स्वामी रामतीर्थ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

svami ramatirth
svami ramatirth
poora nam svami ramatirth
janm 22 aktoobar, 1873
janm bhoomi miralivala, pnjab (ab pakistan)
mrityu 17 aktoobar 1906[1] (32 varsh)
mrityu sthan tihari, uttarakhand
karm-kshetr samaj sudharak, lekhak
mukhy rachanaen gair mulkon ke tajurbe (lekh aur vyakhyan), vartalap (lekh aur vyakhyan), unnati ka marg (lekh aur upadesh) adi
vishay dharm aur darshan
bhasha hindi
shiksha snatakottar (ganit)
vidyalay 'foramain krishchiyan kaaulej' evn 'gavarnament kaaulej, lahaur
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari shrikrishn aur advait vedant par likhe inake nibndhon ne desh men ek nee vaicharik kranti ko janm diya.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait

svami ramatirth (angrezi: Swami Rama Tirtha, janm: 22 aktoobar, 1873 - mrityu: 17 aktoobar, 1906[1]) ek hindoo dharmik neta the, jo atyadhik vyaktigat aur kavyatmak dhng ke vyavaharik vedant ko padhane ke lie vikhyat the. ramatirth vedant ki jiti jagati moorti the. unaka mool nam 'tirath ram' tha. vah manushy ke daivi svaroop ke varnan ke lie samany anubhavon ka prayog karate the. ramatirth ke lie har pratyaksh vastu eeshvar ka pratibinb thi. apane chhote se jivanakal men unhonne ek mahanh samaj sudharak, ek ojasvi vakta, ek shreshth lekhak, ek tejomay snnyasi aur ek uchch rashtravadi ka darja paya. svami ramatirth jisane apane asadharan karyon se poore vishv men apane nam ka dnka bajaya. matr 32 varsh ki ayu men unhonne apane pran tyage, lekin is alpayu men unake khate men judi anek asadharan upalabdhiyan yah sabit karati hain ki anukaraniy jivan jine ke lie lambi ayu nahin, oonchi ichchhashakti ki avashyakata hoti hai.[2]

jivan parichay

svami ramatirth ka janm pakistan ke pnjab prant ke gujaranvala zile men hua. inake janm lene ke kuchh dinon ke bad hi inaki mata ka nidhan ho gaya tha. ramatirth bachapan se hi kushagr buddhi ke the. unaki umr ke balak jab gudde-gudiyon ke khel khelate the, us umr men ramatirth ka samay anek goodh vishayon par chintan-manan men gujarata tha. padhaee-likhaee men prakhar hone ke karan ramatirth ne ganit men snatakottar ki upadhi dharan ki aur lahaur men ganit ke profesar ke roop men jivan bitane lage. varsh 1897 unake jivan ka nirnayak mod (tarning paauint) raha, jab lahaur men ek karyakram men unhen svami vivekanand ka bhashan sunane ka mauka mila. svami ji ke ojapoorn vicharon ko sunakar ramatirth ke man men desh aur samaj ke lie kuchh kar gujarane ki bhavana utpann huee. isi bhavana ke chalate profesar ramatirth svami ramatirth ban ge. ab svami ramatirth ka ek hi lakshy tha- samaj ko jagaruk karana, hindutv ke bare men logon ko samajhana aur samajik kuritiyon ko door karana. yah 19 vin shatabdi ka samay tha jab desh khasakar yuva shakti unake ojasvi vicharon aur rashtravadi bhashanon ka divana ban raha tha. unake khojaparak v lik se hatakar vicharon ne yuva varg ko kafi prabhavit kiya. shrikrishn aur advait vedant par likhe unake nibndhon ne desh men ek nee vaicharik kranti ko janm diya. ye svami ramatirth ki adbhut bhashan shaili aur maulik vicharon ka hi prabhav tha ki bharat hi nahin apitu videshon men bhi unaki vani ke log prashnsak bane. ve japan men vishesh roop se hindutv ke bare men samajhane ke lie gaye.[2]

karmakshetr

'foramain krishchiyan kaaulej' evn 'gavarnament kaaulej, lahaur se shikshit ramatirth 1895 men krishchiyan kaaulej men ganit ke pradhyapak niyukt hue the. svami vivekannd ke sath mulakat sen dharmik adhyayan men ruchi tatha advait vedant ke ekeshvaravadi siddhant ke prachar ke prati unaki ichchha aur bhi majaboot huee. unhonne urdoo patrika 'alif' ko sthapit karane men apana sahayog diya, jisamen vedant ke bare men unake kee lekh chhape.

sannyas

ramatirth ne badi hriday-vidarak paristhitiyon men vidyadhyayan kiya tha. adhyatmik lagan aur tivr buddhi inamen bachapan se hi thi. yadyapi ve shikshak ke roop men apana kary bhali-bhanti kar rahe the, phir bhi dhyan hamesha adhyatm ki or hi laga rahata tha. at: ek din ganit ki adhyapaki ko alavida kah diya. 1901 men ve apani patni evn bachchon ko chhodakar himalay men ekatnvas ke lie chale ge aur sannyas grahan kar liya. yahin se unaka nam tirath ram se 'svami ramatirth' ho gaya. yahin inhen atmabodh hua. ye kisi ke chele nahin bane, n kabhi kisi ko apana chela banaya. advait vedant inaka priy vishay tha aur jivan se juda hua tha.

