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keshav chandr sen
keshav chandr sen
poora nam keshav chandr sen
janm 19 navambar, 1838
janm bhoomi kalakatta, pashchim bngal, british bharat
mrityu 8 janavari, 1884
mrityu sthan kalakatta, bngal presidensi
abhibhavak pyaremohan
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr samaj seva
prasiddhi samaj sudharak
vishesh yogadan sarvang upasana ki diksha keshav chandr dvara hi gee, jisake bhitar udbodhan, aradhana, dhyan, sadharan prarthana, tatha shantivachan, path evn upadesh prarthana ka samavesh hai.
nagarikata bharatiy
vishesh keshav chandr sen ke prayatn se hi 1872 ee. men ladakiyon ki vivah ki umr badhane ka ek kanoon bana.
any janakari inglaind se vapas lautane par keshav chandr sen ne 'indiyan riform aisosiyeshan' namak snstha banaee thi. isaki sadasyata sabha jati aur dharm ke logon ke lie khuli thi.

keshav chandr sen (angrezi: Keshab Chandra Sen, janm- 19 navambar, 1838, kalakatta, pashchim bngal, british bharat; mrityu- 8 janavari, 1884, kalakatta, bngal presidensi) ek prasiddh dharmik v samaj sudharak, jo 'brahmasamaj' ke snsthapakon men se ek the. ve bade tivr buddhi, tarkik aur vidvanh yuvak the. unhonne utsahapoorvak samaj ko sngathit karana prarambh kiya aur is karan ve shighr hi achary pad par niyukt ho gaye. keshav chandr sen ne hi ary samaj ke snsthapak svami dayanand sarasvati ko salah di thi ki ve 'satyarth prakash' ki rachana hindi men karen. keshav chandr sen aur svamiji ke vichar apas men nahin milate the, jis karan brahm samaj ka vibhajan 'adi brahmasamaj' aur 'bharatiy brahmasamaj' men ho gaya.

jivan parichay

keshav chandr sen ka janm 19 navnbar, 1838 ko kalakatta (adhunik kolakata), british bharat men hua tha. unake pita ka nam pyaremohan tha. vah prasiddh vaishnav evn vidvanh divan rayakamal sen ke putr the. rayakamal sen bngal ki eshiyatik sosayati ke mntri niyukt hone vale pahale bharatiy the. jab keshav chandr sen matr das varsh ke balak hi the, tabhi inake pita ka nidhan ho gaya tha. aise men inake chacha ne inhen pala. keshav chandr ke akarshak vyaktitv ne hi brahmasamaj andolan ko sphoorti pradan ki thi. unhonne bharat ke shaikshik, samajik tatha adhyatmik punarjanm men chir sthayi yogadan diya. 1866 men keshav chandr ne 'bharatiy brahmasamaj' ki sthapana ki. ise dekhakar devendranath ne apane samaj ka nam bhi adi brahmasamaj rakh diya tha.

achary ka pad

balyavastha se hi keshav chandr ka uchch adhyatmik jivan tha. ve bade tivr buddhi, tarkik aur vidvanh yuvak the. maharshi devendranath ko ve brahmasamaj ke lie bade upayogi jan pade. 1857 men ve brahmasamaj men sammilit ho gaye. unhonne utsahapoorvak samaj ko sngathit karana prarambh kiya aur is karan maharshi ke kripapatr hokar ve shighr hi usake achary pad par niyukt ho gaye, parantu keshav baboo ka ana brahm samaj ke sngathan aur svaroop ke lie abhishap ban gaya. maharshi devendranath aur keshavababoo ke vichar nahin milate the, parinamat: brahmasamaj ka vibhajan ho gaya. mool brahmasamaj 'adi brahmasamaj' ke nam se jana jane laga aur keshavababoo ka navagathit samaj 'bharatavarshiy brahmasamaj' ke nam se prasiddh hua.[1]

yogadan

keshav chandr ke prerak netritv men bharat ka brahmasamaj desh ki ek mahati shakti ban gaya. isaki vistritadhariy sarvavyapti ki abhivyakti shlok sngrah men huee, jo ek apoorv sngrah hai tatha sabhi rashtron evn sabhi yugon ke dharm grnthon men apane prakar ki pratham kriti hai. sarvang upasana ki diksha keshav chandr dvara hi gee, jisake bhitar udbodhan, aradhana, dhyan, sadharan prarthana, tatha shantivachan, path evn upadesh prarthana ka samavesh hai. sabhi bhakton ke lie yah unaka amooly dan hai. dharmatatv ne tatkalin darshanik vicharadhara ko navin roop diya. 1870 men keshav chandr ne inglaind ki yatra ki. is yatra se poorv tatha pashchim ek doosare ke nikat ae tatha antararashtriy ekata ka marg prashast hua. 1875 men keshav chandr ne eeshvar ke nivan svaroop-nav vidhan samaroop dharm[2] navin dharm ki snpoornata ka sndesh diya.

eesaiyat ke prati prem

keshav chandr sen ki shiksha-diksha pashchaty snskaron ke sath huee thi. svabhavat: eesaiyat ke prati unamen apar utsah tha. ve eesa ko eshiya ka mahapurush hi nahin, samast manav jati ka trata manate the aur apane anuyayiyon ko eesaee mat ki dharmik evn achar moolak shikshaon ko khuleam apanane ki prerana dete the. ‘Prophets of New India’ namak pustak men romyaaun rolaaun likhate hain- "Keshab Chandra Sen ran counter to the rising tide of national conciousness then feverishly awakening" arthath‌ keshavachandr sen desh men badi teji se ubharati huee rashtriy chetana ke viruddh daude. jab neta men hi deshabhakti ki bhavana n ho to usake anuyayiyon ka kya kahana ! vastut: keshav baboo ke apane koee siddhant nahin the. hindoo dharm ki manyataon ko nakarane ke karan unake dvar sabake lie khule the. kintu ve poori tarah eesaiyat ke rng men rnge hue the aur is karan brahmasamaj ko eesaee samaj ka bharatiy snskaran banana chahate the. apani prakhar buddhi tatha ojasvi vani ke karan ve bngal men hi nahin, samooche desh men prasiddh ho gaye the.[1]

brahmasamajiyon ki kattarata

keshav chandr ka vidhan (daivi snvyavahar vidhi), avesh (sakar brahm ki pratyaksh prerana), tatha sadhusamagam (snton tatha dharmaguruon se adhyatmik snyog) par vishesh bal dena brahmasamajiyon ke ek dal vishesh ko, jo nitant tarkavadi evn kattar vidhanavadi tha, achchha n laga. yah tatha keshav chandr ki putri ke koochabihar ke maharaj ke sath vivah vishayak matabhed vighatan ke karan bane, jisaka parinam yah hua ki pndit shivanath shastri ke sashakt netritv men 1878 men 'sadharan brahmasamaj' ki sthapana huee.

samajik kary

1870 men inglaind se vapas lautane par keshav chandr sen ne 'indiyan riform aisosiyeshan' namak snstha banaee thi. isaki sadasyata sabha jati aur dharm ke logon ke lie khuli thi. snstha ki or se 'sulabh samachar' namak patr bhi nikala gaya. striyon ke lie skool aur ek kaaulej bhi khola gaya. unake prayatn se hi 1872 ee. men ladakiyon ki vivah ki umr badhane ka ek kanoon bhi bana.

nidhan

keshav chandr sen ka nidhan 8 janavari, 1884 ko kolakata men hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 bhagy vidhata maharshi dayannd sarasvati- 2 (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 07 navambar, 2013.
  2. aupacharik roop se 1880 men ghoshit

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