स्वामी रामानंद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

svami ramannd

vaishnavachary svami ramannd ka janm 1299 ee. men prayag men hua tha. inake vicharon par guru raghavannd ke vishishta dvait mat ka adhik prabhav pada. apane mat ke prachar ke lie inhonne bharat ke vibhinn tirthon ki yatra kin. tirthatan se lautane par anek guru-bhaiyon ne yah kahakar ramannd ke sath bhojan karane se inkar kar diya ki inhonne tirthatan men chhuachhoot ka vichar, nahin kiya hoga. is par ramannd ne apane shishyon ko naya snpraday chalane ki salah di. ramannd snpraday men ye baten sammilit hain-

  • dvibhujaram ki param upasana,
  • 'aumh ramay nam:' is snpraday ka mantr hai.
  • snpraday ka nam 'shrisnpraday' tatha 'vairagi snpraday' bhi hai.
  • is snpraday men achar par adhik bal nahin diya jata. karmakand ka mahattv yahan bahut kam hai. is snpraday ke anuyayi 'avadhoot' aur 'tapasi' bhi kahalate hain. ramannd ke dharmik andolan men jati-panti ka bhed-bhav nahin tha. unake shishyon men hinduon ki vibhinn jatiyon ke logon ke sath-sath musalaman bhi the. bharat men ramanndi sadhuon ki snkhya sarvadhik hai.

samany vyakti ke liye adarsh

  • mahapurushon ka jivan samany vyakti ke liye adarsh hota hai. mahapurush sthool sharir ke prati itane udasin hote hain. ki unhen usaka parichay dene ki avashyakata hi nahin jan padati. bharatiy snskriti men sharir ke parichay ka koee mooly nahin hai.
  • shri ramanandachary ji ka parichay vyapak janon ko keval itana hi prapt hai ki un tejomay, vitarag, nishpaksh mahapurush ne kashi ke pnchagnga ghat sthit shrimathako apane nivas se pavitr kiya.
  • achary ka kashi-jaisi vidvanon evn mahatmaon ki nivas bhoomi men kitana mahattv tha, yah isi se siddh hai ki mahatma kabiradas ji ne unake charan dhokhe se hriday par lekar unake mukh se nikale 'ram'- nam ko guru-mantr man liya.
  • achary ne shiv evn vishnu ke upasakon men chale ate agyan moolak dvesh bhav ko door kiya. apane tap: prabhav se yavan-shasakon ke atyachar ko shant kiya aur shri avadh chakravarti dasharath nandan raghavendr ki bhakti ke pravah se praniyon ke ant: kalush ka nirakaran kiya.
  • dvadash mahabhagavat achary ke mukhy shishy mane gaye hain. inake atirikt kabir, pipa, raidas adi param 'viragi' mahapurush achary ke shishy ho gaye hain. achary ne jis ramanandiy sampraday ka pravartan kiya, usane hindoo-samuday ki apatti ke samay raksha ki. bhagavan ka dvar bina kisi bhedabhav ke, bina jati-yogyata adi ka vichar kiye sabake liye khula hai, unhonne udaghosh kiya tha-sarve prapattedhikarino mattaah, sab un maryada purushottam ko pukarane ke saman adhikari hain- is param saty ko achary ne vyavaharik roop men sthapit kiya hai.

janm-tithi

ramabhakti ke pratham achary svami ramanand ki janm-tithi ke sambandh men paryapt matabhed hai. da. pharkuhar unaka jivan-kal 1400 ee. se 1470 ee. ke bich manate hain. pn. ramachandr shukl ne eesa ki 15 vin shati ke poorvaddh tatha 16 vin shati ke prarambh ke madhyakal men unaka upasthit hona kaha hai. 'agasty snhita' tatha sampradayik granthon ke anusar ramanand ka janm sanh 1299 ee. men hua tha. da. pharkuhar ke mat ka adhar hai kabiradas tatha raidas ki janm sambandhi kinvadantiyan. pn. ramachandr shukl ne ramanand, taki tatha sikandar lodi ko samakalin mana hai aur unhonne ramarchan paddhati tatha raghuraj sinh ke sakshy ko bhi svikar kiya hai kintu ye sabhi adhar nisnndigdh nahin hain. is karan vidvanon ka adhikansh varg 'agasty snhita' tatha sampradayik mat ko hi svikar karata hai. is sambanadh men bhaktamal tatha ramanandi mathon ki prapt guru-paramparaen bhi 'agasty snhita' ke mat ka hi samarthan karati hai.

janm-sthan

ramanand ke janm-sthan ke sambandh men bhi uttar-dakshin ka antar hai.

