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somanath chatarji
Somnath Chatterjee.jpg
poora nam somanath chatarji
any nam somanath da
janm 25 julaee, 1929
janm bhoomi tejapur, asam
mrityu 13 agast, 2018
mrityu sthan kolakata, pashchim bngal
abhibhavak pita- en.si. chatarji, mata- vinapani devi
pati/patni renu chatarji
sntan ek putr aur do putriyan
nagarikata bharatiy
parti bharatiy kamyunist parti (marksavadi)
pad lokasabha adhyaksh
kary kal 4 joon, 2004 se 16 mee, 2009
shiksha snatakottar
any janakari somanath chatarji ne sabha ki karyavahi ke snchalan ko sudharane men pahal ki aur unhonne is snbndh men kee mahattvapoorn vinirnay aur nirnay die.
adyatan‎

somanath chatarji (angrezi: Somnath Chatterjee, janm: 25 julaee, 1929, tejapur, asam; mrityu: 13 agast, 2018, pashchim bngal) 'bharatiy kamyunist parti' ke pramukh netaon men se ek the. ve chaudahavin lokasabha men pashchim bngal ke bolapur lokasabha kshetr ka pratinidhitv karate the. shri chatarji chaudahavin lokasabha ke lokasabha adhyaksh bhi the. vigat varshon men bharatiy snsad ke kee pramukh adhyaksh hue hain, jinhonne adhyakshapith ko garima aur samman pradan kiya hai. somanath chatarji 4 joon, 2004 ko is sammananiy pad ke lie nirvirodh nirvachit hokar adhyakshon ke dipti mndal men sammilit hue. jaisa ki pndit javaharalal neharoo ne kaha hai ki- "adhyaksh rashtr, usaki svatntrata aur azadi ka pratinidhitv karata hai."

jivan parichay

25 julaee, 1929 ko 'shri en.si. chatarji' aur 'shrimati vinapani devi' ke suputr ke roop men tejapur, asam men janme shri chatarji ki shiksha-diksha kalakatta aur yunaited kingadam men huee. unhonne snatakottar (kaintab) tatha yoo.ke. men midil tainpal se bairistar-et-laau kiya. shri chatarji ki dharmapatni ka nam shrimati renu chatarji hai. unake ek putr aur do putriyan hain.[1]

rajaniti men padarpan

somanath chatarji ne ek adhivakta ke roop men apane kairiyar ki shuruat ki tatha 1968 men ve bharatiy kamyunist parti (marksavadi) ke sadasy banane ke bad sakriy rajaniti men shamil hue. rashtriy rajaniti men unaka abhyuday pratham bar 1971 men lok sabha ke lie nirvachit hone ke sath hua. tab se lekar unhonne sabhi lokasabhaon men ek sadasy ke roop men nirvachit hokar seva ki hai, varsh 2004 men vartaman 14vin lokasabha men ve dasavin bar nirvachit hue. varsh 1989 se 2004 tak ve lok sabha men sipiaee(em) ke neta rahe. lokasabha chunav men unaki barnbar adhik maton ke sath vijay, janata ke bich unaki lokapriyata, parti men unake sthan tatha sansad ke roop men unake kaddavar vyaktitv ko pramanit karata hai.

sansad

snsadiy lokatntr men abaddhakari astha ke sath somanath chatarji ne sadhe tin dashakon tak ek vishisht sansad ke roop men seva ki. ek prakhar vakta tatha ek prabhavi vidhayak ke roop men unhonne apane lie ek alag sthan banaya. bharat ki snsadiy pranali ko sudridh banane men unake aparimit v amooly yogadan ko svikar karate hue unhen varsh 1996 men "utkrisht sansad puraskar" pradan kiya gaya. varsh 1971 se mahattvapoorn vishayon par vad-vivad men bhag lekar unhonne sadan men vichar-vimarsh men samriddh yogadan diya. shri chatarji ne kamagar varg tatha vnchit logon ke muddon ko prabhavi dhng se uthakar unake hiton ke lie avaz bulnd karane ka koee bhi avasar nahin gnvaya. unaka vad-vivad kaushal, rashtriy aur antarrashtriy muddon ki spasht samajh, bhasha ke oopar pakad tatha jis hasy vinod ke sath sadan men ve apana drishtikon rakhate the, jinhen sabha dattachitt hokar sunati thi, ve unhen ek suvikhyat sansad banate hain.[1]

