हिन्दी का अंतर्राष्ट्रीय परिप्रेक्ष्य -बच्चूप्रसाद सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Icon-edit.gif yah lekh svatntr lekhan shreni ka lekh hai. is lekh men prayukt samagri, jaise ki tathy, ankade, vichar, chitr adi ka, snpoorn uttaradayitv is lekh ke lekhak/lekhakon ka hai bharatakosh ka nahin.
lekhak- shri bachchooprasad sinh

          hindi snsar ki shreshth aur samriddh bhasha hai; isake bare men ab kahin koee vivad nahin raha aur ise siddh karane men kuchh ansh tak do vishv hindi sammelanon ka yogadan avismaraniy hai. bharat ke bahar lagabhag 100 vishvavidyalayon men hindi ka pathan-pathan ho tatha vikasit tatha vikasashil deshon men isaki lokapriyata nirantar badhati jae, yah bhi is bat ka praman hai ki hindi ka parivar brihat aur vyapak banata ja raha hai. meri yah dharana hai ki tritiy vishv hindi sammelan ke ayojan se videshon men hindi ke prachar-prasar ka marg nishchay hi prashast hoga evn is sammelan ke avasar par ayojit anek sngoshthiyon men jo charchaen hongi unase hamare desh ke vidvanon ko videshon men hindi ke bare men upayogi soochanaen milengi tatha snsar bhar men phaile hue hindi premiyon ke madhy vicharon ke adan-pradan se parasparik sadbhav badhega. desh ki ajadi ke bad videshon ke sath hamare rajanayik aur sanskritik snbndh adhik sudridh hue hain aur is kshetr men bahut had tak hindi ka bhi yogadan raha hai. aj is bat ki soochana poore prabuddh varg ko hai ki hindi matr bharat men hi nahin, snsar ke anek deshon men badi lokapriy hai. pradhanamntri shrimati indira gandhi ne nagapur men pratham vishv hindi sammelan ka udghatan karate hue kaha tha ki hindi snsar ki mahanh bhashaon men ek hai aur aj ise desh aur videsh men karodon log janate hain.
          aj se pray: barah-terah varsh poorv jab bharat ki snsad men yah charcha huee ki bharat ke bahar lagabhag 100 aise vishvavidyalay hain jahan hindi ke pathan-pathan ki samuchit vyavastha hai to sabhi ko sukhad ashchary hua. ye vishvavidyalay yoorop, amarika, eshiya, astreliya, aur aphrika men hain tatha un deshon men hindi to vidyaman hai hi jahan bharatavnshiyon ki snkhya paryapt hai. isi prishthabhoomi ke sath nagapur men 1975 ke janavari mah men pratham vishv hindi sammelan ka ayojan hua. is sammelan men snsar ke 30 deshon se anek vidvan evn pradhyapak aye tatha marishas ka ek rajakiy pratinidhimndal vahan ke pradhanamntri shri shiv sagar ramagulam ke netritv men bhag lene aya. shri shivasagar ramagulam ne apane bhashan men hindi ke snbndh men kaha ki hindi ki lokapriyata bharat men to hai hi lekin hamare lie is bhasha ki ek khas visheshata hai. hamen anek eshiyaee-aphriki desh is bhasha ko ek antarrashtriy svaroop pradan karate hain.
          sabhi ne nagapur sammelan men yah dekha ki yoorop, amarika, kanada, eshiya, astreliya tatha aphrika ke anek deshon se aye log kis prakar dhara-pravah hindi men bhashan kar rahe the. videshiyon ko bhi is bat ki prasannata thi ki anek mahatvapoorn vishayon par ve apane vicharon ka adan-pradan is bhasha ke madhyam se kushalatapoorvak kar rahe the. is sammelan ne hindi ke prati jo kuchh shnkaen logon ke man men thin, unhen door kiya aur pahali bar usi mnch se yah siddh hua ki antarrashtriy dharatal par parasparik adan-pradan ke lie hindi ek sarvatha sashakt evn saksham bhasha hai. us sammelan se hindi ki gauravavriddhi ke sath-sath ek vishv hindi parivar ki kalpana sakar huee aur pahali bar ek vipul jan-samuday ne yah mahasoos kiya ki hindi ke vikas tatha prachar ki snbhavanaen apar hain.
