सी. एन. आर. राव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

si. en. ar. rav
si. en. ar. rav
poora nam chintamani nagesh ramachndr rav
any nam sienar rav
janm 30 joon 1934
janm bhoomi bngalaur, karnatak
abhibhavak nagesh aur nagamma rav
pati/patni indumati rav
sntan snjay, suchitra
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr vaigyanik
shiksha emesasi
vidyalay sentral kaaulej bngaluroo
puraskar-upadhi 'hyujes padak' (2000), 'bharat vigyan puraskar' (2004), 'abdus salam padak' (2008), 'dain devid puraskar' (2005), 'lijan aauf aaunar' (2005), 'padm shri', 'padm vibhooshan' evn 'bharat ratn'
prasiddhi rasayan vaigyanik
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari bite panch dashakon men rav 'saaulid stet' aur 'materiyal kaimistri' par 45 kitaben likh chuke hain aur inhin vishayon par unake 1500 se adhik shodhapatr prakashit hue hain.

chintamani nagesh ramachndr rav (angrezi: Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao, janm: 30 joon, 1934 bngalaur) ek rasayan vaigyanik hain, jinhonne ghan-avastha aur snrachanatmak rasayan shastr ke kshetr men mukhy roop se kam kiya hai. inhen si. en. ar. rav ke nam se adhik jana jata hai. vartaman men vah bharat ke pradhanamntri ke vaigyanik salahakar parishad ke pramukh ke roop men seva kar rahe hain. inhonne lagabhag 1500 shodh patr aur 45 vaigyanik pustaken likhi hain. 16 navnbar 2013 ko bharat sarakar ne unhen bharat ke sarvochch nagarik puraskar bharat ratn se sammanit karane ka nirnay liya. chndrashekhar venkat raman aur abdul kalam ke bad is puraskar se sammanit kiye jane vale ve tisare vaigyanik hain.[1]

janm tatha shiksha

si. en. ar. rav ka janm 30 joon, 1934 ko bngalaur ke ek kannad parivar men hua tha. ve apane mata-pita nagesh aur nagamma rav ki ekamatr sntan hain. unhen shuroo se achchhe snskar aur padhaee ka vatavaran mila. basavanagudi men 'achary haeeskool' men padhate hue unaki ruchi rasayan vigyan ki or huee. snskrit aur angrezi bhasha par bhi unaka achchha adhikar hai. unhonne keval satrah sal ki umr men ‘maisoor vishvavidyalay’ se biesasi ki digri hasil kar li thi.[2] biesasi ke bad emesasi ke dauran unhen rasayangy paling ki pustak, nechar aph di kemikal band ko pahali bar padhane ka mauka mila. is pustak ne rav ke man men anuon ke snsar ke prati gahari utsukata jaga di.[1] unhonne ‘banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay’ se emesasi aur aeeaeeti, khadagapur se piechadi ki. mahaj 24 sal ki ayu men piechadi karane vale ve sabase yuva vaigyanikon men se ek hain.

vivah

si. en. ar. rav ka vivah indumati rav se 1960 men hua. unake putr snjay bengaluru ke skoolon men vigyan ko lokapriy banane men jute hain. unaki putri suchitra ka vivah ke. em. ganesh se hua hai, jo 'indiyan instityoot aauf sains ejukeshan end risarch', pune ke nideshak hain. rav ka sara samay rasayan vigyan ko samarpit hai. unaki mej par kampyootar nahin hai. ve apane ee-mel khud nahin dekhate. phon par keval patni se bat karate hain.[2]

vyavasayik shuruat

rav 1959 men aeeaeeesasi, bengaluru men lekcharar bane. tin sal ve aeeaeeti, khadagapur ke rasayan vibhag ke pradhan bane. vahan ve 13 sal tak rahe. unhonne 1976 men ‘indiyan instityoot aauf sains’ men akar vahan ‘saaulid stet end strakcharal kemistri yoonit’ banayi. 1984 se 1994 tak ve vahan nideshak rahe. si. en. ar. rav aauksaford, kailiforniya, kaimbrij, sainta barabara aur paradyoo vishvavidyalayon men vijiting profesar bhi rahe hain. unhonne ‘javaharalal neharoo vishvavidyalay’ men adhyapan kary kiya hai. unhonne 1989 men bengaluru men ‘javaharalal neharoo sentar faaur edavansd saintifik risarch sentar’ ki sthapana ki.