  • pharkuhar tatha maikaliph unhen dakshinaty manate hain, maikaliph ne melakot (maisoor) ko unaka janm-sthan batalaya hai.
  • 'agasty snhita' tatha sampradayik vidvan prayag ko inaka janm-sthan batalate hain. pratham mat ke paksh men pramanon ka abhav hai, doosare mat ko sampraday ki astha evn vishvas ka bal prapt hai at: isako hi sahi mana jana chahiye.
  • 'agasty snhita' men ramanand ke pita ka nam punyasadan man ka nam sushila kaha gaya hai.
  • 'bhavishy puran' men puny sadan ke sthan par deval aur 'prasng parijat' men sushila ke sthan par muravi nam milate hain kintu ramanand sampraday men 'agasty snhita' ka mat hi many hai.
  • maikaliph ramanand ko gaud brahman manate hain kintu 'agasty snhita' men unhen kany-kubj kaha gaya hai.

ramanand ke nam

ramanand ke poorv nam ke sambandh men bhi anek mat prachalit hain.

  • 'rasik prakash bhaktamal' ke tikakar jan ki rasik sharan ne unaka poorv nam ramadatt diya hai.
  • 'vaishnav dharm ratnakar' men unhen ram bharati kaha gaya hai,kintu
  • 'agasty snhita' tatha 'bhavishy puran' men unaka nam ramanand hi milata hai. yahi mat sampradayik vidvanon ka bhi many hai. kinvadanti hai ki ramanand ke guru pahale koee dandi snnyasi the, bad men raghavanand svami hue.
  • 'bhavishy puran', 'agasty snhita' tatha 'bhaktamal' ke anusar raghavanand hi ramanand ke guru the. apani udar vicharadhara ke karan ramanand ne svatantr sampraday sthapit kiya. unaka kendr math kashi ke pnch gngaghat par tha, phir bhi unhonne bharat ke pramukh tirthon ki yatraen ki thin aur apane mat ka prachar kiya tha.
  • ek kinvadanti ke anusar chhua-chhoot matabhed ke karan guru raghavanand ne unhen naya sampraday chalane ki anumati di thi.
  • doosara varg ek prachin ramavat sampraday ki kalpana karata hai aur ramanand ko usaka ek pramukh achary manata hai. da. pharkuhar ke anusar yah ramavat-sampraday dakshin bharat men tha aur usake pramukh granth 'valmiki-ramayan' tatha 'adhyatm ramayan' the. sampradayik mat ke anusar ek mool 'shri sampraday' ki age chalakar do shakhaen huee ek men lakshmi narayan ki upasana ki gayi, doosari men sitaram ki. kalantar men pahali shakha ne doosari ko daba liya, ramanand ne doosari shakha ko purn jivit kiya. ramanand ke pramukh shishy-
  • anantanand
  • kabir
  • sukhanand
  • surasuranand
  • padmavati
  • naraharyanand
  • pipa
  • bhavanand
  • raidas
  • dhana sen aur
  • surasuri adi the.

mrityu

ramanand ki mrityu tithi bhi unaki janm-tithi ke anusar hi anishchit hai. 'agasty snhita' men sanh 1410 ee. ko unaki mrityu-tithi kaha gaya hai. sanh 1299 ee. ko unaki janm-tithi man lene par yahi tithi adhik upayukt jan padati hai. isase svami ji ki ayu 111 varsh thaharati hai, jo nabhakrit 'bhaktamal' ke sakshy "bahut kal vapu dhari kai pranat janan ko par diyo" par asngat nahin hai.

rachanaen

ramanand dvara likhi gayi kahi jane vali is samay nimnalikhit rachanaen milati hain-

  1. 'shrivaishnav matavj bhaskar'
  2. 'shriramarchan-paddhati'
  3. 'gitabhashy'
  4. 'upanishad-bhashy'
  5. 'anandabhashy '
  6. 'siddhant-patal'
  7. 'ramarakshastotr'
  8. 'yog chintamani'
  9. 'ramaradhanamh'
  10. 'vedant-vichar'
  11. 'ramanandadesh'
  12. 'gyan-tilak'
  13. 'gyan-lila'
  14. 'atmabodh ram mantr jog granth'
  15. 'kuchh phutakar hindi pad'
  16. 'adhyatm ramayan'.

