सूर्य सेन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

soory sen
soory sen
poora nam soory sen
any nam mastar soory sen
janm 22 march, 1894 ee.
janm bhoomi chataganv, avibhajit bngal, british bharat
mrityu 12 janavari, 1934
mrityu sthan bngal, azad bharat
abhibhavak ramanirnjan
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi svatntrata senani
vidyalay 'baharamapur kaaulej', baharamapur
shiksha bi. e.
vishesh yogadan varsh 1923 tak mastar soory sen ne chataganv ke kone-kone men kranti ki alakh jaga di thi.
any janakari apane 23 disambar, 1923 ko chataganv men asam-bngal relave ke trejari aauphis ko loota. unhen sabase badi saphalata 'chataganv armari red' ke roop men mili thi.

soory sen (angrezi: Surya Sen; janm- 22 march, 1894, chataganv, avibhajit bngal, british bharat; mrityu- 12 janavari, 1934, bngal, azad bharat) bharat ki svatntrata ke lie sngharsh karane vale prasiddh krantikariyon aur amar shahidon men gine jate hain. bharat bhoomi par anekon shahidon ne kranti ki vedi par apane pranon ki ahuti dekar azadi ki rahon ko roshan kiya hai. inhin men se ek soory sen 'neshanal haeeskool' men uchch snatak shikshak ke roop men karyarat the, jis karan log unhen pyar se 'mastar da' kahate the. "chataganv armari red" ke nayak mastar soory sen ne angrez sarakar ko sidhe chunauti di thi. sarakar unaki virata aur sahas se is prakar hil gayi thi ki jab unhen pakada gaya, to unhen aisi hriday vidarak v amanaviy yatanaen di geen, jinhen sunakar hi rongate khade ho jate hain.

janm tatha shiksha

soory sen ka janm 22 march, 1894 ko british shasan ke samay chataganv, bngal men hua tha. inaka pita ka nam ramanirnjan tha, jo chataganv ke hi noapara ilake men ek shikshak the. soory sen ji ki prarambhik shiksha-diksha chataganv men hi huee. jab vah intaramidiet ke vidyarthi the, tabhi apane ek rashtr premi shikshak ki prerana se vah bngal ki pramukh krantikari snstha anushilan samiti ke sadasy ban ge. is samay unaki ayu 22 varsh thi. age ki shiksha ke lie soory sen baharamapur a ge aur unhonne 'baharamapur kaaulej' men bi. e. ke lie pravesh le liya. yahin unhen prasiddh krantikari sngathan "yugantar" ke bare men pata chala aur vah usase prabhavit hue bina nahin rah sake.[1]

krantikari gatividhiyan

yuva soory sen ke hriday men svatntrata prapti ki bhavana din-pratidin balavati hoti ja rahi thi. isilie varsh 1918 men chataganv vapas akar unhonne sthaniy star par yuvaon ko sngathit karane ke lie "yugantar parti" ki sthapana ki" adhikatar log yah manate the ki tatkalin yuva varg keval hinsatmak sngharsh hi karana chahata tha, jo ki poornat: galat tha. svayn soory sen ne bhi jahan ek aur yuvaon ko sngathit kiya, vahin vah 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' jaise ahinsak dal ke sath bhi jude the. ve 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' ki chataganv zila kameti ke adhyaksh bhi chune ge the. apane deshapremi sngathan ke kary ke sath hi sath vah nndanakanan ke sarakari skool men shikshak bhi niyukt hue aur yahin se "mastar da" ke nam se lokapriy ho ge. nndanakanan ke bad men vah chandanapura ke 'umatra skool' ke bhi shikshak rahe.

gurilla yuddh ka nishchay

varsh 1923 tak "mastar da" ne chataganv ke kone-kone men kranti ki alakh jaga di. samrajyavadi sarakar krooratapoorvak krantikariyon ke daman men lagi huee thi. sadhanahin yuvak ek or apani jan hatheli par rakhakar nirnkush samrajy se sidhe sngharsh rahe the to vahin doosari aur unhen dhan aur hathiyaron ki kami bhi sada bani rahati thi. isi karan mastar soory sen ne simit snsadhanon ko dekhate hue sarakar se gurilla yuddh karane ka nishchay kiya aur anek krantikari ghatanaon ko anjam diya. unhen pahali saphalata tab mili, jab unhonne din-dahade 23 disambar, 1923 ko chataganv men asam-bngal relave ke trejari aauphis ko loota. kintu unhen sabase badi saphalata 'chataganv armari red' ke roop men mili, jisane angrez sarakar ko jhakajhor kar rakh diya. yah sarakar ko khula sandesh tha ki bharatiy yuva man ab apane pran dekar bhi dasata ki bediyon ko tod dena chahata hai.[1]

