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रविन्द्र प्रसाद (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 10:50, 18 janavari 2018 ka avataran

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mahadev govind ranade
mahadev govind ranade
poora nam mahadev govind ranade
janm 18 janavari, 1842
janm bhoomi pune, maharashtr
mrityu 16 janavari, 1901
abhibhavak govind amrit ranade
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen 'vidhava punarvivah', 'malagujari qanoon', 'raja ramamohan ray ki jivani' adi.
vishay samajik
shiksha el.el.bi.
vishesh yogadan govind ranade ne stri shiksha ka prachar kiya. ve bal vivah ke kattar virodhi aur vidhava vivah ke samarthak the.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari govind ranade 'dakkan ejukeshanal sosayati' ke snsthapakon men se ek the.

mahadev govind ranade (angrezi: Mahadev Govind Ranade, janm- 18 janavari, 1842; mrityu- 16 janavari, 1901) bharat ke prasiddh rashtravadi, samaj sudharak, vidvanh aur nyayavid the. unhen "maharashtr ka sukarat" kaha jata hai. ranade ne samaj sudhar ke karyon men badh-chadh kar hissa liya tha. prarthana samaj, ary samaj aur brahm samaj ka inake jivan par bahut prabhav tha. govind ranade 'dakkan ejukeshanal sosayati' ke snsthapakon men se ek the. inhonne 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' ki sthapana ka bhi samarthan kiya tha. ranade svadeshi ke samarthak aur desh men hi nirmit vastuon ka prayog karane ke pakshadhar the.

jivan parichay

govind ranade ka janm 1842 ee. men pune men hua tha. unake pita ka nam 'govind amrit ranade' tha. pune men arnbhik shiksha pane ke bad ranade ne gyarah varsh ki umr men angrezi shiksha arnbh ki. 1859 ee. men unhonne munbee vishvavidyalay se pravesh pariksha pratham shreni men uttirn ki aur 21 medhavi vidyarthiyon men unaka adhyayan moolyankan shamil tha. age shiksha jari rakhane ke lie unhen kee pareshaniyon ka samana karana pada. pune ke 'elaphinstan kaaulej' men ve angrezi ke pradhyapak niyukt hue the. el.el.bi. pas karane ke bad ve up-nyayadhish niyukt kie ge. ve nirbhikatapoorvak nirnay dene ke lie prasiddh the. shiksha prasar men unaki ruchi dekhakar angrezon ko apane lie snkat ka anubhav hone laga tha, aur yahi karan tha ki unhonne ranade ka sthanantaran shahar se bahar ek paragane men kar diya. ranade ko sajjanata ki saza bhugatani padi thi. unhonne ise apana saubhagy mana. ve jab lokaseva ki or mude to unhonne desh men apane dhng ke mahavidyalay sthapit karane ke lie vishesh prayas kie. ve adhunik shiksha ke himayati to the hi, lekin bharat ki avashyakataon ke anuroop.

kathinaeeyon se samana

mahadev govind ranade ko anek kshetron men kathinaeeyon ka samana karana pada tha. isase jo samasyaen utpann hueen, usase unhen pidaon ko bhi sahana pada. samaj sudhar ki rassi par chalane jaisa kathin kam unhonne kiya tha. british sarakar unake har kam par nazar rakh rahi thi. parnparaon ko todane ke karan ve janata ke bhi kop bhajan bane the.

insaniyat ki mishal

ek din ranade apane ghar se nyayalay jane ke lie nikale. unhonne dekha ki ek vriddh mahila ne lakadiyon ka bojh utha rakha hai. ranade ko us vriddha ke sharir ki antim avastha par taras a gaya aur unhonne usase poochha- "kya main apaki kuchh seva kar sakata hoon?" is par vriddha ne kaha- "lakadiyon ka yah gatthar mere sir se utar do." ranade ne gatthar niche utar diya. tabhi ranade ko pahachanane vale unake ek padosi ne us vriddh mahila se kaha ki ap nahin janatin, yah seshan nyayadhish hai aur tum inase aisa kam karava rahi ho. vriddha ke kuchh bhi bolane ke pahale hi ranade ne javab diya- "main nyayadhish hone se pahale ek manushy bhi hoon."

samaj sudhar kary

ranade ne samaj sudhar ke karyon men age badhakar hissa liya. ve prarthana samaj aur brahm samaj adi ke sudhar karyon se atyadhik prabhavit the. sarakari naukari men rahate hue bhi unhonne janata se barabar snpark banaye rakha. dadabhaee nauroji ke path pradarshan men ve shikshit logon ko deshahit ke karyon ki or prerit karate rahe. prarthana samaj ke mnch se ranade ne maharashtr men andhavishvas aur hanikar roodhiyon ka virodh kiya. dharm men unaka andhavishvas nahin tha. ve manate the ki desh kal ke anusar dharmik acharan badalate rahate hain. unhonne stri shiksha ka prachar kiya. ve bal vivah ke kattar virodhi aur vidhava vivah ke samarthak the. isake lie unhonne ek samiti 'vidhava vivah mandal' ki sthapana bhi ki thi. mahadev govind ranade 'dakan ejukeshanal sosayati' ke snsthapakon men bhi pramukh the.

rajanitik gatividhi

mahadev govind ranade ne 'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' ki sthapana ka samarthan kiya tha aur 1885 ee. ke usake pratham munbee adhiveshan men bhag bhi liya. rajanitik sammelanon ke sath samajik sammelanon ke ayojan ka shrey unhin ko hai. ve manate the ki manushy ki samajik, rajanitik, arthik aur dharmik pragati ek doosare par ashrit hai. at: aisa vyapak sudharavadi andolan hona chahie, jo manushy ki chaturmukhi unnati men sahayak ho. ve samajik sudhar ke lie keval purani roodhiyon ko todana paryapt nahin manate the. unaka kahana tha ki rachanatmak kary se hi yah snbhav ho sakata hai. ve svadeshi ke samarthak the aur desh men nirmit vastuon ke upayog par bal dete the. desh ki ekata unake lie sarvopari thi. unhonne kaha tha ki- "pratyek bharatavasi ko yah samajhana chahie ki pahale main bharatiy hoon aur bad men hindoo, eesaee, parasi, musalaman adi kuchh aur."

rachanaen

ranade prakand vidvanh the. unhonne anek grnthon ki rachana ki thi, jinamen se pramukh hain-

  1. vidhava punarvivah
  2. malagujari qanoon
  3. raja ramamohan ray ki jivani
  4. marathon ka utkarsh
  5. dharmik evn samajik sudhar

nidhan

desh ki bharapoor seva karane vale aur samaj ko nee rahen dikhane vale govind ranade ka nidhan 16 janavari, 1901 ee. men hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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