रघुवंश महाकाव्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

व्यवस्थापन (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 13:01, 7 navambar 2017 ka avataran (Text replacement - "पश्चात " to "पश्चात् ")

(अंतर) ← पुराना अवतरण | वर्तमान अवतरण (अंतर) | नया अवतरण → (अंतर)

Disamb2.jpg raghu ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- raghu (bahuvikalpi)
raghuvnsh mahakavy
'raghuvnsh mahakavy' ka avaran prishth
lekhak kalidas
mool shirshak 'raghuvnsh mahakavy'
desh bharat
vishay raghukul ka itihas
prakar mahakavy
vishesh is mahakavy men 'unnis sarg' hain, jinamen raghukul ke itihas ka varnan kiya gaya hai.
kalidas ki kritiyon ke kram men 'raghuvnsh mahakavy' ka 'tisara sthan' hai. pratham do kritiyan hain- 'kumarasnbhav' aur 'meghadoot'. 'raghuvnsh' kalidas rachit mahakavy hai. isamen 'unnis sarg' hain, jinamen raghukul ke itihas ka varnan kiya gaya hai. maharaj raghu ke pratap se unake kul ka nam 'raghukul' pada. raghukul men hi ram ka janm hua tha. raghuvnsh ke anusar dilip raghukul ke pratham raja the, jinake putr raghu dvitiy the. unnis sargon men kalidas ne raja dilip, unake putr raghu, raghu ke putr aj, aj ke putr dasharath, dasharath ke putr ram tatha ram ke putr lav aur kush ke charitron ka varnan kiya hai.
raghuvnsh

'raghuvnsh' kalidas ki sarvadhik praudh kavyakriti hai. 'kumarasambhav' ki tulana men isaka phalak vistirnatar hai. anek charitron aur nana ghatana prasngon ki vajrasamutkirn maniyon ko kavi ne isamen ek sootr men piron diya hai aur unake madhyam se rashtr ki gauravashali paramparaon, asthaon aur snskriti ki mahataniy upalabdhiyon ki tatha samasamayik samntiy samaj ke adh:patan ki mahagatha ujjval padavali men prastut kar di hai. dilip aur raghu jaise udatt charitron ke akhyan se arambh kar ram ke charitr ko bhi raghuvnsh prastut karata hai aur 'agnivarn' jaise vilasi raja ko bhi.

kathavastu

pratham sarg

pratham sarg raja dilip ke charitr-varnan se prarambh hota hai. putravihin raja dilip apani patni 'sudakshina' sahit putr labh ki kamana se kul guru vasishth ke ashram men jate hain. vasishth unaki vyatha ka karan jan apane ashram men nivas karane vali kamadhenu putri nandini namak gau ki seva ka paramarsh dete hain.

dvitiy sarg

dvitiy sarg raja dilip ki gobhakti-parayanata prastut karata hai. raja patni sudakshina sahit ekagrachitt se nandini ki seva men snlagn ho jate hain. kuchh kal vyatit hone par nandini raja ke bhakti-bhav ki pariksha lene ko udyat hoti hai. vah charati huee, himalay parvat ki kandara men pravisht ho jati hai, gupha men ek sinh nandini par akraman karata hai. raja nandini ko mukt karane ke lie sinh se yachana karate hai. sinh raja ka sharir lekar gay ko mukt karane ko taiyar ho jata hai. raja sinh ke samaksh svasharir arpan kar dete hain. nandini raja ke is bhakti bhav se prasann ho putr prapti ka ashirvad deti hai aur apana dugdh pine ka nirdesh deti hai. raja ashram men laut kar maharshi vasishth ko sampoorn vritant se avagat kara, guru ki anumati se gay ka doodh pite hain tatha uddeshy ki poorti se prasann rajadhani laut ate hain.

tritiy sarg

tritiy sarg men raghu ke janm, vardhan, yauvarajy ka varnan hai. ashvamedh ygyayojan kar raghu pita dilip se rajy grahan karate hain. dilip evn sudakshina putr ko rajy dekar tapovan men sannyas hetu prasthan karate hain.

