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व्यवस्थापन (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 16:05, 29 joon 2013 ka avataran (Text replace - "श्रृंखला" to "शृंखला")


vinoba bhave
vinayak narahari bhave
poora nam vinayak narahari bhave
janm 11 sitnbar, 1895
janm bhoomi gahode, gujarat, bharat
mrityu 15 navambar, 1982
mrityu sthan vardha, maharashtr
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr svatntrata senani, vicharak, samaj sudharak
bhasha marathi, snskrit, hindi, arabi, farasi, gujarati, bngala, angrezi, phrench adi.
puraskar-upadhi bharat ratn, pratham reman maigsese puraskar
vishesh yogadan bhoodan andolan ke jarie samaj men bhoosvamiyon aur bhoomihinon ke bich ki gahari khaee ko patane ka ek anootha prayas kiya.
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh pavanar ashram, bhoodan andolan, vinoba bhave ke anamol vachan
andolan 'bhoodan ygy' namak andolan ke snsthapak the.
jel yatra 1920 aur 1930 ke dashak men bhave kee bar jel ge aur 1940 men panch sal ke lie jel jana pada.
any janakari inhen bharat ka rashtriy adhyapak aur mahatma gandhi ka adhyatmik uttaradhikari samajha jata hai.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait

vinoba bhave (angrezi:Vinoba Bhave, janm: 11 sitnbar, 1895 - mrityu: 15 navambar 1982) mahatma gandhi ke adaraniy anuyayi, bharat ke ek sarvadhik jane-mane samaj sudharak evn 'bhoodan ygy' namak andolan ke snsthapak the. inaki samash‍t jindagi sadhu snyasiyon jaisi rahi, isi karanavash ye ek snt ke taur par prakhh‍yat hue. vinoba bhave ath‍ynt vidvan evn vicharashil vh‍yaktith‍v vale shakhh‍s the. mahatma gandhi ke param shishh‍y 'jng e aja़di' ke is yoddha ne ved, vedant, gita, ramayan, kuran, baibil adi anek dharmik grnthon ka unh‍honne gahan gnbhir adhh‍yayan manan kiya. arthashash‍tr, rajaniti aur darshan ke adhunik siddhanton ka bhi vinoba bhave ne gahan avalokan chintan kiya gaya.[1]

jivan parichay

vinoba bhave ka janm 11 sitnbar, 1895 ko gahode, gujarat, bharat men hua tha. vinoba bhave ka mool nam vinayak narahari bhave tha. ek kulin brahman parivar janme vinoba ne 'gandhi ashram' men shamil hone ke lie 1916 men haee skool ki padhaee bich men hi chhod di. gandhi ji ke upadeshon ne bhave ko bharatiy gramin jivan ke sudhar ke lie ek tapasvi ke roop men jivan vyatit karane ke lie prerit kiya.

prarambhik jivan

vinayak ki buddhi ath‍ynt prakhar thi. ganit usaka sabase ph‍yara vishay ban gaya. haee sh‍kool pariksha men ganit men sarvochh‍ch ank praph‍t kie. badau़da men grejueshan karane ke dauran hi vinayak ka man vairagi banane ke lie ati atur ho utha. 1916 men matr 21 varsh ki ayu men grihath‍yag kar diya aur sadhu banane ke lie kashi nagari ki or rookh kiya. kashi nagari men vaidik pnditon ke sanidhh‍y men shash‍tron ke adhh‍yayan men jut ge. mahatma gandhi ki charcha desh men charo or chal rahi thi ki vah dakshini aphrika se bharat a ge hain aur ajadi ka bigul bajane men jut ge hain. akhnd sh‍vadhh‍yay aur gyanabhh‍yas ke dauran vinoba ka man gandhi ji se milane ke lie kiya to vah pnhuch ge ahamadabad ke kocharab ashram men. jab pnhuche to gandhi ji sabh‍ji kat rahe the. itana prakhh‍yat neta sabh‍ji katate hue milega, aisa to kadachit vinaba ne socha n tha. bina kisi upadesh ke sh‍valnban aur shram ka path padh liya. is mulakat ke bad to jivan bhar ke lie vah bapoo ke hi ho ge.[1]

