हाइड्रोजन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

haidrojan
plazma avastha men baingani prabha sahit rngahin gais

haidrojan ki varnakram rekhaen
haidrojan ki varnakram rekhaen
sadharan gunadharm
nam, pratik, snkhya haidrojan, H, 1
hindi nam udajan
tatv shreni adhatu
samooh, avart, kaksha 1, 1, s
manak paramanu bhar 1.00794g·mol−1
ilektraaun vinyas 1s1
ilektraaun prati shel 1
bhautik gunadharm
rng rngahin
avastha gais
ghanatv (0 °C, 101.325 kPa)
0.08988 g/L
taral ghanatv
(galanank par)
0.07 (0.0763 thos) g·cm−3
taral ghanatv (galanank par) 0.07099 g·cm−3
galanank 14.01 K, -259.14 °C, -434.45 °F
kvathanank 20.28 K, -252.87 °C, -423.17 °F
trigun bindu 13.8033 K (-259°C), 7.042 kPa
snkat bindu 32.97 K, 1.293 MPa
snlayan ooshma (H2) 0.117 kilo jool-mol
vashpan ooshma (H2) 0.904 kilo jool-mol
vishisht ooshmiy
kshamata
(H2) 28.836

jool-mol−1kilo−1

vashp dab
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 15 20
paramanvik gunadharm
aauksikaran avastha 1, -1
(udasin aauksaid)
ilektronegetiviti 2.20 (pailing paimana)
ayanikaran oorjaen 1st: 1312.0 ki.jool•mol−1
sahasnyojak trijya 31±5 pm
vaindair vals trijya 120 pm
vividh gunadharm
kristal snrachana shatakoniy
chumbakiy kram pratichumbakiy
ooshmiy chalakata (300 K) 0.1805 W·m−1·K−1
dhvani ki gati (gais, 27 °C) 1310 m/s
si.e.es pnjikaran
snkhya
1333-74-0
samasthanik
samasthanik pra. prachurata arddh ayu ksharan avastha ksharan oorja
(MeV)
ksharan utpad
1H 99.985% 1H 0 nyootraaun ke sath sthir
2H 0.015% 2H 1 nyootraaun ke sath sthir
3H tres 12.32 y β 0.01861 3He

haidrojan (angrezi:Hydrogen) avart sarani ka pratham tatv hai. haidrojan ka hindi nam 'udajan' hai. yah any sabhi tatvon se halka hota hai. isaka pratikanusar 'u' (H) tatha paramanu snkhya 1 hoti hai. isaka paramanu dravyaman 1.008 hota hai. isaka ilektraaunik vinyas 1s1 hota hai. ise avart sarani ke upavarg IA men rakha gaya hai. yah 's' - blaauk ka sadasy hai. kuchh mamale men haidrojan ki samanata hailojan ke sath hone ke karan ise in tatvon ke sath upavarg VIIA men bhi rakh diya gaya hai. pratham tattv hone ke karan haidrojan ka 9van sthan hai. soory aur taron ka adha bhag haidrojan ka bana hai. haidrojan ko bhavishy ka eendhan kaha jata hai. isake nabhik men sirf ek protaaun hota hai. yah avart sarani ka ekamatr aisa tattv hai, isake nabhik men nyootraaun nahin paya jata hai. isaki khoj 1766 ee. men henari kaivendis ne ki. haidrojan sabhi amlon ka anivary ang hai.[1]

haidrojan nirman ki vidhi

(i) lal tapt lohe par bhap pravahit karane par haidrojan gais prapt hoti hai.

3Fe + 4H2O → Fe3O4 + 4H2
3lo + 4u2ja → lo3ja4 + 4u2

(ii) haidrojan ki jal se pratikriya karane par haidrojan gais prapt hoti hai.

CaH2 + 2H2O → Ca(OH)2 + H2
choo.u2 + 2u2ja → choo(ja.u)2 + u2

(iii) sodiyam ki jal ke sath pratikriya karane par haidrojan gais prapt hoti hai.

2Na + 2H2O → 2NaOH + H2
2ksha + 2u2ja → 2ksha.ja.u + u2

haidrojan ka adhishoshan

paladiyam jaisi kuchh dhatuon ke mahin choorn dvara haidrojan gais shighrata se avashoshit kar li jati hai. dhatu ko garm karane par adhishoshit gais punah bahar nikal jati hai. haidrojan ke is prakar adhishoshit hone ki kriya ko haidrojan ka adhishoshan kahate hain.

telon ka haidrojanikaran

uchch dab par nikel utprerak ki upasthiti men haidrojan vanaspali telon se snyog karake unhen vanaspati ghi men parinat kar deta hai, is prakriya ko telon ka haidrojanikaran kahate hain.

haidrojan ka upayog

  1. prayah any gaison ke sath mishrit kar eendhan ke roop men upayog kara jata hai.
  2. haibar vidhi se amoniya ke utpadan men hota hai.
  3. vanaspati ghi ke nirman men upayog hota hai.
  4. gaisolin ke utpad men bhi upayog hota hai
  5. jarak haidrojan lau (tap 2800°C) ka upayog dhatuon ko katane tatha jodane men hota hai.
  6. halki gais hone ke karan gubbare men bharane men hota hai, kintu jvalanashil hone ke karan ajakal isaki jagah yanati ya yanati-haidrojan mishran (He 85% + H2 15%) ka vyavahar hota hai.
  7. drav haidrojan ban-havaee (raauket) eendhan ke roop men prayukt hota hai.

haidrojan ke roop

navajat haidrojan

rasayanik pratikriya ke phalasvaroop kisi yaugik se turant nikali huee haidrojan gais navajat kahalati hai. yah anvik haidrojan se adhik kriyashil hota hai.

paramanvik haidrojan

haidrojan anu ke vighatan se prapt hone vale haidrojan ko paramanvik haidrojan kahate hain.

oordhv (aaurthon) haidrojan

haidrojan ka vah roop jisamen haidrojan anu ke paramanuon ke nabhik ek hi disha men chakran karate hain, oordhv-haidrojan kahalata hai.

para (para) haidrojan

haidrojan ka vah roop jisamen haidrojan anu ke paramanuon ke nabhik ek doosare ke viparit disha men chakran karate hain, para-haidrojan kahalata hai.

haidrojan ke samasthanik

haidrojan ke tin samasthanik hote hain, ye hai-

  1. protiyam (1H1)
  2. dyooteriyam (1H2 ya D)
  3. traitiyam (1H3 ya T)


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. (DAVY ka kathan)

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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