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dayannd sarasvati
dayannd sarasvati
poora nam svami dayanand sarasvati
janm 12 pharavari, 1824
janm bhoomi morabi, gujarat
mrityu 30 aktoobar, 1883 [1]
mrityu sthan ajamer, rajasthan
abhibhavak ambashnkar
guru svami virajanand
mukhy rachanaen satyarth prakash, aryoddeshyaratnamala, gokarunanidhi, vyavaharabhanu, svikarapatr adi.
bhasha hindi
puraskar-upadhi maharshi
vishesh yogadan ary samaj ki sthapana
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh dayannd sarasvati ke prerak prasng
any janakari dayanand sarasvati ke janm ka nam 'moolashnkar tivari' tha.
adyatan‎

maharshi svami dayanand sarasvati (janm- 12 pharavari, 1824 - gujarat, bharat; mrityu- 30 aktoobar, 1883 ajamer, rajasthan) ary samaj ke pravartak aur prakhar sudharavadi snnyasi the. jis samay keshavachandr sen brahmasamaj ke prachar men snlagn the lagabhag usi samay dandi svami virajanand ki mathura puri sthit kuti se prachand agnishikha ke saman tapobal se prajvalit, vedavidyanidhan ek snnyasi nikala, jisane pahale-pahal snskritgy vidvatsnsar ko vedarth aur shastrarth ke lie lalakara. yah snnyasi svami dayanand sarasvati the.

parichay

prachin rishiyon ke vaidik siddhanton ki pakshapati prasiddh snstha, jisake pratishthata svami dayanand sarasvati ka janm gujarat ki chhoti-si riyasat moravi ke tnkara namak ganv men hua tha. mool nakshatr men paida hone ke karan putr ka nam moolashnkar rakha gaya. moolashnkar ki buddhi bahut hi tez thi. 14 varsh ki umr tak unhen rudri adi ke sath-sath yajurved tatha any vedon ke bhi kuchh ansh knthasth ho ge the. vyakaran ke bhi ve achchhe gyata the. inake pita ka nam 'ambashnkar' tha. svami dayanand balyakal men shnkar ke bhakt the. yah bade medhavi aur honahar the. shivabhakt pita ke kahane par moolashnkar ne bhi ek bar shivaratri ka vrat rakha tha. lekin jab unhonne dekha ki ek chuhiya shivaling par chadhakar naivedy kha rahi hai, to unhen ashchary hua aur dhakka bhi laga. usi kshan se unaka moortipooja par se vishvas uth gaya. putr ke vicharon men parivartan hota dekhakar pita unake vivah ki taiyari karane lage. jyon hi moolashnkar ko isaki bhanak lagi, ve ghar se bhag nikale. unhonne sir munda liya aur gerue vastr dharan kar lie. brahmacharyakal men hi ye bharatoddhar ka vrat lekar ghar se nikal pade. inake jivan ko mote taur se tin bhagon men bant sakate hain:

  • ghar ka jivan(1824-1845),
  • bhraman tatha adhyayan (1845-1863) evn
  • prachar tatha sarvajanik seva. (1863-1883)

mahattvapoorn ghatanaen

svami dayanand ji ke prarambhik ghareloo jivan ki tin ghatanaen dharmik mahattv ki hain :

  1. chaudah varsh ki avastha men moortipooja ke prati vidroh (jab shivachaturdashi ki rat men inhonne ek choohe ko shiv ki moorti par chadhate tatha use ganda karate dekha),
  2. apani bahin ki mrityu se atyant du:khi hokar snsar tyag karane tatha mukti prapt karane ka nishchay.
  3. ikkis varsh ki ayu men vivah ka avasar upasthit jan, ghar se bhagana. ghar tyagane ke pashchath 18 varsh tak inhonne snnyasi ka jivan bitaya. inhonne bahut se sthanon men bhraman karate hue katipay acharyon se shiksha prapt ki.

shiksha

bahut se sthanon men bhraman karate hue inhonne katipay acharyon se shiksha prapt ki. prathamat: vedant ke prabhav men aye tatha atma evn brahm ki ekata ko svikar kiya. ye advait mat men dikshit hue evn inaka nam 'shuddh chaitany" pada. pashchath ye sannyasiyon ki chaturth shreni men dikshit hue evn yahan inaki prachalit upadhi dayanand sarasvati huee.
dayanand sarasvati
Dayanand Saraswati
phir inhonne yog ko apanate hue vedant ke sabhi siddhanton ko chhod diya.