jel yatra

bapoo ke sanidhh‍y aur nirdeshan men vinoba ke lie british jel ek tirthadham ban gee. sanh 1921 se lekar 1942 tak anek bar jel yatraen huee. sanh 1922 men nagapur ka jhnda sath‍yagrah kiya. british hukoomat ne siarapisi ki dhara 109 ke tahat vinoba ko giraphtar kiya. is dhara ke tahat avara gundon ko giraphtar kiya jata hai. nagapur jel men vinoba ko pathh‍thar todane ka kam diya gaya. kuchh mahinon ke pashh‍chat akola jel bheja gaya. vinoba ka to mano tapoygy praramh‍bh ho gaya. 1925 men harijan sath‍yagrah ke dauran jel yatra huee. 1930 men gandhi ki kayadat men rashh‍triy kangres ne namak satyagrah anjam diya gaya.[1]
mahatma gandhi aur vinoba bhave

gandhi ji aur vinoba bhave

12 march 1930 ko gandhiji ne dandi march shuroo kiya. vinoba phir se jel pnhuch ge. is bar unh‍hen dhuliya jel rakha gaya. rajagopalachary jinh‍hen rajaji bhi kaha jata tha, unh‍honne vinoba ke vishay men 'yng indiya' men likha tha ki vinoba ko dekhie devadoot jaisi pavitrata hai usamen. ath‍mavidvata, tath‍vgyan aur dharm ke uchh‍ch shikharon par virajaman hai vah. usaki atma ne itani vinamrata grahan kar li hai ki koee british adhikari yadi pahachanata nahin to use vinoba ki mahanata ka andaja nahin laga sakata. jel ki kisi bhi shreni men use rakh diya jae vah jel men apane sathiyon ke sath kathor shram karata rahata hai. anuman bhi nahin hota ki y‍h manav jel men chupachap kitani yatanaen sahan kar raha hai. 11 aktoobar 1940 ko gaaundhi dvara vh‍yaktigat sath‍yagrah ke pratham sath‍yagrahi ke taur par vinoba ko chuna gaya. prasiddhi ki chahat se door vinoba is sath‍yagrah ke karan behad mashahoor ho ge. unako ganv ganv men yuddh virodhi taqariren karate hue age badhate chale jana tha. british sarakar dvara 21 aktoobar ko vinoba ko giraphtar kiya gaya. sanh 1942 men 9 agast ko vah gandhi aur kangres ke anh‍y bade़ netaon ke sath giraphtar kiya gaya. is bar unako pahale nagapur jel men phir veloor jel men rakha.[1]

bahubhashi vyaktittv

jel men hi vinoba ne 46 varsh ki ayu men arabi aur pharasi bhasha ka adhh‍yayan aramh‍bh kiya aur kuran padhana bhi shuroo kiya. ath‍ynt kushagr buddhi ke vinoba jalh‍d hi haphi़z e kuran ban ge. marathi, snskrit, hindi, gujarati, bngala, angrezi, phrench bhashaon men to vah pahale hi parngat ho chuke the. vibhinh‍n bhashaon ke takariban pachas hajar pady vinoba ko bakayada knthash‍th the. samash‍t arjit gyan ko apani jindagi men lagoo karane ka bhi unh‍hone apratim evn ath‍k prayas kiya.[1]

sahityik yogadan

vinoba bhave ek mahan vicharak, lekhak aur vidvan the jinhonne na jane kitane lekh likhane ke sath-sath snskrit bhasha ko am jan manas ke lie sahaj banane ka bhi saphal prayas kiya. vinoba bhave ek bahubhashi vyakti the. unhen lagabhag sabhi bharatiy bhashaon ka gyan tha. vah ek utkrisht vakta aur samaj sudharak bhi the. vinoba bhave ke anusar kannad lipi vishv ki sabhi lipiyon ki rani hai. vinoba bhave ne gita, kuran, baibal jaise dharm grnthon ke anuvad ke sath hi inaki alochanaen bhi ki. vinoba bhave bhagavat gita se bahut jyada prabhavit the. vo kahate the ki gita unake jivan ki har ek sans men hai. unhonne gita ko marathi bhasha men anuvadit bhi kiya tha.[2]