          vishv hindi sammelan, nagapur men yah spasht dikhaee pada ki hindi ke sath snsar ke anek deshon men jo log jude hain unaki do shreniyan hain – ek hain bharatavnshi jo bhavanatmak star par is bhasha ke sath sadiyon se jude hue hain aur doosari shreni men ve log hain jo is bhasha ka adhyayan-adhyapan shuddh bhashayi evn sanskritik drishtikon se karate hain. marishas, phiji, soorinam, guyana, trinidad, jamaika, malayeshiya, kiniya, thaeelaind, barma, nepal tatha anek aise desh jahan bharatavnshiyon ki snkhya paryapt hai aur unake bich hindi ke lokapriy hone ka ek bada karan hai ki ve ya unake poorvaj bharat se gaye the aur bharat ke prati unaka akarshan sarvatha svabhavik hai. yah bat sarvatha spasht hai ki ve jo bharat ke itihas, bharat ki snskriti, sabhyata, bharat ki virasat, bharat ki vichar-dhara aur is desh ke gauravapoorn itihas tatha vishal snbhavanaon se yukt eshiya ke is mahatvapoorn bhoo-bhag ko bhali-bhanti janana aur samajhana chahate hain, unhen bharat ki ek pramukh bhasha ke gyan ki avashyakata nitant mahasoos hoti hai aur is drishti se hi bharatavnshi bahul deshon ke atirikt amarika, kanada, roos, polaind, chekoslovakiya, halaind tatha pashchimi yoorop ke anek desh jaise yoo.ke., phrans, itali adi men hindi ke adhyayan-adhyapan ki vyavastha vishvavidyalay tatha samakaksh suprasiddh snsthaon men adyatan evn adhunik dhng se kiya gaya hai. in deshon ka ek bahut bada samuday kee dashakon se hindi ke adhyayan-adhyapan, lekhan aur prakashan ke dvara is bhasha ke prati apani atoot nishtha ka praman hamare samane prastut karate hain. aj yadi ham yoorop ke deshon ki or dhyan den to yah hamare lie kuchh ashcharyajanak lagata hai ki hindi men gahanatam vishayon, usake bhashayi aur sahityik paksh par kaimbrij vishvavidyalay men shodh kary abadh-gati se chal raha hai. yark aur landan vishvavidyalayon men anek log hindi bhasha aur sahity ke manoyog poorvak adhyayan kar rahe hain. phrans men hindi ke adhyapan ki samuchit vyavastha hai aur pashchimi jarmani tatha poorvi jarmani donon men suyogy pradhyapakon ke sannidhy men anek log is bhasha ke vibhinn pakshon se dinondin suparichit hote ja rahe hain. bhasha ke adhyayan-adhyapan ke atirikt anek deshon men janasnchar ke kshetr men hindi ka prayog ho raha hai. landan se hi do saptahik samachar-patr anek varshon se prakashit ho rahe hain aur unaka bhi ek pathay samuday hai. aj yoo.ke. ke anek hisson men badi snkhya men bharatiy rahate hain, aur landan ko to ek hissa hi jaise bharatiy bahul bhoo-khand ho gaya hai. bharatiy bachchon ko matribhasha ke bhasha ke madhyam se padhane ki suvidha pradan ki jae, is or yoo.ke. sarakar ka shiksha vibhag sachesht hai aur mujhe yah svayn dekhane ka avasar mila ki rashtramandal sachivalay bhi is vishay men ruchi le raha hai. landan aur barmingham ke ilakon men bachchon ko hindi evn bharatiy bhasha sikhane ki samuchit vyavastha ke lie sabhi prakar ke prayas kiye ja rahe hain.
