गुरु गोबिन्द सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

रविन्द्र प्रसाद (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 11:00, 22 disambar 2017 ka avataran

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guru gobind sinh
Guru Gobind Singh.jpg
poora nam guru gobind sinh
any nam gobind ray (mool nam)
janm 22 disnbar sanh 1666 ee.
janm bhoomi patana, bihar, bharat
mrityu 7 aktoobar sanh 1708 ee.
mrityu sthan nanded, maharashtr
abhibhavak guru tegabahadur aur mata gujari
pati/patni mata sndari, mata sahib divan
sntan ajit sinh, jujhar sinh, zoravar sinh, phateh sinh
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen chandi charitr, dashamagranth, krishnavatar adi.
bhasha farasi, arabi, snskrit, pnjabi
puraskar-upadhi sikkhon ke dasaven guru
prasiddhi sikh khalasa sena ke snsthapak evn pratham senapati
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh khalasa pnth, guru grnth sahib
any janakari gaddi ko lekar sikhon ke bich koee vivad n ho isake lie guru gobind sinh ne 'guru granth sahib' ko antim guru ka darja diya.

guru gobind sinh (angrezi: Guru Gobind Singh, janm- 22 disnbar, 1666 ee. patana, bihar; mrityu- 7 aktoobar, 1708 ee. nanded, maharashtr) sikkhon ke dasaven v antim guru mane jate hain. ve 11 navnbar, 1675 ko sikkhon ke guru niyukt hue the aur 1708 ee. tak is pad par rahe. ve sikkhon ke sainik sngati, khalasa ke srijan ke lie prasiddh the. kuchh gyani kahate hain ki jab-jab dharm ka hras hota hai, tab-tab saty evn nyay ka vighatan bhi hota hai tatha atnk ke karan atyachar, anyay, hinsa aur manavata khatare men hoti hai. us samay dushton ka nash evn saty, nyay aur dharm ki raksha karane ke lie eeshvar svayn is bhootal par avatarit hote hain. guru gobind sinh ji ne bhi is tathy ka pratipadan karate hue kaha hai,

"jab-jab hot arist apara. tab-tab deh dharat avatara."

jivan parichay

guru gobind sinh ji ka janm 22 disnbar sanh 1666 ee. ko patana, bihar men hua tha. inaka mool nam 'gobind ray' tha. gobind sinh ko sainy jivan ke prati lagav apane dada guru haragobind sinh se mila tha aur unhen mahanh bauddhik snpada bhi uttaradhikar men mili thi. vah bahubhashavid the, jinhen farasi arabi, snskrit aur apani matribhasha pnjabi ka gyan tha. unhonne sikkh qanoon ko sootrabaddh kiya, kavy rachana ki aur sikkh grnth 'dasam grnth' (dasavan khnd) likhakar prasiddhi paee. unhonne desh, dharm aur svatntrata ki raksha ke lie sikkhon ko sngathit kar sainik parivesh men dhala. dasham guru gobind sinh ji svayn ek aise hi mahapurush the, jo us yug ki atnkavadi shaktiyon ka nash karane tatha dharm evn nyay ki pratishtha ke lie guru tegabahadur sinh ji ke yahan avatarit hue. isi uddeshy ko spasht karate hue unhonne kaha tha.

"mujhe parameshvar ne dushton ka nash karane aur dharm ki sthapana karane ke lie bheja hai."

bachapan

guru gobind sinh ke janm ke samay desh par mugalon ka shasan tha. hinduon ko musalaman banane ki aurngazeb zabaradasti koshish karata tha. isi samay 22 disnbar, sanh 1666 ko guru tegabahadur ki dharmapatni mata gujari ne ek sundar balak ko janm diya, jo guru gobind sinh ke nam se vikhyat hua. poore nagar men balak ke janm par utsav manaya gaya. khilaunon se khelane ki umr men gobind ji kripan, katar aur dhanush-ban se khelana pasnd karate the. gobind bachapan men shararati the lekin ve apani shararaton se kisi ko pareshan nahin karate the. gobind ek nisntan budhiya, jo soot katakar apana guzara karati thi, se bahut shararat karate the. ve usaki pooniyan bikher dete the. isase dukhi hokar vah unaki man ke pas shikayat lekar pahunch jati thi. mata gujari paise dekar use khush kar deti thi. mata goojari ne gobind se budhiya ko tng karane ka karan poochha to unhonne sahaj bhav se kaha,

"usaki garibi door karane ke lie. agar main use pareshan nahin karoonga to use paise kaise milenge."