apane poore snsadiy jivan men somanath chatarji ne sadan ki garima ko badhane vale moolyon tatha paramparaon ka nirvahan karane tatha snsad ki snstha ko sudridhata pradan karane men ek udaharan prastut kiya. shri chatarji ne sabhapati tatha sadasy ke roop men anek snsadiy samitiyon ki shobha badhayi. unhonne adhinasth vidhan snbndhi samiti tatha soochana praudyogiki snbndhi samiti[2], visheshadhikar samiti, rel snbndhi samiti, snchar snbndhi samiti[3] ki vishishtata sahit adhyakshata ki. ve kee samitiyon ke sadasy rahe hain, jinamen se kuchh ek niyam samiti, samany prayojanon snbndhi samiti, kary mntrana samiti adi hain. ve anek snyukt samitiyon tatha pravar samitiyon visheshatah vidhi ke kshetr men visheshgyta ki avashyakata vali samitiyon se sambaddh rahe. ek bairistar tatha ek varishth adhivakta ke roop men unhonne sadan tatha isaki samitiyon donon hi jagahon par vidhan ke kshetr men apani qanooni siddhahastata ka prayog kiya.

lokasabha adhyaksh ka pad

4 joon, 2004 ko 14vin lokasabha ke adhyaksh ke roop men somanath chatarji ka sarvasammati se nirvachan kar sadan ek itihas rach raha tha. pratham bar samayik adhyaksh ka lokasabha ke adhyaksh ke roop men nirvachan kiya ja raha tha. 4 joon, 2004 ko kangres parti ki neta shrimati soniya gandhi ne adhyaksh ke roop men somanath chatarji ke nirvachan ka prastav prastut kiya. tatkalin raksha mntri shri pranav mukharji dvara is prastav ka anumodan kiya gaya. yah mahattvapoorn hai ki lok sabha men 17 any dalon ke netaon ne bhi inake nam ka prastav kiya, jisaka samarthan any dalon ke netaon dvara kiya gaya. jab vichar aur matadan hetu is prastav ko sadan ke samaksh rakha gaya, tab sabha ne sarvasammati se ise svikar kiya tatha somanath chatarji nirvirodh adhyaksh nirvachit kie ge. adhyaksh ke is pratishthit pad par nirvachit hone par shri chatarji ko badhaee dete hue pradhanamntri, vipaksh ke neta tatha lok sabha men sabhi rajanitik dalon ke netaon ne desh men snsadiy lokatntr ki uchch parnparaon, jinake vikas men unhonne kafi mahattvapoorn yogadan diya hai, ko banae rakhate hue sabha ki karyavahi ko nishpaksh aur gauravapoorn tarike se chalane ki unaki yogyata men vishvas vyakt kiya. adhyaksh ke roop men somanath chatarji lokasabha tatha samast snsadiy lokatntr pranali ki pratishtha aur vishvasaniyata ke pratik hain.

kushal snchalak

somanath chatarji ne sabha ki karyavahi ke snchalan ko sudharane men pahal ki aur unhonne is snbndh men kee mahattvapoorn vinirnay aur nirnay die. 22 julaee, 2008 ko vishh‍vas mat ke dauran kie ge sabha ke snchalan ke lie unako desh ke vibhinh‍n vargon ke nagarikon tatha videshon se kafi sarahana mili. sabha men mahattvapoorn muddo par suvyavasthit vad-vivad sunishchit karane ke lie shri chatarji sabhi satron se pahale aur satr ke dauran rajanitik dalon ke netaon ke sath niyamit roop se baithaken karate rahe hain. duracharan ke mamalon sahit kee mahattvapoorn mamale visheshadhikar samiti ko saunpe ge, jinake parinamasvaroop snsad sadasy nishkasit aur nilnbit hue hain. adhyaksh ki pahal par hi snsad sadasyon ko duracharan aur samay-samay par hone vale any snbndhit muddon ke aropon ki janch ke lie ek vishesh samiti gathit ki gayi. unhonne rajy sabha ke sabhapati ke sath paramarsh karake samiti ke dauron snbndhi niyamon ko snshodhit kiya. antararashtriy dauron, sammelanon aur snsadiy shishtamndal ke videshi dauron snbndhi prativedanon ko ab sabha patal par rakha jata hai.