in samast granthon men 'shri vaishnavamatabj bhaskar' tatha shri ramarchan paddhati' ko hi ramanand krit kaha ja sakata hai. pn. ramatahal das ne inaka sampadan kar inhen prakashit karaya hai. in granthon ki hast-likhit pratiyan upalabdh nahin hai. 'shri vaishnavamatabj bhaskar' men svamiji ne sur-sura nand dvara kiye gaye nau prashn-tattv kya hain, shri vaishnavon ka japy mantr kya hai, vaishnavon ke isht ka svaroop, mukti ke sulabh sadhan, shreshth dharm, vaishnavon ke bhed, unake nivas sthan, vaishnavon ka kalakshep adi ke uttar diye hain. darshan ki drishti se isamen vishishtadvait ka hi pravarttan kiya gaya hai. 'shriramarchan paddhati' men ram ki sang ta shodasho pachar pooja ka vivaran diya gaya hai. ram tahaladas dvara sampadit donon granth snvat 1984 (san 1927 ee.) men sarayoo van (ayodhya) ke vasudev das (nayaghat) dvara prakashit kiye gaye. bhagavadachary ne snvat 2002 (sanh 1945 ee.) men shri ramanand sahity mandir, atta (alavar) men 'shri vaishnavamatabj bhaskar' ko prakashit kiya. shesh granthon men 'gita bhashy' aur 'upanishad bhashy' ki n to koee prakashit prati hi milati hai aur n hast likhit prati hi prapt hai. yahi sthiti 'vedant vichar', 'ramaradhanamh' tatha 'ramanandadesh' ki bhi hai. 'anandabhashy' svami ram prasad jikrit 'janaki bhashy' ka saransh evn adhunik rachana hai. 'siddhant patal', 'ram rakshastotr' tatha 'gogachintamani' tapasi-shakha dvara prachalit kiye gaye granth hain. isi prakar 'atmabodh' tatha 'dhyan tilak' tatha any nirgun parak phutakal pad kabir-panth men adhik prachalit hain aur unaki pramanikata atyant hi sandigdh hai. nagari pracharini sabha, kashi dvara prakashit 'ramanand ki hindi rachanaen' pustak men sngrahit phutakal samast padon men ' hanuman ki arati' ko chhodakar shesh sabhi pad nirgun mat ki pratishtha karate hain. lagata hai nirgun panthiyon ne ramanand ke nam par in rachanaon ko prachalit kar diya hai. inaka koee prachar ramanand-sampraday men nahin he. 'bhajan ratnavali' (dakor) men ramanand ke nam se char hindi par milate hain, ek men avadh bihari ram ka varnan hai, doosare men sakhaon ke sath khelate hue ram ka, tisare men ram ki arati ka varnan hai aur chauthe men raghuvnshi ram ke man men bas jane ka varnan hai. in padon ka prachin hast likhit roop nahin milata, inaki bhasha bhi navin hai. at: ye pramanik nahin kahi ja sakatin. is sambandh men keval itana hi kaha ja sakata hai ki jin rachanaon ka sampraday men koee prachar n ho aur n jinaki hast likhit pothiyan hi sampradayik pustakalayon men upalabdh hon, unaki pramanikata nitant hi sandigdh hoti hai. sampradayon ke itihas men bhi yah bat dekhane men ayi hai ki samay-samay par unamen nayi vichar dharaen ati gayi hain aur unhen pramanikata ki chhap dene ke lie mool pravarttak ke nam par hi un vicharon ka pravarttan karane vali rachanaen gadh li jati hain. kabhi-kabhi nayi rachanaen n gadhakar log naye dhng se many evn prachin granthon ki vyakhya hi kar baithate hain. in sabhi drishtiyon se 'shri vaishnavamatavj bhaskar' tatha 'shri ramarchan paddhati' ko hi ramanand ki pramanik rachanaen manana uchit hoga. 'anand bhashy' ki prakashan raghuvaradas vedanti ne ahamadabad se 1929 ee. tatha shesh hindi rachanaon ka prakashan kashi nagari pracharini sabha ne 1952 ee. men kiya.

mahattv

ramanand ka mahattv anek drishtiyon se hain. ve ramabhakti ko sampradayik roop dene vale sarvapratham achary the. unhin ki prerana se madhyayug tatha usake anantar prachur ramabhakti sahity ki rachana huee. kabir aur tulasidas, donon ka shrey ramanand ko hi hai. ramanand ne bhakti ka dvar stri aur shoodr ke lie bhi khol diya, phalat: madhyayug men ek badi sabal udar vicharadhara ka janm hua. sant sahity ki adhikansh udar chetana ramanand ke hi karan hai. yahi nahin, ramanand ki is udar bhavana se hindoo aur musalamanon ko bhi samip lane ki bhoomika taiyar kar di. hindi ke adhikansh sant kavi, jo ramanand ko hi apane mool prerana-srot manate hain, musalaman hi the. ramanand ki yah udar vicharadhara pray: samooche bharatavarsh men phail gayi thi aur hindi ke atirikt any bharatiy bhashaon ka madhyayugin ramabhakti-sahity ramanand ki pratyaksh ya apratyaksh prerana se likha gaya.


tika tippani aur sndarbh

[sahayak granth- ramanand sampraday-badarinarayan shrivastav.]

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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