9 varsh ki ayu men gaddi

tegabahadur ki shahadat ke bad gaddi par 9 varsh ki ayu men 'guru gobind ray' ko baithaya gaya tha. 'guru' ki garima banaye rakhane ke lie unhonne apana gyan badhaya aur snskrit, farasi, pnjabi aur arabi bhashaen sikhin. gobind ray ne dhanush- ban, talavar, bhala adi chalane ki kala bhi sikhi. unhonne any sikkhon ko bhi astr shastr chalana sikhaya. sikkhon ko apane dharm, janmabhoomi aur svayn apani raksha karane ke lie snkalpabaddh kiya aur unhen manavata ka path padhaya. unaka nara tha- sat shri akal[1]

guru gobind sinh ji

pnch pyare

panch pyare jo desh ke vibhinn bhagon se ae the aur samaj ke alag- alag jati aur sampraday ke log the, unhen ek hi katore men amrit pila kar guru gobind sinh ne ek bana diya. is prakar samaj men unhonne ek aisi kranti ka bij ropa, jisamen jati ka bhed aur sampradayavad, sab kuchh mita diya. baisakhi ka ek mahattv yah hai ki parampara ke anusar pnjab men fasal ki kataee pahali baisakh ko hi shuroo hoti hai aur desh ke doosare hisson men bhi aj hi ke din fasal kataee ka tyohar manaya jata hai, jinake nam bhale hi alag-alag hon. aj ke din yadi ham shri guru gobind sinh ke jivan ke adarshon ko, desh, samaj aur manavata ki bhalaee ke lie unake samarpan ko apani prerana ka srot banaain aur unake bataye ge raste par nishthapoorvak chalen to koee karan nahin ki desh ke andar athava bahar se ae atnkavadi aur hamalavar hamara kuchh bhi bigad saken.

sikkhon men yuddh ka utsah

guru gobind sinh ne sikkhon men yuddh ka utsah badhane ke lie har qadam uthaya. vir kavy aur sngit ka srijan unhonne kiya tha. unhonne apane logon men kripan jo unaki lauh kripa tha, ke prati prem vikasit kiya. khalasa ko purnasngathit sikkh sena ka margadarshak banakar, unhonne do morchon par sikkhon ke shatruon ke khilaf qadam uthaye.

  1. pahala mugalon ke khilaf ek fauj aur
  2. doosara virodhi pahadi janajatiyon ke khilaf.

Blockquote-open.gif sava lakh se ek ladaoon chidiyon son main baj tadoon tabe gobindasinh nam kahaoon Blockquote-close.gif

- guru gobind sinh

unaki sainy tukadiyan sikkh adarsho ke prati poori tarah samarpit thin aur sikkhon ki dharmik tatha rajanitik svatntrata ke lie sab kuchh danv par lagane ko taiyar thin. lekin guru gobind sinh ko is svatntrata ki bhari kimat chukani padi thi. anbala ke pas ek yuddh men unake charon bete mare ge.[2]

virata aur balidan

guru gobind sinh ne dharm, snskriti v rashtr ki an-ban aur shan ke lie apana sab kuchh nyauchhavar kar diya tha. guru gobind sinh jaisi virata aur balidan itihas men kam hi dekhane ko milata hai. isake bavazood is mahanh shakhsiyat ko itihasakaron ne vah sthan nahin diya jisake ve haqadar hain. kuchh itihasakaron ka mat hai ki guru gobind sinh ne apane pita ka badala lene ke lie talavar uthaee thi. kya snbhav hai ki vah balak svayn ladane ke lie prerit hoga jisane apane pita ko atmabalidan ke lie prerit kiya ho. guru gobind sinh ji ko kisi se bair nahin tha, unake samane to pahadi rajaon ki eershya pahad jaisi oonchi thi, to doosari or aurngazeb ki dharmik kattarata ki andhi logon ke astitv ko lil rahi thi. aise samay men guru gobind sinh ne samaj ko ek naya darshan diya. unhonne adhyatmik svatntrata ki prapti ke lie talavar dharan ki.

Blockquote-open.gif vo panch pyare jo desh ke vibhinn bhagon se ae the aur samaj ke alag- alag jati aur sampraday ke log the, unhen ek hi katore men amrit pila kar guru gobind sinh ne ek bana diya. is prakar samaj men unhonne ek aisi kranti ka bij ropa, jisamen jati ka bhed aur sampradayavad, sab kuchh mita diya. Blockquote-close.gif

bahadur shah pratham se bhent

8 joon 1707 ee. agara ke pas janjoo ke pas ladaee ladi gee, jisamen bahadurashah ki jit huee. is ladaee men guru gobind sinh ki hamadardi apane purane mitr bahadurashah ke sath thi. kaha jata hai ki guru ji ne apane sainikon dvara janjoo ki ladaee men bahadurashah ka sath diya, unaki madad ki. isase badashah bahadurashah ki jit huee. badashah ne guru gobind sinh ji ko agara bulaya. usane ek badi qimati siropayo (samman ke vastr) ek dhukadhuki (gardan ka gahana) jisaki qimat 60 hazar rupaye thi, guruji ko bhent ki. mugalon ke sath ek yug purane matabhed samapt hone ki sambhavana thi. guru sahab ki taraph se 2 aktoobar 1707 ee. aur dhaulapur ki sngat taraph likhe hukmanama ke kuchh shabdon se lagata hai ki guruji ki badashah bahadurashah ke sath mitratapoorvak batachit ho sakati thi. jisake khatm hone se guru ji anndapur sahib vapas a janege, jahan unako as thi ki khalasa laut ke ikattha ho sakega. par halat ke chakkar men unako dakshin disha men pahuncha diya. jahan abhi batachit hi chal rahi thi. badashah bahadurashah kachhavaha rajapooton ke viruddh karyavahi karane kooch kiya tha ki usake bhaee kamabakhsh ne bagavat kar di. bagavat dabane ke lie badashah dakshin ki taraf chala aur vinati karake guru ji ko bhi sath le gaya.[3]

virata v balidan ki misalen

is sare ghatanakram men bhi adig rahakar guru gobind sinh sngharsharat rahe, yah koee samany bat nahin hai. yah unake mahanh karmayogi hone ka praman hai. unhonne khalasa ke srijan ka marg desh ki asmita, bharatiy virasat aur jivan moolyon ki raksha ke lie, samaj ko ne sire se taiyar karane ke lie apanaya tha. ve sabhi praniyon ko adhyatmik star par paramatma ka hi roop manate the. 'akal ustati' men unhonne spasht kaha hai ki jaise ek agni se karodon agni sphurlling utpann hokar alag-alag khilate hain, lekin sab agni roop hain, usi prakar sab jivon ki bhi sthiti hai. unhonne sabhi ko manav roop men manakar unaki ekata men vishvas prakat karate hue kaha hai ki

"hindoo turak kooo saphaji imam shaphi. manas ki jat sabai aikai pahachanabo."

