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रंगों का नामकरण  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

नवनीत कुमार (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 14:02, 5 julaee 2016 ka avataran

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rng vishay soochi
rng    rng kya hai    mukhy srot    itihas    vaigyanik pahaloo    namakaran    prakar    mishran    mahattv    prabhav    rng aur poshan
rngon ka namakaran
rng-birnge pnkh
vivaran rng ka hamare jivan men bahut mahattv hai. rngon se hamen vibhinn sthitiyon ka pata chalata hai. ham apane charon taraph anek prakar ke rngon se prabhavit hote hain.
utpatti rng, manavi ankhon ke varnakram se milane par chhaya sambndhi gatividhiyon se utpann hote hain. mool roop se indradhanush ke sat rngon ko hi rngon ka janak mana jata hai, ye sat rng lal, narngi, pila, hara, asamani, nila tatha baingani hain.
mukhy srot rngon ki utpatti ka sabase prakritik srot soory ka prakash hai. soory ke prakash se vibhinn prakar ke rngon ki utpatti hoti hai. prizm ki sahayata se dekhane par pata chalata hai ki soory sat rng grahan karata hai jise sookshm roop ya angrezi bhasha men VIBGYOR aur hindi men "bain ja ni h pi na la" kaha jata hai.
VIBGYOR
Violet (baingani), Indigo (jamuni), Blue (nila), Green (hara), Yellow (pila), Orange (narngi), Red (lal)
rngon ke prakar prathamik rng (lal, nila aur hara), dvitiyak rng aur virodhi rng
snbndhit lekh indradhanush, tarng dairdhy, varn vikshepan, apavartan, holi
any janakari vishv ki sabhi bhashaon men rngon ki vibhinn chhaviyon ko bhinn nam pradan kie ge hain. lekin phir bhi rngon ko kramabaddh nahin kiya ja saka. angrezi bhasha men kisi ek chhavi ke anekanek nam hain.

rng athava varn ka hamare jivan men bahut mahattv hai. rngon se hamen vibhinn sthitiyon ka pata chalata hai. mool roop se indradhanush ke sat rngon ko hi rngon ka janak mana jata hai, ye sat rng lal, narngi, pila, hara, asamani, nila tatha baingani hain.

har sabhyata ne rng ko apane lihaz se gadha hai lekin ittephak se kisi ne bhi zyada rngon ka namakaran nahin kiya. zyadatar bhashaon men rngon ko do hi tarah se banta gaya hai. pahala safed yani halka aur doosara kala yani chatak andaz lie hue.

  • arastu ne chauthi shatabdi ke eesapoorv men nile aur pile ki ginati prarnbhik rngon men ki. isaki tulana prakritik chizon se ki gee jaise sooraj-chand, stri-purush, phailana-sikudana, din-rat, adi. yah taqariban do hazar varshon tak prabhavi raha.
  • 17-18vin shatabdi men nyootan ke siddhant ne ise samany rngon men badal diya. 1672 men nyootan ne rngon par apana pahala pepar prastut kiya tha jo bahut vivadon men raha.
  • gothe ne nyootan ke siddhant ko poori tarah nakarate hue thyori aauf kalars (Theory Of Colours) namak kitab likhi. gothe ke siddhant arastu se milate hain. gothe ne kaha ki gahare andhere men se sabase pahale nila rng nikalata hai, yah gaharepan ko darshata hai. vahin ugate hue sooraj men se pila rng sabase pahale nikalata hai jo halke rngon ka pratinidhittv karata hai.
  • 19 vin shatabdi men kalar therepi ka prabhav kam hua lekin 20vin shatabdi men yah ne svaroop men paida hua. aj ke kee daauktar kalar therepi ko ilaj ka badhiya madhyam manakar isaka istemal karate hain.
  • rng visheshgy manate hain ki hamen prakriti se sannidhy banate hue rngon ko kalar therepi ke bajay zindagi ke taur par apanana chahie. rngon ko samajhane men sabase bada yogadan un logon ne kiya jo vigyan, ganit, tattv vigyan aur dharmashastr ke anusar kam karate the.[1]
  • aaustavald namak vaigyanik ne ath adarsh rngon ko vishesh kram se ek kram men snyojit kiya. is chakr ko aaustavald varn chakr kahate hain. is chakr men pradarshit kiye gaye ath adarsh rngon ko nimn vishesh kram men pradarshit kiya ja sakata hai-

pila

pila rng vah rng hai jo ki manaviy ankh ke shnkuon men lambe evn madhyamak, donon tarng dairdhy valon ko prabhavit karata hai. yah vah rng hai, jisamen lal evn hara rng bahuly men evn nila varn nyoon ho. is ki avriti lagabhag 5.07 - 5.19 tatha tarng dairdhy 5780 Å se 5920 Å[2] hai.