          mujhe kee bar snsar ke anek vishvavidyalayon men jane ka saubhagy aur suvavasar prapt hua hai. mujhe aj bhi yad hai ki kaimbrij ke prophesar maigregar ne kis atmiyata ke sath mujhe apane vishvavidyalay ka pustakalay aj se anek varsh poorv dikhaya tha aur unhonne yah kaha tha ki kaimbrij vishvavidyalay men hindi ki kee haslalikhit pustaken upalabdh hain, jinake adhar par hindi sahity ke itihas men kuchh nee baten jodi ja sakati hain. snsar ke in hindi premi vidvanon se milakar mujhe aisa laga ki hamari bhasha aur hamare hindi sahity ke lie in vidvanon ka yogadan ek din nishchay hi adbhut siddh hoga. jo log sahity ke kshetr men din-pratidin hone vale anusndhan, anushilan ki or nigah rakhate hain, unhen is bat ka gyan hai ki bharat ke bahar anek vidvan hamari bhasha ke vibhinn pakshon par badi sakshamata ke sath vishesh adhyayan kar rahe hain, aur unake anushilan ka parinam hamare sahity ko ek naya ayam de sakega.
          bi.bi.si. ki hindi seva ke bare men kuchh adhik kahane ki avashyakata nahin, kyonki unake hindi karyakram varshon se lagatar chale a rahe hain aur snsar ke anek deshon men hindi premi log is karyakram ko dhyanapoorvak sunate hain. aj bi.bi.si. ke hindi ekak ne snsar ke suprasiddh prachar madhyamon ke bich apana ek sammanapoorvak sthan bana liya hai aur unaki kushalata ki sarahana anek log kiya karate hain.
          soviyat sngh ke anek pradhyapak, patrakar evn sahity sevi hindi ki shrivriddhi men anek varshon se lage hain. anuvad ke madhyam se hindi ko soviyat sngh men lokapriy banane men in vidvanon ka yogadan avismaraniy hai. barannikov se lekar pro. chelishev, pro. dimshitz aur any anek suvigy vidvanon ke nam se hindi ke pathak suparichit hai. roos ke vidvanon ke yogadan ki charcha kisi ek nibandh ke kalevar men kadapi nahin sama sakati, kyonki hamare desh ke chaitany pathak yah bhali prakar janate hain ki roosi vidvanon ne ramayan se lekar hamare desh ke anek adhunik kaviyon aur lekhakon ki rachanaon ka roosi men anuvad kiya hai aur hindi ke anek sahityik anushthanon ka unhonne roos ki dharati par ullasapoorvak ayojan kiya hai tatha hamare manishiyon aur lekhakon ke prati rachanatmak dhng se apani shraddhanjali arpit ki hai. abhi premachand shatabdi ke avasar par roos men kee rachanaen prakashit hueen.
          yoorop ke vidvanon ke sandarbh men pro. lothar lutse, pro. gatslaph, halaind ke pro. shokar, denamark ke pro. thisan, polaind ke briski, itali ke pro. turbiyani, phrans ki pro. nikol balabir, hngari ki pro. iva aradi aur roos ki sajanova, chekoslovakiya ke pro. smaikal adi any anek vidvanon ke nam hindi ke pathakon ke lie sarvatha suparichit hai. in vidvanon men apane-apane dhng se hindi ki seva ki hai aur ve is disha men satat prayatnashil hain. ab tak ayojit nagapur tatha marishas ke vishv hindi sammelanon ne in vidvanon ko hamare desh ke hindi premiyon ke samip la diya hai aur aj yoorop tatha any deshon ke kee vidvanon ki rachanaen bharat men chhapati, bikati tatha padhi jati hai.
          yoorop ke atirikt amarika men bhi aj kee darjan aise vishvavidyalay hai jahan hindi ka samuchit pathan-pathan ho raha hai. prasannata ki bat to yah hai ki hindi ki adhunik rachanaen bhi unake pas upalabdh hai. amarika ki kangres laibreri ke madhyam se bharat men chhapane vali pray: hindi ki sabhi rachanaen pramukh vishvavidyalayon ko sahaj hi sulabh ho jati hai. snsar ke in vishvavidyalayon men hindi ke atirikt bharat ki kee any bhashaon ka bhi adhyayan-adhyapan hota hai. tamil, bngala, telugu, urdoo, marathi adi bhashaon ke adhyapan ki bhi vahan samuchit vyavastha hai.