rav ‘intaraneshanal sentar faaur maitiriyal sains’ ke bhi nideshak hain. ve pichhale panch dashak se saaulid stet aur maitiriyal kemistri ke kshetr men duniya ke sabase bade vaigyanikon men mane jate rahe hain. unhonne tranjishan metal aauksaids par kafi kam kiya hai. isase noval phenomina, matiriyals ke gunon ke antar-sambndhon aur in matiriyals ki strakcharal kemistri ko samajhane men madad mili hai.[2]

shodh kshetr

  • tranjishan metal aauksaid sistam
  • metal insuletar tranjishan
  • siemar maiteriyal
  • suparakndaktiviti
  • maltipheroksi
  • haibrid maiteriyal
  • nainotyoob aur graphin nainomaiteriyal

rav ne hi sabase pahale dviayami aauksaid matiriyals ka vyavasthit adhyayan kiya tha. isase vishal chumbakiy pratirodh aur uchch tapaman par supar kndaktiviti ke istemal men kafi sahayata mili. pichhale do dashak men unhonne naino matiriyals aur haibrid matiriyals par kafi shodh kiya hai.

shodh jagat ke shatakavir

duniyabhar ki pramukh vaigyanik snsthaen, rasayan shastr ke kshetr men unaki medha ka loha manati hain. ye duniyabhar ke un chuninda vaigyanikon men se ek hain jo tamam pramukh vaigyanik shodh snsthaon ke sadasy hain. bite panch dashakon men rav 'saaulid stet' aur 'materiyal kaimistri' par 45 kitaben likh chuke hain aur inhin vishayon par unake 1500 se adhik shodhapatr prakashit hue hain. vaigyanikon ki jamat manati hai ki rav ki upalabdhiyan, sachin tendulakar ke sau antararashtriy shatakon ke barabar hai. rav ki medha aur lagan ka andaza isi bat se lagaya ja sakata hai ki unake sath kam karane vale adhikatar vaigyanik sevanivritt ho chuke hain, lekin ve 79 sal ki umr men bhi sakriy hain aur pradhanamntri ki vaigyanik salahakar parishad men adhyaksh ke taur par apani sevaen de rahe hain. prophesar rav saaulid stet aur maiteriyal kemistri men apani visheshgyta ki vajah se jane jate hain. unhonne padarth ke gunon aur unaki anavik snrachana ke bich buniyadi samajh vikasit karane men aham bhoomika nibhaee hai.[3]

niti nirmata

vigyan ke kshetr men bharat ki nitiyon ko gadhane men aham bhoomika nibhane vale rav, pradhanamntri indira gandhi ki vaigyanik salahakar parishad ke bhi sadasy the. isake bad unhonne pradhanamntri rajiv gandhi, echadi daivegoda aur indr kumar gujaral ke karyakal men parishad ke adhyaksh pad ko sushobhit kiya tha. amarika se apani daauktaret ki upadhi lene ke bad rav ne kailiphorniya aur barkale yoonivarsiti men risarch esosiet ki haisiyat se kam kiya aur varsh 1959 men bharat lautakar bngalaur sthit indiyan instityoot aauph sains men kam karana shuroo kiya. isake bad ve aeeaeeti kanapur chale ge lekin varsh 1959 men dobara bngalaur a ge jahan unhonne materiyal sains sentar aur saaulid stet kaimikal yoonit sthapit ki thi. unaki is pahal ko vaigyanik jagat men mahatvapoorn kadam mana jata hai.[3]

sadasyata

si. en. ar. rav 'neshanal ekedemi aauf sainsej', 'amerikan ekedemi aauf arts end sainsej', 'raauyal sosayati' (lndan), 'raauyal sosayati aauf kanada', 'frainch ekedemi', 'japanij ekedemi', 'sarbiyan ekedemi aauf sainsej end arts', 'polish ekedemi aauf sainsej', 'chekoslovak ekedemi aauf sainsej', 'sloveniyan ekedemi aauf sainsej', 'brajiliyan ekedemi aauf sainsej', 'spenish raauyal ekedemi aauf sainsej', 'neshanal ekedemi aauf sainsej aauf koriya', 'afrikan ekedemi aauf sainsej', 'amerikan philaausphikal sosayati', 'pontiphal ekedemi' aur 'ekadamiya yooropiya' ke sadasy hain.[2]