narngi

narngi ek paribhashit tatha dainik jivan men prayukt rng hai, jo narngi (phal) ke chhilake ke rng jaisa dikhata hai. yah pratyaksh varnakram (spaktram) ke pila evn lal rng ke bich men, lagabhag 5920 Å se 6200 Å [3] ke tarng dairdhy men milata hai. isaki avriti 4.84 - 5.07 hoti hai.

lal

lal rng ko rakt rng bhi kaha jata hai, isaka karan rakt ka rng lal hona hai. lal varn prakash ki sarvadhik lambi tarng dairdhy vali roshani ya prakash kiran ko kahate hain. isaka tarng dairdhy lagabhag 6200 Å se 7800 Å [4] tak tatha isaki avriti 3.75 - 4.84 hoti hai. isase lambi tarng ko adhorakt kahate hain, jo ki manaviy chakshu (ankh) dvara drishy nahin hai.

avriti
Frequency

baingani

baingani rng ek sabji़ baingan ke nam par rakha hua nam hai. angreji़ men ise vaauylet (voilet) kahate hain, jo ki isi nam ke phool se rakha hai. isaki tarng dairdhy 3800 Å se 4460 Å [5]hoti hai. jisake bad indigo rng hota hai. yah pratyaksh varnachakr ke oopari chhor par sthit hota hai. yah varnakram ke nila evn hara rng ke bich men lagabhag 380-450 nm ke tarng dairdhy men milata hai.

nila

nila rng vah hai, jise prakash ke pratyaksh varnakram ki 4460 Å se 4640 Å[6] ki tarng dairghy tatha 6.47 - 6.73 ki avriti dvara drishy kiya jata hai.

asamani

asamani ko nilamani bhi kaha jata hai. asamani rng dvitiyak rng ki shreni men ata hai. asamani rng ko thnda rng mana jata hai. asaman ke rng ka hone ke karan ise asamani rng kaha jata hai.

samudri hara

samudri hara rng hare rng ki vah chhaya hai, jo ki sagar ki talahati ke rng ko darshata hai.

dhani

dhani ya patti hara rng hare aur pile rng ke mishran se prapt hota hai. dhan ke rng ka hone ke karan isaka nam dhani pad gaya.

rngon ke paribhashik nam

duniya bhar men jitane bhi rng milate hain, use ham mukhyat: do vargon men bant sakate hain.

  • rngin varn men lal, pila, nila, baingani ityadi rng ate hain.
  • jabaki badarng varg men kala, safed aur kee chhaviyon ke sleti rng sammilit hain.

sleti rngon ki anekanek chhaviyan hain. koee sleti safed ke nikat hota hai to koee safed se atyant door hokar kale rng ke qarib a jata hai. sleti chhaviyon ko kale aur safed ke bich ek shrinkhala men bhi shrenibaddh kiya ja sakata hai. shrinkhala ko paimane ka bhi roop diya ja sakata hai, jisake kendr ka rng kale aur safed ke saman star ka sleti hoga. kale rng ko shoony snkhya dekar chhavi ko kramash: age ka ank pradan kiya ja sakata hai. is prakar adhikatam snkhya ank safed ko diya jata hain.


any bhashaon men nam
bhasha hindi udiya urdoo kannad kashmiri asamiya gujarati
shabd varn rng rng bann rng rn baran bol rng
bhasha udiya tamil telugu nepali pnjabi bangla bodo
shabd rng niramh, chayamh ragu, vanne rng rng, varn
bhasha manipuri marathi malayalam maithili snthali sindhi angrezi
shabd rng, varn nirn, varnn rngu Colour,



pichhe jaen
rngon ka namakaran
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sharma, daau. amit kumar. rng aur holi (ech ti em el) BrandBihar.com. abhigaman tithi: 22 aktoobar, 2010.
  2. Å=10-10 m = 10-8 cm = 10-1nm nanometre
  3. Å=10-10 m = 10-8 cm = 10-1nm nanometre
  4. Å=10-10 m = 10-8 cm = 10-1nm nanometre
  5. Å=10-10 m = 10-8 cm = 10-1nm nanometre
  6. Å=10-10 m = 10-8 cm = 10-1nm nanometre

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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