महात्मा गाँधी और चरखा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

व्यवस्थापन (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 14:48, 12 apral 2018 ka avataran (Text replacement - " गरीब" to " ग़रीब")

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mahatma gandhi vishay soochi
mahatma gandhi aur charakha
Gandhi-Spinning-The-Wheel.jpg
poora nam mohanadas karamachnd gandhi
any nam bapoo, mahatma ji
janm 2 aktoobar, 1869
janm bhoomi porabndar, gujarat
mrityu 30 janavari, 1948
mrityu sthan nee dilli
mrityu karan hatya
abhibhavak karamachnd gandhi, putalibaee
pati/patni kastooraba gandhi
sntan harilal, manilal, ramadas, devadas
smarak rajaghat (dilli), birala haus (dilli) adi.
parti kangres
shiksha bairistar
vidyalay bnbee yoonivarsiti, samaladas kaaulej
snbndhit lekh gandhi yug, asahayog andolan, namak satyagrah, bharat chhodo andolan, dandi march, vyaktigat satyagrah, savinay avgya andolan, khilafat andolan
mahatma gandhi bharat evn bharatiy svatntrata andolan ke ek pramukh rajanaitik evn adhyatmik neta the. ve satyagrah (vyapak savinay avgya) ke madhyam se atyachar ke pratikar ke agrani neta the, unaki is avadharana ki ninv sampoorn ahinsa ke siddhant par rakhi gayi thi, jisane bharat ko ajadi dilakar poori duniya men janata ke nagarik adhikaron evn svatantrata ke prati andolan ke liye prerit kiya. mahatma gandhi ke sath charakhe ka nam bhi visheshataur par joda jata hai. bharat men charakhe ka itihas bahut prachin hote hue bhi isamen ullekhaniy sudhar ka kam mahatma gandhi ke jivanakal ka hi manana chahie. sabase pahale san 1908 men gandhi ji ko charakhe ki bat soojhi thi, jab ve inglaind men the. usake bad ve barabar is disha men sochate rahe. ve chahate the ki charakha kahin n kahin se lana chahie.

gandhi ji ka seva bhav

gandhi ji ne charakhe ki talash ki thi. ek gnga bahan thin. unase unhonne charakha badauda ke kisi ganv se mngavaya tha. isase pahale gandhi ji ne charakha kabhi dekha bhi nahin tha, sirph suna tha usake bare men. bad men us charakhe men unhonne kafi sudhar bhi kie. darasal gandhi ji ke charakhe aur khadi ke pichhe seva ka bhav tha. unaka charakha ek vaikalpik arthik vyavastha ka pratik bhi tha. mahilaon ki arthik sthiti ke lie bhi, unaki ajadi ke lie bhi. arthik svatntrata ke lie bhi aur us kisan ke lie bhi, jo 6 mahine khali rahata tha. isalie us samay charakha itana prabhavi hua ki achchhe-achchhe gharon ki mahilaen charakha chalane lagin, soot katane lagin; lekin dhire-dhire yah sab samapt ho gaya. kangres ki sarakar ne unaka istemal kiya ya nahin, isaki ek alag kahani hai.[1]

gandhi-neharoo snvad

1945 men gandhi ji ne javaharalal neharoo ko ek chitthi men likha tha-

"ap hind svaraj ke hisab se kam kariye. ganv ki taraph ham ko chalana chahiye."

neharoo ne unako javab men likha-

"ganv hamen kya denge, vah kya hamen prakash denge. vah to khud andhere men hain."

neharoo ke is vaky se gandhi ji ko bahut adhat laga. unhen bahut takaliph huee thi. phir gandhi ji ne neharoo ko bhi likh diya tha-

"to phir ab se tumhara rasta mera rasta alag-alag hai."

khadi ka mahattv

mahatma gandhi ne likha hai ki pratyek vyakti ke liye khadi pahanana sarvochch anivaryata hai. gandhi ji ka pratyek bharatiy se agrah tha ki vah roj kataee karen aur ghar men kataee kar bune vastr hi pahanen. unaka yah agrah anuchit ya atyutsahi rashtabhakti se nahin upaja tha balki bharat ki naitik aur arthik sthitiyon ke yatharthavadi moolyankan par adharit tha. kuchh log gandhi ji ki avadharana ko galat sndarbh men pracharit karate hain ki unhonne hath se kate vastr pahanane par isalie jor diya, kyonki ve mashinon ke khilaph the. yatharth se hatakar unaki alochana nahin ki ja sakati. ve manate the ki daridrata door bhagane aur kam tatha dhan ka snkat kabhi paida n hone dene ke liye hath se kataee kar bane vastr pahanana hi tatkalik upay hai. unaka kahana tha- "charakha svayn hi ek bahumooly mashin hai…."

ekamatr saval yah hai ki bharat ki garibi aur tngahali door karane ke utkrisht vyavaharik sadhan kaise vikasit kiye ja sakate hain. kalpana kijie ek rashtr ki, jo pratidin ausatan paaunch ghnte kam karata hai, kaun-sa aisa kam hai jo log apane durlabh snsadhanon ke poorak ke roop men asani se kar sakate hain? kya kisi ko ab bhi sndeh hai ki hath se kataee karane ka koee vikalp nahin hai? gandhi ji ka vyavaharik arthavyavastha men poora vishrvas tha, kyonki unaka lakshy kisi ek siddhant ya pranali ki shreshthata siddh karana nahin tha, balki un garibon ki kathinaiyon ka vyavaharik samadhan talash karana tha, jo adhipatyapoorn arthik siddhanton ke dushparinam jhel rahe the. karodon logon ki garibi door karane ke sadhan ke roop men charakhe ko pracharit karane ki gandhi ji ki buddhimatta ke bare men anek logon ne saval uthaye, kintu gandhi ji svayn amal men laye bina kisi bhi siddhant ka pratipadan nahin karate the aur pahale kisi bhi siddhant ki vyavaharikata aur gunakarita svayn sunishchit karate the.[2]

gandhi ji ka agrah tha ki charakhe athava sthaniy mahatv ke any upakaranon par adharit aur adhunik takaniki ki avashyakataon ko dhyan men rakhate hue kutir udyog vikasit kiye jayen. aj ke sndarbh men ilektaaunik sektar, kheti ke aujaron ka nirman, karbanik urvarak, bayogais aur kachare se bijali utpadan jaisi gatividhiyon ko kutir udyogon se joda ja sakata hai. gandhi ji ne anek nam ginaye the, jinhen gram star par sahakari adhar par chalaya ja sakata hai. charakhe aur ghar men kataee kar bune vastr pahanane ke prati gandhi ji ke agrah ke pichhe nirdhanatam vyakti ke bare men unaki chinta jhalakati hai. unhen karodon logon ki bhookh ki chinta thi. unaka kahana tha-

"hamen un karodon logon ke bare men sochana chahie, jo pashuon se bhi badatar jivan jine ke liye abhishapt hain, jo akal ki ashnka se grast rahate hain aur jo log bhukhamari ki avastha men hain."

charakhe ki nilami

bharat chhodo andolan ke dauran yaravada jel men jis charakhe ka istemal mahatma gandhi ne kiya tha, vah nilami ke dauran briten men ek lakh das hajar paund ka bika. gandhi ji ki akhiri vasiyat aitihasik dastavejon ki nilami ke dauran 20,000 paund men biki thi. charakhe aur is vasiyat ki nilami shraaupashar ke malaauk aaukshan haus ne karavaee. malaauk ke ek adhikari maikal maauris ne ke anusar- "gandhi ji ka charakha 110,000 paund men nilam hua aur unaki vasiyat 20,000 paund men." charakhe ki nyoonatam boli 60,000 lagaee gee thi. pune ki yaravada jel men gandhi ji ne ise istemal kiya tha. bad men yah charakha unhonne ek ameriki mishanari revd phlaauyad e paphar ko bhent kar diya. paphar bharat men shaikshanik aur audyogik sahakari sngh banane vale pahale vyakti the. unhonne bans ka ek hal banaya tha, jise gandhi ji ne bad men istemal bhi kiya. aupaniveshik kal ke dauran paphar ke kam ke lie gandhi ji ne unhen yah charakha bhent kiya tha.[3]



pichhe jaen
mahatma gandhi aur charakha
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. thoda-sa itihas, amar ujala, 22 janavari-2017
  2. gandhi ji aur charakha (hindi) hindimilap.com. abhigaman tithi: 09 faravari, 2017.
  3. gandhi ji ka charakha ek lakh paund ka (hindi) dw.com. abhigaman tithi: 09 faravari, 2017.

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