samman aur puraskar

si. en. ar. rav ko jab 2013 men mahanh ballebaj sachin tendulakar ke sath ‘bharat ratn’ se sammanit karane ki ghoshana ki gayi, tab shayad bahut se logon ne unaka nam pahali bar suna tha. ve philahal pradhanamntri ki ‘vigyan salahakar parishad’ ke pramukh hain. unhen duniya bhar ke 60 vishvavidyalay piechadi ki manad upadi de chuke hain. unhonne vigyan ki 45 pustaken aur 1500 se zyada shodh patr likhe hain. desh-videsh ke anek pratishthit puraskar aur samman unhen mil chuke hain. si.vi. raman aur e.pi.je. abdul kalam ke bad ‘bharat ratn’ se sammanit hone vale ve desh ke tisare vaigyanik hain. unhen rashtrapati pranav mukharji ne 4 faravari, 2014 ko is samman se vibhooshit kiya tha.[2]

  • rasayan vigyan ke kshetr men apani upalabdhiyon ke lie duniya bhar ki vigyan akadamiyon men unaki pahachan hai aur jyadatar unhen apani sadasyata aur pheloship se navaj chuke hain. unhen kee rashtriy aur antararashtriy puraskaron se navaja ja chuka hai.
  • daau. rav n sirph n keval behatarin rasayanashastri hain balki unhonne desh ki vaigyanik nitiyon ko banane men bhi aham bhoomika nibhaee hai. is samay daau. rav pradhanamntri ki vaigyanik salahakar samiti ke adhyaksh hain. vah san 1985 men pahali bar aur san 2005 men doosari bar is samiti ke adhyaksh chune ja chuke hain.
  • daau. rav ko duniya bhar ke 60 vishvavidyalayon se manad daauktaret prapt hai.
  • ech-indeks men pahunchane vale bharatiy vaigyanik hain.
  • san 1964 men unhen indiyan ekedami aauph sainsej ka sadasy namit kiya gaya.
  • san 1967 men phairade sosaiti aauph inglaind ne rav ko marlo medal diya.
  • 'shantisvaroop bhatanagar puraskar' (1969)
  • bharat sarakar ne inhen 1974 men padm shri aur 1985 men padm vibhooshan se sammanit kiya.
  • si. vi. raman avaaurd (1975)
  • es. en. bos medal (1980)
  • raauyal sosayati aauf kemistri medal (1981)
  • san 1988 men javaharalal neharoo avard se sammanit hue.
  • meghanath saha medal (1989)
  • ainstin medal aauf yoonesko (1996)
  • san 1999 men vah indiyan sains kangres ke shatabdi puraskar se sammanit hue.
  • daau. rav ko karnatak sarakar ne 'karnatak ratn' ki upadhi di.
  • sanh 2000 men rayal sosaiti ne hyujes padak se sammanit kiya.
  • gret kraaus, brajil (2002)
  • 'bharatiy vigyan puraskar' (2004) pane vale pahale bharatiy vaigyanik.
  • nait aauf lejan, frans (2005)
  • den devid puraskar (2005)
  • lejan aauf aaunar (2005)
  • abdusasalam medal (2008)
  • nikkeee eshiya puraskar (2008)
  • raauyal medal (2009)
  • aaurdar aauf frendaship, roos (2009)
  • vilamaham vaaun honphamain medal (2010)
  • aranesto sains puraskar (2011)
  • chainij ekedemi aauf sainsej avaaurd (2013)[4]
  • bharat sarakar dvara 'bharat ratn' (2013)

‘mistar sains’ aur ‘daauktar sains’

rav ke sahayogi unhen bharat ka ‘mistar sains’ aur ‘daauktar sains’ kahate hain. unaka manana hai ki rav ko ek din rasayan ka ‘nobel puraskar’ avashy milega.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 vaigyanik sienar rav ko bharat ratn (hindi) amar ujala. abhigaman tithi: 17 navambar, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 navanit, hindi daijest (pharavari 2015)
  3. 3.0 3.1 vaigyanik shodh jagat ke shatakavir hain sienar rav (hindi) bibisi hindi. abhigaman tithi: 17 navambar, 2013.
  4. bharat-chin vigyan sahayog ko badhava dene men aham bhoomika nibhane ke lie janavari, 2013 men yah puraskar diya gaya.

snbndhit lekh