'bharatiy prajatantrik sena' ka gathan

soory sen ne yuvaon ko sngathit kar "bharatiy prajatantrik sena" namak ek sena ka sngathan kiya. unake netritv men krantikariyon ke dal ne, jisamen ganesh ghosh, lokanath bal, nirmal sen, ambika chakravarti, naresh ray, shashank datt, aradhendhoo dastidar, tarakeshvar dastidar, harigopal bal, annt sinh, jivan ghoshal aur annd gupta jaise vir yuvak aur pritilata vadedar v kalpana datt jaisi vir yuvatiyan bhi thin. yahan tak ki ek chaudah varshiy kishor subodh ray bhi apani jan par khelane gaya.

sainik shastragar ki loot

poorv yojananusar 18 aprail, 1930 ko sainik vastron men in yuvaon ne ganesh ghosh aur lokanath bal ke netritv men do dal banaye. ganesh ghosh ke dal ne chataganv ke pulis shastragar par aur lokanath ji ke dal ne chataganv ke sahayak sainik shastragar par kabza kar liya. kintu durbhagyavash unhen bndooken to milin, kintu unaki goliyan nahin mil sakin. krantikariyon ne telifon aur teligraf ke tar kat die aur relamargon ko avaruddh kar diya. ek prakar se chataganv par krantikariyon ka hi adhikar ho gaya. tatpashchath yah dal pulis shastragar ke samane ikaththa hua, jahan mastar soory sen ne apani is sena se vidhivat sainy salami li, rashtriy dhh‍vaj phaharaya aur bharat ki asthayi sarakar ki sthapana ki.

angrez sainikon se sngharsh

is dal ko andesha tha ki itani badi ghatana par angrez sarakar tilamila jayegi, isilie vah gorilla yuddh hetu taiyar the. isi uddeshy ke lie yah log sham hote hi chataganv nagar ke pas ki pahadiyon men chale ge, kintu sthiti din par din kathinatam hoti ja rahi thi. bahar angrez pulis unhen har jagah dhoondh rahi thi. vahin jngali pahadiyon par krantikariyon ko bhookh-pyas vyakul kiye hue thi. antat: 22 aprail, 1930 ko hazaron angrez sainikon ne jalalabad pahadiyon ko gher liya, jahan krantikariyon ne sharan le rakhi thi. aisi viparit paristhitiyon men bhi krantikariyon ne samarpan nahin kiya aur hathiyaron se les angrez sena se gorilla yuddh chhed diya. in krantikariyon ki virata aur gorilla yuddh-koshal ka andaja isi se lagaya ja sakata hai ki is jng men jahan 80 se bhi zyada angrez sainik mare ge, vahin matr 12 krantikar hi shahid hue. isake bad mastar soory sen kisi prakar apane kuchh sathiyon sahit pas ke ganv men chale ge. unake kuchh sathi kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) chale ge, lekin inamen se kuchh durbhagy se pakade bhi ge.[1]

angrez pulis kisi bhi tarah se soory sen ko pakadana chahati thi. vah har taraf unaki talash kar rahi thi. sarakar ne soory sen par das hazar rupaye ka inam bhi ghoshit kar diya. jab soory sen patiya ke pas ek vidhava stri savitri devi ke yahan sharan le rakhi thi, tabhi 13 joon, 1932 ko kaipten kaimaroon ne pulis v sena ke sath us ghar ko gher liya. donon aur se golibari huee, jisamen kaipten kaimaroon mara gaya aur soory sen apane sathiyon ke sath is bar bhi surakshit nikal ge. itana daman aur kathinaiyan bhi in krantikari yuvaon ko diga nahin sakin aur jo krantikari bach ge the, unhonne dobara khud ko sngathit kar liya aur apani sahasik ghatanaon dvara sarakar ko chhakate rahe. aisi anek ghatanaon men varsh 1930 se 1932 ke bich 22 angrez adhikari aur unake lagabhag 220 sahayakon ki hatyaen ki gayin.