chaturth sarg

chaturth sarg men raghu-digvijay ke anntar vishvajit ygy ki sampannata varnit hai.

pancham sarg

pancham sarg raghu ki danashilata se paripoorn hai, unaka rajakosh asimit danavritti se rikt ho chuka hai, isi samay kauts namak ek brahmachari, guru dakshina hetu chaudah karod svarn mudraon ki yachana le sabha men upasthit hota hai. dhanaved kuber raghu ke akraman ke bhay se svarn mudraon ki varsha karate hain, brahmachari kauts abhisht matra men svarn mudraen lekar raja ko putr-prapti ka ashirvad dete hain.

shashtham sarg

chhathe sarg men raghuputr aj ka janm evn vidarbh rajakanya indumati se svaynvar vivah ka chitran hai. anek deshon ke bhoopati svaynvar men upasthit hain, kintu ek gandharv se prapt sammohan namak astr ki mahima se aj hi indumati ko akrisht karate hain aur varamala unake hi gale padati hai. vibhinn deshon se agat rajaon ke prasng men anek vyaktigat gunon, vnshavali, shaury, samriddhi aur vishesharoop se rajy ki bhaugolik simaon ka samuchit varnan hai.

saptam sarg

saptam sarg aj ke nagarabhraman evn indumati sahit aj ke svanagar prasthan ko prastut karata hai.

ashtam sarg

ashtam sarg raghu ke rajyatyag, dasharath ki utpatti, indumati ki mrityu, aj ke vilap evn sharir tyag se paripoorn hai.

navam sarg

navam sarg dasharath-prashnsa se arambh hai. akhet kal men shravan vadh isi sarg ka ansh hai.

dasham sarg

dasham sarg men ram adi charon bhaiyon ke janm ki katha aur shaishav ki lilaen chitrit hain.

gyarahavan sarg

gyarahavan sarg vishvamitr ke sath ram-lakshman ke van-gaman, dhanush ygy darshan hetu mithila prasthan, dhanush bhnjan, charon bhaiyon ka sita ityadi bahinon se vivah, parashuram snvad akhyanon ko prastut karata hai.

barahavan sarg

barahaven sarg men rajatilak, man kaikeyi dvara var mangana, ram-lakshman v sita ka vanaprasthan, shoorpanakha ke nak-kan katana, sita haran, vanararaj sugriv ka rajyabhishek, ram-ravan yuddh evn ravan ki ram ke dvara parajay katha hai.

terahavan sarg

terahavan sarg ram - sita v lakshman ke pushpak viman dvara ayodhya pratyagaman tatha bharat milan ka chitran hai.

chaudahavan sarg

chaudahavan sarg sita garbhadharan evn ram dvara sita parityag, lakshman ka sita ko valmiki ashram men pahunchane ke vrittant ko prastut karata hai.

pandrahavan sarg

pandrahavan sarg ashvamedh ygy, lav kush - janm, shmbook vadh, prithvi ka sita ko svayn men samahit kar lena tatha ram ke svarg gaman tak ki katha se samapt hota hai.

solahavan sarg

solahaven sarg se ram ke vnshajon lav-kush ityadi bhrataon ka rajy-shasan, parinay, ayodhya ki nagaradevi dvara yachana kiye jane par kush ka ayodhya men shasanasootr snbhalana, kush ka raniyon ke sath jal-krida ka sundar chitran upalabdh hota hai.

satrahavan sarg

satrahaven sarg men kushaputr atithi ke parakram evn yashogatha ka varnan hai.

atharahavan sarg

atharahaven sarg men atithiputr nishadh, nishadhaputr nal, nal putr pundarik, pundarik putr kshemadhnva, kshemadhnva putr devanik, devanik putr ahinag, ahinag putr pariyatr, pariyatr putr shil, shil putr unnabh, unnabh putr vajranabh, vajranabh putr shnkhan, shnkhan putr vyushitashv, vyushitashv putr vishvasah, vishvasah putr hiranyanabh, hiranyanabh putr kaushaly, kaushaly putr pushy, pushy putr dhruvasandhi, dhruvasandhi putr sudarshan samagr vnshavali rajaon ke gun parichay ko bhi prastut karati hai.

