गुलज़ारीलाल नन्दा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

रविन्द्र प्रसाद (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 10:42, 4 julaee 2018 ka avataran

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gulazarilal nanda
Gulzarilal-Nanda.jpg
poora nam gulazarilal nanda
janm 4 julaee, 1898
janm bhoomi siyalakot, pnjab, pakistan
mrityu 15 janavari, 1998
abhibhavak pita- bulaki ram nnda, mata- shrimati eeshvar devi nnda
pati/patni lakshmi devi
sntan do putr aur ek putri
nagarikata bharatiy
pad do bar karyavahak pradhanamntri
kary kal 27 mee, 1964 se 9 joon, 1964 aur 11 janavari 1966 se 24 janavari, 1966
shiksha snatakottar evn qanoon ki snatak upadhi
vidyalay foramain krishchiyan kaaulej, ilahabad vishvavidyalay
jel yatra satyagrah andolan (1932), bharat chhodo andolan (1942-1944)
puraskar-upadhi bharat ratn, padm vibhooshan
rachanaen sam aspekts aauf khadi, aproch too d seknd faiv iyar plan, guru tegabahadur, snt end seviyar, histri aauf edajastament in d ahamadabad teksatals, phaaur e maural rivolyushan tatha sam besik knsidreshan.
karyakshetr adhyapak, lekhak, lebar esosieshan ke sachiv

gulazarilal nanda (angrezi: Gulzarilal Nanda, janm- 4 julaee, 1898, siyalakot, pnjab; pakistan; mrityu- 15 janavari, 1998) bharat ke terah pradhanamntriyon ke atirikt karyavahak pradhanamntri ke roop men ab tak ke ekamatr aise vyakti rahe, jinhonne is zimmedari ko do bar nibhaya. yah prasngik hi tha ki karyavahak pradhanamntri ke roop men gulazarilal nnda ke vyaktitv aur kartavy ko bhi yahan par prastut kiya jata. darasal bharat ki snvaidhanik parampara men yah pravadhan hai ki yadi kisi pradhanamntri ki usake karyakal ke dauran mrityu ho jae aur naya pradhanamntri chuna jana tatkal sambhav n ho to karyavahak athava antarim pradhanamntri ki niyukti tab tak ke lie ki ja sakati hai, jab tak ki naya pradhanamntri vidhik roop se niyukt nahin kar diya jata. snvaidhanik vyavastha ke anusar pradhanamntri ke pad ko rikt nahin rakha ja sakata. kangres parti ke prati samarpit gulazarilal nnda pratham bar pndit javaharalal neharoo ki mrityu ke bad 1964 men karyavahak pradhanamntri banae ge. doosari bar lal bahadur shastri ki mrityu ke bad 1966 men yah karyavahak pradhanamntri bane. inaka karyakal donon bar usi samay tak simit raha jab tak ki kangres parti ne apane ne neta ka chayan nahin kar liya.

janm evn parivar

nndaji ke roop men vikhyat gulazarilal nnda ka janm 4 julaee, 1898 ko siyalakot men hua tha, jo ab pashchimi pakistan ka hissa hai. inake pita ka nam 'bulaki ram nnda' tatha mata ka nam 'shrimati eeshvar devi nnda' tha. nnda ki prathamik shiksha siyalakot men hi sampann huee. isake bad unhonne lahaur ke 'foramain krishchiyan kaaulej' tatha ilahabad vishvavidyalay men adhyayan kiya. gulazarilal nnda ne kala snkay men snatakottar evn qanoon ki snatak upadhi prapt ki. inaka vivah 1916 men 18 varsh ki umr men hi 'lakshmi devi' ke sath sampann ho gaya tha. inake parivar men do putr aur ek putri sammilit hue.

vyavasayik jivan

gulazarilal nnda ek rashtrabhakt vyakti the. is karan bharat ke svadhinata sngram men inaka kafi yogadan raha. nndaji ka jivan arambh se hi rashtr ke prati samarpit tha. 1921 men unhonne asahayog andolan men bhag liya. nndaji bahumukhi pratibha ke dhani the. unhonne mumbee ke 'neshanal kaaulej' men arthashastr ke vyakhyata ke roop men apani sevaen pradan kin. ahamadabad ki 'teksatails indastri' men yah 'lebar esosieshan' ke sachiv bhi rahe aur 1922 se 1946 tak ka lamba samay inhonne is pad par guzara. yah shramikon ki samasyaon ko lekar sadaiv jagarook rahe aur unaka nidan karane ka prayas karate rahe. 1932 men satyagrah andolan ke dauran aur 1942-1944 men bharat chhodo andolan ke samay inhen jel bhi jana pada.

