एमिली एडवर्ड मोरे  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

गोविन्द राम (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 16:23, 29 apral 2018 ka avataran (संबंधित लेख)

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emili edavard more
emili edavard more
poora nam emili edavard more
karm bhoomi frans tatha bharat
karm-kshetr lekhak
bhasha angrezi
vishesh yogadan emili edavard more vah pratham vyakti the, jinhonne bharat men sabase pahale ilahabad relave steshan par buk staaul lagaya tha. inhonne bharat ke sabase bade bukastor chen ‘e.ech. vhilar’ ki ninv rakhi thi.
nagarikata fransisi
any janakari emili edavard more ne 'haus aauf vhilars' namak prakashan knpani bhi kholi. isi se lekhak roodayard kipaling, jinhonne bahucharchit 'jngal buk' likhi thi ki kahaniyon ka pahala sngrah ‘plen aauks phraaum d hil’ chhapa.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

emili edavard more (angrezi: Emili Edward Moreau) ek fransisi lekhak the, jinhonne bharat ke sabase bade bukastor chen ‘e.ech. vhilar’ ki ninv rakhi thi. bharat ke lagabhag har relave steshan par maujood, upanyas, pustaken evn patr-patrikaen bechane vale is staaul ki kahani kafi rochak hai. is samay bharat ke 258 relave steshanon par e.ech. vhilar ke staaul hain.

'e.ech. vhilar' ki ninv

ilahabad relave steshan se shuroo huee e.ech. vhilar knpani ki ninv lekhak emili edavard more ne apane dost ti.ke. banarji ke sath 1877 men rakhi thi. more ko kitabon ka bahut shauk tha. ghar men kitaben idhar-udhar bikhari rahati thin. ek din unaki patni ne gusse men akar chetavani de di ki kitaben nahin hataee to unhen bahar phenk doongi. patni ki chetavani se pareshan more ne apane dost ti.ke. banarji ke sahayog se relave adhikariyon se anumati li aur ilahabad relave steshan ke pletapharm par ek chadar bichhakar apani purani kitabon ko bhari chhoot par bechana shuroo kar diya. pahale hi din thodi der men sari kitaben bik geen. ye silasila panch dinon tak chalata raha aur is prakar more v banarji kitab bechane vale ban ge. kuchh dinon bad unhonne ek knpani bana li. bad men unhonne knpani ka ek pratishat sheyar dekar lndan ki knpani 'e.ech. vhilar' ka brand nem kharid liya. usi sal donon doston ne ilahabad relave steshan par apana pahala stor khol diya. isamen 59 pratishat hissa more, 40 pratishat ti.ke. banarji aur ek pratishat hissa arth henari vhilar[1] ke damad martin brand ka tha. ti.ke. banarji ko knpani ka hissedar hone ke sath knpani ke ekauntent ki bhoomika bhi nibhani padati thi.

knpani ka vistar

knpani ka doosara stor havada relave steshan aur tisara nagapur steshan par khola gaya. dhire-dhire knpani ka netavark badhata gaya. 1930 men ti.ke. banarji 100 pratishat sheyar lekar knpani ke malik ho ge. ti.ke. banarji ke parapote aur vartaman men knpani ke nideshak amit banarji ne bataya ki vibhajan se pahale pakistan men bhi is knpani ke kee stor the, lekin bad men vahan ki sari dukanen bnd kar di geen.

das hazar logon ko naukari

e.ech. vhilar end knpani praivet limited ne 10 hazar se adhik logon ko naukari de rakhi hai. knpani ki 78 phisadi kamaee nyoojapepar aur maigajin se hoti hai. 20 pratishat kamaee kitabon aur do phisadi ka kamaee ka jariya sarakari prakashan aur taim tebal se hoti hai.

rudayard kipaling ko di pahachan

e.ech. vhilar ne angrezi ke jane-mane lekhak rudayard kipaling ko bhi pahachan banane men kafi madad ki. amit banarji ke anusar- knpani ne 1888 men kipaling ki pahali kitab ka prakashan kiya. us vakt kipaling ko lekhak ke roop men pahachan nahin mil saki thi.[2] emili edavard more dvara sthapit 'e.ech. vhilar end knpani' ka kam dhire-dhire badhata gaya tha. relave ke vistar ke sath hi is knpani ka bhi vistar hone laga. emili edavard more ne 'haus aauf vhilars' namak prakashan knpani bhi kholi. isi se lekhak roodayard kipaling, jinhonne bahucharchit 'jngal buk' likhi thi ki kahaniyon ka pahala sngrah ‘plen aauks phraaum d hil’ chhapa. indiyan relave laibreri sirij ke tahat chhah kahaniyon ke sngrah vali is kitab ka dam ek rupaya tha. karib 25 sal tak e.ech. vhilar ke grahakon v karmachariyon men sirph angrez v englo indiyan log hi hua karate the.

ti.ke. banarji ka yogadan

emili edavard more ke kalakatta daphtar men ti.ke. banarji namak ek karmachari kam karata tha, jo ki ekauntas v aauditing men mahir tha. usaka tabadala ilahabad kar diya aur vah more ke kafi karib a gaya. usane unhen relave ke vigyapan ka kam dekhane ke lie vigyapan knpani kholane ki salah di. vah jitana malik ke karib ata ja raha tha, angrez karmachari utana hi usake viruddh hote ja rahe the. pratham vishv yuddh ke dauran yah knpani ghate men jane lagi. jab tamam log knpani chhodakar jane lage to isaka parinam yah nikala ki more ne ti.ke. banarji ko siniyar varking partanar bana diya aur khud gudavil partanar ban ge. knpani phir se munapha kamane lagi. bad men ve sab kuchh banarji ke havale karake briten laut ge, jahan unaki mrityu ho gee. ti. ke. banarji ka 26 sitnbar, 1944 ko dehant ho gaya aur unake beton ne yah dhndha snbhal liya. jane mane lekhak khvaja ahamad abbas ne ek bar kaha tha ki azadi ki ladaee men e.ech. vhilar ki bhi bahut badi bhoomika rahi, kyonki un dinon ham log subah-subah apane netaon ke vicharon ko janane ke lie aligadh relave steshan pahunch jaya karate the. aj is parivar ki tisari pidhi yah vyavasay snbhal rahi hai. is knpani ke panch hazar karmachari hain.

kuchh samay pahale vhilar knpani ne munbee sentral sthit apane staaul ko hairitej ka darja die jane ke lie sarakar ko patr likha. barama tik se bane is staaul ko 1905 men inglaind se taiyar karavakar jahaz ke jarie ilahabad laya gaya tha. yah pholding staaul hai. bad men 1930 men use munbee sentral relave steshan par sthapit kar diya gaya, jahan yah aj bhi vaisa hi hai.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. e.ech. vhilar
  2. miyan-bivi ke jhagade ne rakhi eech vhilar ki ninv (hindi) hindustan laiv. abhigaman tithi: 25 agast, 2015.
  3. vinamr. eech vhilar ki ajib dastan (hindi) naya indiya. abhigaman tithi: 25 agast, 2015.

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