svami virajanand ke shishy

sachche gyan ki khoj men idhar-udhar ghoomane ke bad moolashnkar , jo ki ab svami dayanand sarasvati ban chuke the, mathura men vedon ke prakand vidvanh prgyachakshu svami virajanand ke pas pahunche. dayanand ne unase shiksha grahan ki. mathura ke prgyachakshu svami virajanand, jo vaidik sahity ke mane hue vidvanh the. unhonne inhen ved padhaya . ved ki shiksha de chukane ke bad unhonne in shabdon ke sath dayanand ko chhutti di "main chahata hoon ki tum snsar men jaon aur manushyon men gyan ki jyoti phailao." snkshep men inake jivan ko ham pauranik hindutv se arambh kar darshanik hindutv ke path par chalate hue hindutv ki adhar shila vaidik dharm tak pahunchata hua pate hain.

haridvar men

guru ki agya shirodhary karake maharshi svami dayanand ne apana shesh jivan isi kary men laga diya. haridvar jakar unhonne ‘pakhandakhandini pataka’ phaharaee aur moorti pooja ka virodh kiya. unaka kahana tha ki yadi gnga nahane, sir mundane aur bhabhoot malane se svarg milata, to machhali, bhed aur gadha svarg ke pahale adhikari hote. bujurgon ka apaman karake mrityu ke bad unaka shraddh karana ve nira dhong manate the. chhoot ka unhonne zoradar khandan kiya. doosare dharm valon ke lie hindoo dharm ke dvar khole. mahilaon ki sthiti sudharane ke prayatn kie. mithyadnbar aur asamanata ke samarthakon ko shastrarth men parajit kiya. apane mat ke prachar ke lie svami ji 1863 se 1875 tak desh ka bhraman karate rahe. 1875 men apane mumbee men ‘aryasamaj’ ki sthapana ki aur dekhate hi dekhate deshabhar men isaki shakhaen khul geen. aryasamaj vedon ko hi praman aur apaurushey manata hai.

hindi men granth rachana

aryasamaj ki sthapana ke sath hi svami ji ne hindi men granth rachana arambh ki. sath hi pahale ke snskrit men likhit granthon ka hindi men anuvad kiya. ‘rigvedadi bhashyabhoomika’ unaki asadharan yogyata ka parichayak granth hai. ‘satyarthaprakash’ sabase prasiddh granth hai. ahindi bhashi hote hue bhi svami ji hindi ke prabal samarthak the. unake shabd the - ‘meri ankhen to us din ko dekhane ke lie taras rahin hain, jab kashmir se kanyakumari tak sab bharatiy ek bhasha ko bolane aur samajhane lag jayenge.’ apane vicharon ke karan svami ji ko prabal virodh ka bhi samana karana pada. un par patthar mare ge, vish dene ke prayatn bhi hue, dubane ki cheshta ki gee, par ve pakhand ke virodh aur vedon ke prachar ke apane kary par adig rahe.

inhonne shaivamat evn vedant ka parityag kiya, sankhyayog ko apanaya jo unaka darshanik lakshy tha aur isi darshanik madhyam se ved ki bhi vyakhya ki. jivan ke antim bis varsh inhonne janata ko apana sndesh sunane men lagaye. dakshin men bambee se poora dakshin bharat, uttar men kalakatta se lahaur tak inhonne apani shikshaen ghoom-ghoom kar din. panditon, maulaviyon evn padariyon se inhonne shastrarth kiya, jisamen kashi ka shastrarth mahattvapoorn tha. is bich inhonne sahity kary bhi kiye. char varsh ki upadesh yatra ke pashchath ye gngatat par svasthy sudharane ke lie phir baith gaye. dhaee varsh ke bad pun: janaseva ka kary arambh kiya.

