasyon ko aur adhik prabhavi, kushal aur adhunik shodh, sndarbh v soochana seva upalabdh karane ki nirntar mang bhi hoti rahi thi.
snsad bhavan, dilli
is avashyakata ko poora karane ki drishti se ne snsad grnthalay bhavan (snsadiy gyanapith) ke bare men socha gaya. is bhavan ki adharashila tatkalin mananiy pradhan mntri shri rajiv gandhi ne 15 agast, 1987 ko rakhi aur bhoomi-poojan tatkalin mananiy adhyaksh shri shivaraj patil ne 17 aprail, 1994 ko kiya. is poornatah vatanukoolit brihadh bhavan ka nirmanakary kendriy lok nirman vibhag ne kiya . mesars raj reval esosiets isake paramarshi vastukar the. bahy taur par grnthalay bhavan snsad bhavan se mel khata hai aur isamen usi prakar lal aur matiyale baloopatthar ki samagri ka prayog kiya gaya hai. samany oonchaee golakar stnbhavali ke niche snsad ki pithika tak simit rakhi gee hai. grnthalay bhavan ki chhat par rashtrapati bhavan ke patthar ke vidyaman gumbadon ki tarj par ispat ki snrachanaon par tike laghu akar ke khokhale gumbadon ki ek shrinkhala hai. grnthalay ka mukhy pravesh dvar snsad ke dvaron men se ek se sidhe juda hai. yah stenales stil ring ke oopar dhari golakar chhat se dhake prangan tak jata hai jahan chhat se halki roshani ati rahati hai. parisar ka nabhiy kendr soory prakash pratyavartanakari, atyadhunik snrachanaparak kanch aur stenales stil se bana hai. yah chaupnkhudiyon se snyojit hai. ye chaupnkhudiyan akarshak tanan chhadon se judi hain. kanch gumbad ke oopari bhag men ashok chakr ko niroopit karata golakar pratik hai.[1]

gumbad - abhinav visheshata

bhavan ki mool snrachana prabalit siment knkrit ki dhancha vali snrachana ke roop men parikalpit ki gee hai jisamen samanyatah 5 mitar ke antar par stambhon ke lie sthan chhoda gaya hai. madhyavarti phlor kaauphar ekak nirman ke svaroop ke hain jabaki chhat men anshatah kaauphar ekak hain aur anshik roop se ispat tatha knkrit ke gumbad hain. gumbadon ka abhikalp aur isaka nirman desh men anupam hai. gumbadon ke nirman men antargat kuchh abhinav visheshataen nimnanusar hain-

  • 12 men se do gumbadon men e.aee.es.aee. 304 el gred ke stenales stil ka prayog kiya gaya hai. ispat ko poornatah stariy banaya gaya hai. any sabhi gumbad karban stil ke hain jin par ipauksi pent kar inhen poora kiya gaya hai.
  • phremavark ke sabhi jodon ko dhalaee dvara sanchon men dhalakar ech.es.eph.ji. bolton ke snyojan se tay़oob se joda gaya tha aur niyntrit sthitiyon men inaki velding ki gee thi. isake parinamasvaroop 12 membaron ke ek hi snyukt sthal par milane ki jagah bhi jod patale dikhate hain.
  • gumbad ke vibhinn tattvon yatha kast jvaints (vakrit) tay़oobs aur stil ke dhanche par laga poorvanirmit knkrit babals ke vinirman aur isake snyojan ke mamale men jyamitiy sunishchitata prapt huee.

upalabdh suvidhaen

snsad sadasyon ke lie grnthalay parisar ke kendriy nikay men ek adhyayan kaksh hai jo bhitari ahate ke samane sthit hai. yah do mnjila sthal hai jisamen bhitari prangan hai jo char stnbhon ke sahare bane golakar gumbad se dhaka hai. chhat star ke oopar safed rogan se rnge ispat ki pramukh snrachana hai jahan se kanch ke khandon men se parabhasi prakash chhan kar ata hai jo bhavy kaksh ke bhitar shant-saumy vatavaran banata hai. mukhy grnthalay ke bade kaksh aur anuprasth dhruvon ke donon siron par drishy-shravy sngrahalay men ek saman vinyas hai. inaki 35 mitar badi vistriti hai. yah itana bada kshetr shirsh se prakashaman rahata hai jahan knkrit bulabulon ke bhitar kanch prakhand antahsthapit hain. isaki pramukh ispat snrachana nichi rakhi gee hai aur isaki paridhi par prakritik prakash jagamagata rahata hai.