          hindi ki lokapriyata ka ek sabal paksh prastut karate hain – marishas, phiji aur soorinam jaise desh, jahan hindi aj bhi lokapriy hai. in deshon se hindi ki anek pustaken evn patr-patrikaen prakashit hoti hai. phiji ke snvidhan men to snsad men hindi ke prayog ka bhi pravadhan kiya gaya hai aur marishas ke log to hindi ko apane jivan ka avichchhinn ang manate hain. yahi karan hai ki aj marishas ke sarvashri abhimanyu anat somadatt bakhauri aur doosare lekhak, kavi, kathakar atyant lokapriy hai aur unaki rachanaen hamare desh ki patr-patrikaon men barabar chhapati hai. mujhe yad hai ki aj se lagabhag ek dashak poorv jab marishas ke lekhak hindi men apani pahachan banane ko atur evn utsuk the to kee logon ko yah kuchh asambhav sa pratit dikhaee padata tha lekin aj apani srijan shakti ke bal par marishas ke lekhakon ne hindi ke pathakon ke bich apana ek sammanapoorn sthan bana liya hai aur mujhe maloom hai ki marishas ke lekhak aur kavi hindi ke shubhachintakon se yah mang karate hain ki hindi sahity ke itihas men in logon ke lie bhi sthan surakshit kiya jae jo bharat ke bahar rahakar hindi ki seva evn shrivriddhi kar rahe hain. is sandarbh men phiji ke pndit kamala prasad mishr jaise samarpit kavi aur lekhak ka smaran ho ata hai jinhonne apane desh men apani lekhani ke bal par hindi patrakarita evn sahity ka ek uchch manadand sthapit kiya hai.
          phiji ke hi daau. vivekanand sharma, shri je.es. kaval, shri balaram vashishth jaise anek logon ne apani rachanaon ke bal par hindi ke bhandar ko samriddh kiya hai. phiji ke pas hi astreliya ki rajadhani kainabara ke rashtriy vishvavidyalay men pro. barj jaise vidvan atyant parishramapoorvak hindi ke adhyayan-adhyapan men lage hain aur unaki sadhana hindi ko ek naya svaroop pradan kar rahi hai. mujhe kainabara men yah dekhakar ashchary hua ki pro. barj kitani kathinaee ke sath apane chhatron ko hindi ki kriya ki visheshataen samajhane men tallin the aur mujhe abhas hua ki videshon men doosare desh ki bhasha sikhane men kitani kathinaiyon ka samana karana padata hai.
          astreliya ke bad yadi ham eshiyaee deshon ki or dhyan den to is sandarbh men japan ke pro. ke. doee ki sevaon ko kadapi bhulaya nahin ja sakata. unaki sevaon ke prati samast japan ke hindi-premi samuday natamastak hain aur unhonne apani nirantar sadhana ke bal par japan ke sainkadon vidyarthiyon ko hindi ke adhyayan ke lie prerit kiya. hamen du:kh hai ki ve ab is snsar men nahin rahe. is prakar aj pro. mijokami, pro. koga aur pro. sujuki jaise log apane adhyavasay ke bal par patr-patrikaen nikalakar japan aur bharat ke bich sanskritik dharatal par ek setu nirman ka kary kar rahe hain. in sabhi ke pichhe pro. doee ko hi prerana ka srot manana padega. jivan ke antim dinon tak ve vishv hindi parivar ke sath snbaddh rahe aur snsar ke any hindi premiyon ke sath unaka bada hi snehapoorn snbndh tha.