ary samaj ki sthapana

1863 se 1875 ee. tak svami ji desh ka bhraman karake apane vicharon ka prachar karate rahen. unhonne vedon ke prachar ka bida uthaya aur is kam ko poora karane ke lie snbhavat: 7 ya 10 aprail 1875 ee. ko 'ary samaj' namak snstha ki sthapana ki[2]. shighr hi isaki shakhaen desh-bhar men phail gee. desh ke sanskritik aur rashtriy navajagaran men ary samaj ki bahut badi den rahi hai. hindoo samaj ko isase nee chetana mili aur anek snskaragat kuritiyon se chhutakara mila. svami ji ekeshvaravad men vishvas karate the. unhonne jativad aur bal-vivah ka virodh kiya aur nari shiksha tatha vidhava vivah ko protsahit kiya. unaka kahana tha ki kisi bhi ahindoo ko hindoo dharm men liya ja sakata hai. isase hinduon ka dharm parivartan rook gaya.

hindi bhasha ka prachar

svami dayannd sarasvati ne apane vicharon ke prachar ke lie hindi bhasha ko apanaya. unaki sabhi rachanaen aur sarvadhik mahattvapoorn grnth 'satyarth prakash' mool roop men hindi bhasha men likha gaya. unaka kahana tha - "meri ankh to us din ko dekhane ke lie taras rahi hai. jab kashmir se kanyakumari tak sab bharatiy ek bhasha bolane aur samajhane lag jaenge." svami ji dharmik snkirnata aur pakhnd ke virodhi the. at: kuchh log unase shatruta bhi karane lage. inhin men se kisi ne 1883 ee. men doodh men kanch pisakar pila diya jisase apaka dehant ho gaya. aj bhi unake anuyayi desh men shiksha adi ka mahattvapoorn kary kar rahe hain.

any rachanaen

svami dayanand dvara likhi gayi mahattvapoorn rachanaen - satyarthaprakash (1874 snskrit), pakhand khandan (1866), ved bhashy bhoomika (1876), rigved bhashy (1877), advaitamat ka khandan (1873), pnchamahaygy vidhi (1875), vallabhachary mat ka khandan (1875) adi.

mahapurushon ke vichar

svami dayanand sarasvati ke yogadan aur unake vishay men vidvanon ke anekon mat the-

  1. daau. bhagavan das ne kaha tha ki svami dayanand hindoo punarjagaran ke mukhy nirmata the.
  2. shrimati eni besent ka kahana tha ki svami dayanand pahale vyakti the, jinhonne 'aryavart (bharat) aryavartiyon (bharatiyon) ke lie' ki ghoshana ki.
  3. saradar patel ke anusar bharat ki svatantrata ki ninv vastav men svami dayanand ne dali thi.
  4. pattabhi sitaramaiya ka vichar tha ki gandhi ji rashtrapita hain, par svami dayanand rashtr–pitamah hain.
  5. phrench lekhak roman rolan ke anusar svami dayanand rashtriy bhavana aur jan-jagriti ko kriyatmak rup dene men prayatnashil the.

nidhan

svami dayanand sarasvati ka nidhan ek veshya ke kuchakr se hua. jodhapur ki ek veshya ne, jise svami ji ki shikshaon se prabhavit hokar raja ne tyag diya tha, svami ji ke rasoiye ko apani or mila liya aur vish mila doodh svami ji ko pila diya. isi shadyntr ke karan 30 aktoobar 1883 ee. ko dipavali ke din svami ji ka bhautik sharir samapt ho gaya. lekin unaki shikshaen aur sndesh unaka ‘aryasamaj’ andolan bisavin sadi ke bharatiy itihas men ek jvalnt adhyay likh ge, jisaki anugoonj aj tak suni jati hai.[1]


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 sharma 'parvatiy', liladhar bharatiy charit kosh, 2011 (hindi), bharatadiskavari pustakalay: shiksha bharati, dilli, prishth sn 371.
  2. varsh 1875 nishchit hai parantu tithi ke snbndh men sabhi vishvasaniy srot koee janakari nahin dete. is snbndh men satyarth prakash, insaiklopidiya britenika adi sabhi bharatakosh dvara dekhe gaye

bahari kadiyan

Swami Dayanand Saraswati (angrezi) culturalindia. abhigaman tithi: 25 sitnbar, 2011.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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