हिन्दी सामान्य ज्ञान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

samany gyan prashnottari
hindi    bhoogol    krishi    itihas    vigyan    arthashastr    samajashastr    shiksha    rajavyavastha    kampyootar    kala    rajaniti    chitr    mahabharat    ramayan    sharirik shiksha    nagarik shastr    khel    tarkik   fasabuk paheli
rajyon ke samany gyan


is vishay se snbndhit lekh padhen:- bhasha prangan, hindi bhasha

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1. devanagari lipi ko rashtralipi ke roop men kab svikar kiya gaya tha?

14 sitambar, 1949
21 sitambar, 1949
23 sitambar, 1949
25 sitambar, 1949
'devanagari' bharat men sarvadhik prachalit lipi hai, jisamen snskrit, hindi aur marathi bhashaen likhi jati hain. is shabd ka sabase pahala ullekh 453 ee. men jain grnthon men milata hai. 'nagari' nam ke snbndh men mataiky nahin hai. yah apane arnbhik roop men brahmi lipi ke nam se jani jati thi. isaka vartaman roop navi-dasavin shatabdi se milane lagata hai. 8 aprail, 1900 ee. ko tatkalin gavarnar ne farasi ke sath nagari ko bhi adalaton aur kachahariyon men saman adhikar de diya gaya. sarakar ka yah prastav hindi ke svabhiman ke lie sntoshaprad nahin tha. isase hindi ko adhikarapoorn samman nahin diya gaya tha, balki hindi ke prati daya dikhalaee gee thi. phir bhi ise itana shrey to hai hi ki kachahariyon men sthan dila saka aur yah mazaboot adhar pradan kiya, jisake bal par devanagari 20vin sadi men 'rashtralipi' ke roop men ubharakar samane a saki.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-devanagari lipi

2. 'rani ketaki ki kahani' ki bhasha ko kaha jata hai-

hindustani
khadi boli
urdoo
apabhrnsh
'khadi boli' nam ko kuchh vidvan brajabhasha ke sapekshy manate hain aur yah pratipadan karate hain ki lalloo lalaji (1803 ee.) se bahut poorv yah nam brajabhasha ki madhur mithas ki tulana men us boli ko diya gaya tha, jisase kalantar men manak hindi aur urdoo ka vikas hua. ye vidvan 'khadi' shabd se 'karkashata', 'katuta', 'kharapan', 'khadapan' adi arth lete hain. vastav men 'khadi boli' men prayukt 'khadi' shabd gunabodhak visheshan hai aur kisi bhasha ke namakaran men gun-avagun-pradhan drishtikon adhikansh: any bhasha-sapekshy hoti hai. apabhrnsh aur urdoo adi isi shreni ke nam hain, at: 'khadi' shabd any bhasha sapekshy avashy hai, kintu isaka mool khadi hai athava khari? aur isaka pratham mool arth kya hai? isake lie shabd ke itihas ki khoj avashyak hai.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-khadi boli

3. pradeshik boliyon ke sath braj ya madhy desh ki bhasha ka ashray lekar ek samany sahityik bhasha svikrit huee, jise charanon ne nam diya-

dingal bhasha
mevadi bhasha
maravadi bhasha
pingal bhasha

4. nimnalikhit men se kaun-si premachnd ki ek rachana hai?

pnch-parameshvar
usane kaha tha
taee
khadi boli
premachnd
'munshi premachnd' ka vastavik nam dhanapat ray shrivastav tha. ve ek saphal lekhak, deshabhakt nagarik, kushal vakta, zimmedar snpadak aur snvedanashil rachanakar the. bisavin shati ke poorvarddh men jab hindi men kam karane ki takaniki suvidhaen upalabdh nahin thin, phir bhi itana kam karane vala lekhak munshi premachand ke atirikt koee doosara nahin hua tha. unhonne hindi men shekh sadi par ek chhoti-si pustak likhi thi, taaulsataauy ki kuchh kahaniyon ka hindi men anuvad kiya aur ‘prem-pachisi’ ki kuchh kahaniyon ka roopantar bhi hindi men kar rahe the. ye kahaniyan ‘sapt-saroj’ shirshak se hindi snsar ke samane sarvapratham sanh 1917 men ayi thin.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-premachnd

5. vir ras ka sthayi bhav kya hota hai?

rati
utsah
hasy
parihas
shrringar ke sath spardha karane vala vir ras hai. shrringar, raudr tatha vibhats ke sath vir ko bhi bharat muni ne mool rason men pariganit kiya hai. vir ras se hi adabhut ras ki utpatti batalaee gee hai. vir ras ka 'varn' 'svarn' athava 'gaur' tatha devata indr kahe gaye hain. yah uttam prakriti valon se sambaddh hai tatha isaka sthayi bhav ‘utsah’ hai. abhinavagupt ne to utsah ko shant ras ka bhi sthayi mana hai. kuchh log utsah ko vir ras ka sthayi bhav nahin manate hain.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-vir ras

apake kul ank hai 0 / 0

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samany gyan prashnottari
hindi    bhoogol    krishi    itihas    vigyan    arthashastr    samajashastr    shiksha    rajavyavastha    kampyootar    kala    rajaniti    chitr    mahabharat    ramayan    sharirik shiksha    nagarik shastr    khel    tarkik   fasabuk paheli
rajyon ke samany gyan



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