          eshiyaee deshon ke hi sandarbh men ham apane padosi deshon ke hindi prem ko bhula nahin sakate. bngaladesh men pro. ahasan aur talukadar jaise log hindi ki seva varshon se karate rahe hain. shrilnka ke kalaniya vishvavidyalay men hindi ka ek vibhag hai. pakistan men anek hindi-premi hain jinamen se kuchh tritiy vishv hindi sammelan men padharane vale hain. apane prativedi deshon men bhi hindi ka atyant mahatvapoorn sthan hai. nepal ki bhasha nepali hai jo bhashayi drishti se hindi ke bahut samip hai aur nepal men anek lekhak evn patrakar nirantar hindi ki seva kar rahe hain. in kaviyon aur lekhakon ki rachanaon se hamare pathak sarvatha abhigy hain. hindi ke prachar-prasar ki disha men chin ki seva ko bhulaya nahin ja sakata. aj chin men anek aise maun sadhak hain jo hindi ki seva kar rahe hain. chin ke vishvavidyalayon tatha prasiddh shikshan snsthaon men hindi adhyayan-adhyapan varshon se hi raha hai. chin ke pro. layookonan ki sevaon se anek log suparichit hain. unhonne bharat ke vibhinn pradeshon ke itihas par kary kiya hai.
          bharat ki anek prasiddh rachanaon ka bhi unhonne anuvad kiya hai. chin ke hi chin ting han ki seva se ham suparichit hain. unhonne peking vishvavidyalay ke sahity vibhag ko apani sevaen samarpit kin aur hindi-chini shabdakosh, hindi-chini muhavara kosh ki snrachana men sahayog diya tatha premachand ke upanyas ‘nirmala’ ka chini bhasha men anuvad kiya. isi prakar thaeelaind, malayeshiya aur singapur ke anek hindi premi is or sarvatha dattachit aur sachesht hain ki hindi ke madhyam se unake desh ko bharat ki manisha ka parichay prapt hota hai. hindi ka yah alokapunj bharat ki chirantan saty, nishtha, prem aur sahishnuta, vishvashanti tatha sadbhav ka sndesh poore manav samuday ko deta rahe, yahi to hamara abhisht hai taki tumul kolahal, kalah ke bich hriday ki bat nyayochit sthan prapt kar sake.

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

tritiy vishv hindi sammelan 1983
kramank lekh ka nam lekhak
hindi aur samasik snskriti
1. hindi sahity aur samasik snskriti daau. karn rajasheshagiri rav
2. hindi sahity men samasik snskriti ki sarjanatmak abhivyakti pro. kesarikumar
3. hindi sahity aur samasik snskriti daau. chndrakant bandivadekar
4. hindi ki samasik evn sanskritik ekata daau. jagadish gupt
5. rajabhasha: karyacharan aur samasik snskriti daau. en.es. dakshinamoorti
6. hindi ki akhil bharatiyata ka itihas pro. dineshvar prasad
7. hindi sahity men samasik snskriti daau. munshiram sharma
8. bharatiy vyaktitv ke snshlesh ki bhasha daau. raghuvnsh
9. desh ki samasik snskriti ki abhivyakti men hindi ka yogadan daau. rajakishor pandey
10. sanskritik samanvay ki prakriya aur hindi sahity shri rajeshvar gngavar
11. hindi sahity men samasik snskriti ke tattv daau. shivanndan prasad
12. hindi:samasik snskriti ki snvahika shri shivasagar mishr
13. bharat ki samasik snskririti aur hindi ka vikas daau. haradev bahari
hindi ka vikasashil svaroop
14. hindi ka vikasashil svaroop daau. anndaprakash dikshit
15. hindi ke vikas men bhojapuri ka yogadan daau. udayanarayan tivari
16. hindi ka vikasashil svaroop (shabdavali ke sndarbh men) daau. kailashachndr bhatiya
17. manak bhasha ki snkalpana aur hindi daau. krishnakumar gosvami
18. rajabhasha ke roop men hindi ka vikas, mahattv tatha prakash ki dishaen shri jayanarayan tivari
