सांख्य सूत्र वृत्ति  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

  • kapil pranit sootron ki vyakhya ki yah pahali upalabdh pustak hai. isaka 'vritti' nam svayn rachayita aniruddh dvara hi diya gaya hai[1]. aniruddh sootron ko sankhyapravachanasootr bhi kahate hain jise bad ke vyakhyakaron, tikakaron ne bhi svikar kiya. vrittikar vigyanabhikshu se poorvavarti hai aisa pray: vidvan svikar karate hain tathapi inake kal ke vishay men matabhed hai. sankhyasootron ke vyakhyachatushtay ke sampadak janardan shastri pandey aniruddh ka samay 11vin shati svikar karate hain jaisa ki udayavir shastri pratipadit karate hain pray: vidvanh ise 1500 ee. ke asapas ka manate hain. richard garbe sankhyasootravritti ke rachayita ko jyotish granth 'bhasvatikaran' ke rachayita bhavasarmanh putr aniruddh se abhinn hone ko bhi snbhavit samajhate hain jinaka janm 1464 ee. men mana jata hai.
  • aniruddh sankhy darshan ko aniyatapadarthavadi kahate hain[2]. aniyatapadarthavadi ka yadi yah ashay hai ki tattvon ki snkhya niyat nahin hai, to aniruddh ka yah mat uchit nahin pratit hota, kyonki sankhy men 25 tattv 60 padarth adi niyat ganana to prachalit hai hi. yadi padarthon ke svaroop ki aniyatata se ashay hai to yah sankhy viruddh nahin hoga, kyonki satv rajas tamas ke abhinav, ashray, mithun, janan vidhi se anekash: padarth rachana snbhav hai aur isaka niyat snkhya ya svaroop bataya nahin ja sakata. isake atirikt aniruddhavritti ki ek visheshata yah bhi he ki usamen sookshm ya ling sharir 18 tattvon ka (saptadash+ekamh) mana gaya hai. phir bhog aur prama donon ko hi aniruddh buddhi men svikar karate hain.
  • aniruddh dvara svikrit sootr path vigyanabhikshu ke svikrit pathon se anek sthalon par bhinn hain. aniruddhavritti[3] men 'saukshmyadanulapabdhi' hai, jab bhikshubhashy men 'saukshyamyatadanupalibdhi' path hai. yadyapi arth drishtya isase koee prabhav nahin padata tathapit eeshvarakrishn ki 8vin karika ke adhar par 'saukshdvamyattadanupalabdhi' ka prachalan ho gaya- aisa kaha ja sakata hai. dhyatavy hai ki sootr 1/124 men aniruddhavritti ke anusar 'avyapi' shabd nahin milata n hi usaka aniruddh dvara arth kiya gaya, jabaki vigyanabhikshu ke sootrabhashy men n keval 'avyapi' shabd sootragat hai api tu bhikshu ne karika ko uddhrit karate hue 'avyapi' ka arth bhi kiya hai. isi tarah sootr 3/73 men aniruddhavritti men 'roopai:saptabhi... vimochyatyeken roopen' path hai jabaki bhikshukrit path karika 63 ke saman 'vimochyatyekaroopen' hai. aisa pratit hota hai ki sankhyasootron ka prachin path aniruddhavritth men yathavath rakha gaya jabaki vigyanabhikshu ne karika ke adhar par path svikar kiya. sath hi yah bhi dhyatavy hai ki aniruddh ne karikaon ko kahin bhi uddhrit nahin kiya tathapi kahin-kahin karikagat shabdon ka ullekh avashy kiya hai yatha sootr 1/108 ki vritti men 'atisamipyath' 'manoanavasthanath' 'vyavadhanath' adi. jabaki vigyanabhikshu ne pray: sabhi saman prasngon par karikaon ko uddhrit kiya hai.


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vritti: kritaaniruddhen sankhyasootrasy dhimata.
  2. san. soo. 1/45, 46 par aniruddhavritti
  3. sootr 1/109

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