unnisavan sarg

unnisavan sarg soory vnsh ke antim nripati agnivarn ke kamuk jivan ke bharapoor vilas ka chitran karata hai, atyadhik vilasi jivan ke parinam svaroop agnivarn kshayarog se pidit hua. rog ke prabhav se din pratidin durbal hokar nissntan mrityu ko prapt hua. mrityu ke pashchath pradhan mahishi (garbhavati) ne rajy bhar snbhala aur mntriyon ke paramarsh se rajy ko suvyasthit kiya.

katha strot

  • 'raghuvnsh' ke strot ke lie kalidas maharshi valmiki ke prati vishesh shraddhabhav rakhate valmiki ramayan men balakand, tisare sarg ke naven shlok tatha yuddhakand ke pratham sarg ke gyarahaven shlok men 'raghuvnsh' shabd ka prayog hua hai aur chatur chitere kalidas ne grnth ka namakaran ke lie vahin se shabd grahan kar liya hai.
  • navam sarg se pandrahaven sarg tak kalidas ne ram katha ke gan hetu valmiki ramayan ko adhar mana hai. pandrahaven sarg men valmiki ko adi kavi ki abhidha se sambodhit kar kavi ne mano isi tathy ka snket diya hai-

vrittn ramasy valmike: kritistau kinnarasvanau.
kin tadyen mano hartumaln syatan n shrinvatam॥
tadgitashravananaikagra snsadashrumukhi babhau.
himanishyandini pratarnirvatev vanasthali॥[1]

  • samprati upalabdh valmiki ramayan men lagabhag 24,00 shlok hain, jinamen se kalidas ne svavashyakatanuroop samagri grahan ki hai, kuchh ka sparsh kiya hai to kuchh ka namollekh matr. valmiki ramayan men varnit snkshipt prasngon ka vistar evn vistrit prasngon ka snkshiptikaran kavi ki toolika ka chamatkar hai. mahattvapoorn drishyankan men ve chooke nahin hain aur pranjalata ke chitran men ve pichhe nahin hate hain.
  • yah bhi sambhav hai ki kalidas ke vyaktigat pustakalay men ramayan ke atirikt sooryavnsh sambanddh any sahity snchit raha ho. nishchit roop se kavi ne rajaon ki soochi evn tatsambaddh akhyan anek stroton se grahan kiye hain, kintu unake dvara prayukt ye anek strot abhi andhakar men hain. puranon men bhi sooryavnshi rajaon ki vnshavali milati hai yadyapi us namavali evn raghuvnsh ki namavali men paryapt bhed hai aur unake charit v vaiyaktik gunon par prakash nahin dala gaya hai. namavali ka adhar vishnu puran evn sarg 14 ki vishayavastu ka adhar padmapuran ko mana ja sakata hai.
  • mahakavi bhas ke 'pratimanatak' men aur mahakavi kalidas ke 'raghuvnsh' men dilip se lekar ram tak ka kram ek saman hai. at: sambhav hai donon kaviyon ki upajivy samagri saman ho. raghuvnsh ke atharahaven sarg men kavi dvara ikkis rajaon ka namollekh matr kar dena is tathy ka dyotak hai ki kalidas ko in nareshon ke vishay men paryapt samagri nahin mil saki. apoorn samagri ko yathasvaroop agadh pandity ke bhar se akrant kar kavi jitana vagvaidagdhy prastut kiya saka, vah atulaniy v prashnsaniy hai.
  • kumar sambhav aur abhigyan shakuntalamh kalidas ki any pramukh rachanaen hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika- tippani aur sndarbh

  1. raghuvnsh 15.64, 66

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah