इब्न सिना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

यशी चौधरी (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 15:21, 28 joon 2018 ka avataran (''''इब्न सिना''' इनका नाम अबूअल्‌ हुसेन इब्न सिना था, इब...' के साथ नया पृष्ठ बनाया)

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ibn sina inaka nam abooalh‌ husen ibn sina tha, ibrani men aven sina tatha latini men avichenna tha. inaka janm sanh‌ 370 hi. (sanh‌ 980 ee.) men bukhara ke pas afh‌shan: men hua tha aur yah sanh‌ 428 hi (sanh‌ 1037 ee.) men hamadan men mare. inake mata-pita eerani vnsh ke the. inake pita kharamait: ke shasak the. ibn sina ne bukhara men shiksha prapt ki. arnbh men kuran tatha sahity ka adhyayan kiya. shara ki shiksha ke anntar inhonne tark, ganit, rekhaganit tatha jyotish men yogyata prapt ki. shighr hi inaki buddhi itani paripakv tatha unnat ho gee ki inhen kisi guru ki apeksha nahin rah gee aur inhonne niji svaghyay se bhautik vigyan, parabhautik darshan tatha vaidyak men yogyata prapt kar li. hakimi sikhate samay se hi inhonne usaka vyavasay bhi arnbh kar diya jisase us vishay men parngat ho ge. darshanashastr se inaka vastavik snbndh alh‌pharabi ki rachanaon ke adhyayan se hua. alh‌pharabi ke parabhautik darshan tatha tarkashastr ki ninv navaphalatooni vyakhyaon tatha arastoo ki rachanaon ke arabi anuvadon par thi. inhonne ibn sina ki kalpanaon ki disha nirdharit kar di. is samay inaki avastha 16-17 varsh ki thi. saubhagy se ibn sina ko bukhara ke sulatan nooh bin mnsoor ki dava karane ka avasar mila jisase vah achchha ho gaya. isake phalasvaroop inaki pahunch sulatan ke pustakalay tak ho gee. inaki smaran tatha dharanashakti bahut tivr thi isalie inhonne thode hi samay men us pustakalay ki sahayata se apane samay tak ki kul vidyaon ka poorn gyan prapt kar liya. inhonne 21 varsh ki avastha se likhana arnbh kiya. inako lekhanashaili sadharanat: spasht tatha prakhyat hai.

ibn sina ne apane pita ki mrityu par apana jivan bade asnyam ke sath vyatit kiya jo vidya snbndhi karyon, bhog vilas tatha nirashaon se bhara tha. bich men kuchh samay tak jurjan, ree, hamadan tatha isphahan ke darabaron men sukhi jivan bhi bitate rahe. isi kal inhonne kee badi pustaken likhin jinamen adhikatar arabi men tatha kuchh pharasi bhasha men thin. inamen vishesh roop se varnaniy philasapha ka kosh 'kitabulh‌ shafa', jo sanh‌ 1313 ee. men teharan se chhapa tha, aur tib (vaidyak) par likha grnth 'alaqanoon phiulh‌ tib' hai jo sanh‌ 1284 ee. men teharan se, sanh‌ 1593 ee. men room se aur sanh‌ 1924 ee. men balak se chhapa hai. 'kitabulh‌ shafa' arastoo ke vicharon par kendrit hai, jo nav afalatooni vicharon tatha islami dharm ke prabhav se snshodhit parivartit ho ge the. isamen sngit ki bhi vyakhya hai. is grnth ke 18 khnd hain aur ise poora karane men 20 mahine lage the. ibn sina ne is grnth ka snkshep bhi 'alh‌najat' ke nam se snkalit kiya tha. 'alh‌qanoon phiulh‌ tib' men yoonani tatha arabi vaidyakon ka antim nichod upasthit kiya gaya hai. ibn sina ne apani badi rachanaon ke snkshep tatha vibhinn vishayon par chhoti-chhoti pustikaen bhi likhi hain. inaki rachanaon ki kul snkhya 99 batalaee jati hai. inaka ek kasid: bahut prasiddh hai jisamen inhonne atma ke uchch lok se manav sharir men utarane ka varnan kiya hai. mntik (tark ya nyay) men inaki shreshth rachana 'kitabulh‌ isharat v alshabihat' hai. inhonne apana atmacharit bhi likha tha jisaka snkalan inake priy shishy aljurjani ne kiya. inaki vastavik shreshthata tatha prasiddhi aise vidvanh‌ tatha darshanik ke roop men hain jisane bhavishy men anevali kee shatabdiyon ke lie vidya tatha darshan ki ek sima aur praman sthapit kar die the. isi karan shatabdiyon tak inhen 'alh‌shekh alh‌rees' ki gauravapoorn upadhi se smaran kiya jata raha aur ab tak bhi anek poorvi deshon men kiya jata hai.

