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रविन्द्र प्रसाद (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 15:34, 4 mee 2016 ka avataran

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nnd vnsh magadh, bihar ka lagabhag 344 ee.poo. se 322 ee.poo. ke bich ka shasak vnsh tha, jisaka arnbh mahapadmannd se hua tha.

  • nnd shasak maury vnsh ke poorvavarti raja the. maury vnsh se pahale ke vnshon ke vishay men janakari upalabdh nahin hai aur jo hai vo tathy aur kinvadntiyon ka mishran hai.
  • sthaniy aur jain paramparavadiyon se pata chalata hai ki is vnsh ke snsthapak mahapadm, jinhen mahapadmapati ya ugrasen bhi kaha jata hai, samaj ke nimn varg ke the.
  • yoonani lekhakon ne bhi is ki pushti ki hai.
  • mahapadm ne apane poorvavarti shishunag rajaon se magadh ki bagador aur suvyavasthit vistar ki niti bhi jani. unake sahas poorn prarambhik kary ne unhen nirmam vijayon ke madhyam se samrajy ko sngathit karane ki shakti di.
  • puranon men unhen sabhi kshatriyon ka snharak batalaya gaya hai. unhonne uttari, poorvi aur madhy bharat sthit ikshvaku, panchal, kashi, haihay, kaling, ashmak, kaurav, maithil, shoorasen aur vitihotr jaise shasakon ko haraya. isaka ullekh svatntr abhilekhon men bhi prapt hota hai, jo nand vnsh ke dvara godavari ghati- andhr pradesh, kaling- udisa tatha karnatak ke kuchh bhag par kabza karane ki or snket karate hain.
  • mahapadm ke bad puranon men nnd vnsh ka ullekh namamatr ka hai, jisamen sirph sukalp (sahalp, sumaly) ka zikr hai, jabaki bauddh mahabodhivnsh men ath namon ka ullekh hai. is soochi men antim shasak dhanannd ka ullekh snbhavat: agrami ya jendrami ke roop men hai aur inhen yoonani stroton men sikndar mahan ka shaktishali samakalin bataya gaya hai.
  • is vnsh ke shasakon ki rajy-sima vyas nadi tak phaili thi. unaki sainik shakti ke bhay se hi sikndar ke sainikon ne vyas nadi se age badhana asvikar kar diya tha.
  • kautily ki sahayata se chndragupt maury ne 322 ee. poorv men nndavnsh ko samapt karake maury vnsh ki ninv dali.
  • is vnsh men kul nau shasak hue - mahapadmannd aur bari-bari se rajy karane vale usake ath putr.
  • in do pidhiyon ne 40 varsh tak rajy kiya.
  • in shasakon ko shoodr mana jata hai.
  • nnd vnsh ka snkshipt shasanakal maury vnsh ke lnbe shasan ke sath prarnbhik bharatiy itihas men mahattvapoorn snkraman kal ko darshata hai.
  • gnga nadi men (chhathi se panchavi shatabdi ee.poo.) bhautik snskriti men badalav aya, jisaka vishesh lakshan krishi men gahanata aur lauh takanik ka badhata istemal tha. isase krishi utpadan men upayog se adhik vriddhi huee aur vanijyik aur shahari kendron ke vikas ko badhava mila.
  • is pariprekshy men yah bat mahattvapoorn hai ki kee sthaniy aur videshi stroton men nnd rajaon ko bahut samriddh aur vibhinn prakar ke karon ki vasooli men nirdayi ke roop men chitrit kiya gaya hai.
  • sikndar ke kal men nnd ki sena men lagabhag 20,000 ghudasavar, 2,00,000 paidal sainik, 2000 rath aur 3000 hathi. prashasan men nnd rajy dvara uthae ge qadam kaling (udisa) men sichaee pariyojanaon ke nirman aur ek mntrimndaliy parishad ke gathan se spasht hote hain.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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