स्वर्णकिरण -सुमित्रानन्दन पंत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

svarnakiran -sumitranandan pnt
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kavi sumitranandan pnt
mool shirshak svarnakiran
prakashan tithi 1947 ee.
desh bharat
bhasha hindi
prakar kavy snkalan
vishesh isamen 38 rachanaen sngrahit hain. in rachanaon men antim do rachanaon 'svarnoday' aur 'ashokavan' ka adhunik hindi kavy men apana nishchit sthan hai.

svarnakiran sumitranandan pnt ka athavan kavy snkalan hai, jisaka prakashan 1947 ee. men hua tha. svarnakiran men 38 rachanaen sngrahit hain. in rachanaon men antim do rachanaon 'svarnoday' aur 'ashokavan' ka adhunik hindi kavy men apana nishchit sthan hai. donon lambi rachanaen hain. 'svarnoday' manav-shishu ke janm, vikas, praudhatv aur avasan ki sampoorn jivanagatha hai. ise uttar rachanaon men vahi sthan prapt hona chahiye, jo kishor rachanaon men 'parivarttan' ko prapt hai. 'ashokavan' men 19 pragit hain, jinamen adhikansh sambodhigit kahe ja sakate hain. in pragiton men ramakatha ke madhyam se chetanavad ki pratikatmak vyakhya prastut ki gayi hai. shesh rachanaon ko ham kee vargon men rakh sakate hain. sach to yah hai ki yah snkalan uttar pnt ke vyaktitv ka any snkalanon ki apeksha kahin adhik sundar roop men pratinidhitv karata hai. suvidha ki drishti se snkalan ki rachanaon ko chetanavadi (aravindavadi), prakritivadi, prashastimoolak aur vyngy rachanaon ke shirshak de sakate hain. parntu sabhi rachanaon men kavi ki nootan jivan drishti, usaka naya adhyatmavad aur navin jivanollas drishtigat hota hai. chhandon ki bhoomi prayogatmak n hokar bhi nayi bhavabhivynjana men samarth hai.

chetanavadi rachanaen

chetanavadi rachanaon ki shirshamani 'shri aravind darshan' shirshak rachana hai. is rachana men kavi yogi aravind ke sakshatkar se utpann vyaktigat prabhav ko oordhv chetana ka roop de deta hai. unhen divy jivan ka doot manakar kavi tan, man, pran, hriday samarpit karata hai. usake anusar yug-yug ke poojan-aradhan, jap-tap aur shastr aravind ki sadhana aur vani ke kritarth ho uthe hain. vah unamen avatari daivatv ki kalpana karata hai aur unhen brahmavidya ka jyotistambh manakar unaki prashasti gata hai.

prakritivadi rachanaen

snkalan ki doosari koti prakritivadi rachanaon ki hai, jahan kavi ki prakritichetana 'pallav', gunjan' aur 'gramya' ki tin snsthanak bhoomiyon ko chhodakar nayi adhyatmik bhoomi par sncharan karati hai. phalatah prakritik saundary usake lie atmik saundary ka pratinidhi aur bhavishyakalpi samajachetana tatha jivan-snskar ka pratik ban jata hai. in rachanaon men n gahare aindrik rngon ki chatulata hai, n mngalakankshi atma ki prasannachetana matr, n vivaranatmak vastuchitran, jo bauddhik chetana ka prasar ho. isake viparit in prakritik rachanaon men atm aur paraki simaen nasht ho gayi hain aur prakriti tatha manav ek hi daivi chetana se otaprot adhimanasi bhoomika matr jan padate hain. in rachanaon ki shabdavali aur bhav-chayan par kavi ke vaidik adhyayan, pramukhatah usha sabandhi richaon ka prabhav bhi lakshit hai. kavi bar-bar 'pallav' ki prachur kalpana aur bhavapoorn saundary bhoomi ki or lautata hai, jisase vayaviy aur adhyatmik chetana ka pratik hone par bhi in rachanaon men paryapt mansalata a gayi hai. 'himadri' shirshak rachana is snkalan ki sarvashreshth prakriti-kavita kahi ja sakati hai kyonki usamen himalay ka vastu-saundary kavi ki chetana ke bhav-saundary aur atimanaviy sajagata ka pratiroop ban gaya hai. 'pooshan' 'chandroday', 'matsyagandhaen' ityadi rachanaen prakritik sandarbhon ko lekar ek naye atindriy bhav-jagath ki srishti karati hain, jahan sabhi sundar, atmik tatha atimanasiy banakar chamatkari hain.

prashastimoolak rachanaen

prashastimoolak rachanaen noakhali ke mahatma ji aur pandit javahar lal neharoo ke prati hain, jinhen kavi ne apani navin chetana se sambaddh kiya hai. 'kauve ke prati' rachana kavi ke us samarasabhav ki or snket karati hai, jo nindaniy se bhi rasagrahan kar sakata hai. is rachana men kavi ne pakshapat ko kamana ka mool kaha hai, jo samast dukhon ka karan hai aur kakakand men sntulan aur samarasattv ka path padha hai.

sarvashreshth rachana 'svarnoday'

'svarnoday' ko kavi ne 'jivan-saundary' upashirshak diya hai. manav-jivan ke vikasaman ayamon men chirntan saundary ki abhivynjana pana hi rachana men kavi ka uddeshy hai. isilie kavi balak ke janm se lekar usake pitamahi jivan tak sara manastattv badi sookshm aur paini drishti se pakadata hai aur varddhaman jivan chetana ke us dharapravah ko roopayit karata hai, jo vividh jivanasthitiyon men antarngi manisootr ki tarah piroya hua hai. yah akeli rachana adhunik hindi kavita ki praudhata ka pratinidhittv kar sakati hai. pnt ki rachanaon men isaka sthan sarvashreshth rahega. praudh jivananubhooti, sntulit jivanadarshan aur darshanik ooha ki samarth, kavyamay tatha vynjak abhivyakti is rachana ka pratham pnkti deti hai. badalati huee manovrittiyon ka aisa chhaya prakashamay vishad chitr anyatr durlabh hai. bich-bich men avasthanuroop bhavaparivartan ko prakritik ritu-parivartan ki pratik rachana dvara moortt kiya gaya hai. rachana ke ant men praudh aur vriddh ke manah pravah men adhunik jivan ke parishkar ki jo yojanaen aur vitarkanaen hain, unamen svayn kavi ki praudh vicharana pratidhvanit hai. manav-jivan ki uddam jijivisha ko adhyatmonmukh ka ant men kavi amrity ke mrity-paryatan ki sundar jhanki prastut karata hai. jivan ke charam lakshy aur kritashiah manav ki hutashani chitrabela ka apoorv udgan is rachana men milega.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

dhirendr, varma “bhag- 2 par adharit”, hindi sahity kosh (hindi), 661-662.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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