khalasa pnth

khalasa ka arth hai khalis arthath vishuddh, nirmal aur bina kisi milavat vala vyakti. isake alava ham yah kah sakate hain ki khalasa hamari maryada aur bharatiy snskriti ki ek pahachan hai, jo har hal men prabhu ka smaran rakhata hai aur apane karm ko apana dharm man kar zulm aur zalim se loha bhi leta hai. gobind sinh ji ne ek naya nara diya hai- vahe guru ji ka khalasa, vahe guru ji ki phateh.[4] guru ji dvara khalasa ka pahala dharm hai ki vah desh, dharm aur manavata ki raksha ke lie tan-man-dhan sab nyauchhavar kar de. nirdhanon, asahayon aur anathon ki raksha ke lie sada age rahe. jo aisa karata hai, vah khalis hai, vahi sachcha khalasa hai. ye snskar amrit pilakar gobind sinh ji ne un logon men bhar die, jinhonne khalasa pnth ko svikar kiya tha. 'zafaranama' men svayn guru gobind sinh ji ne likha hai ki jab sare sadhan nishphal ho jayen, tab talavar grahan karana nyayochit hai. guru gobind sinh ne 1699 ee. men dharm evn samaj ki raksha hetu hi khalasa pnth ki sthapana ki thi. khalasa yani khalis (shuddh), jo man, vachan evn karm se shuddh ho aur samaj ke prati samarpan ka bhav rakhata ho. sabhi jatiyon ke varg-vibhed ko samapt karake unhonne n sirf samanata sthapit ki balki unamen atm-samman aur pratishtha ki bhavana bhi paida ki. unaka spasht mat vyakt hai-

"manas ki jat sabhaiek hai."

khalasa pnth ki sthapana (1699) desh ke chaumukhi utthan ki vyapak kalpana thi. ek baba dvara guru haragobind ko 'miri' aur 'piri' do talavaren pahanaee gee thin.

  1. ek adhyatmikata ki pratik thi.
  2. doosari sansarikata ki.

guru gobind sinh ne atmavishvas evn atmanirbharata ka sndesh diya tha. khalasa pnth men ve sikh the, jinhonne kisi yuddh kala ka koee vishesh prashikshan nahin liya tha. sikhon men samaj evn dharm ke lie svayn ko balidan karane ka jazba tha.

ek se katane sava lakh shatruon ke sir
guru gobind ne banaya pnth khalasa
pita aur putr sab desh pe shahid hue
nahin rahi sukh sadhanon ki kabhi lalasa
zoravar phatesinh divaron men chune ge
jag dekhata raha tha kroorata ka hadasa
chidiyon ko baj se lada diya tha guruji ne
mugalon ke sar pe jo chha gaya tha kal sa

guru gobind sinh ka ek aur udaharan unake vyaktitv ko anootha sabit karata hai- pnch piyara banakar unhen guru ka darja dekar svayn unake shishy ban jate hain aur kahate hain- khalasa mero roop hai khas, khalasa men ho karo nivas.[5]

panch kakar

yuddh ki pratyek sthiti men sada taiyar rahane ke lie unhonne sikhon ke lie panch kakar anivary ghoshit kie, jinhen aj bhi pratyek sikh dharan karana apana gaurav samajhata hai:-

  1. kesh : jise sabhi guru aur rishi-muni dharan karate ae the.
  2. kngha : keshon ko saf karane ke lie.
  3. kachchha : sphoorti ke lie.
  4. kada : niyam aur snyam men rahane ki chetavani dene ke lie.
  5. kripan : atmaraksha ke lie.[6]

jahan shivaji rajashakti ke shanadar pratik hain, vahin guru gobind sinh ek snt aur sipahi ke roop men dikhaee dete hain. kyonki guru gobind sinh ko n to satta chahie aur n hi satta sukh. shanti evn samaj kalyan unaka tha. apane mata-pita, putron aur hazaron sikhon ke pranon ki ahuti dene ke bad bhi vah aurngazeb ko farasi men likhe apane patr zafaranama men likhate hain- aurngajeb tujhe prabhu ko pahachanana chahie tatha praja ko du:khi nahin karana chahie. toone quran ki kasam khakar kaha tha ki main sulah rakhoonga, ladaee nahin karoonga, yah qasam tumhare sir par bhar hai. too ab use poora kar.