19. sanskritik bhasha ke roop men hindi ka vikas daau. trilochan pandey
20. hindi ka saralikaran achary devendranath sharma
21. prashasanik hindi ka vikas daau. narayanadatt palival
22. jan ki vikasashil bhasha hindi shri bhagavat jha azad
23. bharat ki bhashik ekata: parnpara aur hindi pro. manik govind chaturvedi
24. hindi bhasha aur rashtriy ekikaran pro. ravindranath shrivastav
25. hindi ki snvaidhanik sthiti aur usaka vikasashil svaroop pro. vijayendr snatak
devanagari lipi ki bhoomika
26. rashtriy aur antarrashtriy sndarbh men devanagari shri jivan nayak
27. devanagari pro. devishnkar dvivedi
28. hindi men lekhan snbndhi ekaroopata ki samasya pro. p. ba. jain
29. devanagari lipi ki bhoomika daau. babooram saksena
30. devanagari lipi (kashmiri bhasha ke sndarbh men) daau. mohanalal sar
31. rashtriy aur antarrashtriy sndarbh men devanagari lipi pn. rameshvaradayal dube
videshon men hindi
32. vishv ki hindi patr-patrikaen daau. kamata kamalesh
33. videshon men hindi:prachar-prasar aur sthiti ke kuchh pahaloo pro. premasvaroop gupt
34. hindi ka ek apanaya-sa kshetr: snyukt rajy daau. ar. es. megregar
35. hindi bhasha ki bhoomika : vishv ke sndarbh men shri rajendr avasthi
36. marishas ka hindi sahity daau. lata
37. hindi ki bhavi antarrashtriy bhoomika daau. brajeshvar varma
38. antarrashtriy sndarbh men hindi pro. siddheshvar prasad
39. nepal men hindi aur hindi sahity shri sooryanath gop
vividha
40. tulanatmak bharatiy sahity evn paddhati vigyan ka prashn daau. indranath chaudhuri
41. bharat ki bhasha samasya aur hindi daau. kumar vimal
42. bharat ki rajabhasha niti shri krishnakumar shrivastav
43. videsh doorasnchar seva shri ke.si. katiyar
44. kashmir men hindi : sthiti aur snbhavanaen pro. chamanalal saproo
45. bharat ki rajabhasha niti aur usaka karyanvayan shri devendracharan mishr
46. bhashayi samasya : ek rashtriy samadhan shri narmadeshvar chaturvedi
47. snskrit-hindi kavyashastr men upama ki sarvalnkarabijata ka vichar daau. mahendr madhukar
48. dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan : nirnay aur kriyanvayan shri rajamani tivari
49. vishv ki pramukh bhashaon men hindi ka sthan daau. ramajilal jangid
50. bharatiy adivasiyon ki matribhasha tatha hindi se inaka samipy daau. lakshmanaprasad sinha
51. main lekhak nahin hoon shri vimal mitr
52. lokgyta sarvgyta (lokavartta vigyan ke sndarbh men) daau. haradvarilal sharma
53. desh ki ekata ka mool: hamari rashtrabhasha shri kshemachnd ‘suman’
videshi sndarbh
54. marishas: sagar ke par laghu bharat shri es. bhuvaneshvar
55. amarika men hindi -daau. kerin shomar
56. lipazing vishvavidyalay men hindi daau. (shrimati) marget gatslaf
57. jarmani snghiy ganarajy men hindi daau. lothar lutse
58. soorinam desh aur hindi shri sooryaprasad bire
59. hindi ka antarrashtriy pariprekshy shri bachchooprasad sinh
svaichchhik snstha sndarbh
60. hindi ki svaichchhik snsthaen shri shnkararav londhe
61. rashtriy prachar samiti, vardha shri shnkararav londhe
sammelan sndarbh
62. pratham aur dvitiy vishv hindi sammelan: uddeshy evn upalabdhiyan shri madhukararav chaudhari
smriti-shraddhanjali
63. svargiy bharatiy sahityakaron ko smriti-shraddhanjali daau. prabhakar machave

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