aauditoriyam 35 emem film projekshan ke lie adyatan dijital dolbi saraund saund sistam; mool aur char bhasha bhashantaran ke lie sath-sath vayarales bhashantaran pranali; 10,000 eenesaee lyoomens autaput vali zenan ilyumineshan pranali yukt vidiyo projekshan pranali; aur skainar niyntrit ephoech prakashayukt stej prakash pranali se sajjit hai. bhavan men 10 samiti kaksh/vyakhyan kaksh hain jinamen se 7 kakshon men atyadhunik kaauphrensing pranali aur 3 kakshon (in 7 kakshon men se) men sath-sath bhashantaran pranali ki vyavastha ki gee hai. sadasy adhyayan kaksh snsad grnthalay bhavan ke "ech" blaauk men avasthit hai. jo snsad sadasy adhyayan karana aur intaranet ke madhyam se soochana prapt karana chahate hain; ve adhyayan kaksh sn. ji-049 aur kaksh sn. eph 058 men yah suvidha prapt kar sakate hain. sadasyon ki soochana snbndhi avashyakataon ko poora karane ki drishti se hindi, angreji aur kshetriy bhashaon men navinatam patrikaen aur samachar patr uparyukt adhyayan kaksh men pradarshit kie jate hain. lok sabha/ rajy sabha samachar aur nyooj buletin bhi sadasyon ke prayog ke lie sulabh rakhe jate hain. sadasy sndarbh ko sukar banane ke lie pustaken arakshit bhi kar sakate hain. soochana prapt karane ke lie sadasy sahayata phalak aur adhyayan kaksh men intaranet kanekshan ke sath knpyootar lagae ge hain.

bhavan men upalabdh any suvidhaen is prakar hain:-

snsad bhavan, dilli
  • tis lakh grntho ko rakhane ki vyavastha ke sath grnthalay;
  • shodh aur sndarbh prabhag;
  • knpyootar kendr;
  • pres aur janasnpark seva;
  • midiya kendr;
  • pres-briphing kaksh;
  • snsadiy adhyayan aur prashikshan byooro;
  • drishy-shravy granthalay;
  • snsadiy sngrahalay aur abhilekhagar;
  • 1,067 vyaktiyon ki kshamata vala prekshagrih;
  • samiti aur sammelan kaksh;
  • bhoj kaksh;
  • 212 karon ke lie parking sthal.
kuchh ee. end em. sevaen, jo pradan ki ja rahi hain, nimnavath hain-
  • jade men ushmikaran tatha up-dravikaran samet 5 x 500 ti.ar. apakendri prashitan mashinon vali kendriy vatanukoolan pranali jo bhavan ke 45,000 varg mi. ke vatanukoolan ke lie hai.
  • svachalit, snsoochana agni snketak pranali, jo ag lagane ki sthiti men samanvit karyakaran ke lie e.ech.yoo.pi.e. sistam aur agni niyntran daravajon se vidhivat ekikrit hota hai.
  • knpyootar kendr men en.e.eph.es. - tin gais ke sath bina bhingi huee agnishaman pranali tatha svich room ke lie sookshm filming stor aur si.o. .
  • nigarani, granthalay ke kamakaj tatha snsad men karyavahiyon ke pradarshan hetu si.si.ti.vi. .
  • bhavan ke adhikansh bhagon men pi.e. pranali .
  • samiti kakshon men vidiyo prakshepan pranali, dijital kanphrensing sistam tatha samanantar bhashantaran pranali .
  • parking kshetr ke lie kar-niyntran pranaliyan .