mntik men ibn sina bahut door tak alh‌pharabi ka anugaman karate hain. yah isako ek aisi vidya manate hain jo darshan tak pahunchane ka dvar hai. philasapha nazarayati (prakrit darshan) ya amali (vyavaharik) hoga. yah nazarayati philasapha ko tabiat (bhautik), riyazi (ganit adi) tatha mabadulh‌tabiat (parabhautik darshan) men vibhajit karate hain aur amali philasapha ko ikhalakiyat (sadachar), mashiyat (jivanakram) tatha siyasiyat (shasan) men. samashtiroop men inaki tabiat ki ninv arastoo ki vicharadhara par sthit hai, yadyapi usamen nav afalatooni philasapha se prabhavit hain.

ibn sina ne poorv tatha pashchim ko apane vaidyak dvara sabase adhik prabhavit kiya hai. inake grnth 'alh‌qanoon phiulh‌ tib' ka anuvad latini bhasha men 12vin sadi eesavi men ho gaya tha aur yah pustak yoorop men vaidyak vidyalayon ke pathayakram men le li gee thi. isaka anuvad angreji bhasha men bhi hua hai.

ibn sina ne arastoo ke mabadulh‌ tabiat ko ek or nav afalatooni nazariyat (prakritik darshan) se tatha doosari or islami diniyat (snpraday ke siddhanton) se milane ka prayatn kiya hai. buddhi tatha tatv ya khuda tatha duniya ki dvayata inake yahan alh‌pharabi se adhik spasht dikhalaee padati hai aur vyaktigat atma ke amaratv ka inhonne adhik sucharu roop se varnan kiya hai. inhonne tatv ko snbhavy astitv kaha hai aur inake yahan srishti ke is snbhavy astitv ko vastavik astitv men parinat karane ka nam hai, kintu yah kary nity hai. moolat: vastavik astitv keval khuda ka hai aur usake siva jo kuchh hai vah sab snbhavy hai. khuda ka astitv anivary hai aur vahi sab vastuon ka karan hai, jo nity hai. isalie usake phal, arthath‌ jagath‌ ko bhi nity hona chahie. jagath‌ svat: snbhavy asttitv hi hai, kintu eershvariy karan ke adhar se usaka astitv anivary hai. atma ke snbndh men is mabadulh‌ tabiat ke siddhant ne ibn sina ko soophi dhng ki rahasyooparn vicharadhara ki or ubhada aur inhonne in vicharon ko kavita ke roop men dhal diya. isamen yah eerani tasavvuf se bhi prabhavit hain, par yah varnanashaili inamen kahin kahin milati hai.

ibn sina ke darshan men prem ko bahut uchch sthan prapt hai. yah saundary ke moolyankan dvara manavotkarsh ke mananevale hain aur inake yahan saundary kamal (poornata) tatha khair (kalyan) ka nam hai. vastuen (jagath‌) ya to poornata prapt kar chuki hain ya usake lie prayatnashil hain aur is prayatn men poorn vastuon se sahayata ki ichchhuk hain. isi prayatn ka nam prem hai. sara vishv is premashakti se prabhavit hokar uchchatam saundary (khuda) ki or agrasar hota hai jo nitant poorn tatha sarvashreshth kalyanakari hai. kul vastuen anastitv se ghrina karati hain. tatv svat: nirjiv hai, par prem usake dvara vibhinn roop dharan karata hai. is prakar utkarsh ki shrrinkhala jad prastar adi, vriksh adi pashu tatha manav ke jivanon se hoti huee un uchchatar tatha poornatar jivanon tak pahunchati hai jisake snbndh men ham kuchh nahin janate.[1]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 531 |

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