mahan vidvan

ek adhyatmik guru ke atirikt guru gobind sinh ek mahanh vidvanh bhi the. unhonne 52 kaviyon ko apane darabar men niyukt kiya tha. guru gobind sinh ki mahattvapoorn kritiyan hain- zafaranama evn vichitr natak. vah svayn sainik evn snt the. unhonne apane sikhon men bhi isi bhavanaon ka poshan kiya tha. gaddi ko lekar sikhon ke bich koee vivad n ho isake lie guru gobind sinh ne 'guru granth sahib' ko antim guru ka darja diya. isaka shrey bhi prabhu ko dete hue kahate hain-

"agya bhee akal ki tabhi chalaiyo pnth, sab sikkhan ko hukam hai guru maniyahu grnth."

guru nanak ki dasavin jot guru gobind sinh apane jivan ka sara shrey prabhu ko dete hue kahate hai-

"main hoon param purakhako dasa, dekhan ayojagat tamasha."

zafaranama

guru gobind sinh moolatah dharmaguru the, lekin saty aur nyay ki raksha ke lie tatha dharm ki sthapana ke lie unhen shastr dharan karane pade. aurngazeb ko likhe ge apane 'zafaranama' men unhonne ise spasht kiya hai. unhonne likha tha,

"choonkar aj hama hilate dar gujashat, halale ast buradan b samashir ai dast."

arthath jab saty aur nyay ki raksha ke lie any sabhi sadhan viphal ho jaen to talavar ko dharan karana sarvatha uchit hai. unaki yah vani sikh itihas ki amar nidhi hai, jo aj bhi hamen prerana deti hai.

Blockquote-open.gif guru gobind sinh ne dharm, snskriti v rashtr ki an-ban aur shan ke lie apana sab kuchh nyauchhavar kar diya tha. guru gobind sinh jaisi virata aur balidan itihas men kam hi dekhane ko milata hai. isake bavazood is mahanh shakhsiyat ko itihasakaron ne vah sthan nahin diya jisake ve haqadar hain. kuchh itihasakaron ka mat hain ki guru gobind sinh ne apane pita ka badala lene ke lie talavar uthaee thi. kya snbhav hai ki vah balak svayn ladane ke lie prerit hoga jisane apane pita ko atmabalidan ke lie prerit kiya ho. Blockquote-close.gif

gyata aur grnthakar

yadyapi sab guruon ne thode bahut pad, bhajan adi banae hain, par guru gobind sinh kavy ke achchhe gyata aur grnthakar the. sikhon men shastrgyan ka abhav inhen bahut khataka tha aur inhonne bahut se sikhon ko vyakaran, sahity, darshan adi ke adhyayan ke lie kashi bheja tha. ye hindoo bhavon aur ary snskriti ki raksha ke lie barabar yuddh karate rahe. 'tilak' aur 'janeoo' ki raksha men inaki talavar sada khuli rahati thi. yadyapi sikh snpraday ki nirgun upasana hai, par sagun svaroop ke prati inhonne poori astha prakat ki hai aur dev kathaon ki charcha bade bhaktibhav se ki hai. yah bat prasiddh hai ki ye shakti ke aradhak the. inhonne hindi men kee achchhe aur sahityik grnthon ki rachana ki hai jinamen se kuchh ke nam ye hain - sunitiprakash, sarvalohaprakash, premasumarg, buddhi sagar aur chndicharitr. chndicharitr ki rachana paddhati badi hi ojasvini hai. ye praudh sahityik brajabhasha likhate the. chndicharitr ki durgasaptashati ki katha badi sundar kavita men kahi gee hai -

nirjar niroop hau, ki sundar saroop hau,
ki bhoopan ke bhoop hau, ki dani mahadan hau?
pran ke bachaiya, doodh-poot ke devaiya,
rog-sog ke mitaiya, kidhaun mani mahamanahau?
vidya ke vichar hau, ki advait avatar hau,
ki suddh ta ki moorti hau ki siddh ta ki san hau?
joban ke jal hau, ki kalahoo ke kal hau,
ki satrun ke sal hau ki mitran ke pran hau?[7]

rachanaen

guru gobind sinh kavi bhi the. chndi divar guru gobind sinh ki pnjabi bhasha ki ekamatr rachana hai. shesh sab hindi bhasha men hain. inaki mukhy rachanaen hain-

