सिन्धु नदी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।


sindhu nadi
sindhu nadi, leh
any nam indas nadi
desh bharat, pakistan, chin
pramukh nagar leh, sukkur, haidarabad
lambaee 3,200 kilomitar
sahayak nadiyan qabul nadi, svat, jhelam, chinab, ravi aur sataluj
pauranik ullekh rigved, ramayan, mahabharat men sindhu nadi ka ullekh hua hai.
googal manachitr googal manachitr
any janakari yah nadi tibbat aur kashmir ke bich bahati hai. nnga parvat ke uttari bhag se ghoom kar yah dakshin pashchim men pakistan ke bich se gujarati hai aur phir jakar arab sagar men milati hai.
Disamb2.jpg sindhu ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- sindhu (bahuvikalpi)

sindhu nadi snsar ki pramukh nadiyon men se ek hai. tibbat ke manasarovar ke nikat sin-ka-bab namak jaladhara sindhu nadi ka udgam sthal hai. is nadi ki lnbaee prayah 3,200 kilomitar hai. yahan se yah nadi tibbat aur kashmir ke bich bahati hai. nnga parvat ke uttari bhag se ghoom kar yah dakshin pashchim men pakistan ke bich se gujarati hai aur phir jakar arab sagar men milati hai.

sindhu ka shabdik arth

snskrit men sindhu shabd ke do mukhy arth hain -

  1. sindhu nadi ka nam, jo laddakh aur pakistan se bahati hai
  2. koee bhi nadi ya jalarashi.

hind ary bhashaon ki 's' dhvani eerani bhashaon ki 'h' dhvani men lagabhag hamesha badal jati hai (aisa bhashavidon ka manana hai) . isaliye sapt sindhu avestan bhasha (parasiyon ki dharmabhasha) men jakar hapt hindoo men parivartit ho gaya.[1]

itihas

vaidik snskriti men sindhu nadi tatha manasarovar ka ullekh atynt shraddha ke sath kiya jata raha hai. tibbat, bharat aur pakistan se hokar bahane vali is nadi men kee any nadiyan akar milati hain , jinamen qabul nadi, svat, jhelam, chinab, ravi aur sataluj mukhy hain. himalay ki durgam kndaraon se gujarati huee, kashmir aur gilagit se hoti yah pakistan men pravesh karati hai aur maidani ilakon men bahati huee 1610 kimi ka rasta tay karati huee karachi ke dakshin men arab sagar se milati hai. is nadi ne poorv men apana rasta kee bar badala hai. 1245 ee. tak yah multan ke pashchimi ilake men bahati thi. muhltan men chinab ke kinare par shrikrishn ke putr samb ki yad men ek soory mndir bana hai. isaka varnan mahabharat men bhi hai. is mndir ka svaroop konark ke soory mndir se milata julata hai. sindhu bharat se bahati huee pakistan men 120 kimi lnbi sima tay karati huee suleman ke nikat pak-sima men pravesh karati hai. bharat men bhi isake pani se kafi sinchaee hoti hai .

sahityik ullekh

  • sindhu nadi himalay ki pashchimi shreniyon se nikal kar karachi ke nikat samudr men girati hai. is nadi ki mahima rigved men anek sthanon par varnit hai-

'tvnsidho kubhaya gomatin krumumehatnva sarathn yabhiriyase'[2]

  • rigved[3] men sindhu men any nadiyon ke milane ki samanata bachhade se milane ke lie atur gayon se ki gee hai-

'abhitva sindho shishubhinnamataron vashra arshanti payasev dhenav:'

sindhu ke nad ko akash tak pahunchata hua kaha gaya hai. jis prakar meghon se prithvi par ghor ninad ke sath varsha hoti hai usi prakar sindhu dahadate hue vrishabh ki tarah apane chamakadar jal ko uchhalati huee age badhati chali jati hai-

'divi svano yatatebhoogyo paryanantn shushmamudiyartibhanuna.

abhradiv prastanayanti vrishtay: sindhuryadeti vrishabho n roroovath'[4]

sindhu nadi ke vibhinn drishy
sindhu nadi
sindhu nadi
sindhu nadi ka manachitr ka manachitr
sindhu nadi
sindhu nadi, leh
sindhu nadi, leh
sindhu nadi (1888)
sindhu nadi (1888)
  • sindhu shabd se prachin farasi ka hindoo shabd bana hai kyonki yah nadi bharat ki pashchimi sima par bahati thi aur is sima ke us par se ane vali jatiyon ke lie sindhu nadi ko par karane ka arth bharat men pravesh karana tha. yoonaniyon ne isi adhar par sindh ko indas aur bharat ko indiya nam diya tha. avesta men hindoo shabd bharatavarsh ke lie hi prayukt hua hai [5]
  • rigved men sapt singhav ka ullekh hai jise avasta men haptahindoo kaha gaya hai. yah sindhu tatha usaki pnjab ki chh: any sahayak nadiyon (vitasta, asikni, parushni, vipasha, shutudri, tatha sarasvati) ka snyukt nam hai. saptasindhu nam roman samrath agastas ke samakalin romanon ko bhi gyat tha jaisa ki mahakavi varjil ke[6] ullekh se spasht hai-
Ceu septum surgens, sedates omnibus altus per tacitum-Ganges.
  • sindhu ki pashchim ki or ki sahayak nadiyon-kubha suvastu, kumu aur gomati ka ullekh bhi rigved men hai. sindhu nadi ki mahanata ke karan uttar vaidik kal men samudr ka nam bhi sindhu hi pad gaya tha. aj bhi sindhu nadi ke pradesh ke nivasi is nadi ko 'sindh ka samudr' kahate hain. [7]
  • valmiki ramayan[8] men sindhu ko maha nadi ki sngya di gee hai,
'suchakshushachaiv sita ch, sindhushchaiv mahanadi, tistrashchaita dishn jagmu: pratichin su dishn shubha:'

