हिंदी पत्रकारिता दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hindi patrakarita divas
udant martand ka mukhaprishth
vivaran pndit yugul kishor shukl ne pratham hindi samachar patr 'udant martand' ka prakashan kiya aur isaki prakashan tithi 30 mee, 1826 ee. ko hi 'hindi patrakarita divas' ke roop men manaya jata hai.
tithi 30 mee
itihas hindi patrakarita ki shuruat bngal se huee thi, jisaka shrey raja ramamohan ray ko diya jata hai.
snbndhit lekh bharat men hindi patrakarita, patrakarita
any janakari apane lekh "hindi ke dainik patr" men achary shivapoojan sahay ne likha tha ki- "log dainik patron ka sahityik mahatv nahin samajhate, balki ve unhen rajanitik jagaran ka sadhan matr samajhate hain.
hindi patrakarita divas (angrezi: Hindi Journalism Day) prativarsh 30 mee ko manaya jata hai. isi tithi ko pndit yugul kishor shukl ne 1826 ee. men pratham hindi samachar patr 'udant martand' ka prakashan arambh kiya tha. bharat men patrakarita ki shuruat pndit jugal kishor shukl ne hi ki thi. hindi patrakarita ki shuruat bngal se huee thi, jisaka shrey raja ramamohan ray ko diya jata hai. aj ke samay men samachar patr ek bahut bada vyavasay ban chuka hai. midiya ne aj sare vishv men apani ek khas pahachan bana li hai.
yugavani men prakashit pn. neharoo ka vaktavy
5 agast 1947,

vikas

hindi patrakarita ne ek lamba saphar tay kiya hai. jab pndit jugal kishor shukl ne 'udant martand' ko roop diya, tab kisi ne bhi yah kalpana nahin ki thi ki hindi patrakarita itana lamba saphar tay karegi. jugal kishor shukl ne kafi dinon tak 'udant martand' ko chalaya aur patrakarita karate rahe. lekin age ke dinon men 'udant martand' ko band karana pada tha. yah isalie bnd hua, kyonki pndit jugal kishor ke pas use chalane ke lie paryapt dhan nahin tha. vartaman men bahut-se log patrakarita ke kshetr men paisa laga rahe hain. yah ek bada karobar ban gaya hai, jo hindi ka 'k kh g' bhi nahin janate, ve hindi men a rahe hain. 193 varshon men hindi akhabaron evn samachar patrakarita ke kshetr men kafi teji aee hai. saksharata badhi hai. pnchayat star par rajanitik chetana badhi hai. isake sath hi sath vigyapan bhi badhe hain. hindi ke pathak apane akhabaron ko poora samarthan dete hain. mahnga, kam panne vala aur kharab kagaz vala akhabar bhi ve kharidate hain. angrezi akhabar behatar kagaz par zyada panne vala aur kam dam ka hota hai. yah usake karobari maaudal ke karan hai.

hindi patrakarita

hindi patrakarita ki shuruat bngal se huee aur isaka shrey raja ramamohan ray ko diya jata hai. raja ramamohan ray ne hi sabase pahale pres ko samajik uddeshy se joda. bharatiyon ke samajik, dharmik, rajanitik, arthik hiton ka samarthan kiya. samaj men vyapt andhavishvas aur kuritiyon par prahar kiye aur apane patron ke jarie janata men jagarookata paida ki. ramamohan ray ne kee patr shuroo kiye, jisamen aham hain- sal 1816 men prakashit ‘bngal gajat’. bngal gajat bharatiy bhasha ka pahala samachar patr hai. is samachar patr ke snpadak gngadhar bhattachary the. isake alava raja ramamohan ray ne 'miratul', 'snvad kaumudi', 'bngal hairald' patr bhi nikale aur logon men chetana phailaee. 30 mee 1826 ko kalakatta se pndit jugal kishor shukl ke snpadan men nikalane vale ‘udntt martand’ ko hindi ka pahala samachar patr mana jata hai.[1]

shivapoojan sahay ka yogadan

hindi patrakarita ke purodha achary shivapoojan sahay 1910 se 1960 ee. tak vibhinn patr-patrikaon, jaise- 'aj', 'sanmarg', 'aryavart', 'himalay' adi men saragarbhit lekh likhate rahe. us dauran unhonne hindi patron aur patrakarita ki sthiti par bhi gnbhir tippaniyan ki thin. apane lekhon ke jariye ve jahan bhasha ke prati sajag dikhaee dete the, vahin poonjipatiyon ke dabav men snpadakon ke adhikaron par hote kutharaghat par chinta bhi jahir karate the. apane lekh "hindi ke dainik patr" men achary shivapoojan sahay ne likha tha ki- "log dainik patron ka sahityik mahatv nahin samajhate, balki ve unhen rajanitik jagaran ka sadhan matr samajhate hain. kintu hamare desh ke dainik patron ne jahan desh ko udbuddh karane ka athak prayas kiya hai, vahin hindi premi janata men sahityik chetana jagane ka shrey bhi paya hai. aj pratyek shreni ki janata badi lagan aur utsukata se dainik patron ko padhati hai. dainik patron ki dinondin badhati huee lokapriyata hindi ke hit sadhan men bahut sahayak ho rahi hai. aj hamen har bat men dainik patron ki sahayata avashyak jan padati hai. bhasha aur sahity ki unnati men bhi dainik patron se bahut sahara mil sakata hai."[2]

