हसरत मोहानी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hasarat mohani
hasarat mohani
poora nam maulana hasarat mohani
janm 1 janavari 1875 ee.
janm bhoomi unnav
mrityu 13 mee 1951 ee.
mrityu sthan kanapur, uttar pradesh
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen 'kuliyat-e-hasarat', 'sharahe kalame galib', 'nukate-e-sukhan', 'masushahadate zindan' adi
bhasha urdoo
vidyalay aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay
shiksha bi. e.
prasiddhi urdoo shayar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari hasarat ne apana sara jivan kavita karane tatha svatntrata ke sngharsh men prayatn evn kasht uthane men vyatit kiya. inaki kavita ka sngrah 'kuliyat-e-hasarat' ke nam se prakashit hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

maulana hasarat mohani (angrezi: Maulana Hasrat Mohani, mool nam- saiyad fazlulhasan, janm-1 janavari, 1875, unnav, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 13 mee, 1951 kanapur) bharat ki azadi ki ladaee ke sachche sipahi hone ke sath-sath shayar, patrakar, rajanitigy aur british bharat ke sansad the.[1]

jivan parichay

maulana hasarat mohani 'inkalab zindabad' ka nara dene vale azadi ke sachche sipahi the, unaka vastavik nam 'saiyad fazlulhasan' aur upanam 'hasarat' tha. ve uttar pradesh ke zila unnav ke mohan ganv men paida huye the isaliye 'maulana hasarat mohani' ke nam se mashahoor hue. inaka upanam itana prasiddh hua ki log inaka vastavik nam bhool ge.

shiksha

inaki arnbhik shiksha ghar par hi huee thi. ye bahut hi hoshiyar aur mehanati vidyarthi the aur unhonne rajy stariy pariksha men taaup kiya tha. bad men unhonne aligadh muslim yoonivarsiti men padhaee ki jahan unake kalej ke sathi maulana mohammad ali jauhar aur maulana shauqat ali adi the. aligadh ke chhatr do dalon men bnte hue the. ek dal deshabhakt tha aur doosara dal svarthabhakt tha. ye pratham dal men sammilit hokar usaki pratham pnkti men a ge. yah tin bar kaaulej se nirvasit hue. unhonne san 1903 ee. men bi. e. pariksha uttirn ki thi. isake anrtagat inhonne ek patrika 'urduemualla' bhi nikali aur niyamit roop se svatntrata ke andolan men bhag lene lage. yah kee bar jel ge tatha desh ke lie bahut kuchh balidan kiya. unhonne ek khaddar bhandar bhi khola, jo khoob chala.

gazal tatha kavita

hasarat mohani ne lakhanoo ke prasiddh shayar aur apane ustad tasalim lakhanavi aur nasim dehalavi se shayari ki shiksha hasil ki. hasarat ne urdoo gazal ko ek nitant ne tatha unnatishil marg par mod diya hai. urdoo kavita men striyon ke prati jo shuddh aur labhaprad drishtikon dikhalaee deta hai, preyasi jo sahayatri tatha mitr roop men dikhaee padati hai tatha samay se takkar leti huee apane premi ke sath sahadevata tatha mitrata dikhalati gyat hoti hai, vah bahut kuchh hasarat hi ki den hai. unaki kuchh khas kitaben 'kuliyat-e-hasarat'[2], 'sharahe kalame galib'[3], 'nukate-e-sukhan'[4], 'masushahadate zindan'[5] adi bahut mashahoor huyin. ustad gulam ali dvara gaee gee unaki gazal 'chupake chupake rat din ansoo bahana yad hai' bhi bahut mashahoor huee jise bad men philm nikah men philmaya gaya. unhonne gazalon men hi shasan, samaj tatha itihas ki baton ka aise sundar dhng se upayog kiya hai ki usaka prachin rng apane sthan par poori tarah bana hua hai. unaki gazalen apani poori sajavat tatha saundary ko banae rakhate hue bhi aisa madhyam ban gee hain ki jivan ki sabhi baten unamen badi sundarata se vyakt ki ja sakati hai. unhen sahaj men 'unnatashil gazalon ka pravartak kaha ja sakata hai. hasarat ne apana sara jivan kavita karane tatha svatntrata ke sngharsh men prayatn evn kasht uthane men vyatit kiya. sahity tatha rajaniti ka sundar sammilit karana kitana kathin hai, aisa jab vichar uthata hai, tab svat: hasarat ki kavita par drishti jati hai. inaki kavita ka sngrah 'kuliyat-e-hasarat' ke nam se prakashit hai.