hindi ke sarmathak

svamiji hindi ke samarthak the aur desh ki svatntrata ke svapn dekha karate the. ve kaha karate the ki rashtr ke dharm ko niji dharm se ooncha sthan do. desh ke bhookhe narayanon aur mehanat karane vale vishnu ki pooja karo. svamiji ne japan aur amerika ki yatra ki aur sarvatr log unake vicharon ki or akrisht hue. ve svami vivekannd ke samakalin the aur donon men snpark bhi tha. svami ji ne vyakti ki niji mukti se shuroo hokar poori manav jati ki poorn mukti ki vakalat ki. jis annd ke sath vah vedant ki panraparik shiksha ka prachar karate the, usi men unaka anokhapan tha. aksar vah dharmik prashnon ka javab dirgh hnsi ke sath dete the. apane adhyatmik gyan ke sath-sath vah pashchimi vigyan evn praudyogiki ko bharat ki samajik v arthik samasyaon ke samadhan ka sadhan bhi manate the. unhonne jan shiksha ke har roop ka bharapoor samarthan kiya.

hindutv ke pakshakar

1902 men unhonne do sal tak amerikiyon ko hindutv ke marm ke bare men samajhaya. unhonne bataya ki hindutv ek dharm vishesh ki vicharadhara hi nahin, apitu ek sampoorn jivan-darshan hai. svami ramatirth hindutv ke pakshakar the aur hindutv par unhonne desh aur videshon men kee seminar kiye, lekin un par kabhi bhi sampradayik hone ka arop nahin laga. janakar log manate hain ki yadi ramatirth aj hote to bharat men ayodhya vivad aur chhadam dharmanirapekshata aur sampradayikata jaise mudde hi nahin hote. svami ramatirth ne nimn varg ke logon men shiksha ka prasar karane aur jativadi pratha ko samapt karane ka abhiyan chalaya. unako is abhiyan men kafi had tak saphalata bhi mili. jati, dharm aur ashiksha men jakade samaj ko unake bebak vicharon ne kafi prerana di. svami ramatirth ka kahana tha ki bharat ko mishanariyon ki nahin balki shikshit yuvaon ki zaroorat hai. bharatiy yuvaon ko uchch shiksha dilane ke lie unhonne yuvaon ko amerika bhejane ka abhiyan chalaya.[2]

vedant darshan

svami ramatirth

1904 men jab ve amerika se bharat vapas aye to desh ka ek bahut bada varg unaka prashnsak ban chuka tha. lekin jigyasu svami ramatirth ki gyan prapt karane ki bhookh abhi khatm nahi huee thi. svami ji sansarik jivan ko chhodakar jivan-darshan ka gyan prapt karana chahate the, isalie ve sab kuchh chhodakar himalay ki kandaraon men chale gaye. yahan unhonne vyavaharik vedant darshan par unhonne ek kitab likhana arambh kiya. is kitab men unhonne apane jivan ke anubhav, dharm aur samaj ke anasulajhe rahasyon ko shabd roop dene ka prayas kiya, magar afasos unaka yah prayas poora nahin ho paya. 17 aktoobar 1906 ko divali ke pavan din jab himalay kshetr men gnga ke tat par snan kar rahe the to gnga men doobane se unaki maut ho gayi. unake anuyayi manate hain ki vah gnga men doobe nahin the, apitu gnga maiyya ne apane is ladale aur bharat ke gaurav ko apane snehamayi agosh men le liya tha.[2]

rachanaen

daau. vishvanath prasad varma ki pustak adhunik bharatiy rajanitik chintan men ullikhit tathyon ke adhar par svami ramatirth ki rachanayen nimnalikhit hain:

  • gair mulkon ke tajurbe (lekh aur vyakhyan)
  • vartalap (lekh aur vyakhyan)
  • unnati ka marg (lekh aur upadesh)
  • saphalata ki kunji
  • hamara rashtriy dharm
  • manavata aur vishv-prem
  • vishvadharm
  • bharat ka bhavishy

mrityu

17 aktoobar 1906[1] ko dipavali ke din, jab ve keval 32 varsh ke the, tihari ke pas bhagirathi men snan karate samay bhnvar men phns jane ke karan unaka sharir pavitr nadi men sama gaya. unaki mrityu ek durghatana thi ya kisi shadayntr ke karan aisa hua, yah unake anuyayiyon ke bich aj bhi rahasy bana hua hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 pustak- bharat gyanakosh khnd-5 | prakashan- ensaklopidiya britainika (indiya)|prishth-86
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 anukaraniy vyaktitv ke malik the-svami ramatirth (hindi) jagaran jnkshan. abhigaman tithi: 13 aktoobar, 2013.

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