soory sen par jari dak tikat

mitr ka dhokha aur giraphtari

is dauran mastar soory sen ne anek snkat uthae. unake anek priy sathi pakade ge aur anekon ne yatanaen sahane ke bajay atmahatya kar li. svayn soory sen ek sthan se doosare sthan par jate rahate aur apani pahachan chhupane ke lie ne-ne vesh banate. n to unake khane ka thikana tha aur n hi sone ka, lekin unhonne himmat nahin hari. kintu durbhagyavash unhin ka ek dhokhebaj sathi, jisaka nam netr sen tha, eenam ke lalach men angrezon se mil gaya. jab mastar soory sen usake ghar men sharan lie hue the, tabhi usaki mukhabiri par 16 faravari, 1933 ko unako pulis ne giraphtar kar liya. is prakar bharat ka mahanh nayak pakada gaya. netr sen ki patni apane pati ke is dushkarm par itani adhik du:khi aur lajjit huee ki jab usake ghar men usi ke samane hi ek deshapremi ne usake pati ki hatya kar di to usane koee virodh nahin kiya. yahan tak ki jab pulis janch karane aee to usane nidarata se kaha- "tum chaho to meri hatya kar do, kintu tab bhi main apane pati ke hatyare ka nam nahin bataoongi, kyonki mere pati ne soory sen jaise bharat mata ke sachche sapoot ko dhokha diya tha, jise sabhi prem karate hain aur samman dete hain. aisa karake mere pati ne bharat mata ka shish sharm se jhuka diya hai."

shahadat

soory sen ke pramukh sathi tarakeshvar dastidar ne ab "yugantar parti" ki chataganv shakha ka netritv snbhal liya. unhonne mastar soory sen ko angrezon se chhudane ki yojana banaee, lekin yojana par amal hone se pahale hi yah bhed khul gaya aur tarakeshvar, kalpana datta v apane any sathiyon ke sath pakad lie ge. sarakar ne soory sen, tarakeshvar dastidar aur kalpana par mukadama chalane ke lie vishesh nyayalayon ki sthapana ki. 12 janavari, 1934 ko soory sen ko tarakeshvar ke sath phansi ki saza di gee, lekin phansi se poorv unhen aisi amanaviy yatanaen di gayin. nirdayatapoorvak hathode se unake dant tod die ge, nakhoon khinch lie ge, hath-pair jod-tod die ge aur jab vah behosh ho ge to unhen achetavastha men hi khinchakar phansi ke takhte tak laya gaya. kroorata aur apaman ki parakashtha yah thi ki unaki mrit deh ko bhi unake parijanon ko nahin sonpa gaya aur use dhatu ke bakse men bnd karake 'bngal ki khadi' men phenk diya gaya.[1]

antim patr

mastar soory sen ji ne 11 janavari ko apane ek mitr ko antim patr likha tha ki- "mrityu mera dvar khatakhata rahi hai. mera man annt ki aur bah raha hai. mere lie yah vo pal hai, jab main mrityu ko apane param mitr ke roop men angikar karoon. is saubhagyashil, pavitr aur nirnayak pal men main tum sabake lie kya chhod kar ja raha hoon? sirf ek chiz - mera svapn, mera sunahara svapn, svatntr bharat ka svapn. priy mitron, age badho aur kabhi apane kadam pichhe mat khinchana. utho aur kabhi nirash mat hona. saphalata avashy milegi." antim samay men bhi unaki ankhen svarnim bhavishy ka svapn dekh rahi thin.

smarak

  • chataganv ki sentral jel men phansi ke jis takhte par soory sen aur tarakeshvar dastidar ko phansi di gayi thi, use bngaladesh ki sarakar ne soory sen ji ka smarak ghoshit kiya hai.
  • bharat men kolakata metro ke ek steshan ka nam bhi unake nam par "mastar da soory sen" rakha gaya hai.
  • siligudi men unake nam par ek park bhi hai, jisaka nam "soory sen park" hai aur jahan unaki moorti bhi sthapit hai.
  • 18 aprail, 2010 ko 'chattal seva samiti' ne barasat stediyam men soory sen ki kansy pratima sthapit ki, jisaka lokarpan mastar soory sen ke hi ek sathi vinod bihari chaudhari ne kiya tha.
  • 2010 men hi prasiddh film nirdeshak ashutosh govarikar ne 'chataganv vidroh' par adharit manini chatarji ki pustak "doo end daye" (karo aur maro ) par film banayi thi, jisamen soory sen ka kiradar abhineta abhishek bachchan aur pritilata ji ka kiradar dipika padukon ne nibhaya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 bharat ke nayak (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 26 faravari, 2013.

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