kootanitigy

chin yatra ke dauran bharatiy snsad ne chin ki snsad ke sath pratham samajhauta gyapan par hastakshar kie, jisamen snsadiy lenaden evn sahayog ko badhane ke lie samajhauta kiya gaya hai. videshon men bharat ki pratishtha men vriddhi karane, mahattvapoorn antarrashtriy sammelanon yatha rashtramndal snsadiy esosieshan (sipie), antarsnsadiy sngh (aeepiyoo) tatha any seminaron evn karyashalaon men prastutikaranon ki gunavatta men sudhar ke lie mananiy adhyaksh mahoday dvara vishesh prayas kie ge hain. mukhyatah lok sabha ke mananiy adhyaksh dvara kie ge vishesh kootanitik prayason ke karan pashchim bngal vidhan sabha ke adhyaksh 'hashim abdul halim' ko 2 sitambar, 2005 ko sipie sammelan, nadi (phiji) men 3 varsh ke karyakal ke lie rashtramndal snsadiy sngh ki karyakari samiti ka adhyaksh bhari bahumat se chuna gaya. kisi bharatiy pratinidhi ko yah samman 20 varshon ke bad prapt hua. isake sath hi lok sabha ke mananiy adhyaksh ko nadi (phiji) men rashtramndal snsadiy sngh ka upadhyaksh chuna gaya tatha bharat ko 53ven sipie sammelan ki mezabani karane ka samman prapt hua. sitambar 2006 men shri chatarji ko abuja, naijiriya men rashtramndal snsadiy sngh ka adhyaksh chuna gaya. unake netritv tatha samarth dishanirdesh men bharat ne sitambar, 2007 ke dauran nee dilli men 53ven sipie sammelan ki saphalatapoorvak mezabani ki, jisamen 52 deshon ko vividh kshetron men bharat ki upalabdhiyon se avagat karaya gaya. shri chatarji ne jeneva[4] men antarsnsadiy sngh ki 117vin sabha men bharatiy snsadiy shishtamndal ka netritv kiya.[1]

sadan ki karyavahi ka prasaran

shri chatarji ki pahal par "shoonyakal" ki karyavahi ka 5 julaee, 2004 se sidha prasaran kiya gaya hai. shri chatarji ka manana hai ki, yah qadam logon ke janane ke adhikar ke svikaran men shuroo kiya gaya hai, isaka uddeshy sadasyon ko anushasit karana nahin tha, n hi unaka aisa manana hai ki, isase snsad ki alochana hogi. snsadiy karyavahi ko adhik vyapak midiya kavarej pradan karane ke lie 24 julaee 2006 se poore 24 ghnte ke lie lok sabha ka ek telivizan chainal shuroo kiya gaya hai. isake parinamasvaroop sabha ki darshak dirgha ka vistar vastav men poore desh men ho gaya hai tatha isase logon ke snsad ke nikat ane ki asha ki jati hai. vishv men yah apane ap men akela prayas hai.[1]