is prasng men sindhu ki suchakshu (=vnkshu) tatha sita (=tarim) ke sath gnga ki pashchimi dhara mana gaya hai. mahabharat[9] men sindhu ka, gnga aur sarasvati ke sath ullekh hai,

'nadi pivanti vipulan gnga sindhu sarasvatimh godavari narmadan ch bahudan ch mahanadimh'

sindhu nadi ke tatavarti gramaniyon ko nakul ne apani pashchimi disha ki digvijay yatra men jita tha.

'gananutsavasnketanh vyajayath purusharshabh: sndhukoolashrita ye ch gramaniya mahabala:'[10] gramaniy ya gramaniy log vartaman yoosuphajaiyon adi kabilon ke poorvapurush the. utsedhajivi graminiyon (utsedhajivi=lutera¬) ko poogagramaniy bhi kaha jata tha. ye kabile apane saradaron ke nam se hi abhihit kie jate the, jaisa ki panini ke ullekh se spasht hai 's eshan gramani:'. shrimadbhagavat[11] men shayad sindhu ko saptavati kaha gaya hai, kyonki sindhu sat nadiyon ki snyukt dhara ke roop men samudr men girati hai.

maharauli sthit lauhastnbh par chndr ke abhilekh men sindhu ke saptamukhin ka ullekh hai. raghuvnsh[12] men kalidas ne raghu ki digvijay ke prasng men sindhu tir par sena ke ghodon ke vishram karate samay bhoomi par lotane ke karan anek kndhon se snlagn kesaralavon ke vikirn ho jane ka manohar varnan kiya hai,

'vinitadhvashramastasy sindhutiravicheshtanai: dudhuvurvajin: skndhanllagnakunkumakesaranh'

is varnan se yah soochit hota hai ki kalidas ke samay men kesar sindhu nadi ka dakshini samudr tat hai.

  • jainagrnth jnboodvipaprgypti men sindhu nadi ko chullahimavanh ke ek vishal sarovar ke pashchim ki or se nissrit mana hai aur gnga ko poorv ki or se.

samachar

budhavar, 24 agast, 2011

chin ne khoja brahmaputr-sindhu ka udgam sthal
chin ke vaigyanikon ne brahmaputr aur sindhu nadi ke udgam sthal ka pata laga liya hai. brahmaputr nadi par bandh banane samet tibbat men kee jal pariyojanaon ko anjam dene ke lie taiyar baithe chini vaigyanikon ne in nadiyon ke marg ki lnbaee ka vyapak upagrah adhyayan poora karane ki bat bhi kahi hai. chainij ekedami aauph sainsej (siees) ke vaigyanikon ne yah adhyayan kiya hai.
sindhu nadi

brahmaputr ke marg ka upagrah se li gee tasviron ka vishleshan kar vaigyanikon ne usake poore marg ka adhyayan kiya. isi tarah bharat-pakistan se bahane vali sindhu aur myanmar ke raste bahane vali salavin aur irravadi ke bahav ke bare men bhi poora vivaran jutaya gaya. siees ki ikaee instityoot aauph rimot sensing eplikeshns ke shodhakarta liyoo shaochuang ne shinhua snvad samiti ko yah janakari di. unhonne bataya ki isase pahale in char nadiyon ke udgam ke snbndh men koee spasht janakari nahin thi. itana hi nahin inaki lnbaee aur kshetr ko lekar bhi bhram bana hua tha. is kary men prakritik paristhitiyon se judi kee badhaen hone aur sarvekshan ki takanik simit hone ke karan bhram ki sthiti bani huee thi.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. avesta: vendidad, fargard 1.18
  2. rigved10,75,6
  3. righ0 10,75,4
  4. righ0 10,75,3
  5. mekadaneld-e histri av snskrit litarechar, prishth 141
  6. Aeneid, 9,30
  7. mekadaneld, pri0 143
  8. valmiki ramayan balakand 43,133
  9. mahabharat bhishm 9,14
  10. mahabharat sabha parv 32,9
  11. shrimadh bhagavat 5,19,18
  12. raghuvnsh 4,67

snbndhit lekh

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