shivapoojan sahay ka yah bhi kahana tha ki "bharat ki sadharan janata tak pahunchane ke lie dainik patr hi sarvottam sadhan hain. desh-deshantar ke samacharon ke sath bhasha aur sahity ka sndesh bhi dainik patron dvara asani se janata tak pahuncha sakate hain aur pahunchate aye hain. kuchh dainik patr to prati saptah apana ek vishesh snskaran bhi nikalate hain, jisamen kitane hi saptahikon aur masikon se bhi achchhi sahityik samagri rahati hai. dainik patron dvara ham roj-b-roj ki rajanitik pragati ka vistrit vivaran hi nahin pate, balki samaj ki vaicharik sthitiyon ka vivaran bhi pate hain. halanki kabhi-kabhi kuchh sahityik samacharon ko padhakar hi sntosh kar lete hain. bhasha aur sahity se snbndh rakhane vali bahut kuchh aisi samasyaen hain, jinaki or janata ka dhyan akrisht karane ki badi avashyakata hai, kintu yah kam dainik patron ne shayad un saptahikon v masikon par chhod diya hai, jinaki pahunch v paith janata men aj utani nahin hai, jitani dainik patron ki. dainik patr ajakal nity ke ann-jal ki bhanti janata ke jivan ke ang banate ja rahe hain. yadyapi ye patr bhasha-sahity snbndhi prashnon ko bhi janata ke samane roj-roj rakhate jate, to nishchit roop se kitane hi abhav door ho jate."

bhasha v sahity

chandamama avaran prishth

kaha jata hai ki desh ki rajanitik sthiti ke visham evn gnbhir hone se dainik patron ko kabhi rajaniti se avakash nahin milata, isalie ve bhasha v sahity ki thik se sudh nahin le pate. kintu aise tark par vishvas karana dainik patron ki rashtrabhasha, bhakti aur unake sahityanurag par sndeh karana hai. ham dekhate hain ki kuchh dainikon ko to apani bhasha par bhi dhyan dene ki chinta nahin hai. unamen anuvadit, ghoshanaon, bhashanon, vigyptiyon aur samacharon ki bhasha padhakar kabhi-kabhi badi nirasha hoti hai. dainik patron ki kathinaiyon se bhi ham aparichit nahin hain, phir bhi dainikon ke snpadakon ke uttaradayitv v gyan par hamara vishvas to hai hi. ham kyon n unase hindi ki gaurav raksha ki asha karen? ve chahen to bhasha snskar ke andolan ko deshavyapi bana sakate hain, bhasha ka adarsh roop sthir karane men lokamat ko prabhavashali bana sakate hain, shabdon ke roop v prayog men jo vividhata athava matabhed hai, usake shaman ke lie janamat ki shakti ka upayog kar sakate hain. sahity ke abhavon ko door karane men janata ki snghashakti ko sudridh kar sakate hain.[2]

poonjivad tatha bazaravad

achary shivapoojan sahay ne 'snpadak ke adhikar' shirshak lekh men likha tha ki- "hindi ke patr-patrika snchalakon men adhikatar poonjipati hain, aur jo poonjipati nahin hain, ve bhi poonjipati ki manovritti evn pravritti ke shikar ho hi jate hain. yahi karan hai ki ve snpadakon ka vastavik mahatv nahin samajhate, unaka yathochit samman nahin karate, unake adhikaron ki raksha par dhyan nahin dete. kahane ko to desh ko ajadi mil gayi hai, lekin patrakarita aur poonjivad tatha bazaravad ka bemel gnthabndhan aj bhi is ajad abohava men sirph hindi ki hi nahin, balki poonjivadi manovritti sabhi bharatiy bhashaon ki patrakarita ke gale ki phans bani huee hai. poonjipatiyon ke dabav men snpadakon-snvadadataon ke pas ajadi nahin hai. lokatntr ka chautha stnbh kaha jane vala patrakarita aur usase jude log malikon ke dabav men is kadar hain, ki ve apane kartavy ka nirvahan sahi tarike se nahin kar pa rahe hain. 'hindi aur angrezi ke patrakar' shirshak lekh men achary sahay ne likha- "yadyapi desh ke jagaran men, svatntrata sngram men, rashtriy andolan ki saphalata men aur lokamat ko anukool banane men hindi patron ne sabase adhik parishram kiya hai, tathapi angrezi ke patron ka mahatv aj bhi hindi ke patron se adhik samajha jata hai. aj bhi janasadharan par hindi patron ki dhak hai, par hindi patrakaron ki dasha aj bhi sochaniy hai.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. com/Itihas-16Sep-2012 pratirodh ke samoohik svar, paratntr bharat men pratibndhit patr-patrikaen (hindi) srijanagatha. abhigaman tithi: 13 mee, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 poonjivadi manovritti aur patrakar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 13 mee, 2013.

bahari kadiyan