bhoodan andolan

bhoodan andolan ke dauran vinoba bhave

vinoba bhave ka 'bhoodan andolan' ka vichar 1951 men janma. jab vah andhr pradesh ke ganvon men bhraman kar rahe the, bhoomihin asprishy logon ya harijanon ke ek samooh ke lie zamin muhaiya karane ki apil ke javab men ek zamindar ne unhen ek ekad zamin dene ka prastav kiya. isake bad vah ganv-ganv ghoomakar bhoomihin logon ke lie bhoomi ka dan karane ki apil karane lage aur unhonne is dan ko gandhiji ke ahinsa ke siddhant se snbndhit kary bataya. bhave ke anusar, yah bhoomi sudhar karyakram hriday parivartan ke tahat hona chahie n ki is zamin ke bntavare se bade star par hone vali krishi ke tarkik karyakramon men avarodh aega, lekin bhave ne ghoshana ki ki vah hriday ke bntavare ki tulana men zamin ke bntavare ko zyada pasnd karate hain. halanki bad men unhonne logon ko 'gramadan' ke lie protsahit kiya, jisamen gramin log apani bhoomi ko ek sath milane ke bad use sahakari pranali ke antargat punargathit karate. apake bhoodan andolan se prerit hokar haradoee janapad ke sarvoday ashram tadiyanva dvara uttar pradesh ke 25 janapadon men shri ramesh bhaee ke netritv men usar bhoomi sudhar karyakram saphalata poorvak chalaya gaya.

maulik karyakram

vinoba bhave ke maulik karyakram aur jivan ke unake darshan ko ek lekhon ki shrinkhala men samajhaya gaya hai, jinhen 'bhoodan ygy' (1953) namak ek pustak men sngrihit evn prakashit kiya gaya hai.

samman evn puraskar

vinoba ko 1958 men pratham reman maigsese puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya. bharat sarakar ne unhen desh ke sarvochch nagarik samman bharat ratn se 1983 men maranoparant sammanit kiya.

maun vrat

vinoba bhave samadhi sthal pavanar ashram

1975 men poore varsh bhar apane anuyayiyon ke rajanitik andolanon men shamil hone ke mudde par bhave ne maun vrat rakha. 1979 ke ek amaran anashan ke parinamasvaroop sarakar ne samooche bharat men go-hatya par nishedh lagane hetu qanoon parit karane ka ashvasan diya.

nidhan

vinoba ji ne jab yah dekh liya ki vriddhavastha ne unhen a ghera hai to unhonne ann-jal tyag diya. jab achary vinova ji ne ann aur jal tyag diya to unake samarthakon ne unase chaitanyavastha men bane rahane ke liye oorja ke strot ki janakari chahi to unhonne bataya ki ve vayu akash adi se oorja grahan karate hain. achary vinova ne kaha ki mrityu ka divas vishad ka divas nahin apitu utsav ka divas hai isaliye unhonne apani mrityu ke liye ki dipavali ka divas 15 navambar ko nirvan divas ke roop men chuna. is prakar ann jal tyagane ke karan ek saptah ke andar hi 15 navambar 1982, vardha, maharashtr men unhonne apane pran tyag diye. vinova ji ke sharir tyagane ke uparant pavanar ashram ke sabhi bahanon ne unhe snyukt roop se mukhagni di. itihas men is tarah ki mrityu ke udaharan gine chune hi milate hai. is prakar marane ki kriya ko prayopavesh kahate hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 vinoba bhave (hindi) The Realty of India. abhigaman tithi: 22 joon, 2013.
  2. mahan vicharak aur samaj sudharak vinoba bhave (hindi) jagaran jnkshan. abhigaman tithi: 22 joon, 2013.

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