bhavan ka kul achchhadit kshetr 60, 460 varg mi. hai aur ise 200 karod ru. ki lagat se banaya gaya hai. is nirman kary ko poora karane men 7 varsh 9 mahine ka samay lag gaya. snsad grnthalay bhavan ka udghatan 7 mee, 2002 ko bharat ke tatkalin rashtrapati shri ke. ar. narayanan dvara kiya gaya. is avasar par nimnalikhit vyakti upasthit the-

  1. krishnakant, mananiy up-rashtrapati
  2. atal bihari vajapeyi, mananiy pradhanamntri
  3. pi.em. seed, mananiy upadhyaksh, lok sabha (adhyaksh ke karyon ka nirvahan karate hue)
  4. soniya gandhi, vipaksh ki neta
  5. pramod mahajan, mananiy snsadiy kary mntri
  6. annt kumar, mananiy shahari vikas aur garibi aur upashaman mntri .
snsad bhavan men sadasyon ke lie vishesh suvidhaen

snsad sadasyon ki suvidha ke lie, snsad bhavan men nimnalikhit suvidhaen upalabdh karaee gee hai-

  1. jalapan kaksh mukhy jalapan kaksh pratham tal par kamara sn. 70 aur 73 men sthit hain. kendriy kaksh se chembaron men jane vale margon ke samip chay, kaauphi, doodh ke booth, snaik bar aur riphreshament lanj hain.
  2. rel buking karyalay (tritiy tal par kamara snkhya 131).
  3. svagat blaauk men rel buking karyalay.
  4. bharatiy stet baink ka vetan karyalay (kamara snkhya 57, pratham tal) .
  5. kendriy kaksh ki ek laaubi men sthit prathamik chikitsa kendr .
  6. dakaghar (bhoomi tal) .
  7. eyar-buking (tritiy tal par kamara sn0 131 - e) .
  8. ke.lo.ni.vi. shikayat prakoshth (kendriyakrit pas nirgam prakoshth ke samip).[1]

snsadiy saudh

svatntrata ke pashchath snsad ke kamakaj men kee guna vriddhi hone se, snsadiy dalon/samoohon ke lie sthan, dalon/samoohon ke lie baithak kaksh, samiti kaksh tatha snsadiy samitiyon ke sabhapatiyon ke lie karyalayon aur donon sabhaon ke sachivalayon ke lie karyalayon ki mang men bahut adhik vriddhi huee hai. mool snsad bhavan men nimnalikhit tin chaimbar the-

  1. di sentral asembali
  2. di kaunsil aauph stets
  3. di prinses chaimbar

us samay tinon sabhaon ki sadasy snkhya lagabhag 300 thi. vartaman snsad men kul 795 sadasy hain. sadasyon ki anivary avashyakataon ko poora karane tatha unhen milanevali kuchh suvidhaon men vriddhi karane ke lie snsadiy saudh ka nirman kiya gaya. janapratinidhiyon ke bhari uttaradayitvon ke prabhavakari nirvahan ki disha men is tarah ki suvidhaon ka pravadhan karana anivary hota hai.[1]

snsadiy saudh men sadasyon ke lie vishesh suvidhaen

snsad sadasyon ki suvidha ke lie snsadiy saudh men nimnalikhit suvidhaen pradan ki gee hain :-

  1. bhootal par jalapan kaksh
  2. bhootal par milk bar
  3. vishesh pritibhoj/samarohon ke lie bhootal par bhoj kaksh tatha niji bhoj kaksh
  4. chikitsa janch kendr
  5. bhootal par bharatiy stet baink
  6. besament men dak ghar
  7. bhootal par bahuddeshiy haaul
  8. besament aur bhootal par vishrantikaen
  9. ay kar prakoshth - kamara snkhya 314 tisara tal
  10. telikaaum byooro - besament tal


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 snsad bhavan snpada (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) indian parliament. abhigaman tithi: 17 march, 2011.

snbndhit lekh