mahattvapoorn pahal

vibhagon se snbaddh sthayi samitiyon (diaresasi) ke karyakaran ke snbndh men shri chatarji ne ek aur mahattvapoorn pahal ki hai. nidesh 73k men yah pravadhan kiya gaya hai ki, snbndhit mntri chhah mahine men ek bar lok sabha ki vibhagon se snbaddh sthayi samitiyon (diaresasi) ke prativedanon men nihit sipharishon ke karyanvayan ki sthiti ke bare men apane mntralay ke snbndh men ek vaktavy dega. isase samitiyon ki sipharishon, jo ki samanyataya ekamat se ki jati hain, ke karyanvayan men kafi sahayata mili hai. 14vin lok sabha ke dauran "dhyanakarshan prastavon" tatha "sthagan prastavon" ki snkhya men suspasht vriddhi huee hai. 14vin lok sabha ke dauran aj ki tithi tak kul 103 dhyanakarshan prastav aur 7 sthagan prastav lae ge hain. mananiy adhyaksh mahoday ne is bat ki vakalat ki ki, svayn sadasyon ko apane vetan aur bhatton ke snbndh men sujhav nahin dena chahie aur yah kary ek svatntr ayog dvara kiya jana chahie. sabhi dalon ke netaon ne is sujhav ka samarthan kiya. tadanusar samay-samay par mananiy sadasyon ke vetan aur bhatton ke nirdharan ke lie snsthagat tntr banane ke lie pradhanamntri ke pas ek prastav bheja gaya. is prastav par sarakar vichar kar rahi hai.

prashasanik sudhar

mananiy adhyaksh mahoday shri chatarji ki pahal par janashakti ki avashyakata ka punahnirdharan karane, unaki prabhavi tainati, behatar kairiyar snbhavanaon ki roop-rekha taiyar karane aur karyatmak dakshata, paradarshita aur javabadehi ko badhane ki drishti se lok sabha sachivalay men vibhinn sevaon ki vyapak snvarg samiksha prarnbh ki gayi hai. sachivalay ke prashasanik tntr ko sashakt banane aur vastavik vikendrikaran ko protsahan dene ki drishti se mananiy adhyaksh mahoday ne prashasanik aur vittiy shaktiyan mahasachiv ko pratyayojit kar di hai. karmachariyon ki seva snbndhi samasyaon par khulakar vichar vimarsh karane aur unake samadhan ke lie 2005 men ek shikayat nivaran tntr ki sthapana ki gayi hai. tadarthavad se bachane ke lie karmachariyon ke sthanantaran ki niti niroopit ki gayi hai.

midiya sampark

mananiy shri chatarji satr prarnbh hone se poorv aur isake pashchath midiya ke sath niyamit roop se baithaken karate rahe hain. ye baithaken sabha ki karyavahi se snbndhit vividh muddon ki vyakhya karane aur unhen spasht karane men vishesh roop se upayogi rahi hain. snsad ki pres dirgha ke lie pradhikrit midiya karmiyon ke lie snsadiy adhyayan evn prashikshan byooro (bipiesati) dvara prabodhan karyakramon ka bhi ayojan kiya gaya hai aur in karyakramon ki atyadhik sarahana ki gayi hai. pres salahakar samiti ko vibhinn rajyon ki samakaksh samitiyon ko shamil karate hue rashtriy sngoshthiyon aur karyashalaon ka ayojan karane hetu protsahit kiya ja raha hai.

snsadiy sngrahalay ki sthapana

shri chatarji dvara ek any mahattvapoorn pahal bharat ki lokatantrik virasat par atyadhunik snsadiy sngrahalay ki sthapana hai. bharat men rashtrapati dvara 14 agast, 2006 ko is sngrahalay ka udghatan kiya gaya. is sngrahalay men bharatiy lokatntr ke udh‌bhav ke vibhinn charanon ko suvidhapoorvak prastut kiya gaya hai. yah sngrahalay janata ke darshanarth khula hai aur vidyarthiyon ke lie to yah vishesh akarshan hai.[1]

