हूल क्रान्ति दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hool kranti divas
siddhoo tatha kanhoo ki pratimaen
vivaran jharakhand rajy ke adivasiyon dvara angrezon ke viruddh kiye ge vidroh ko 'hool kranti divas' ke roop men jana jata hai. angrezon se ladate hue lagabhag 20 hazar adivasiyon ne apani jan di.
rajy jharakhand
sthan bhaganadih gram, sahebagnj zila
kranti ki shuruat 30 joon
nayak siddhoo, kanhoo, chand aur bhairav
snbndhit lekh snthal, andolan viplav sainik vidroh, aupaniveshik kal, bharatiy svatntrata sngram
any janakari itihasakar hntar ki pustak men likha hai ki angrezon ka koee bhi sipahi aisa nahin tha, jo adivasiyon ke balidan ko lekar sharmida n hua ho. isamen karib 20 hazar vanavasiyon ne apani jan di thi.

hool kranti divas pratyek varsh 30 joon ko manaya jata hai. bharatiy itihas men svadhinata sngram ki pahali ladaee vaise to san 1857 men mani jati hai, kintu isake pahale hi vartaman jharakhnd rajy ke snthal paragana men 'snthal hool' aur 'snthal vidroh' ke dvara angrezon ko bhari kshati uthani padi thi. siddhoo tatha kanhoo do bhaiyon ke netritv men 30 joon, 1855 ee. ko vartaman sahebagnj zile ke bhaganadih ganv se prarnbh hue is vidroh ke mauke par siddhoo ne ghoshana ki thi- karo ya maro, angrezon hamari mati chhodo.

aitihasik tathy

itihasakaron ke anusar snthal paragana ke log prarnbh se hi vanavasi svabhav se dharm aur prakriti ke premi aur saral hote hain. isaka zamindaron aur bad men angrezon ne khoob labh uthaya. itihasakaron ka kahana hai ki is kshetr men angrezon ne rajasv ke lie snthal, pahadiyon tatha any nivasiyon par malaguzari laga di thi. isake bad n keval yahan ke logon ka shoshan hone laga, balki unhen malaguzari bhi deni pad rahi thi. is karan yahan ke logon men vidroh panap raha tha.[1]

itihasakar kathan

nagapuri sahity aur itihasakar vi. pi. keshari ke anusar- "yah vidroh bhale hi 'snthal hool' ho, parntu snthal paragana ke samast garibon aur shoshiton dvara shoshakon, angrezon evn usake karmachariyon ke viruddh svatntrata andolan tha. is jan andolan ke nayak bhaganadih nivasi bhoomihin kintu gram pradhan chunni mandi ke char putr siddhoo, kanhoo, chand aur bhairav the."

keshari ji age kahate hain ki in charon bhaiyon ne lagatar logon ke asntosh ko ek andolan ka roop diya. us samay snthalon ko bataya gaya ki siddhoo ko svapn men bonga, jinake hathon men bis anguliyan thin, ne bataya hai ki "jumidar, mahajan, pulis rajaden amala ko gujukamad", arthat "jamindar, mahajan, pulis aur sarakari amalon ka nash ho." 'bonga' ki hi snthal log pooja-archana kiya karate the. is sndesh ko dugadugi pitavakar sthaniy mohallon tatha gramon tak pahunchaya gaya. is dauran logon ne sal vriksh ki tahani ko lekar ganv-ganv ki yatraen ki.[1]

andolan ki shuruat

andolan ko karyaroop dene ke lie parnparagat shastron se lais hokar 30 joon, san 1855 ee. ko 400 ganvon ke lagabhag 50,000 adivasi log bhaganadih pahunche aur andolan ka sootrapat hua. isi sabha men yah ghoshana kar di gee ki ve ab malaguzari nahin denge. isake bad angrezon ne, siddhoo, kanhoo, chand tatha bhairav- in charon bhaiyon ko giraftar karane ka adesh diya; parntu jis pulis daroga ko vahan bheja gaya tha, snthaliyon ne usaki gardan kat kar hatya kar di. is dauran sarakari adhikariyon men bhi is andolan ko lekar bhay prapt ho gaya tha.

giraftariyan

bhagalapur ki suraksha kadi kar di gee thi. is kranti ke sndesh ke karan snthal men angrezon ka shasan lagabhag samapt ho gaya tha. angrezon dvara is andolan ko dabane ke lie is kshetr men sena bhej di gee aur jamakar adivasiyon ki giraftariyan ki geen aur vidrohiyon par goliyan barasane lagin. andolanakariyon ko niyntrit karane ke lie marshal laau laga diya gaya. andolanakariyon ki giraftari ke lie angrez sarakar dvara puraskaron ki bhi ghoshana ki gee. baharaich men angrezon aur andolanakariyon ki ladaee men chand aur bhairav shahid ho ge. prasiddh angrez itihasakar hntar ne apani pustak 'enals aauf roolar bngal' men likha hai ki "snthalon ko atmasamarpan ki janakari nahin thi, jis karan dugadugi bajati rahi aur log ladate rahe."

adivasiyon ka balidan

jab tak ek bhi andolanakari jinda raha, vah ladata raha. itihasakar hntar ki pustak men likha gaya hai ki angrezon ka koee bhi sipahi aisa nahin tha, jo is balidan ko lekar sharmida n hua ho. is yuddh men karib 20 hazar vanavasiyon ne apani jan di thi. vishvast sathiyon ko paise ka lalach dekar siddhoo aur kanhoo ko bhi giraftar kar liya gaya aur phir 26 julaee ko donon bhaiyon ko bhaganadih gram men khuleam ek ped par tangakar fansi ki saza de di gee. is prakar siddhoo, kanhoo, chand tatha bhairav, ye charon bhaee sada ke lie bharatiy itihas men apana amit sthan bana ge.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 siddhoo-kanhoo ne phoonka tha angrezon ke khilaf pahala bigul (hindi) pardaphash. abhigaman tithi: 28 mee, 2015.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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