azadi men mukhy bhoomika

hamare desh ki azadi ki ladaee men is desh men rahane vali hindoo, muslim, sikkh adi sabhi qaumon ke logon ne badh-chadh kar hissa liya tha aur n sirph hissa liya balki kurabaniyn bhi din. in azadi ke sipahiyon ne jng men khas bhoomika hi ada nahin ki balki bahut bhari qimat ada ki. halanki is jng ne hindustani avam ko niche se oopar tak, am adami se lekar asaradar tabakon tak ko ek pletapharm par ikattha kar jodane ka kam kiya aur is ekata ne bharat ki british sarakar ke samane bahut badi chunauti khadi kar di thi, lekin hamare desh ke us samay ke badashahon aur rajaon, am kisan aur majadooron, dharmaguruon, sadhu santon, dharmik vidvanon aur maulanaon ko, jnge azadi men hissa lene ki vajah se, sakht sajaen bhugatani padi. sainkadon zagiradaron ki jagiren chhin li gee aur ulemaon yani islami dharm guruon ko malta ke thande ilaqon ki jelon men aur andaman nikobar dvip samooh ke nirjan sthanon men saja bhugatane ke liye majaboor hona pada. maulana hasarat mohani ne bhi angrejon se kabhi samajhauta nahin kiya aur in azadi ke sipahiyon ki tarah khushi-khushi takaliphen aur sajaen bhugatin.

azadi ke divane

hasarat mohani azadi ke bahut bade divane the aur khasakar bharat ki azadi se unhen bahut pyar tha. ve balagngadhar rav ko bade samman se tilak maharaj kahate the aur unake bahut bade prashnsak the kyonki unhonne kaha tha ki azadi mera janmasiddh adhikar hai. unaki patni nishatunnisa begam, jo hamesha parade men rahati thin, ne bhi apane pati ke sath azadi ki ladaee men hissa liya tha. maulana hasarat mohani azadi ki ladaee men is tarah ghulamil gaye the ki unake liye ki is rah men milane vale dukh-dard, rahat-khushi ek jaise the. ve har tarah ke halat men apane ap ko khush rakhana janate the. unhonne bahut thodi si amadani se, kabhi kabhi bina amadani ke, guzara kiya. ve angrejon dvara kee bar jel men dale gaye lekin uf tak n ki aur apana rasta nahin badala. unaki sabase badi khasiyat yah thi ki ve anjam ki fikr kiye bina, jo sach samajhate the kah dete the. sach ki qimat par vah koee samajhauta nahin karate the.

kangres se sambandh

maulana hasarat mohani kalej ke zamane men hi azadi ki ladaee men shamil ho gaye the. kisi tarah ka samajhauta n karane ki adat aur najariye ki vajah se unhen kalej ke dinon men kafi pareshaniyon ka samana karana pada. kalej se nikalane ke bad unhonne ek urdoo maigajin 'urdoo e moalla' nikalana shuroo ki jisamen ve jnge azadi ki himayat men siyasi lekh likha karate the. san 1904 men ve bharatiy rashtriy kangres men shamil ho gaye aur soorat satr 1907 men pratinidhi ke roop men upasthit rahe. ve kangres ke adhiveshanon aur satron ki riport aur samachar apani maigajin urdoo e mualla men prakashit karate rahate the. unhonne kalakatta, banaras, mumbee adi men ayojit hone vale kee kangresi satron ki riport apani maigajin urdoo e mualla men prakashit ki thin. soorat ke kangres seshan 1907 men jab shantipasand logon ke naram dal aur bharat ki poori azadi ki himayat karane vale garam dal ka vivad uth khada hua to unhonne tilak ke sath kangres chhod di aur ve muslim lig ki tarah kangres se bhi napharat karane lage.