janakalyan kary

maniy adhyaksh mahoday mahattvapoorn niti gat aur karyakram snbndhi muddon par visheshgyon ki ray lene ke lie niyamit roop se visheshgyon se paramarsh karate the. karyapalika, vidhayika aur nyayapalika ke madhy shaktiyon ke prathakkaran jaise mahattvapoorn snsadiy muddon par vistrit charcha arnbh ki gayi hai. ab tak snsadiy grnthagar ke pustakon aur patrikaon ke samriddh sngrah ka labh snsad sadasy hi utha pate the, parntu mananiy adhyaksh ki pahal par grnthagar ke dvar pratishthit vishvavidyalayon aur snsthaon ke anusndhan adhyetaon tatha patr soochana karyalay dvara pradhikrit patrakaron aur sarakari adhikariyon ke lie bhi khol die ge hain. shri chatarji ne bachchon men achchhi pustaken padhane ki adat dalane aur isake lie unhen protsahit karane ke uddeshy se aur unake sath snsadiy grnthagar sngrahalay aur abhilekhon ke snsadhanon ko bantane ke lie susajjit rng-birnge aur atyadhunik bal kaksh ki sthapana karane ki pahal ki thi.

bahuayami evn parishrami vyaktitv

shri chatarji ka vyaktitv bahuayami tha, unaki shiksha, khelakood aur snsadiy adhyayan men ruchi thi. vah har arth men am janata se jude hue vyakti the. ve sudridh vaicharik adhar vale ek adhunik vyakti the, parntu kahin n kahin ve udaravad se bhi mazabooti se jude hue the. unamen rajanitik vibhajan se oopar uthane ki adabhut kshamata ke sath sath bharat ke lokatntr ke buniyadi siddhanton aur moolyon ke prati adig pratibaddhata bhi thi. ve udyog aur krishi, donon hi kshetron ko saman mahattv dene men vishvas karate the aur donon hi ki unnati ke lie bharasak prayas karate rahe. ve ek dashak se bhi zyada samay tak 'pashchim bngal audyogik vikas nigam' ke adhyaksh rahe aur pashchim bngal rajy men nivesh ko badhava dene ke lie unhonne kee rashtron ki yatra ki. shri chatarji anekanek samajik sanskritik, shaikshanik aur vyavasayik snsthaon tatha vyapar snghon se sakriy roop se jude hue the. in sngathanon ke madhyam se ve vnchit aur dalit logon ke utthan aur saksharata abhiyan jaise sakaratmak karyakalapon se jude hue the. ve khelakood ke prati ati utsahi the aur khelakood pratispardhaen dekhana pasnd karate the. ve kee khelakood sngathanon se jude hue the. ve 'mohan bagan', 'd kriket eshosieshan aauph bngal', 'd bngal tebal tenis eshosieshan' adi ki karyakari samiti ke sadasy the.[1]

adarsh aur prerana srot

somanath chatarji 1971 se lok sabha ke sadasy ke roop men snsadavidon ke lie adarsh rahe. ve ek atynt pratishthit adhivakta, vyapar snghavadi, spashtavadi aur prabhavashali snsadavid aur kaddavar neta the. vishv ke sabase bade lokatntr ke ve adhyaksh the. kisi ke lie bhi unaka rikard todana bahut dushkar hoga. apane poore sarvajanik jivan ke dauran somanath chatarji logon men lokatntr ki snstha ke prati adar ki bhavana jagrit karate rahe aur is prakar se lokatntr men logon ka vishvas banaye rakha. vyavastha men khamiyon ke karan am logon ke mohabhng se bhalibhanti parichit hone ke karan ve un khamiyon ko door karana chahate the. at: ve logon men vyavastha ke prati badhati ja rahi katuta ke bare men snsad ko nirntar ahasas karate rahe aur yah batate rahe ki yadi vyavastha men sudharatmak upay nahin kie jaenge to logon ka vishvas shasan ki pranali ke roop men snsadiy lokatntr ki kshamata se uth jaega. shri chatarji lok sabha ke karyakaran men paradarshita aur javabadehi lane ka bharasak prayas karate rahe, taki ve lok sabha ko vishv ke sabase bade lokatntr ke sabase oonche mnch ke roop men punah sthapit kar saken.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 shri somanath chatarji (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) lok sabha adhyaksh ka karyalay. abhigaman tithi: 7 march, 2011.
  2. 2 karyakal
  3. 3 karyakal
  4. 5-10 aktoobar, 2007

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