  • chandi charitr- man chandi (shiva) ki stuti
  • dashamagranth- guru ji ki kritiyon ka snkalan
  • krishnavatar- bhagavat puran ke dashamaskandh par adharit
  • gobind git
  • prem prabodh
  • jap sahab
  • akal ustuta
  • chaubis avatar
  • namamala
  • vibhinn guruon, bhakton evn santon ki vaniyon ka guru granth sahib men snkalan.

bhaee manisinh

bhaee mani sinh ji guru sahib ke ek divan (mntri) the. bhaee manisinh ne guru gobind sinh ki rachanaon ko ek jild (dashamagrnth) men prastut kiya tha.

mrityu

guru gobind sinh ne apana antim samay nikat janakar apane sabhi sikhon ko ekatrit kiya aur unhen maryadit tatha shubh acharan karane, desh se prem karane aur sada din-dukhiyon ki sahayata karane ki sikh di. isake bad yah bhi kaha ki ab unake bad koee dehadhari guru nahin hoga aur 'gurugranth sahib' hi age guru ke roop men unaka marg darshan karenge. guru gobindasinh ki mrityu 7 aktoobar sanh 1708 ee. men nanded, maharashtr men huee thi. aj manavata svarth, sndeh, sngharsh, hinsa, atnk, anyay aur atyachar ki jin chunautiyon se joojh rahi hai, unamen guru gobind sinh ka jivan-darshan hamara margadarshan kar sakata hai.

guru stuti

guru meri pooja, guru gobind

guru meri pooja, guru gobind
guru mera par brahm, guru bhagavnt

guru mera deoo, alakh abheoo, sarv pooj charan guru sevoo
guru meri pooja, guru gobind, guru mera par brahm, guru bhagavnt

guru ka darshan .... dekh - dekh jivan, guru ke charan dhoye -dhoye pivan

guru bin avar nahin main thaoon, anabin japoo guru guru naoon
guru meri pooja, guru gobind, guru mera par brahm, guru bhagavnt

guru mera gyan, guru hiraday dhyan, guru gopal purakh bhagavan
guru meri pooja, guru gobind, guru mera par brahm, guru bhagavnt

aise guru ko bal-bal jaiye ..-2 ap mukt mohe taren ..

guru ki sharan raho kar jode, guru bina main nahin hor
guru meri pooja, guru gobind, guru mera par brahm, guru bhagavnt

guru bahut tare bhav par, guru seva jam se chhutakar
guru meri pooja, guru gobind, guru mera par brahm, guru bhagavnt

andhakar men guru mntr ujara, guru ke sng sajal nistara
guru meri pooja, guru gobind, guru mera par brahm, guru bhagavnt

guru poora paeeya badabhagi, guru ki seva jith na lagi
guru meri pooja, guru gobind, guru mera par brahm, guru bhagavnt


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. saty hi eeshvar hai.
  2. pustak- bharat gyanakosh khnd-2 | prishth snkhya-115
  3. daau. ganda sinh ki pustak 'sikh itihas' ke prishth snkhya 91 ke kuchh ansh
    saujany se- haraprit sinh naz
  4. ki khalasa eeshvar ka hai aur eeshvar ki vijay sunishchit hai.
  5. jahan panch sikh ikatthe honge, vahin main nivas karoonga.
  6. guru gobind sinh (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) vebaduniya. abhigaman tithi: 14 joon, 2010.
  7. achary, ramachndr shukl “prakaran 3”, hindi sahity ka itihas (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: kamal prakashan, nee dilli, prishth sn. 230.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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