rajanitik jivan

nnda ji mumbee ki vidhanasabha men 1937 se 1939 tak aur 1947 se 1950 tak vidhayak rahe. is dauran unhonne shram evn avas mntralay ka karyabhar mumbee sarakar men rahate hue dekha. 1947 men 'indiyan neshanal tred yooniyan kangres' ki sthapana huee aur isaka shrey nnda ji ko jata hai. mumbee sarakar men rahane ke dauran gulazarilal nnda ki pratibha ko rekhankit karane ke bad inhen kangres alaqaman ne dilli bula liya. yah 1950-1951, 1952-1953 aur 1960-1963 men bharat ke yojana ayog ke upadhyaksh pad par rahe. aise men bharat ki pnchavarshiy yojanaon men inaka kafi sahayog pndit javaharalal neharoo ko prapt hua. is dauran unhonne nimnavath prakar se kendriy sarakar ko sahayog pradan kiya-

  • gulazarilal nnda kendriy mntrimandal men kaibinet mntri rahe aur svatntr mntralayon ka karyabhar sambhala.
  • nndaji ne yojana mntralay ka karyabhar sitambar 1951 se mee 1952 tak nishthapoorvak sambhala.
  • nndaji ne yojana ayog evn nadi ghati pariyojanaon ka kary mee 1952 se joon 1955 tak dekha.
  • nndaji ne yojana, sinchaee evn oorja ke mntralayik karyon ko aprail 1957 se 1967 tak dekha.
  • nndaji ne shram evn rozagar mntralay ka kary march 1963 se janavari 1964 tak saphalatapoorvak dekha.

karyavahak pradhanamntri pad par

nndaji ne mntrimandal men varishthatam sahayogi hone ke karan do bar karyavahak pradhanamntri ka dayitv sambhala. inaka pratham karyakal 27 mee, 1964 se 9 joon, 1964 tak raha, jab pndil javahar lal neharoo ka nidhan hua tha. doosara karyakal 11 janavari 1966 se 24 janavari, 1966 tak raha, jab lal bahadur shastri ka tashaknd men dehant hua. nndaji pratham panch am chunavon men lokasabha ke sadasy nirvachit hue. gulazarilal nnda ne pratyek vibhag men samarpit bhav se kary kiya aur janata ne inhen saraha. yah gandhivadi vicharadhara ke sath jude rahe the aur lokatantrik moolyon men inaki gahari astha thi. nndaji dharmanirapeksh evn samajavadi samaj ki kalpana karate the. vah ajivan garibon ki sahayata ke lie prastut rahe. gulazarilal nnda vriddhavastha ke bavazood 'bharat sevak samaj' ko apani sevaen pradan karate rahe. yah sngathan unhonne svayn banaya tha aur vah ajivan isaki dekharekh karate rahe. nndaji ne naitik moolyon par adharit rajaniti ki thi. umr ke antim padav par pahunchane ke bad unhonne rajaniti men hue parivartan ko desh ke lie ghatak bataya. rajaniti men aparadhi tatvon ka sakriy hona inhen chintit karata tha. is sambandh men unhonne kaha tha ki aparadhik star ki rajaniti kainsar ke saman ghatak sabit hogi.

lekhan kary

nndaji ne ek lekhak ki bhoomika ada karate hue kee pustakon ki rachana ki. jinake nam is prakar hain- sam aspekts aauf khadi, aproch too d seknd faiv iyar plan, guru tegabahadur, snt end seviyar, histri aauf edajastament in d ahamadabad teksatals, phaaur e maural rivolyushan tatha sam besik knsidreshan.

puraskar

gulazarilal nanda ko desh ka sarvochch samman bharat ratn (1997) aur doosara sarvashreshth nagarik samman 'padm vibhooshan' pradan kiya gaya.

nidhan

nnda dirghayu hue aur 100 varsh ki avastha men inaka nidhan 15 janavari, 1998 ko hua. inhen ek svachchh chhavi vale gandhivadi rajaneta ke roop men sadaiv yad rakha jaega.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

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