सविनय अवज्ञा आन्दोलन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

savinay avgya andolan
mahatma gandhi
vivaran british samrajyavad ke viruddh bharatiy rashtriy kangres dvara chalaye ge jan andolan men se ek tha.
shuruat 6 aprail, 1930
uddeshy kuchh vishisht prakar ke gair-qanooni kary samoohik roop se karake british sarakar ko jhuka dena tha.
prabhav british sarakar ne andolan ko dabane ke lie sakht qadam uthaye aur gandhi ji sahit anek kangresi netaon v unake samarthakon ko jel men dal diya. andolanakariyon aur sarakari sipahiyon ke bich jagah-jagah zabardast sngharsh hue
any janakari is andolan ne british sarakar ko yah dikha diya ki bharat ki janata ab usaki satta ko thukarane aur usaki avgya ke lie kamar kas chuki hai aur us par kaboo pana ab mushkil hai.

savinay avgya andolan, british samrajyavad ke viruddh bharatiy rashtriy kangres dvara chalaye ge jan andolan men se ek tha. 1929 ee. tak bharat ko briten ke irade par shaq hone laga ki vah aupaniveshik svarajy pradan karane ki apani ghoshana par amal karega ki nahin. bharatiy rashtriy kangres ne lahaur adhiveshan (1929 ee.) men ghoshana kar di ki usaka lakshy bharat ke lie poorn svadhinata prapt karana hai. mahatma gandhi ne apani is mang par zor dene ke lie 6 aprail, 1930 ee. ko savinay avigya andolan chheda. jisaka uddeshy kuchh vishisht prakar ke gair-qanooni kary samoohik roop se karake british sarakar ko jhuka dena tha. inhen bhi dekhen: asahayog andolan ki prerana -mahatma gandhi

savinay avgya andolan ka karyakram

savinay avgya andolan ke antargat chalaye jane vale karyakram nimnalikhit the-

  • namak qanoon ka ullaghnn kar svayn dvara namak banaya jae.
  • sarakari sevaon, shiksha kendron evn upadhiyon ka bahishkar kiya jae.
  • mahilaen svayn sharab, afim evn videshi kapade ki dukanon par jakar dharana den.
  • samast videshi vastuon ka bahishkar karate hue unhen jala diya jae.
  • kar adayagi ko roka jae.

qanoon todane ki niti

qanoonon ko janaboojh kar todane ki is niti ka karyanvayan aupacharik roop se us samay hua, jab mahatma gandhi ne apane kuchh chune hue anuyayiyon ke sath sabaramati ashram se samudr tat par sthit dandi namak sthan tak kooch kiya aur vahan par lagoo namak qanoon ko toda. libaralon aur musalamanon ke bahut varg ne is andolan men bhag nahin liya. kintu desh ka samany jan is andolan men kood pada. hazaron nar-nari aur abal-vriddh qanoonon ko todane ke lie sadakon par a ge. sampoorn desh gambhir roop se andolit ho utha.

gandhi ji ki chinta

british sarakar ne andolan ko dabane ke lie sakht qadam uthaye aur gandhi ji sahit anek kangresi netaon v unake samarthakon ko jel men dal diya. andolanakariyon aur sarakari sipahiyon ke bich jagah-jagah zabardast sngharsh hue. sholapur jaise sthanon par audyogik upadrav aur kanapur jaise nagaron men sampradayik dnge bhadak uthe. hinsa ke is visfot se gandhi ji chintit ho uthe. ve andolan ko bilkul ahinsak dhng se chalana chahate the.

gandhi-iravin samajhauta

sarakar ne bhi gandhi ji v any kangresi netaon ko riha kar diya aur vaisaray laaurd iravin aur gandhi ji ke bich sidhi batachit ka ayojan karake samajhaute ki abhilasha prakat ki. gandhi ji aur laaurd iravin men samajhauta hua, jisake antargat savinay avgya andolan vapas le liya gaya. hinsa ke doshi logon ko chhodakar andolan men bhag lene vale sabhi bandiyon ko riha kar diya gaya aur kangres golamej sammelan ke doosare adhiveshan men bhag lene ko sahamat ho gee.

bharatiyon ki nirasha

golamej sammelan ka yah adhiveshan bharatiyon ke lie nirasha ke sath samapt hua. inglaind se lautane ke bad tin haphton ke andar hi gandhi ji ko giraftar karake jel men thoons diya gaya aur kangres par pratibandh laga diya gaya. is karyavahi se 1932 ee. men savinay avgya andolan phir se bhadak utha. andolan men bhag lene ke lie hazaron log phir se nikal pade, kintu british sarakar ne savinay avgya andolan ke is doosare charan ko barbaratapoorvak kuchal diya. andolan to kuchal diya gaya, lekin usake pichhe chhipi vidroh ki bhavana jivit rahi, jo 1942 ee. men tisari bar phir se bhadak uthi.

hinsak pradarshan

is bar gandhi ji ne british sarakar ke viruddh 'bharat chhodo andolan' chheda. sarakar ne phir takat ka istemal kiya aur gandhi ji sahit kangres karyasamiti ke sabhi sadasyon ko qaid kar liya. isake virodh men desh bhar men todaphod aur hinsak andolan bhadak utha. sarakar ne goliyan barasaeen, saikadon log mare ge aur karodon rupayon ki sampatti nasht ho gee. yah andolan phir se daba diya gaya, lekin is bar yah nishphal nahin hua. isane british sarakar ko yah dikha diya ki bharat ki janata ab usaki satta ko thukarane aur usaki avgya ke lie kamar kas chuki hai aur us par kaboo pana ab mushkil hai.

azadi

san 1942 men 'angrezon, bharat chhodo' ka jo nara gandhiji ne diya tha, usake thik panch varshon ke bad agast, 1947 ee. men briten ko bharat chhodane ke lie majaboor hona pada.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
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madhyamik
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shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh


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