poorn svaraj ka prastav

ek dilachasp bat yah hai ki maulana hasarat mohani ne ahamadabad men 1921 ke satr men bharat ke poorn svaraj ka prastav rakha jabaki mahatma gandhi us vakt isake liye taiyar nahin the aur angrejon ke adhin hom rool[6] ke samarthak the. is vajah se maulana apana prastav pas karane men kamayab nahin huye. isi prakar muslim lig ke ahamadabad seshan men unhonne apane bhashan ke dauran poorn svaraj ka ka prastav pesh kiya tha halanki ise mnjoor karane men ve kamayab nahin huye. bisavin sadi ke shuroo men hasarat mohani ne aligadh men savinay avgya andolan ki himayat men svadeshi stor shuroo kiya. unhonne yah stor us vakt shuroo kiya jab british sarakar ne unaki maigajin par pabandi laga di. maulana svadeshi andolan ke itane bade himayati the ki unhonne disambar ki thandi rat men bhi, apane sathi maulana suleman nadavi ke aauphis men nivas ke dauran, videshi kambal istemal karane se mana kar diya. maulana suleman nadavi ne khud is ghatana ka varnan kiya.

'inqalab zindabad' ka nara

aj bhi hindustan, pakistan aur bangladesh men agar koee andolan ya moovament chalata hai to 'inqalab zindabad' ka nara usaka khas hissa hota hai. hamare desh ki koee bhi siyasi parti ya koee sngathan apani mangon ke liye mujahare aur pradarshan karata hain to is nare ka istemal andolan men jan phoonk deta hai. bharat ki azadi ki ladaee men to yah nara us ladaee ki jan hua karata tha aur jab bhi, jahan bhi yah nara buland hota tha azadi ke divanon men josh ka too़fan bhar deta tha. inkalab jindabad ka yah nara azadi ke azimushshan sipahi maulana hasarat mohani ka diya hua hai. bharat ki azadi men badh-chadh kar hissa lene vale hindustani rahanumaon aur mujahidon ki pheharist men maulana hasarat mohani ka nam sare pheharist shamil hai. unhonne inqalab zindabad ka nara dene ke alava total phridam yani poorn svarajy yani bharat ke liye poori tarah se azadi ki mang ki himayat ki thi.

eemanadar aur sachche musalaman

hakikat men, deshabhakt hone ke sath-sath, maulana hasarat maulana bahut sari khoobiyon ke malik the. ve sahityakar, shayar, patrakar, islami vidvan, samajasevak aur usoolaparast rajanitigy the. ve bahut kabil, eemanadar aur sachche musalaman the lekin unhonne kamyunist vicharadhara ko bhi age badhaya. ve bharat men kamyunist parti ke phaundar membaron men se ek the. ve bhagavan shrikrishn ke bhi prashnsak the. hindustan pakistan ke bntavare ke bad unhonne pakistan ke bajay hindustan men rahana pasand kiya, kintu pakistan men bhi log unhen usi samman se dekhate hain jis tarah hindustan men unhen samman diya jata hai.

nidhan

hasarat mohani ki mrityu 13 mee, san 1951 ee. ko kanapur men huee thi. inake intaqal ke bad 1951 men karachi pakistan men hasarat mohani memoriyal sosayati, hasarat mohani memoriyal laeebreri aur trast banaye gaye. unake varshi par har sal is trast aur hindustan pakistan ke any sngathanon dvara unaki yad men sabhayen aur vichar goshthiyaau ayojit ki jati hain. karachi pakistan men hasarat mohani kaloni, korangi kaloni hain aur karachi ke vyavasayik ilake men bahut bade़ rod ka nam unake nam par rakha gaya hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 hasarat mohani (hindi) Aashnai. abhigaman tithi: 19 janavari, 2016.
  2. unaki shayari ka sngrah.
  3. galib ki shayari ki vyakhya.
  4. urdoo shayari par ek khas kitab.
  5. jel ke snskaran.
  6. svayatta

snbndhit lekh